Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

In the yard there are crackling frosts, and on the window in the window of winter lush flowers pets – Decembrist. As a wonderful flower came to us, where his homeland was, what the peculiarities of growing plants, why it blooms in winter, read in this article.

Description

Decembrist, he is a Christmas tree, Siegocactus, Zigoserius and Cactus Skluberger, conquered flowers to the unpretentiousness and ability to bloom in the winter, when resting the period of rest for most home plants. The plant relates to the genus of epiphytic cacti, but does not have needles and bulk fleshy stems. The overall height of the coistic is up to 50 cm. Rolling shoots are dense and flat, consisting of separate leaves, moving from one to another, externally resemble the devilos.

Sygocactus flowers are revealed in winter at the ends of the shoots. Inflorescences are quite large – from 6 to 8 cm long. They have the shape of elongated gramophilics consisting of several tiers. Flower stamens flirtary look out, their smell is weakly expressed, and color bright and attractive: raspberry, purple-red, pink, cream, purple. Breaks of inflorescences alternately for a month, but live long – from 3 to 5 days.

Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

Sigocactus truncated possesses such characteristics as:

  • leaves Long – from 4 to 6 cm;
  • Epishers have bright pronounced teeth;
  • Top of sheet looks truncated;
  • flowers There are salmon, raspberry, purple flowers.

Siegocactus Kautsky has the following features:

  • Listers are small – up to 3.5 cm long;
  • shoots narrow – no more than 15 mm;
  • Delicate Purple Flowers, Star Shaped Shaped Petals.

Siegocactus Rusevyan attracts attention as features as:

  • Saving a small length – up to 4 cm;
  • The total height of the plant is not higher than 30 cm;
  • There are no needles or teeth around the edges;
  • flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm, bright pink with sharp, widely placed petals;
  • White stamens are visible from the middle.

Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    The Decembrist Ghalberger Gerter has the following distinctive features:

    • Saving fleshy and large;
    • Listed sheets, without jar;
    • Flowers are large, saturated bright red with sharp petals;
    • Green Glossy, Bright Green.

    Hybrid siegocactus varieties look unusually beautiful. These include the following:

    • Golden cream It has large flowers of soft-light shades: from pale cream to light golden;
    • W Aspen Fragile terry petals, white as snow, in shape resembling carnation;
    • Madame Batterflyay With leaves having white or purple segments and boiling-white petals resembling a butterfly with a bright purple edge;
    • Santa Cruz – This is a luxurious plant with salmon color;
    • Cambridge – This is a plant with delicious matt-pink rose petals.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Motherland of Decembrista

    Motherland Christmas, who gives us magic blooming at the coldest season, in distant South America, or rather in Brazil. This is an amazing country where not only “wild monkeys” live. European scientists who went back in the XIX century were amazed by the variety of flora and fauna of this corner of the planet and made here many wonderful discoveries. The thickets of the Decembrist were found by travelers in the south-east of Brazil in highland forests in the Sao Paulo area.

    English scientist Botanist Allan Cunningham, collecting a collection of unique plants, took the Decembrist to Europe. French breeder Frederick Schlumberge, who became interested in an amazing plant, proved that the flower refers to the family of cactus. Botanist Charles Lemer, who devoted himself to studying cacti and succulents, called the flower in honor of his colleague Kaklbergheg.

    Gradually, the flower spread through the Botanical Gardens of Europe, and then became a resident of ordinary houses and apartments, decorating them with his lush blossom on Christmas Eve. This explains its origin: at this time in Brazil the most height of summer.

    Kaklberger Cactus, like all plants, has a unique genetic memory and blooms when it comes to flowering on his distant homeland.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    How grows in wildlife?

    In impassable alpine forests at an altitude of more than 900 m, where every plant is stubbornly fighting for his survival, the Decembrist dismantled himself in the top tier of tropical jungle. Here, the Christmas feels freely, settling on sniffs in crevices and cracks of powerful trunks. It is quite enough light passing through the crown of high tropical trees, nutrients from the decomposed organic organic, moisture, which he accumulates in stems and leaves during seasonal rains. Rooted in the wood, Siegocactus descends his stems down. Their length can reach 1.5 meters.

