Diffenbachy spotted – one of those plants that can be often found in apartments, offices, various institutions, and sometimes there are quite high specimens. The popularity of this plant suggests that its characteristic and simple care for it allow you to contain a differentbache not even very experienced floweries and those who are not ready to pay too much time to leaving the plant.
Description and features
Despite the fact that in nature there are many varieties of this plant, at home are contained several species, among which the most common and there is a spotted diffenbachy. Its leaves are elongated, light green with darker splashes of the same color, but another shade. Therefore, in light leaves, it is often possible to observe patterns, resembling specks and strips. In an adult tree, the leaves are large, the lower over time fade and they have to be removed, so part of the trunk remains bare. Usually, the plant reaches a meter or a little more.
At home it is difficult to meet the blooming diffenbachy, but the description of this plant suggests that In nature, it gives small inflorescences, in the place of which the berries of orange appear on the spot.
Plant Characteristics It is suggested that the diffenbachy of any variety of poisonous. Bring harm it may if the juice juice falls on the open wound or the skin of the hands. It is not recommended to grow a differential if there are animals that are not indifferent to the leaves, it is impossible to use them.
It is worth accepting precautions if there are small children in the house.
How to plant and care?
Diffenbachia will delight with his beautiful foliage for many years, if you provide her correct care at home.
The successful development of the plant begins with its proper fit after bringing it from the store. The soil must be prepared so that all the necessary components are present in it: moss, charcoal, sand, leaf land.
When choosing the lighting, it is important to keep balance. Direct sunlight of the diffenbahia will not be useful, but also the lack of light will deprive her foliage of bright attractiveness. Therefore, you need to choose such a place where it will be quite light, but the sun rays will be scattered.
To frequent irrigation, the plant applies positively, and it is better not to wait for the top layer completely dry, otherwise the leaves can turn. Water from the tap is too tough for the diffenbachy, it is necessary to defeat it during the day.
Plant loves moisture, Therefore, spraying can be carried out at least every day, with the exception of winter days, when their quantity must be reduced, like the amount of irrigation. With excessive watering, brown spots may appear on the leaves.
Pretchets for the plant can be bought in the garden store, they are suitable for those designed for indoor plants. Many packages are even marked by names, among which can be found and diffenbacha.
The plant over time increases in size, and the moment occurs when he needs to replace the pot. New container buy a little spacious previous. Plant need to transplant so that it develops. Only in adulthood, after five years, you can not disturb the plant at least for three years, transplanting as necessary when the roots, indeed, will be closely in the pot, and they will seem in drainage holes.
When transplanting to a new pot Place drainage, suitable for this purpose pebbles and sand. The plant itself is well watered, then neatly remove from the pot together with the ground on the roots, trying to a minimum of the root. Then placed in the prepared container and complement it prepared soil. Once a year for the plant will be a useful change of the upper layer of the Earth.
Pest and fight against them
If proper care is carried out behind the plant, then, most likely, no pests and diseases are terrible to him. But if his immunity is weakened, different troubles may arise. If suspicious spots appeared on the leaves: dry or wet, brown or yellow – it means that it is hit by anthraznosis, fusariasis. In such cases, get rid of sick leaves. Treat diffenbachu fungicide.
To save the plant, it will have to transplant it in fresh soil, and from the old to get rid because it is infected. For this, the plant is taken out of the pot, very carefully remove the infected land with the roots. If there are fired sections, they are cut. And then the plant is placed neatly into a new pot, sprinkting the earth from above and slightly tamping.
If the plants settled the pests of the type of shields, a spider tick, a milder creek, it is treated with soap solution and insecticides.
Trimming and reproduction
Diffenbachia in frequent pruning does not need, with the exception of yellowed or dried leaves. But it often happens that the lower leaves die away, leaving a naked trunk that it looks not very beautiful. In this case, the flower teles seek to update it. And for this purpose, the stem is cut off as much as necessary. You can cut almost all, leaving the pencils. And then the plant will get a second life, giving new shoots. Diffenbachy spoys fast fast. And a few months after trimming it will look attractive. The barrel is cut into a sharp knife or a secateur, it must be wired by alcohol. Place of cutting sprinkled with charcoal.
Very important when pruning take precautions. Juice drops can fall into arms or face, and it will cause allergies. therefore All procedures should be carried out in gloves and take care of the face. Some for these purposes use a protective mask and put on glasses.
To propagate the diffenbachy, use the method of drawing. The cut part of the main stem can be divided into several fragments, but it is necessary that the kidneys are present on each, of which shoots are formed. Cuttings are placed in indent room temperature and observe the roots will appear. After that, they can be planted into the ground, observing all the landing rules, including the right soil selection.
Usually, the little diffenbachia is very good and gives new sheets. Cuttings can be rooted and without water. To do this, they are placed in the cooked soil, covered with a cap transparent, not forgetting to periodically ventilate (per hour or two per day) and water, it is better to make a spraying method so as not to pour the plant. When the first shoots appear, the shelter in the form of a cap can be removed and care for the plant in normal mode – water, moisturize, feed.
Reproduction using the top also gives a quick result. Usually it is cut, if the bottom leaves opal or the plant die. Then the upper part is cut and placed in a water container, which is desirable to change every day. As soon as the roots are formed, the diffanebachy transplanted into the ground and continue to care, as usual.
About how to care and multiply a diffenbachy spotted, look in the following video.