Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

Black Orchid – one of the most mysterious and unusual representatives of the world of exotic plants. There are still fierce disputes about the origin and even the very existence of this flower. Some people believe that black orchid does not exist in nature. What is really known about this amazing flower?

Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

Is there a flower in nature?

According to biologists, there are no black in nature in nature in the form in which he is familiar to man. Shade, as close as possible to black, provide special pigments that can be purple, dark purple, blue. Therefore, phalaenopsis allegedly black in fact is usually dark burgundy, dark lilac and even dark blue. Visually, such a plant looks black, but the difference can only be noticed at the closer look at its petals. Since initially the difference from black in such shades is not very noticeable, black orchid and received such a name.

Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

Varieties 

Currently, breeders managed to bring a lot of varieties of black phalaenopsis. It is noteworthy that the orchids of such an unusual coloring in the wild prefer the same conditions for the existence as their counterparts of ordinary colors. The best for them is a wet and warm tropical climate, providing mass flowering plants and their active development.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    The most popular varieties of black phalaenopsis are:

    • “Black Prince”;
    • “Black bird”;
    • “Black Swan”;
    • “Black Pearl”;
    • “Black Mamba”.

    Describe grade More.

    • “Black Prince” – phalaenopsis, considered the most black of all existing. In fact, the unusual coloring of this flower is a saturated-purple, almost ink hue. A characteristic feature of this kind of phalaenopsis – intricate white celebrations located in the center of the flower. Plant height can vary from 45 to 50 centimeters. The flower diameter is able to reach 7 centimeters. The number of flowers on the flower view of this phalaenopsis can be different, which depends on the features and conditions of content.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    • “Black bird” – A variety of orchids, characterized by very spectacular and long blossom. True color color – saturated-blueberry. Flowers are large, with an attractive wax gloss, located on one blur.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    • “Black Swan” – Very elegant phalaenopsis with the flowers of the original form. Narrow and elongated petals of this orchid are painted in deep purple color, have a yellow core with a lilac tongue. A characteristic feature of this plant is unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    • “Black Pearl” – hybrid orchid obtained as a result of the long-term labor of breeders. During the flowering period, the plant forms up to 4 blooms, on which the Flowers Flash. Colors of this phalaenopsis – purple-burgundy, which in combination with an emerald tint of leaves makes a plant very spectacular.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    • “Black Mamba” – Unusual beauty of phalaenopsis with colors of saturated blueberry and white core. During the period of flowering, this orchid forms one bloomon on which about 10 buds may form.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    • Black phalaenopsis is not only ink and blueberry. So, for example, flowers orchid grade “Black Trevor” Different with a saturated purple-burgundy tint, spectacularly standing out against dark green leaves.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Transfer

    When transplanting phalaenopsis of this species, it is important to take into account that their roots are photosynthesis, that is, requiring sunlight. Taking into account this feature black Orchids need to grown in a pot with transparent walls. The best option is glass dishes or practical plastic containers.

    It is important to trace so that in the bottom of the container there was a hole for removing excess water.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    For transplanting required to use a special mixture consisting of components such as:

    • Moss-Safagnum;
    • vermiculite;
    • Wooden Bark (preferably pine).

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    If the vermiculite and sphagnum during transplantation fails to be able to purchase, it is allowed to plant a plant into a container only with crushed bark. It will ensure the roots of the normal air exchange and access of sunlight.

    Orchids are very good in tanks with a mixture of crushed bark, pure large sand, sphagnum, peat and vermiculite. This mixture provides a full-fledged nutrient medium to plant roots required for normal development, flowering and growth.

    During the preparation of the mixture, the components should be carefully moistened and only after that put in pots or containers.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    During the transplant, it is important to very carefully handle the roots of plants. Being very fragile and vulnerable, they can be easily damaged with negligent and non-accurant actions. If you avoid damage to the roots during transplantation, all victims should be treated with ground activated carbon. It will protect the roots of the plant from the development of serious diseases.

    The transplantation should be carried out after the plant will flash and take the strength. Flowering phalaenopsis do not transplant, because any stressful situation for them can turn into a dropping of buds. After transplanting the pots with plants are placed in a shaded place for a few days so that the orchids were able to quickly get used and get used to new conditions.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Orchid seeds are also planted in transparent pots with a pre-prepared mixture of bark, sphagnum and vermiculite. However, this method of breeding plants is considered the most time consuming and is used mainly by experienced flows and breeders.

    Black phalaenopsis nets not only with seeds, but also cuttings, and side shoots (“kids”). Very popular with flower reception, providing for the division of an adult bush.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Optimal conditions of detention

    Exotic black phalaenopsis need conditions that are as close as possible to their natural habitat. For normal development and abundant flowering, they need moisture, sun and heat, that is, conditions similar to the tropical medium.