    Accidentally broken segments of shoots quickly allow air roots and, hacking behind the support, give life to new copies. So the plant extends, occupying very extensive territories. Habitat made it hardy. Temporary cooling and periods of drought Sigocactus transfers very steadwise, and its root system survives even media naked stones.

    The flowering of the Decembrist begins from mid-November and ends at the end of January. At the ends of the shoots scratching from high trees, Punchy red flowers are revealed. This enchanting spectacle amazes with its beauty of people and attracts birds. The flower is characteristic of cross-pollination. Baby-Hummingbirds and butterflies Brahniks, prisoners of beauty colors, perfectly cope with this task. For this, nature gave Sigocactus stretched like a tube of colors.

    Fruits of plants are formed within a month. They are pear-shaped, long have no more than 2 cm, painted in bright orange or red and have a pleasant sour. They are happy with the pleasure of birds and animals, and then deal them with excrement in the forest. Often, the seeds germinate directly in the overwhelming fruits. Berry, falling on the ground, begins to rot. Using her pulp as a nutritious substrate, a new plant is developing inside. So successfully fights cactus for survival in wildlife. Life expectancy of a plant at freedom – more than 50 years.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Conditions of growing at home

    The guest from distant overseas countries is completely unpretentious in care. It does not require special substrates, fertilizers, additional illumination or complex manipulations over themselves. It is enough to create a room zigocactus conditions approximate to the natural habitat.

    Lighting

    Decembrist, born under the canopy of subtropical forest, does not like bright light. Straight sunlight are dangerous for the plant accustomed to scattered lighting, so the southern Siegocactus windows are contraindicated. Place the flower can be in the depths of the south room where there is shading.

    Great for plants Northern and Western windows.

    Temperature

    In the subtropics all year round heat, so comfortable temperature for Sigocactus in spring and summer – not higher + 25 ° C. From August to the end of November, the flower goes on peace to gain strength for future flowering. It is necessary to transfer it to a darker and cool place with a temperature of +10 to +20 degrees. In December, when summer will come in the southern hemisphere, the plant will begin to bloom. It is necessary to rearrange it again to a well-lit and warm place before the start of flowering.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Important! During the appearance of buds, the plant cannot be transferred and rotated. Siegocactus in protest can reset all buds and deprive you of the opportunity to see wonderful flowering.

    Watering and moisturizing

    Decembrist loves moisture, but in moderation. The soil in the pot should not be wet, but also to complete the earth to bring it impossible. As soon as the substrate dries on top, the flower is time to heat the warm water. Each period of the life of Sigocactus is characterized by its watering mode, namely:

    • During the flowering of watering increase, phosphorous-potash fertilizers add to water;
    • When the plant is preparing for flowering, feeding is suitable no more than 1 times a week fertilizers for cacti;
    • During the rest of the irrigation, the Decembrist does not fertilize.

    Sygocactuses love spraying with water from the spray, especially during the heating season, and in the warm season, they will joyfully take swimming in the shower. In the procedure it is important to hermetically covered with a glued ground in a pot in order to do it there.

    Important! Watering a flower, do not forget to release the pot of the pot from excess water, otherwise it will lead to the reinforcement of the plant roots.

    Formation

    The descending shoots of the Decembrist look perfectly in suspended porridge. In order for the plant to have a beautiful symmetrical shape and gave a lot of shoots, the Sygocactus cunflower gives the right shape with the picker, like any ampel plant plants. In order not to harm the flower, it is necessary to do this correctly, adhering to the next algorithm of action:

    1. Capture Siegocactus can be searched only after flowering;
    2. Segments of the Decembrist segments are impossible;
    3. Stick Escape with big and index fingers of one hand, and your fingers neatly unscrew the selected segment from the stem.

