Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Such a plant is often found in office premises or various hospital institutions. No less often grown by Cissors and at home. Many gardeners are simply delighted with its appearance, because it is a wound plant that will become a real decoration in any home or apartment, with it you can decorate almost any space. For example, the walls where it can be simply suspended, the stairs, which it will completely turn completely over time, or put ordinary supports.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Description

Many call the cissos indoor vineyard, as it is a shrub that is spreads in different directions. Such a plant can consolidate with your mustache for any suitable support. In addition, some of his species resemble the branches of a beautiful tree, thanks to which he is often glad to birch.

This plant has beautiful shiny leaves with a glossy surface, as well as saturated bright green color. Their form and size are largely dependent on the grade of cissus. They are placed on fairly long and flexible shoots that grow up to 3 meters long. Over time, these “Liana” are covered with a bark. In addition, there are several mustache on each shoot, with which they can be attached to any surface.

If we talk about blossom, then the plant is not different in this period. The flower is a small umbrella inflorescence of cream or gentle green shade. It may happen that at home and will not be able to see it, but in vivo it is not only blooming, but also has a large amount of fruits that are small berries with red or black tint. It is inside the berry that there is a large number of seeds.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Domestic Zissus are considered the tropical areas of Africa and Australia, as well as the southern part of America. In the natural environment, more than 300 species are growing, many of which people began to grow at home. In addition, at home, cissos often use not only for the purpose of decor, but also as a meal or as a means in the fight against malaria.

Many create real living hedges, through which they do not easily pass. Besides, This plant is quickly adapted to any conditions, so it will be easy to grow it at home.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Often, Cissors buy precisely because it can purify the air in any room, as well as to have antifungal action.

Varieties

Since there are many types of this plant, it is worth considering the popular plants closer. Some zissus varieties can only be found in botanical gardens.

Rabbold

This type of plant has another name – quadrangular cissor. The shape of his leaves has a diamond shape with gear edges. Leaves possess a bright emerald color. His shoots are pretty flexible and thin, so for such a type of cissura, it will be necessary to support. If flowers appear, then they have a gentle green color. And stuffing and branches of this plant velvet.

It was for this plant that the name of Birch was attached. Moreover, on its basis, several varieties were derived, which are very popular among gardeners. Among them are the most popular “Elene Danika”, which is distinguished by beautiful carved leaves with bright color. And there is still such a variety as Mandianna. It has resistance to sharp temperature differences, and also has beautiful glossy leaves.

Many confuse this subspecies with Rhombic Cissors. However, this is a completely different plant that is not adapted to household conditions and is found only in wildlife.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Multicolored

This type of cissus is characterized by special beauty. Its leaves have a dark green color, besides on top, they are covered with silver spots, but they are pink below. This plant is distinguished by the fact that during the cold weather, it can completely reset the leaves. In the spring branch must be completely cut, after which they will quickly grow. This cissos requires a little more attention.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Streat

This flower is also called striped due to its unusual color. On green leaves you can see the reddish strips, their form is more like a real grapes. However, this species Pretty hardy and does not require much attention.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Two-color

This plant belongs to the family of grape. Its full name is Cissor Discolor. Two-color cissos has the leaves in the shape of hearts, with small brushes going on the very edges. Their color is saturated green with small silver spots. At the bottom of the sheets painted in a dark red color.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Antarctic

This evergreen flower is quite common among most gardeners. Its leaves have an oval shape with gear edges, they grow up to 12 centimeters. In addition, they differ in a dark green color from above and gently green below. His branches, as well as Velvet’s mustache with beautiful. This species can exist in various conditions, is not afraid of hot weather.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Tuberose

This flower has a long vine with thickening at the very base. In addition, it forms air roots. This handsome leaves are small, but openwork. Sometimes for the winter it can drop the leaves.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Conditions of detention

Much cissuses are appreciated by gardeners not only for their decorative beauty, but for their unpretentiousness. You do not need to create special conditions, because they can grow in any room. However, that this plant is always healthy and lush, you need to get acquainted with some moments.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Lighting

Although Cissus and can grow even in a half, after all, it is worth a preference to such a place where many sunlight. Thanks to this placement, the flower will be more dense, and its leaves with a bright green color.

However, it is best to avoid hitting a bush of direct sunlight, so during a large sun it is necessary to take it a bit.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Temperature and humidity

Many gardeners are confident that the plants are very harmful to the drafts, so they do not take it to the street at all. However, this is absolutely improper judgment. It will be useful for him to be in the fresh air, and a light breeze will not hurt him at all. But during the cracking period, Cissors must be taken to the room. If this is not done, then he will immediately drop foliage.

Not necessarily create for such a flower too much humidification. Enough time from time to just spray it. However, there should be no divorces on the leaves. Therefore, it is best to use well-defined water. In some cases, you can put near the flower vase with a small water container.

Important! “Domesticated” plants can withstand temperatures from 10 to 27 degrees of heat, but there are also such copies that can feel great even if the temperature decreases to +5 degrees.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

How to care?

Cases for cissor at home completely simple and does not require much effort. If it is competent to do everything, then you can grow a healthy plant, which will delight your owners throughout the year.

Podkord

Since this plant consumes a large amount of beneficial substances and minerals, it is necessary to feed it quite often. It is necessary to do this with an interval of 2 weeks – during the spring and summer periods. Most often for cissus buy Fertilizers that are designed for deciduous plants. Perfectly suitable Pokon or Etisso, But you can use natural feeding.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Watering

The foliage of this handsome absorbs a large amount of moisture, so It is necessary to provide him quite frequent watering. This is especially important during its growth. In the summer it is worth a given procedure a little more. Determine for yourself the necessary time, it will be possible by the state of the earth in the vase. It should dry no more than half. In addition, you can do away from time to time for cissause. However, it must be warm.