    When growing orchids it is very important to ensure that they need the required temperature regime. The most suitable is the temperature interval in the range of 18-22 °. Maintaining temperature at the specified level will allow to stimulate abundant and long-lasting blossoms of plants. If the air temperature in the room where the orchids grow, it will be non-permanent, then phalaenopsis just do not bloom.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    No less important for phalaenopsis and moisture, which must be present both in the substrate and in the air. These tropical flowers are poorly transferred by moisture deficit, in which they start less often and in smaller quantities form buds. However, excess moisture may be no less harmful to these extends. Necessary overwhelmed substrate is able to bring root rotting and, as a result, the death of plants.

    The optimal level of air humidity in the cultivation of orchids of flower products is considered to be an interval of 30-40%. If the air in the room will be overwhelmed, the leaves of the plants will begin frowning, losing juiciness and natural tour. So that this does not happen, phalaenopsis should be regularly sprayed from the sprayer. Also provide plants in moisture will allow a wide bowl with water located near the pots.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    It is important to ensure and good ventilation in the room where the exotes grow. Oxygen deficiency is negatively reflected in their condition, and on the duration of flowering. Provide the influx of fresh air to plants will help regular ventilation, during which orchids should be removed from the windowsill, preventing them from being in a draft.

    Very demanding black orchids for sunlight. Insufficient illumination is one of the common reasons why these exotes do not bloom. If the day day is less than 12 hours, then plants simply lack time and strength to form the kidneys and their aging. To compensate the lack of light, orchids are recommended to be heated by a fluorescent lamp.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    However, seeking to provide orchids with maximum lighting, one should not forget that direct sunlight can be negatively affected by the state of gentle colors and leaves.

    It is preferable to provide plants with light scattered light, hovering on the window glass newspaper or a special translucent film.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Care

    Creating optimal conditions of existence is not the only requirement to be oriented with the cultivation of black phalaenopsis. Very important aspects are also watering and feeding, the mode of which must be carefully observed and monitored.

    Watering

    Being tropical plants, orchids prefer wet, but not wet soil. The drying of the substrate in the pot can not be allowed, as it will lead to the fading of phalaenopsis and falling out of its flowers.

    Watering It is advisable to carry out soft water room temperature. Flowers usually use rain or dilated water. Mitigate hard water will help the usual drinking filter. Watering plants with cold water or use water directly from under the tap is categorically not allowed.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    That black orchid needs watering, one can determine as the state of its roots. With a deficiency of moisture, the roots of the plant acquire a gray-green color.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Watering plants by sprinkling using a spray sprayer or a special spray nozzle. Some flowers for watering use the usual shower, moisturizing with it using the substrate. Another watering method provides for the placement of pots with plants in a pelvic with warm water. Through the holes in the pots of moisture penetrate into the substrate and moisturizes the roots.

    POLIVOV mode must be regular, but the flower is important to avoid the substrate. The fact that the plant is watering excessively indicate such signs:

    • Yellowing leaves;
    • withering bush;
    • Dropping and root root.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Summer plants watered 2-3 times a week, in winter – 1-2 times a week. In hot weather watering is allowed to be carried out more often.

    At the time when the orchid enters the phase of rest after flowering, watering should be cut. At this time it is important to create conditions for the plant, saving and supporting it.

    Subordinate

    Black phalaenopsis must be picked up by special fertilizers designed specifically for this type of plants. Frequency of extends follows during their intensive development and growth. Recommended feed rate – 1 time in 2-3 weeks.

    In the cold season, as well as in the reservoir phase, the feeding is required to cut up to 1 time per month. Resume the familiar regime of the feeding can be in spring when the plants will start awaken from the winter hibernation.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Diseases and pests

    Black phalaenopsis is very vulnerable to pests and plenty of diseases. Most often, these exotic flowers suffer from different rotors (fusarious, gray, root), characteristic signs of which are:

    • Changing the color of leaves (yellowing, taking);
    • appearance of plaque on the leaves;
    • Withering bush.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Cure plants from rotten using fungicidal preparations – “Fundazola” or “Topcin”. The affected parts should be removed, and Fungicide is handled not only the roots, but also the substrate.

    The appearance of a white plaque on colors and leaves indicates that phalaenopsis is struck by mildew. If you do not get to treatment in a timely manner, the plant will inevitably die. Treatment involves the use of colloidal sulfur, as well as Topcin-M preparations and “Sorrow”.

    The formation of small brown spots on the leaves and roots – a sign of anthyraznosis. All the affected parts of the plants need to be removed, and sections to be treated with wood coal powder. The main treatment during the anthracnose provides for the use of copper-containing drugs. At the treatment of orchids, it is also necessary to reduce the watering.

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

    Black Orchid: Description, types and cultivation

            The most famous pests of phalaenopsis – Californian trips, distributing dangerous viral diseases. These pests feed on the juices of the plant, which over time leads to his death. Under the defeat of the trips, the affected phalaenopsis is thoroughly washed with water with soap, and then treated with the Vermitek or Aktara. At the time of treatment, the affected orchid must be isolated from healthy plants.

            How to transplant the “black bird”, look in the following video.

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