The color variety of orchids cannot leave anyone indifferent. Especially many amateurs dream of growing blue or blue orchids, such as on a fashionable flower department showcase. Let’s try to figure out whether this flower can be considered a miracle of nature, and whether there are varietal blue or blue orchids.
How they appeared?
The first blue orchid flower was demonstrated at a tropical flower exhibition in Florida Agrofirma Silver Vase in 2011. After 3 months, Geest Orchideeeën introduced his version. After this flower began to require clients of flower shops. It should be noted that the GEEST Orchideeën representatives were initially not dragged from those who were interested in which the novelty was obtained by chemical painting and during the flowering period will again acquire a natural color. To date, the secret of staining technology, which turns a white flower in blue, remains not disclosed. However, it is known that natural materials are used when painting, which do not on the plant of a detrimental effect.
It turns out that blue and blue orchids are not hybrid or varietal species derived artificially, but only a successful PR-move, and gentle-blue or bright blue flowers tinted. Abroad, this type is used as design of premises for the celebration of an important event.
How to distinguish painted from this?
There is a difference between the real and painted orchid. To distinguish two flower, pay attention to a number of criteria.
- A real flower has a stem of natural color without additional shades.
- Spend your finger on petals. If the skin remains the trail, it means that the painted instance.
- If the soil in which the plant is presented, has a natural color, this indicates that the flower did not try to paint.
If the painted blue orchid bought, then it is necessary to prepare for serious plant care. Flower, which was subjected to chemical impact, requires more attention and care.
How to make orchid blue?
Currently, two ways to give the white flower of blue shade at home. The least traumatic for the plant is considered to be staining through watering, although the result in this case is not so successful, since the natural color returns to the flower after the cessation of watering. As well as a minus such a way is to paint not only buds, but also stems. To achieve a blue color, dissolve the dye in the water. Consider that a large amount of dye gives the flower a brighter color, but will bring quite a lot of harm to the plant. After that, the culture is watered in the same mode.
More efficient method – staining with injection. Do it need it very carefully so that the flower has undergone as little stress as possible. It is recommended to perform injections in a coloring color for minimal damage. Fill the syringe with a dye dissolved in water and enter the needle to the selected part. When painting in one way or another, comply with the recommendations of specialists.
- The water with which the dye is connected must be room temperature. Do not use boiled water, it will be more suitable.
- To reduce the risk of a flower disease when performing an injection, disinfected the needle for the introduction of paint.
- For staining, give preference to chemicals that are sold in specialized floral or agricultural departments. It is allowed, instead of special paint, use food dye.
- You can paint orchid by injection by introducing a needle into any part, but it is better to insert a syringe into a bloom. The most traumatic option – the introduction of the drug in the roots.
Whatever the way I was chosen, remember that any procedure is very dangerous for this gentle flower. Coloring methods can even lead to crop death. After coloring the plant will require a very careful care. In addition, incorrect manipulations may cause serious diseases. For example, during damage to the roots or stem during the execution of injections, pathogenic bacteria can penetrate there. Therefore, after staining, observe a flower condition.
For many years, traders in flowers cheated buyers, selling them blue and blue orchids. What was the surprise of the new flower owner, when that after flowering took his natural color. And these are not the most negative consequences, as some copies and did not stand at all with the chemical intervention and died. Currently, breeders managed to remove several species whose color is close to blue. Hybrids belong to orchid families, such as Wanda, Cattleya, phalaenopsis.
Falenopsis is more suitable for novice flower water, this type is designed for indoor care and is distinguished by non-addiction in cultivation. This type refers, for example, the Dutch hybrid Phalaenopsis Royal Blue, but also his blue color will continue for a while. And in 2013, the types of phalaenopsis called “Aphrodite” – this option is characterized by actually blue blossom, but the likelihood of such an instance in the home flower collection is negligible.
Another kind, “Wanda Blue”, can meet both in nature, but its color can not be called purely heavenly. Vanda flowers have a bluish tint and specks. The least preferred option for amateurs, as the flower requires serious care and creation of certain conditions for successful cultivation. Cattlay orchids are not so picky for conditions as Wanda, although in their case you need to follow certain rules. In general, this kind with beautiful and large flowers is quite coming in the house.
Conditions of detention
Orchids should be contained in special conditions.
