Coloria: Description of species, landing rules and methods of breeding

Kolleria – a long-term representative of the Gesnery family. It refers to decorative and flowering plants and is quite undeservedly deprived by the attention of the flower. Native places of Kolteria – Tropics of Central America, so it is still called “Columbia Beauty”.

Description

As a house plant, the roller is not too high herbaceous bush with leaving velvety stems and leaves. Roots at the plant of tuberous and scaly. Young shoots straight, and with age fall. Sublegant large leaves are located on the contrary, their color is diverse and depends on the type. The edges of the leafy plates are gallant, the surface is soft, covered with vintage.

The main feature of the rolleries are its unusual flowers of the bell-shaped shape with an elongated wedense. The color of the petals changes from the tender pink to the deep brown, reulted by numerous specks of different shades. Flowers are formed singly or 2-3 in the sinus. The period of flowering is long and violent – from spring to late autumn (with a small pause). The cultivation of the plant at home is not too difficult, because the flower feels good in the inherent city apartment.

Koller has a large number of varieties, including hybrid, derived by selection path.

  • Bogotskaya – with sheet plates of different shades of green, distinguished by the jazz edges. Self-deception Movement: with a reddish yellow outdoor and yellowish with aluminum middle dots. Flowers long – almost whole summer.

  • Majestic has represented stems that are covered with a reddish pile. Shiny leaves, with light white fluff. Flowers are quite large, saturated-orange color, are made by bright red dots and strips of dark red tone, deepening in the middle of the language.

  • Koloskaya belongs to low mexican varieties of rolling. Plates of plants – with silver soft vile, in shape – elongated. Flowers of orange-red coloring outside and yellow with aluminum splashes inside. They are formed on a high bloomon alternately, like grains on a wheat spikelet, because of what such a name near the type.

  • Linden Kolleria Rode from the mountain regions of Ecuador. Bucket bush, not exceeding 30 cm, with reprehensible unbranched shoots. Stems covered with white pile. Leaf plates are slightly elongated, with a pale pink lower surface and top green color. The outer side is covered with light stripes located parallel to the lodge of the leaf. Flowers small, white-lilac from above and yellow in brown speck inside.

  • Natrestyankotkomkova belongs to close-up, flower height can reach 80 cm. Has straight stems that are inclined over time. It has a greenish color of the leaves, located opposite. Flowers-bells with 5 petals, the outer part of which is white with purple stripes, and internal – light green with purple dots. All plant is pubes with a whitish gentle pile.

  • Pleasant Comes from Colombia, where this species chose the highland areas. Stems of a weak green color, smashed rare whitish hair. Flashing plates of oval shape, green with brownish veins and silver strips. From the outside, the scarlet flower, and in the middle of a white tube with numerous purple dots.

  • Fluffy-flowered, or eriantha, It is characterized by the leaves of a deep green color having burgundy burgundy and covered velvet pile. Orange or scarf flowers, yellow, dressed with pink splashes. This species is the most occurring among the rooms of the roller.

  • Truccocelical Right from Costa Rica, as well as Colombia. The shoots of the plant are single, straight, with oval green leaves, with an elongated, sharp vertex. The bottom of the leaf plates of the reddish tone. Tubular flowers, without an extended tip, like other species having a saturated orange color.

  • Woolen endowed with a thick escape covered with large green plates, sowned by bright brownish vile. The plant blooms with gentle beige bells, having a brown colorhouse on the petals, with a white middle, covered with rare stripes of beige tone. All parts of the rolleries are covered with a thick soft pile, which is why the view and got its name.

Differs a roller with the numerous variety of varieties with the most diverse coloring of sheet plates, and especially buds.

  • Ampallang – with tubular flowers of white and yellow color, thick-covered purple dots. Green tone leaves possess darker streaks.

  • Qween Viktoria – with flowerflowers in the form of a tube. The outer side is a gentle pink, and internal – white with dark burgundy dashes and frowning paint colors.

  • Sunshine – Differs with small bright pink flowers with a yawn yellow-green color, replete painting of purple stripes and specks.

  • Bibbi – Plant with large pinkish-red flowers having several whitish petals. They are covered with cherry blossoms, zev bright, yellow color. Leaf plates are strongly tilted and have a slight green tint.

  • Flashdance – blooms by impressive coral color buds, petals and tube of yellowish white colors with pink dashes.

  • Brimstone – characterized by an unusual cherry-yellow coloring and white tube. There are numerous splashes of pinkish-lilac. Leafs of an elongated shape, densely pubes.

