Balsam – elegant indoor plant, enchanting its fragility and spectacular blossom. Other Popular Name – Wet Vanya Flower. According to experienced flowerflowers, growing these unpretentious creatures, even beginners, making their first steps in indoor crop production. However, such unpretentious flowers are not protected from problems associated with diseases and pest damage. It is worth considering what diseases and parasites represent the most common threat to balsamines, as timely determining that plants need help.
Common diseases of Balzamine and their treatment
One of the main features indicating that “Wet Vanka” requires the help of a flower plant, is a change in the appearance of the plant. The formation of strange spots, foaming, change in coloring or fading the leaves – the most common signals that declare a problem. In most cases, the cause of the development of diseases or damage to balm pest is incorrect care.
In violation of the content conditions in plants, immunity begins to decline rapidly, ensuring their resistance to parasites and causative agents of disease. Some diseases are destructive for balsamines. Given this fact, It is important to take all necessary measures in time, barely noticing that the flower acquired a painful look.
The fact that the plant has become a victim of a dangerous disease – bacteriosis, evidenced by education on its leaves of gray-brown spots. As the disease progressing, traces of the defeat are acquired by black and brown. Among the main reasons for bacteriosis, flower products are called excess moisture in the soil. In addition, infected Balzamin pathogens of bacteriosis is possible through infected (poor-quality) primer or untreated tools. This disease is very dangerous, because most often the plant affected by him is pretty quickly.
In most cases, patients with flowers are subject to destruction. However, you can try to compete for your green pet as follows:
- remove all affected parts of the plant;
- thoroughly spray the bush and the soil in the pot of copper chlorocycy solution (4 grams of substance per 10 liters of water);
- Repeat processing after 2 weeks.
Important! At the time of treatment, the plant must be wasolate from healthy colors. Considering that this disease is extremely contagious, the risk of its distribution throughout the green collection is very large.
That the plant suffered from malievable dew, specify specific whims of spots formed on the leaves. If you are not in a timely manner, do not proceed to the treatment of the disease, in a very soon, the lessed leaves fade and fall. The main causes of this disease are violations of the temperature and humidity regime, incorrect irrigation and lack of lighting. The complex of treatment of malical dew provides for such activities as:
- removal of affected parts;
- Treatment of a bush with soap-soda solution (1 tablespoon of soda soda, 2 tablespoons of soap, 5 liters of warm water); Plant treatment is produced using a sprayer for room colors;
- After 1.5-2 weeks, the procedure is repeated.
One of the most dangerous diseases that entail the death of balsamines is mosaic. Specific symptoms of this disease is the formation of yellowish spots and foliage deformation. As the disease progresses, the fabric of the affected sheet plates is subject to necrosis, as a result of which the plant gradually turns yellow and in the end completely dry. The main peddler of the pathogens of this ailment are TRIPS – tiny parasites living in the soil.
Since effective methods of treatment of this disease today do not exist, patients of plants usually destroy.
Failure to comply with plants care recommendations often causes the development of a cunning fungal disease – gray rot. With this problem, dirty brown spots are beginning to form on the foliage of affected balsamines. Beginner flower products are often faced with the development of rotted on balsamines as a result of watering with cold water, as well as due to too low air temperature in the room. To save the plant, you need to adhere to the following actions:
- remove all the contaminated parts of it – the leaves and stalks covered with stains, in this case, cut off with a sharp disinfected blade, after which they destroy them;
- After the procedure, the patient a bush is carefully treated with fungicidal preparations (“Fundazole”);
- To make treatment more efficient, you can sprinkle plants with funds prepared by popular recipes, for example, an infusion of dry garlic or onion husk.
Balsamines are quite resistant to pest attacks, but also with this problem, flowers often have to encounter. One parasites can be detected by the naked eye, others – with the help of magnifying glass. Third activity can tell the relevant traces of vital activity – Fragments of web, stains and points on the leaves, buds and shoots.
Very often weak balsamines become victims of sputum ticks. The fact that the plant suffered as a result of the activities of these pests, is evidenced by education on the leaves of a whitic laid having a fibrous structure. This flare is a product of ticks feeding with flower juices. In most cases, these parasites fall into pots with indoor plants from the external environment.
They can be added to the house on clothes, shoes. As well as the source of pest proliferation can be an infected soil acquired in a dubious store or cooked with their own hands from raw components. Chemicals are used to destroy ticks – “Aktellik”, “PhyTenerm”.
The process of treatment of plants will go much faster if the injured bushes additionally spray with soapy water.
