Nature gave humanity a variety of plants. Among them are an amazing, gentle and exquisite flower, with proseculations and poets of different countries. This is Japanese Camellia. How to grow it at home, let’s tell.
Camellia causes admiration for her perfection. The mention of it was made by Japanese chroniclers at the beginning of the first century. In Europe, the flower appeared in the middle of the XVII century and is named after the monk with the name Camelllus, who studied the plant in detail and gave his description. In Japan, exotic culture grows in the south of the country. She is also common in China, South Korea, Taiwan.
Beautiful terry flowers of Japapook refer to the genus of tea families. It is possible to meet a plant in nature in the form of a tree, reaching a height of 10-11 meters or shrub, rising to 150 cm. In our country, a flower with decorative leaves grown, mainly at home. An adult indoor plant or a greenhouse sample stops in the level of 2 meters.
The leaves are painted in a dark green color, in length can be from 8 to 10 cm, and 50 millimeters reach width. In their structure they are very dense. The branches of the Japanese camellia are dark gray, and young shoots-one-airs have a brownish shade. The basis of the plant is a flower, not inferior to the beauty of pink buton. It can have red, pink or white tone.
Breeders managed to get a large number of varieties of spectacular, smaller in diameter from 40 to 150 mm flower. In structure, it happens one or in the form of a brush, may consist of ordinary 5 petals with yellow, surrounding stamens, or be fluffy terry, endowed with more than 20 petals of the inflorescence. There are semi-world samples. It blooms this was a wonderful plant both in the winter and in the spring period. It does not at all end the cold, so it can be found in our country in houses, oranges, winter gardens.
Important! In indoor conditions, it is not quite easy to grow Japan, it is necessary to know the subtleties of conditions for its content.
There are more than 250 different camellia varieties in the world. Japanese camellia gardeners are used to seeing in the form of a lush shrub with a numerous number of colors. Her bloom continues almost six months and falls on the time interval from November to May inclusive. In the East medicine, it is used as a therapeutic agent fighting with oncological diseases. The most popular kinds of Japanese camellia are considered “Alba”, having simple five-point flowers of white color, as well as a plant with the name “Winter Rose”. It is decorated with snow-white or pink large buds, which are terry in their structure.
The famous types of Japanese camellia are the following:
- Adolphe Audusson – it is distinguished by large (up to 12-13 cm) with red terry colors; Flowers red camellia in spring;
- Pink Perfection – large terry flowers reaching 7-8 cm in diameter, they have a gentle pink tone; The flowering period falls on the spring;
- Japonica Purity – This plant has a large (up to 80 mm in diameter) White shade flowers, is a perennial instance and also blooms with the arrival of spring;
- William S. Hastie – It is a bush with large (up to 5 cm in a radius) with raspberry colors, has lush and terry buds; Flowers in spring appear;
- Chandlers Red – It is a red monophonic camellia with large and thick colors.
Conditions of detention
Japapook is a plant that is very subtly feeling the slightest changes in habitat. In room conditions, Camellia can grow, but it will not bloom. In order to form floral kidneys on the plant, it should be indoors, where the temperature can be maintained at -15 degrees to +6 degrees Celsius. The best place for the flower will be a warmed veranda, a greenhouse or any room, in which the air is not heated above these borders. In summer, Japapook should be taken to the garden or place it on a darkened balcony. If your flower spends a lot of time in a room with a high plus temperature, it will certainly begin to fight.
Important! The plant must be all year round in the illuminated place. In the greenhouses make a special backlight. Camellia light loves multiple, not focused on a bush.
How to care?
Growing Japanese camellia should be thoroughly watered, but not to fill. After the bush fled down and plunges into the rest and rest, watering at home should be done less often, the main thing is that the substrate does not become completely dry in a pot with a flower. The soil in which the Japan will grow should be acidic, so its landing in ordinary land from your garden does not make sense. Usually in specialized stores for sale universal soil, and if there is no, then the substrate should be purchased for Azalea.
Alone to prepare the soil composition can be at home, if you take a drainage, placed in the future pot. After that mix four indicators. Sand must be combined with a delicate and leaf ground, as well as peat. Runs and sand take in the amount of one portion, and two compositions of peat and leaf land are added to them. You can still use the bark of coniferous trees.
Important! Once a month it is necessary to feed Japan by making the fertilizer to the soil used for Azalei. If the flower started buds, the number of feeding can be increased to 2-3 within 30 days.