    After plugging the bush will become more spread, lush and will be more abundant. The procedure not only makes the Decembrist attractive, but also rejuvenates, extending his life. Well maintained Siegocactus at home – long-lived, which lives more than 20 years. Skillful flowerflowers, having a lot of experience in growing cacti, create whole masterpieces, forming a strambed stamp from the Decembrist: Sygocactus cuttings are vaccinated to the cactus stalk, with which the top is cut off.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Landing

    Decembrist has a poorly developed and weak root system. Pots for the plant will suit ceramic, wide and shallow. The soil for the Decembrist should be nutritious, loose. Water should not linger in it, because in nature the epiphytes live in a dry environment. Mai, pieces of bark, wood, in which Sigocactus grows, gradually decompose, creating a sour Wednesday. The same acidity – pH 5,5 should have the land in which the Decembrist plant is planted at home.

    The composition of the soil must be as follows:

    • Garden land – 1 part;
    • compost – 1 part;
    • River sand – 1 part;
    • sour peat – 1 part;
    • Charcoal – 1 part.

    Instead of sand, you can take vermiculite for looseness. Pieces of moss or pine bark, as well as activated carbon help maintain the required level of humidity in the substrate. Suitable for landing and finished soil for cacti purchased in the store. Good drainage that does not allow to stir moisture in the soil, should take 1/3 of the pot. Replanting the plant, you should not take a pot much more than the previous one. While the roots do not take the entire capacity, Sigocactus will not bloom.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Important! Young plants transplant every year – adults 1 time in 3 years. Ideal time for transplantation – period after the end of flowering.

    Reproduction

    The most common way is to reproduce the Decembrist with cuttings. Can be rooted in water or wet soil. To root in the soil it is worth performing the following steps:

    1. Separate from healthy steers sparks containing 3 fragments, way to unscrew;
    2. In order for the ring formed on the cutken, leave a cut fragment for a day in a shaded place;
    3. Prepare wet soil, sand or coconut peat for planting;
    4. Make a small deepening in the substrate and place the escape into it;
    5. The plant is rouded after 3 weeks when young leaves appear on it.

    To roam the cuttings in the water, it is worth performing actions such as:

    1. Prepared cuttings omit in a glass with filtered outstanding water;
    2. In order to avoid rotting the plant in water, you need to add a piece of wood coal or several tablets activated – 2-3 pieces per 250 g of water;
    3. Change water every week;
    4. After the appearance of the roots, but not less than a month later the plant is planted into a new soil;
    5. Cut the cuttings during flowering period is not recommended.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

    Important! You can breed a Decembrist with seeds or vaccinations, but only experienced breeders can achieve success.

    Diseases

    It is worth considering the most common diseases of the plant.

    • Phytoophluorosis – This is a fungal disease that causes the platform and the death of the plant. Signs: Brown and gray spots on shoots resembling mold. Treatment: Treatment of Fungicides “Maxim” and “Vitaros”.
    • Fusariosis – This is a fungal disease, affecting the vessels and the root system of the plant. Symptoms: Plant becomes sluggish, yellowing and cares in front of. The treatment of fusariosis is not amenable to destroy it, so as not to infect other specimens.

    Sygocactus suffers from the following pests:

    • Bellenka;
    • mealybug;
    • Shield.

    Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

      To get rid of pests, thoroughly wash the plant with green soap, and then process with such special preparations as:

      • “ACTING” To combat the blonde;
      • “Tanker” or a carbofos solution from the shield;
      • “Aktar” To destroy a mild custody.

      Observing the following prevention measures, you can prevent diseases and keep the Decembrist healthy:

      • Disinfect the soil before landing by calcining or blathering with boiling water;
      • Water the plant with warm watering water;
      • Do not allow the convergence or complete drying of the earth coma;
      • Out of yellow leaves in time, clean the fallen;
      • Do not allow the temperature below +10 degrees;
      • With suspicion of fungal infections, treat Sigocactus by the Micol preparation;
      • Against the appearance of pests will help the kneading and spraying of the flower;
      • Be careful to the plant – and it will surely please you with fabulous blossoms.

      Decembrist: Features and Homeland Houseplants

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