Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

From school benches everyone knows that the plants need sunlight. Thanks to the sun grow, bloom, fruit, produce oxygen, absorbing carbon dioxide by photosynthesis. However, when growing a plant in domestic or greenhouse conditions, it may suffer due to the lack of solar lighting – because the windows can not move after the Sun. And if they are located on the northern side of the room, then it is even worse, since the sunshine does not look there at all.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

The plant becomes sluggish, its growth ceases, more abundant irrigation does not bring the desired result. What to do in this case? The solution is: the installation of special energy-saving lamps, which will extend the day for your green pets.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Features of energy saving lamps

What attractive ESL lamp? Consider their main features.

  • Have a wide assortment list.
  • You can choose the necessary type of lamp depending on the stage of development of the plant (growth, flowering, fruiting).
  • Economic in consumption of electricity, and their operational period is quite long.
  • No heating during work.
  • For more convenient selection, there are appropriate labeling: in the period of growth, it is best to buy lamps marked with numbers 4200-6400K, and during the period of fruiting – 2500K or 2700K. The power of the lamp can be 150 or 250 W.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Varieties

Phytolamba have several subspecies, in each of which there are devices of different degrees of power and variability varieties. Let’s get to know them closer.

  • LEDs. ESL of this type is currently enjoyed by increased demand, because with their help you can create lighting, very close to ideal. They are suitable for home and for greenhouse use. In the line of LED lamps, there are varieties with different emission spectrum, which means that you can purchase ESL, suitable for the stage of development, on which your plant is located. Pluses of LEDs: do not heated, consume minimum of electricity, have a long service life. And you can combine in one device lamps of several colors, which will allow to illuminate several flower pots or beds at the same time.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

  • Luminescent ESL. This variety is good for growing seedlings, because it has a blue spectrum that is necessary for photosynthesis.

Choose lamps with marking not less than 4500 units, as it is optimal for plant formation.

Pluses of luminescent lamps: economical, give bright lighting, do not heat up. You can choose a lamp fever or shorter. The length of the lighting depends on the length – the more, the more extensive will be captured.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

  • Compact luminescent lamps. Also used to extend the daylight in greenhouses or residential premises. In the line of these devices there are lamps that are suitable for each of the stages of the plant development. For example, for recently incremented sprouts, you can choose CLLs with marking from 4200K to 6400K, and during the active growth period, CLF from 2500K to 2700K. And for daily use, purchase lamps with label 4500K, since it is their light that looks like a sunny. Pluses of compact fluorescent lamps: small power, but at the same time a high degree of brightness, there is a built-in relay to start the switching / off mechanism. And also have a large assortment list of devices in this segment, do not heat and serve for a long time (about 20 thousand. hours).

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

  • Gas discharge. This product group is not all designed to illuminate plants. Only sodium-based lamps, mercury and metal iodides (metal-halide) can be purchased. Sodium light bulbs are optimal for adults of homemade flora, metal-halogen – for use only in greenhouse premises, because they must be at a distance of at least 4 meters from foliage. Mercury lamps are not very popular due to the content of hazardous substances.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Choice rules

To select the optimal variety of energy-saving lighting, it is important to remember that various color spectra of light are needed for different landing stages.

When the seedlock is punctured and goes into growth, he needs blue light. During flowering and fruiting to strengthen the root system and accelerate the aging of fruits – red. So be sure to consider this when buying ESL.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

  • Look at the marking. The unit of measurement of the light flux is a lumen (LM), respectively, the higher this indicator will be, the brighter the light will shine. Focusing that for high-quality lighting of the square meter of the area will require 8,000 luxury, the dance lamp type is 600 W.
  • Consider competent distribution of lighting devices all over the room taking into account the location of your plantations. For example, if you put the luminaires on the sides of the flower pots, the plants will reach in their direction and as a result spilitate.

Deploy pots – not too good idea, it is best to simply install the lamps so that the light falls from above, then the seedlings will become “slimmer” and will be able to stretch in full growth.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

Operating tips

To organize artificial lighting for plants with the help of ESL, it is necessary not only to competently select the lamp, but also learn to use it. There are several tips how to do it.

  • During the periods, when the sun is not too induced by its presence (the period from the middle of the autumn until the middle of the spring), the lighting devices must be included twice a day: for 2 hours in the morning, and for another 2 hours in the evening. In September and October, as well as April – Mae lamps these periods of morning and evening lighting are reduced to hour.

No need to keep the light on the round day – there are no such places in nature, where the sun would shine without a break, and therefore at home the plants should “sleep”.

Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

    • It is forbidden to install light emitters close to seedlings. The minimum allowable distance is 20 centimeters. And although ESL is not heated, the location can damage too close, drying it. If your landings are located in such a way that lighting devices will not far from their surface, choose low-power light bulbs.
    • In total, the light day of the plant at home should be at least 12 hours in a row.

    Energy saving lamps for plants: features, choice and operation

    With a brief overview of phytolamps for plants you can get to know the next video.

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