  • Jester – with the largest inflorescences of a pale purple shade and a snow-white tube. The whole flower is plentifully covered with pinkish splashes. Dark green leaves with beautiful bronze overflows.

  • Clytie – Plant with large red-pink flowers having dim white petals and yellow zev. Decoration – Cherry Shada Divorces. Light green tone sheet plates with patterns.

  • Kolya Warhevich – It has large pistributive flowers of a gentle pink shade with a tube and the petals of light green colors. Inclinments – purple.

  • “Uneven” – Belongs to the mini. Flowers elongated, non-road burgundy color, with zev, which is covered with purple dashes.

  • Manchu – Leaves of a light green shade, and flowers – orange, which have a bend of burgundy color.

  • Sunny – It has large yellow flowers, splashing on them in red, foliage – nonsense green shade.

  • “Karl Lindberg” – owner of the darkest color of buds from all colors. Tube saturated lavender color, and neck – white. The edges of the petals are littered with dark raspberry dots, closer to the base they become all thicker and turn into horizontal stripes.

  • Red Ryder – It has lowered leaves of dark green color, and the bells are deep red. All petals in dense dark cherry points.

  • RoundeLay – grade with flowers of pinkish-orange shade. Inside they are white, the petals of the bend are the same, only with pink slight stains.

  • “Persian rug” – It is characterized by green leaf plates with red cross-edge. Flowers velvety, large, with interesting colors: top – reddish-raspberry, inner side – yellow. The same color and lapse of the petals, but also fell on with large dots of cherry painting and has a raspberry kaym. The flowering of this variety is rich, and the shaped bushing of a neat circular shape.

  • Rongo – Plant with light-olive leaves covered with lighter veins. Flowers of purple color with a neck in a burgundy stick.

  • Mother’s Lipstick – variety with very spectacular flowers: intense pink and dark burgundy harmoniously combined with snow-white splashes, creating an illusion of radiance.

  • Sciadotydaea Hybrid – Hybrid variety with large pinkish-alami buton covered with soft villi. Beautiful spot pattern on the outer part of the flower is elegantly shaped by a dark green tone of foliage.

  • Cinnamon toast – Colorium having a velvety coating on the leaves and colors. Belongs to tall cultures, so she needs a support. Multiple Flowers, Coral Red.

  • “Carnival” – refers to home species. Flowers abundantly and long orange-red palette.

  • Emily Roberts – owner of orange buds with a yellow middle. Raspberry petals, with magenta impression.

  • Peridot’s Kitlope – Differs in a fluffy bright orange tube. On bending petal pinkish-white, with burgundy specks.

Affect your unusual coloring also such varieties of rolleries as: Marta, Peridot’s Rolo, Beltane, Birka, Thad’s Uncle Ron, Lono.

Landing

For the landing of the collar, the finished substrate for Gloxy or Satpolia is well suited. But the best option will be cooked independently of 2 parts of the black soil or leaf land, 1 part of the peat, 1 part of the sand and 0.5 parts of humus. Mandatory at the bottom of the pot must be a two-chamber drainage layer. So moisture will go to the pallet, and the roots will be able to breathe. Landing container is suitable for shallow, since most of the roots are located near the surface of the soil.

Transplanted by a rhodium often, every year, as it is characterized by a fairly rapid growth. The procedure is carried out mainly in March or early April. To injure the plant as much as possible, the transplant is better than the transshipment method, when the flower with an earthen room is rearranged into a new pot and smash fresh soil. With damage to the roots, the fallen parts are removed, and the sections are treated with chopped coal and placed a plant in a completely new soil.

Care

The content of the roller is not so troublesome, the flowers consider it due and easy to care, but it is worth not to forget that the flower comes from wet rainforest. To somehow create a plant natural conditions, you need to comply with the main criteria.