These tiny pests often annoy fans of indoor flowers. That the green pet suffered from the activities of the Tly Yellowing and deformation of his leaves, buds and shoots.
With excessive damage to the plants, the tar of the magnifying glass can be considered not only the traces of their livelihoods (accumulation of adhesive substance), but also the colonies of the parasites themselves, usually assembled on the wrong side of the leaves. Relief from the problem allow strong chemical preparations – “Phytoverm”, “Decis”. It has proven itself in the fight against the tool “Aktellik”.
Additionally affected plants are recommended to be treated with soap solution or tobacco dust solution.
One of the most complex in the destruction of parasites is a whitebird. This is a tiny white butterfly, which makes serious harm not only in color growing at home, but also plants of open soil. For the destruction of this pest uses Yadochimikati – “Carbofos”, “Dichlofos”. Help effectively fight the problem and such means as “Fufanon”, “Aktellik”.
Why the buds fall?
Often, novice flower facing situations when the “Vanka Wet” flower begins to drop buds. The main reasons for this phenomenon include violations of the temperature and humidity regime, excess nitrogen in soil and potassium deficiency. Another reason that the buds are capable of causing buds is a draft. Balsamines are very painful tolerant of drafts and cooling, which are stressful factors for them. It is also necessary to check the condition of the soil in the pot. It should not be overcooked.
Despite the fact that this flower loves regular watering, excess moisture in the soil can cause the firing of its roots and the fallout of buds.
Why leaves twisted?
Maybe several reasons.
- Twisting and deformation of leaves often indicate that the flower lacks moisture and light. These indoor plants do not tolerate the absence of irrigation and darkness.
- Very dry air in the room is also capable of creating leaf twisting. Restore their former appearance in this case allow spraying.
- A negative impact on the state of the leaves is capable of direct sunlight. To protect the plant from sunburn, it needs to provide soft but sufficient lighting. In hot and sunny weather, balsamines are recommended to provide.
Important! Noticing that the plant dies, and the shape of his leaves changed a lot, it is important to carefully examine the flower for the presence of pests or traces of diseases. Inspection of the problem plant is better to carry out with the use of magnifying glass.
Why balsamin swears and dries?
Withering and drying plants – frequent result of improper care. At the same time, the deficiency and excess of moisture in the air and soil may cause such a problem. To restore the appearance of the plant affected by drought, it suffices to resume the previous regime of irrigation. But also to allow soil moistening is not to not destroy the roots.
Another reason for fading Balzamina is often lack of nutrients. Possing the strength to the plant in this case can be done with the feeding of humic fertilizers. And also a flowerfish claim that in some cases, the painful view of the flower will help iodine. For this, no more than 1 time per month use a solution of 2 drops of iodine and 2 liters of water. This solution (about 50 ml per plant) is gently shedding the ground at the walls of the pot, so as not to burn the root system.
How to save the frozen plant?
Drafts and lowering temperature are detritive for gentle balsamines. If they caused the plant began to die, you can try to correct the situation. To do this, all frostbite pieces of the flower are removed and cut to lively and healthy fabric, after which it is reduced by water. While the affected Balzamin is sick, it provides extremely gentle conditions. In some cases, flowerflowers saved the plant radically, separating it on the cuttings.
Frostized leaves on cuttings as well as in the previous case, remove and cut to intact fabric.
Prevention and proper care
To balsamines pleased with the owner of juicy green foliage and regular blossom, they need to provide comfortable conditions for existence. So, care at home for balsamine provides for the implementation of such important conditions as:
- scattered lighting in sufficient quantities during the day;
- regular abundant watering (in summer), excluding soil fever;
- high-quality soil and presence of a drainage layer in a pot;
- Moderate watering in winter time (about 1 time in 2 weeks);
- Maintain air temperature at least + 15 ° С.
So that the plant normally felt, could fully develop and bloom, he should provide Regular feeding. The recommended feed rate is about 1 time per month (in the period from spring to autumn). With the onset of winter to feed the plants cease. Balsamines do not make special requirements for air humidity if the temperature is indoors does not exceed + 22 ° С.
However, as temperature rises Plants begin to need wet air. In this case, flower products recommend Use household humidifiers, conduct regular spraying plants.
It is very important to protect balsamines from drafts and cooling. During the period of flowering when plants become the most vulnerable, drafts and decrease in temperature can cause flower and buds. With all its relative unpretentiousness of balsamines do not like shifts. For this reason, they are trying to grown, without resorting to frequent movements from one place to another.
Very comfortable these plants feel on the windowsill in the western and eastern parts of the house.
Balzamin care tips at home Look in the video a little below.