In winter, watering is slightly different from the summer. He must be moderate, besides that, excess water from the pallet must be merged.

It follows only when the earth will dry on 2/3 in a vase. This procedure is also necessary to carry out soft water temperature.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Trimming

Like any plant, cissause will need such a procedure as trimming. It can be carried out in several cases. For example, when the plant relieves the leaves completely or half, then they are best cut to be able to form young shoots. So that the cissouss can develop well, and was also quite active, His shoots must be periodically quenched. During the spring period, it is necessary to add it half. This not only stimulates the plant, but also allows him to have beautiful and thick leaves.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Transfer

To transplant the plant, it is necessary to use either a substrate acquired in the store, or make it yourself. To do this, connect the following components:

  • 1 part of deciduous humus;
  • 1 part of smaller sand;
  • 1 part of the peat;
  • 1 part of the turf.

It is best to transplant after the winter, already at the beginning of spring, but before the onset of his flowering. In addition, a young plant requires an annual transplant. At the same time, the pot must be a little more than the previous one and better ceramic so that the root system can breathe freely. More adult cissos can be replanting much less. On the bottom of the vason you need to put a layer of drainage, then a little land and only after that you can land in it flower.

Do it need to be quite careful not to damage his roots. After that, the remaining emptiness should be filled with soil.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Reproduction

Having received such a plant to his collection, it will definitely want to increase it. In this case, this can be done in various ways. It is worth considering all of them in more detail.

Using the division of the bush

Use this breeding option is best after the winter. Besides, it is better to do it when transplanting plants. More adult cissause begins to form small processes that will not be able to place in a vase eventually. It is for this reason that it is worth splitting them. That is, the roots need to be cut with a sharp knife to several parts, and then land them into individual pyro. After a rapid adaptation period, young seedlings quickly be in growth.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Seeds

Many are also used for breeding and seeds. They can be purchased at any gardener store. Work with such a material is quite simple. To begin with, the container must be fill in Shallow sand and peat mixture. After that, seeds are stacked in the prepared ground. They do not need to burn too much – just press slightly. After that, the earth need to pour, and the container is to cover with a film.

Next, everything must be put in a warm place and provide Regular watering. The first shoots may not appear as fast, so do not worry about this. When the sprouts are completely fixed, they can be replaced at the “permanent place of residence”. Most often for breeding seeds use the seeds of the Arctic Zissus.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cherenca

Such a method of gardeners use quite often. To implement this method of breeding, it is necessary to make billets of cuttings either in spring or in summer. Besides, cuttings must necessarily be with young kidneys. After the workpiece, they must be placed in the container with water or in the prepared land. If you hold rooting in water, you need to wait for the appearance of roots, only after that they can be planted in the ground.

However, it is much easier to put the stuffs right in the ground. It must be well moistened. Then the container must be covered with a film to get a small mini-greenhouse. When the cuttings are fairly well rooted, they can be planted for permanent residence.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Diseases and pests

Although Cissus is considered pretty hard if it is to ensure the wrong care, the plant is just sick. It is worth considering some causes of diseases.

  • If there is too overwhelmed air in the room, you can see that the leaves dry. In this case, it is necessary to carry out not only spraying, but also a little moisten the earth around the flower itself.
  • With too much heat, the leaves will also dry, but, besides, it is also falling. In this case, you need to put a flower in a cooler place, and in the summer it is better to bring it on fresh air.
  • In some cases, specks may appear on the leaves, which will indicate burns from sunlight. This means that the plant needs to prevent a little.
  • When brown specks appear on the leaves of cissus, it will indicate a strong moistener of soil. In this case, you need to dry the earth on top of 3 centimeters.
  • With too fast discharge of leaves, you need to put the plant in a warmer place.
  • When the plant slowed down a bit of its height, it will indicate only that Zissor is not enough nutrients. Therefore, it will be necessary to urgently make the necessary fertilizers.

In addition, from time to time, a plant should be inspected for various pests.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

If any of them is noticed, you need to urgently do the processing of the entire plant or only infected places.

  • Cobed tick. If a web appears on the leaves – this will indicate the appearance of such a pest as a web tick. When the plant is not too infected, you can try using a soap solution. When it does not help, the cissos need to be treated with the help of a chemical preparation. If it does not help, it is necessary to repeat the spraying after 2 weeks.
  • Shield. This insect has brown shell. In the event of his attack, the leaves can not only dry, but also completely. To combat the best use insecticides.
  • Mealybug. These round insects are most often located on the leaves. To get rid of them, it is necessary to start removing them to start, and then process the affected places with a napkin dipped in soap solution. If this does not help, then it is necessary to process cissos with a special chemical preparation.
  • On too moistened land there are small insects with white color, which are called Paints. In this case, the surface of the earth must be sprayed with an insecticide.

Cissor: Features, Types and Care at Home

But conducting a fight with any pests, it must be remembered that this plant is very sensitive to any chemicals. Therefore, processing should be done carefully.

It is worth noting that creating proper care and the necessary conditions for cissus at home, you can enjoy this evergreen plant throughout the year. This is a very unpretentious plant that glances even in those moments when it is just a green bush, and not a luxurious flower. In addition, if you breed it, you can give this handsome to your loved ones or familiar.

How to properly care for the plant, can be viewed in the following video.

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