Once in 2 years, the plant must be trimmed. This procedure contributes to the formation of a lush bush crown and removing weak escapes. It is necessary to carry out the trimming, starting from the inside, thereby leaving the growth of large inflorescences that are at the tips of the branches of the shrub. The procedure is performed in the autumn months, such as October and November. In the southern regions of the country, where in the winter period the air temperature is not below +20 degrees, the cultivation of Japanese camellia is possible not only at home, but also in the gardens. For the convenience of the care of the shrub, its disembarks are produced at the end of autumn or early spring, in that period of time, when very active growth of shoots has not yet come.
A pit for landing camellia make a big. It should be 2 times higher than the magnitude of the earth coma around the seedling itself. Soil can additionally acidify fir or pine bark. Drainage is put on the bottom of the pit, and they are installed on it with a seedling root. Need to ensure that the root neck is not covered with soil. After falling asleep trunk and produce soil mulch with sawdust, coniferous trees or chips. During the cold period, the mulching layer increases.
The flower bush should grow in places where there are no drafts, as well as a direct sunlight on it. In the period from May to July, mineral feeding. For the winter, the crown and the trunk is desirable to hide what can be done with a husterie or material.
Landing the growing Japanese camellia to a larger pot of the pot must be carried out every year in the spring period. If your plant has risen, grown and actively blooms, then such a procedure should be performed more than 1 time in 2 or 3 years. The process is carried out only after Camellia blew. In any other case, the transplantation for Japan will become a big stress, it will adapt for a long time in a new place. When the bush rummaged to the sizes of a person sample, then annually replace the top of the soil in the tub.
In order for your house, several colors of Japanese camellia appear at once, it can be multiplied by several ways.
This procedure is carried out by landing seeds. Make seed sowing throughout the entire period from spring and to the autumn itself. Before landing into the substrate, they must be pre-dunk for a day in warm water for swelling. Boxes with seeds or cups need to put in a warm place and contain there until germination. The air temperature in the room must be a plus ranging from 21 to 24 degrees. Watering need to be carried out by spraying. After 30-50 days, shoots should appear.
Often use the throat method. In winter, or in the middle of summer, from the main bush produce a cut of small twigs up to 8-10 cm long, which are still young shoots. Each of them should be several sheets. Minor greenhouses (mini) are prepared, in which the soil is covered, consisting of sand and peat in equal shares. In such greenhouses, the cut-off shoots of Camellia are planted. You can make additional lights from non-timing light. Withstand seedlings for 3 months. During this period, with proper care, the formation of root processes occurs, cut cutlets turns into miniature ready camellia. After 2 years, they are transplanted into large pots.
Cut the kidney from the top of the Japan, put it on another tree. This method is complicated because the success of the event is not always guaranteed. Camotelia can be instilled in tea bush as follows:
- At an angle from the plant, a small twig with leaves on the top of the top-length are cut;
- on the trunk of tea tree make horizontal cuts; They should be at 12-15 cm from the soil;
- Spread the bike gently on the sides and in the form of the letter “T” is carried out vertical sections, which coincide in length with cuts on Camellia branches;
- After that, the bark is moved and placed in a cutting of Japapanks;
- Cora is returned as soon as possible, closing her inserted stalks, compress it tightly and wrapped with a tape or tape.
Important! In order for the vaccination to be successful, and the new cutlets received enough nutrients, there should be no escapes on the tea bush below the place where the operation was carried out. They need to be removed.
Diseases and pests
Like most plants, Japanese Camellia is not insured against attacks of various insects and amazed diseases. This happens due to non-compliance with the conditions of the flower content. The most common pests that harm the plant are a web tick, moth tea, whiteflink and shield. A simple means in the fight against them is an insecticidal soap. It is sold in flower or specialized stores. It is necessary to make a soap solution, connect soap with water and spray flower. If this means is ineffective, then chemical preparations containing insecticides are used.
Common Disease of Japanese Camellia is chlorosis. The first sign of the disease will be yellowed leaves. Are treated with the help of “iron chelata”, and also often use “ferrous”. Amazed flower and cucumber mosaic. With it there is a paleness of leaves, covering them with stains. For treatment, use the drug “Aktellik”. With fungal diseases, Japan leaves cover black or gray spots. Fight with fungus through “Fungicide”.
Camellus care tips at home in the following video.