Bengali Ficus (Family) – evergreen tree growing over the years. Other of his names – Banyan, “Andrei”. Indians consider this plant sacred and adorn them temples. Buddhists believe that it is soothing effect on consciousness, gives peace to man and forms a favorable aura around him. Many states consider Ficus a symbol of eternal life on Earth.
Favorable Wednesday For this representative, Flora is observed only in the Ceylon Climate, India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. In their relatives for him, the ficus is called the desires. Growing in the wild conditions of nature, the plant can spread to a square to several acres. Banyan has huge ground roots growing like branches in a horizontal direction. These processes grow the uncountable amount, their distinctive feature is the lack of a darous cover.
Develop the roots of the ficus slowly, over time most of them dries up without taking to the ground. The processed proceeds at the soil under favorable conditions are rather quickly rooted. The above-ground part of the roots is thickened, and in this way new tree trunks are formed. Both banyan fruits. Small fruits of orange glasses are happy to eat birds and mammals, and the remaining seeds also contribute to the growing “Wishes execution tree”.
Banyan height is very large – up to 40 m, and the crown of this tree can cover up to 500 square meters. m land. Tight large foliage – another distinguishing feature of this plant. Each formed sheet has an elliptical shape and reaches 25 cm length. Under a solid protective layer on a sheet plate, accommodations are visible having a light green color. Wild ficus is a rapidly growing tree with an increase of up to 1 m per year.
How to choose?
In order for the culture to grow well and develops in the premises, it is necessary to correctly choose a plant. It is worth following the following rules.
- Plant choose young.
- Inspect the tree for damage and shake slightly. If the leaves fall, then the plant should not buy.
- Do not get a tree in the cold. Ficus purchased poorly adapts.
- Root system should not have black or brown.
To foliage beautifully looked, many sellers polish it. After buying a plant, hold it a couple of minutes under the warm shower.
How to care?
Bengal ficuses are considered unpretentious representatives of the flooded character, but the flowers need to comply with the elementary rules for the country care. If this is not done, the luxurious symbol of life will turn into a patient and capricious creation, dropping leaves.
Home Care Rules:
- Do not forget to water the ficus;
- Ensure the temperature mode;
- make sure that the air is not overcame;
- The tree should grow in a bright room;
- As necessary, be sure to transplant the ficus;
- feather regularly and feed.
Compliance with all rules will give the right development of your green pet, which will rejoice for a long time with its beauty.
Pots for ficus are chosen depending on the size of the culture. For young banyan, a plastic container of small sizes is suitable, and for a grown-up village – a large heavy container, for example, ceramic vase or wood. Ficus growth can be somewhat slowed down if the pot is too free. When such an effect is undesirable, there is no widespread space plant.
Suitable soil for ficus – neutral or weakness. It will be enough of the dense soil saturated with nutrients. In horticultural stores, a ready-made excavation mixture for growing houseplants of this type is sold, but it can also be mixed alone from peat, sand, leaf and turf soil. When planting a tree in container necessarily stacked a layer of drainage. It is usually done from the grouse of the middle faction and conventional sand.
In summer, the ficus feed twice a month mineral and organic compositions alternately. It is important that the mixtures contain many potassium and nitrogen for the harmonious development of the tree. In winter, representatives of flora are mostly resting, so Feed the “Writing Tree” need no more than once every 2-3 months. In the cold, the culture fertilizes feeders for flavored plants.
It is important to stir granules in clean water, using only a weak solution for fertilizer.
Watering the ficus needed on time, as the plant does not like the soil. Regularity of irrigation depends on what time of year it is done. The easiest way to determine whether it is time to water the plant, lies in the following: We put a finger into the ground. If the ground is nalipla – the ficus does not need watering. If the finger is dry – soil moisturizing.
Remember that due to the extra moisture, the root system begins to rot, so before the next irrigation, make sure that the surface of the earth manage to dry by about 2 cm. Water ficuses with water warm temperature until the liquid feeds the soil. When excess water stalks into the pallet, it is poured.
During drought, the plant can be bathed. Place it in a shower cabin or extend to the yard. Water the tree from the shower or hose, And if it is too overall and it fails to shift, just Spray periodically crown from the sprayer.
To save banyans from accumulated dust, moisten a soft cloth or a sponge with water and wipe the foliage.
Despite the fact that the Bengal ficus has many leaves, he evaporates moisture. The average required level of air humidity for the plant – 40-50%. With the onset of the heating season, rearrange the vase away from the battery or other source of heat, otherwise the leaves and the plant will die.