This criterion, the flower breeding should be emphasized, as the development and viability of any orchid depends on it. To determine the need of plants in the light, you need to explore the natural conditions of the species. In winter and summer, culture is recommended to put on the west side, in this case the flower owner frees itself from the obligation to carry out additional lighting. In addition, with this location, the flower will avoid direct ingress of dangerous ultraviolet rays.
Another option for winter content is the south side, at this time the sun rays are not capable of burning the plant. If in the southern part, the culture is located throughout the year, then it is required to regularly monitor the degree of drying of the soil and correlated watering regime. The least preferred place for blue varieties is the northern side, however, in the presence of artificial lighting, for example, phytolamba, this location will not be a problem.
According to experienced flowerflowers, the optimal light day provides the most frequent flowering. If the lighting is not enough, the plant sends all the energy to the development of leaves. It is possible to determine the shortage of light in a bright shade of foliage, and its inner side in this case does not have crimson pigmentation. The duration of the day for this culture is 12-16 hours, for the rapid or unhealthy copies – up to 18 hours a day.
Too intense light is also dangerous. The sun rays are able to provoke burns on the leaves of this fragile flower, so it is impossible to leave the plant in direct rays. Maintain a light day needed in winter if the owner wants to admire the lush flowering. If this is not necessary, then you can leave the flower before the light day itself will begin to increase according to the season.
If phalaenopsis grows, then it should be aware that it is a thermal-loving look, and therefore even the night temperature should not be below +18 degrees. Day limits – 25.30 degrees above zero.
Failure to comply with the temperature regime threatens serious diseases or risk for the plant to be attacked by pests. Such consequences lead both low and too high temperature indicators.
So that the flower is actively growing and developing, the daily fluctuations of the temperatures must be observed, which should correspond to 8-10 degrees. As well as when installing the mode, it is important to pay attention to the phase of the life cycle of the plant. Adjust the temperature on the basis of the flower. For example, during rest in the room should be cooler than during active vegetation.
How to care?
Blue orchids require careful care, the right watering and soaking.
Flower likes to eat minerals abundantly, and therefore fertilize the plant takes at least 2-3 times a month in a warm period. In the fall, the frequency of feeding can be reduced by 2 times, and in winter it is enough to fow a copy once a month. One nuance: Nutrition on the root system is not enough, it is necessary that the fertilizer process is carried out on the sheet. Special store mixtures will be suitable for this.
Another rule: salts that are used for fertilizer have the property to be concentrated in the substrate, in connection with which it is important to be rid of warm water once a month. Take advantage of many more advice on phalaenopsis fertilizer, which give experienced flowerflowers:
- It is allowed to feed only healthy copies with a stable root system and a normal tour of the leaves;
- During the flowering period, the plant can not be fertilized, since this procedure accelerates the metabolism, respectively, the duration of flowering is significantly reduced;
- In the so-called rest period, culture will require feeding times every 2 weeks;
- For a month, it is impossible to fertilize just a transplanted flower or a young, even weakened copy;
- Observe all the proportions specified in the instructions for the use of the drug.
Choosing a fertilizer for blue varieties in the store, give preference to the following products:
- “Doctor Foli” – due to the content of nitrogen and potassium, this mixture has a beneficial effect on the active growth of tissues and the general development of the plant;
- Forte complexes – the product is a phosphorus that contributes to long and abundant flowering;
- Mr. Color’s bio-forming is intended for extension of leaves and roots, positively affects the development of flowers.
Watering mode is determined by lighting. The more the sun falls on the plant, the more often watering is carried out. On average, it is recommended to moisten the soil once a week. In the summer, the number of procedures should be increased to once every 4 days.
The flower needs watering if his leaves began to change color or lose the tour. But it is also important to check the dryness soil all the time. Watering session is recommended to delay in cases when condensate is observed on the walls of the pot. When the flowering period begins, watering better cut. In this case, phalaenopsis will bloom much longer. For moisturizing, it is recommended to use boiled, stunned or rainwater, such water is soft and will not harm the root system.
Many flower products advise water immersion. To do this, the entire pot together with the flower goes to the pelvis with water and leaves the maximum half an hour. Next, excess fluid flows through drainage. Another way is the so-called shower. The copy of the “bathe” under a weak pressure of water, after which they are waiting for the excess water, and carefully eliminate moisture from the sinuses, which can provoke the posting – blue varieties weakly oppose with putrid processes.
When growing blue species, it is important to maintain at the appropriate level and humidity. With this task, household humidifiers will cope, decorative fountains raised near the flower wet towels or simply set by a tank with water.
On how to care for blue orchids, see the following video.