  • Watering a plant is needed regular, especially from spring to autumn. Moisturizing should be frequent, about twice a week, and intense. In the summer heat, you can some participation quantity, and in cool periods – on the contrary, cut. Water use filtered or resistant for several days. It is better to use the upper and lower irrigation alternately, that is, soil moisturizing in the usual way and pouring water into the pallet. It is impossible to make fluids on the part of the plant: rotting may begin.
  • Despite the fact that the flower prefers wet air, it is well tolerating the natural conditions of the apartment. Spraying does not apply: due to the villi, the liquid droplets are delayed and can provoke concurrency processes. If you need to moisten the space, you can accommodate the aquarium or dishes with water, also put into the pallet wet pebbles.
  • Koliya – a thermo-loving plant. She feels normally at + 22-25 degrees in warm periods.
  • Lighting It is necessary to ensure bright, but eliminate the straight solar rays. Optimally suitable for the placement of Western or Eastern window sills, on the northern plant can die without additional lighting. Upon half the heart, the flower is worth contacted to avoid burns.
  • Kolleria is afraid of drafts, especially cold air gusts. It is worth considering when choosing a plants location.
  • Using trimming, the flower is attached to the form, and also support it. If this is not done, the stems will be too stretched, bending, which will affect the number of coloring appears. When cutting a plant, first of all remove safe and damaged shoots, necessarily disinfect. To create a lush busty and the formation of the crown, crop elongated shoots approximately a third. Cutting up the tops, activate the activity of the stuffing bands, in this way new stems begin to form. The flower becomes more branchy and volumetric. The upper parts can be applied for the reproduction of the roller.
  • Soil The plant loves rather loose, with low acidity. To prevent the occurrence of rotting on the roots in the substrate, you can add some charcoal.
  • Fertilizers for rolleries use complex – for beautiful plants or orchids. The recommended dose is doubled. Make feeding from April to September. In periods of rest fertilize the plant is not needed.

The flowering period of the main part of the varieties of the rolleria begins in July and stops in November. Following this, the recreation period comes when the processes of formation and growth are delayed, buds do not appear, although there are also such species that bloom almost all year. For abundant and long flowering, the plant needs to be equipped with good light, organize regular feeding and nutrient soil. It must be remembered: a young rod rarely produces flowers, and starting from two years of life a plant is already able to bloom in full abundance.

During the resting period, predominantly in winter, the rhodium need to create certain conditions:

  • cut all dried shoots and leaves;
  • rearrange the flower into the cool, but bright place with a temperature within +15 degrees;
  • significantly reduce the amount of watering.

Methods of breeding

Milk by a rhodium at home can be three ways: seeds, cuttings and root division. The seed material, well succeed, is sown in a mixture of leaf land and sand, a little irrigated with water and covered with a film or glass. The container is installed in a warm, well-lit place, not forgetting to moisturize and ventilate. After growing seedlings, seeded into the same soil, but 2 cm from each other. Regular watering is better to replace spraying from the sprayer. After one and a half months, the seedlings again dive for the distance already in 3 cm. At the permanent place, the sprouts can be planted when they grow well and fixed. Even before the formation of the formation, the kestic in plants produce the crew of the tops, thus stimulating the growth of lateral processes.

Cuttings cut from the tops of the shoots and put in small containers, filled with leaf ground and sand, watered, covered with polyethylene. To speed up the process of rooting, sweets can be mixed in preparations that stimulate the root formation. Be sure to immediately open the film and regularly water the sprouts. After about two weeks, roots appear, and when the seedlings begin to grow, they can be planted in pots on a permanent place of growth.

The leaves of rolleries are used as stiffs. Leaves put in water capacity or wet sand for rooting. But this process is quite long and can still reach for several months.

Most simple to propagate a rope at home the root division. In the spring, when the plant is transplanted, a disinfected knife is divided by rhizome, all sections are sprinkled with crushed coal and give them a bit. In the container of the roots part of the roots, it is planted for several centimeters deep into and well moisturize. After some time, a sprout of a rhodium grows from the root element.

Diseases and pests

The plant rarely sick, a torpid dew or root rot may appear from the re-fulfillment of moisture. If gray or white spots appeared on the sheet plates, the affected parts are removed, and the plant can be treated with fungicides. In case of diseases of the roots, all patients are cut off, fell by charcoal and irrigated by fungicidal drugs. The flower is transplanted into a new substrate, and the pot is disinfected. Due to improper care, some problems can arise from the roller. To avoid them, you need to take into account the following nuances:

  • no flowering – too weak lighting or fertilizer deficit;
  • The stains of the dark color on the leaf plates indicate watering with cold water;
  • The yellowness of the leaves and extremely elongated shoots arise from lack of light;
  • The leaflets are folded from the dryness of air indoors;
  • Degrees of shoots and sheet plates may appear from the root rot.

From the pests, the collar can sometimes damage the web tick and the word. In such cases, the plant is washed with soapy and treated with insecticides. Spectacular rollerius is so simple and noncain in care that its cultivation is even a newcomer. And the provision of proper care will be the key to the long and abundant flowering of “Columbia Beauty”.

About how to properly care for the roller, look in the following video.

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