In the summer, do not be afraid to keep banyans on the terrace, balcony or in the yard.
Fighting diseases and pests
Bengali ficus has a strong immunity in relation to most diseases. From pests and parasites are dangerous for him:
- Cherberry torment;
- Pushchina tick.
The appearance on the leaves of holes, strokes, as well as spots of Belegoy or Yellow Color speaks about the presence of triples. To get rid of infection, the plant is enough just to buy out, paying special attention to the leaves. To detect pests periodically examine the opposite side of the sheet plates. For example, the presence of white spots with a durability indicates the appearance of Cherwe. Stems – Favorite Habitat Shield. This is a scaly insect and he is easier to disguise on the stem.
In order not to have time from time to time to treat a tree from different pests and parasites, process it with periodically special chemicals. If the tree is ill, rearranged it away from healthy plants until recovery. Also, in preventive purposes, you can process the leaves with a 1 percent solution of manganese or wipe with water with soap.
Culture is afraid of low temperatures: if the plant freezes – the leaves are wither. And when yellow spots appear, it indicates an excessive watering. The appearance of the edge of the brown color on the leaves means that there was a long dryness or too much fertilizer was made. Similar manifestations on the young foliage talk about the lack of light. If the leaves grow slower and lose their former brightness, it’s time to feed the plant.
Ficus “Andrei” is unpretentious culture. Even novice flowerflower will cope with his cultivation. The plant loves half, has a steady immunity to disease and not too demanding to watering and feeding. But he needs a lot of space, precisely because of this, Banyan is more common in office space.
It should be remembered that the tree is growing rapidly, and to give it a decorative species requires regular trimming. The skilled owner can give him any form: Multi-tiered or spherical. Special artists even grown bonsai from ficus on her windowsill.
Pruning is carried out in spring or in the first half of summer. The process is quite simple:
- Before the procedure, imagine how the ficus will look, in order not to disappoint in the future;
- give the tree to the crown of natural shape;
- Use sterile and sharp tools;
- Cuts do to the edge, at an angle.
Immediately after buying a plant, its first transplant. But if he has opal foliage, the procedure is postponed for a couple of weeks until the small tree is fully adapted in a new place. In the following times, the ficus transplanted at the beginning of spring until the tree began to actively grow. Be sure to inspect the root. Removed and damaged areas should be removed.
Young culture need to transplant annually. For this, the packaging is taken by 50 mm of the total previous one, and the pots are stacked on the bottom of the pot. In order not to damage the roots, the plant is transplanting along with a lump of land, the method of transshipment. Old trees do not transplant. They are replaced with the top layer of the soil of the new nutrient soil.
Lighting and temperature regime
When caring for a tree, do not forget that he needs light, therefore it is located in a sunny place, but contacted from the excess ultraviolet. Under the right rays of the Sun, there is a risk of getting burns that will look like stains of yellow. When the lights are missing, the leaves are twisted and wither. So that Croon evenly develops and it was enough lighting, you need to periodically rotate the vase with a tree with different sides to the light source.
When growing a ficus at home you need to maintain a moderate temperature, approximately + 18-26 ° C, and in winter the plant can withstand up to 12-16 ° C heat.
On the tree negatively affects sudden temperature rings and drafts.
How to multiply?
In the reproduction of this culture there is nothing complicated. Get a new plant can, cutting off a cutlength of 10-15 cm long from an adult copy. Escape is better to first handle the growth stimulant, and then put into water until the roots appear, it happens about a couple of weeks after. When the root system is strengthened, the young plant is planted in the ground. There is another option – the cuttings are rooted in the ground, covering it with a polyethylene film from above. After 7 days, the plant feeds, and when the tree starts to grow, fertilize the landing again.
Also, the “Writing Tree” is grown from seeds, but at home this is a process of long. The grains better germinate with high humidity and high air temperature, that is, in mini greenhouse. To grow ficus from seeds, you need to perform the following steps:
- prepare a capacity;
- Place seeds in a soil by 15 mm;
- Cover the film, twice a day to airfluous;
- Do not forget to water;
- When you grow up, transplant in pots.
No need to be a gifted flower in order to grow banyan at home. Culture looks stylish, originally and at the same time absolutely not capric. Any beginning can cope with the cultivation of the “Wish performance tree”, and it will become an excellent decoration of any interior.
Experiment on the formation of the crown with Bengal Ficus you can look at the video a little below.