Diseases and pests Anthurium

Anthuriums infrequently suffer from any serious attacks of pests or diseases, but they are subject to general problems that are characteristic of all indoor plants. In order to prevent the spread of pests and diseases, It is necessary to understand what is the reason, to trim the flower and, if necessary, put on quarantine.

Signs of defeat and causes

Sometimes it happens that “male happiness” swears or grows poorly, incomprehensible spots appear on the surface of its leaves. If this is not a bacterial infection, in most cases, the flower dies, then you can reanimate the plant. The anthurium dies in cases where the crop does not take any action.

There are many similar descriptions when identifying different problems that have to face flower. If the skeleton stem, most likely watered the ground so rarely that the flower just died from the lack of moisture. When he draws, rotates at the base, on the contrary, the water was too much, or the soil is poorly drained.

If there is a penalty, but rotted the roots, then you can try to multiply the plant until the shoots are able to germinate.

Anthurium pest control begins with proper identification of invaders. Sucking insects, such as the TL, leave the coronary motley leaves over time. The process of infection may also be accompanied by the appearance of ants who love sticky sweet dew that the word leaves after himself. Insects cause damage to the plant, but not his death, the bush disappears only from the fact that the tli becomes a lot, and no action by person should not.

Yellow education on foliage is a clear sign Paouth ticks.Tripses Also cause motley leaves and feed on new shoots, like mild bugs. All insects feed on floral juice rich in carbohydrates. After infection, the bush becomes faded, does not produce new growth. It is necessary to start the program of struggle on anthuriums as soon as possible, otherwise the plant will lose a lot of strength.

Often, novice gardeners are interested in why the flower appears brown leaves. This may be several reasons, and not always such a symptom connected with bacterial or other infection. Sometimes the darkening of foliage is caused:

  • too much light;
  • excess fertilizer;
  • accumulation of salts in the ground;
  • Burn;
  • microscopic ticks;
  • bacterial infection;
  • nematodami.

Anthuriums grow best in the shade. About 60 percent of sunlight indoors – ideal conditions for them. Too much it leads to the fact that the leaves of the flower become bleached, brown tips, in the end they die. But there is another side of the medal: too little light reduces flowering, and can slow down growth.

The use of a large number of fertilizers or accumulation of salt also leads to the fact that the leaves are yellowing, yellow spots are formed at the ends, which over time increase in size. Wash salts, using distilled water to water. Watering is carried out abundant, the soil must stroke well after it.

Bacterial infection through the pores along the edges of the leaves and the wounds are formed after trimming or insects. This pathogen loves moisture, so it is important to keep dry foliage. From crop need, So that the entire tool is disinfected, and sections after processed by a solution of activated coal.

Withering caused by Ralstonia Solanacearum bacteria is manifested first as the yellowing of the leaves, then they brown. Stems of highly infected anthuriums are solved by brown mucus. Bacterial pathogen spreads in soil, water and tools when contacting. In this case, often a bush dies.

Cellite ticks at the beginning of infection are visible as tiny, moving points. Their nutrition of the plant juice causes the devastation of leaves with subsequent yellowing, darkening or broncing. Highly infected parts of anthurium cut off.

Non-smeed nematode amazes predominantly young anthuriums. In severe infection, there is an abundant loss of foliage and the death of the plant.

Common diseases

Anthurium diseases are not only fungal, but also bacterial lesions. Although the flower suffers infrequently, it is necessary to fight the problem, otherwise she can destroy it. Among the most common:

  • septoriasis;
  • rot on the stem and roots;
  • phytoofluorosis;
  • anthracnose;
  • Puffy dew;
  • Leaf stains caused by different pathogens.

From fungal infections Best Prevention – Compliance with Watering Mode. It is impossible to allow the mooring of the soil. The most effective in combating fungi are fungicides. Chemical sprays are available in specialized stores. Replacing the plant may be the best option if the disease spread too much.

Anteranz becomes the consequence of the damage to the bush fungus, which is actively developing with high humidity. Collectotrichum ORBICULARE – Cauditors Problems. Manifests itself by the appearance of brown formations on flowers and shoots. If you do nothing, then the flower will rot and die.

Root rot – a disease that is always provoked by pythium splendens. Just like an anthracnose, appears with a big humidity, but this time – soil. The first to suffer those plants that are poorly organized in a pot of drainage. This disease can be monitored by “Kvintozin”.

Spotted leaf disease also causes the damage to fungus. Controlled by special sprays. Processing is carried out with an interval of 2-3 weeks.

Puffy Rosa was first recorded on Anthurium Sherceryan, grown in Germany. Fungicides help to get rid of the problem.

