Begonia is a wonderful flower that it is possible to buy and grow independently at home. Plant can decorate at home, apartments, country site, gardening or park. This flower is distributed in almost all countries of the world.
Rise Begonia from Tropical Forests of South America, Asia and Africa. Plant is rich in species diversity and has more than 900 species. There are policy-decorative, cane, shrub and beautiful-flowing types of this flower. Begonia has various forms (drop-shaped, rounded, elongated), leaves colors (red, black and reddish, silver, with difficult patterns, rosetic-green, purple, gray). Petals can have such colors: yellow, snow-white, cream, orange, red, pink and purple.
Before planting cuttings into the soil, you need to prepare them for reproduction and follow step by step.
- With the help of a sharp knife you need to cut the upper part of the escape, about 11 centimeters in length. 2-3 knots must be on the cutter.
- It is necessary to remove the lower leaves and leave only 5-6 sheets on the top of the stem.
- For some time, the cuttings need to be left to dry slices. When the cutting surface becomes dry, it is necessary to start rooting.
Grow begonia with cuttings – the fastest and most comfortable option for inexperienced crop and amateur gardeners. Shining suites for all stem begonias. If you need to transplant the flower, then he will be able to care well and grow. With the help of cuttings, you can plant almost all types of this flower. So that the drawing is good, it is necessary to cut off the part of the flower with a sharp knife. There is a begonia variety called “Fista”, it is necessary to trim it. Each process that needs to be planted must have 3 kidneys, and branches standard length 11 centimeters.
If there are leaves on the cuttings, you do not need to cut them. If the leaves have large sizes, they need to be cut off half, so that they cannot pick up a huge number of nutritional components in the plant. Cuttings that were cut off, you need to leave a little glance. To do this, they need to put them on a piece of paper and leave so 120 minutes. It is better not to pull the cuttings immediately in the tank. It is better to leave the flower with cuttings in a liquid and put it in a bright room.
On some cuttings, the roots may appear on the fifth day, and in other varieties, the roots appear several weeks later.
As soon as the first roots appear, you need to transplant the begonia into a good container, where there will be a drain layer and properly selected substrates. In special stores you can buy a soil that is intended for the development of this flower. According to the advice of specialists, you need to mix the acquired soil with sand. It is in such a soil that begonia will be able to grow well and develop.
So that the flower with the new root system can come across as soon as possible, it is necessary to treat sections with special solutions, such as “corneser” or “heteroacexin”. Swipe the cuttings in the container is necessary to depth 1 centimeter from the roots. First, the plant will require humidity and heat; for this, the begonia needs to cover half plastic bottle, which covered the lower part and the lid. With this method, the flower will grow well. As soon as the Begonia is growing, you need to remove this shelter.
Rooting in water
If the plant is propagated in the soil, or this method does not like, the flower will be able to root in the liquid. You just need to follow the following steps.
- To root the plant, you need to use a transparent container, pour into it a clean liquid having a room temperature, put a cutlery there and ask. In the liquid there should be only stem without leaves.
- Wedred in liquid cuttings must be in a warmed and bright room. Need to trace the cuttings not rot. You can not put a lot of cuttings in one glass, they should not touch each other.
- When the plants appear on the plants, having a size of 1-2 centimeters, the escape must be replant in the soil for a permanent period.
Advice! Soil for begonias are sold in stores, but it is possible to do it yourself. It is important that it has a light density, high fertility and was a weak or neutral in its composition.
After new leaves began to appear on the shoots, the shelter must be removed. It is necessary to transplant the flower on the permanent site of stay. Ideal conditions for a young plant that breeds are.
- Capacity for a new flower should not be huge. For a start, a sufficient size is 710-810 millimeters. At the bottom of the pot there should be holes to flow excess fluid. It is better to use a ceramic pot than metallic.
- Soil for this plant can be purchased in special flower shops. To prepare the soil yourself, mix 2 pieces of the turf and 1 pieces of leaf slowing, sand and peat. To the root flower system could not rot, at the bottom of the tank you need to lay a drain layer.
- Begonia needs to safely provide light. But hot sun can burn flower leaves. Therefore, in the summer it is necessary to place a flower on the eastern or western windowsill.
Normal temperature for the plant is considered room, about 21-26 degrees. In winter, you need a temperature in the range of 16-19 degrees. This flower requires increased humidity of the air, but it’s not worth spraying the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to move the container to the stand in the pallet with the liquid. Stone can serve stones.
The most important thing – the bottom of the container should not touch the liquid.
Watering the plant should be abundant, but you can not splash on the stems and leaves. You can pour a flower through the pallet, for this, the capacity must be put on 21-31 minutes in a container with liquid. Liquid for watering is obliged to be resistant and have room temperature. In winter, watering should be cut, and tuber varieties can not be watering at this time of year.
When bloom begins, you need to use complex mineral fertilizers and add them to the plant until the end of flowering time. Additional nitrogen feeding for a flower is not used. But if the plant becomes weak and lethargic, then you can use nitrogen fertilizers.
Transplant and pinching
When comes spring time, you need to make a flower transplant in a wide pot. But if the root system has grown quickly, and the plant has become closely, the transplant can be made in another period. As soon as the flower has been transplanted, it must be placed after a while in a darkened room. Then you need to form a bush. Need to pinch the main shoots to form additional. It is necessary to remove weak branches and flashing buds.
It is important not to trim the plant so that it does not dry at all.
What problems may arise?
When growing begonia, some problems may arise.
If the roots do not appear
So that they arise, must be followed by the following rules. It is worth refreshing the cut on a cutlery, located in the liquid, and pour clean water. You can also add “Kornin” to the liquid. It is necessary to check dry dryness if the ground is dry, then you need to cover the cuttings to get high humidity. It is necessary to periodically change the variant of soaking in the liquid of cuttings for the way of rooting cuttings in the soil. You can not hurry, you need to give a flower time.
If small roots can appear in the liquid after 7-10 days, then in the soil they will develop only after 22-30 days.
If the flower does not develop
It is necessary to inspect the plant. Due to poor care, diseases and pests may appear. Diseases can be cured with the help of special drugs, and harmful insects need to be deleted independently or use system insecticides. It happens that the flower is too filled with liquid. If the plant is sluggish, then you need to remove the earth from the pot so that it successes. Need to replace the soil and cut the rotten roots. Then you need to put begonia back into the tank.
If the flower does not develop with the onset of winter, then it must be left before the offensive. In the springtime, Begonia will continue its development. In the summer, the plant needs to transplant to the street so that it was healthier. It is important that the room, where Begonia will be planted, was protected from winds, shower and hot sun. Thus, this flower is very simple to care, it is easy to shine and grow. If the cuttings are not able to take care, then you need to plant them again.
About how to multiply begonia cuttings, look next.