Experts argue that a serious threat to a flower is a group of fungi, which includes:

  • Pseudomonas;
  • Colletotrichum;
  • RhizoCtonia;
  • Phytophthora.

They are kind of parasites who live, feeding the plant. To distribute moisture and low oxygen level, so it is important to provide good ventilation indoors.

Of course, the biggest enemy faced crop, is bacterial rot. It kills almost all the bushes that have become infected, the transition from the bush to the bustard occurs quickly – enough so that there was a small damage to the flower, for example, a crack or scratch. If you are lucky, and it will be possible to remove the infected sheet on time, then perhaps the Anthurium, which is sick, will live.

There are no well-known methods for the treatment of phytoophluorosis. This is usually a death sentence for any infected plant.

Pest

The main pests of Anthurium are primarily insects feeding with juice. Their thick leaves do not attract the chewing class of pests, but the word, ticks and other parasites gradually take the juice, and with it and vital energy. Initially, the invaders are not always able to recognize, because they can be black, gray, white, red, green or brown. TRIPS and COLUTING PLEANS are too small to see them with a naked eye, so infection is detected when the plant looks bad.

Most anthuriums are subject to Attacks of a web tick, which can be washed with insecticidal soap. These small insects are the cause of the appearance of yellowness on the leaves and white plates. Spray the foliage “Malation” 0.2% or “Celtan” (8 ml on 10 liters of water).

Aphid, no matter how it seemed harmless, it can cause serious harm to the bush. These insects also suck the juice of the plant, causing the yellowing and distortion of leaves, bad growth. System Insecticides containing “dimethoate” and “Malation” (0.2%) effectively control the defeat.

Tripses cause the appearance of motion, they are removed by the same means as the previous pests. The easiest method of struggle and prevention is to pour out the shower with warm water, then give the plant well stroke and dry. Any insects do not tolerate humidity.

Nematode– small worms that attack the roots of anthurium. Over time, rabbing notes how his flower grows poorly, does not increase new shoots. Fortunately, they can be eliminated with various agricultural chemicals.

How to save plants?

Sometimes it happens that, as it should carefully care for a crown behind a flower, he still looks sick. In this case, the problem can be in excessive concern from a person, that is, it begins to order the flower with fertilizers, pour water, put in place where too much light for him.

To discover pests, you can visually inspect the soil and leaves, sometimes it will be necessary. Any change of color of greenery already says that something goes wrong. If you sniff the soil, then with root rot, it acquires a special, sharp and unpleasant smell. In most cases, it is possible to reanimate the plant, but for this you need to act quickly. If the infection of bushes occurred insects, any of the previously described, their treatment is reduced to an increase in humidity, the use of fungicides. Very effectively apply Nima oil. According to rabbing reviews, the decoction of onion husks or even alcohol solution helps well. The easiest method is to dilute soap in water and spray flower.

More difficult to resuscitation with root rot – it’s not enough to do spraying. Step by step will need to operate in the following sequence:

  • first remove the root system;
  • rinse it under water;
  • Delete all infected shoots;
  • process roots by fungicide;
  • change the pot or disinfection the old in the bleach solution;
  • Use new soil, and subsequently strictly follow the quality of drainage and soil moisture.

If you do everything right, then you can cure a flower, but if you run infection, he will die.

Save the anthurium, like the magnfied – to treat insecticides, fungicides, but only spray chemicals are recommended on the street. Pyotrin helps well. This active ingredient is obtained from chrysanthemum plants.

With some problems, it is not easy to cope, so it is better to carry out preventive measures.

Care rules

The health of the flower depends largely on how correct will be the crown to care for it at home.

Important moments: choose a good place for anthurium, and water it properly. When the temperature, light and humidity are within the permissible level, insects and fungi do not affect foliage, roots and stems. Moreover, The soil must be necessarily disinfected because there are many infections and larvae of parasites in the garden.

As soon as the first signs of infection appeared, it is necessary to take action immediately, eliminate the reason why something is wrong with the plant. Earth should not be constantly wet, for this there is drainage. Root system that wilt around the clock ceases to extract oxygen, respectively, and nutrients no longer do, hence the change in color. Behind the irrigation strictly followed, the new is produced only when the soil is completely millet than at least 2 centimeters.

This is a plant that is very sensitive to a decrease in ambient temperature. Also negatively, it reacts to direct sunlight, which leave burns. If the flower stands on the window, then its leaves should not come into contact with the glass, and let the light fall on them through the light curtain. In winter, anthurium is better to clean from the window, create for him perfect conditions on the table or shelf, ensuring the necessary number of artificial light.

The flower should be wiped with a wet and soft sponge from dust, then he will feel much better.

About how to deal with the pests of Anthurium, see the following video.

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