Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallus is considered one of the most unusual and interesting plants in the world. In the natural environment, it is called a pipe flower, but it has varieties that can be grown at home. Than they differ and how to grow amorphofallas at home correctly, tells the material of this article.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Plant Description

The plant is quite difficult to call indoor, because it is not easy to raise him in the house due to the terrible smell of the decaying flesh. This is not at all a special kind of lilies, but the hybrid form of a flower belonging to the numerous family of aroid, known for their diversity of subspecies. Amorphofallaus has a strange name due to the form of a flower coil, although in translation of the name means “non-informy offspring”. Unlike other plants, he does not always have a period of rest.

Another name of the flower is known – “Snake Tree”. This is due to the similarity of the trunk with snake skin. The flower in fact is not a flower at all, but a single petal of a complex shape, which, like the trunk, is covered with specks. It surrounds the boom-boom, the form of which differs depending on the type of plant variety.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

The flower tuber growing in the ground, weighs about 5 kg. Amorphofalus has a large and powerful stem, resembling a palm tree, which grows from the tuber. Another distinctive feature of the plant is a single sheet plate of half-meter. Its colors are green and brown with whitish dots. In the center there is a hollow pet.

Blossom starts before the leaf appears and no more than crescent. It ends before the formation of new roots and leaves begins. It is noteworthy that during the flowering period, the tuber decreases in size, giving the necessary nutrients.

The plant is considered the highest and large flower in the world, because its inflorescence can be in a height of 2.5 m with a width of 1.5 m.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Unusually and the formation of seeds that appear extremely rarely. If the flower is pollinated, the parent plant dies. However, this is not connected with the body odor, because he is conceived by nature not to scare away, but in order to attract insect pollinators. Lasts a stench no more than two days, but pollination may not happen, and therefore the main method of reproduction is the tuber.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Views

It is known a lot of varieties of amorphofallus. Some of them are evergreens reaching in a height of 5 m, others, like most plants, may have a period of rest. Sometimes the plant is more like a palm tree, other varieties remotely resemble Calla, although this comparison is conditionally. Note the main varieties of amorphophullus.

  • Titanic The species is considered the largest and high, which can be judged by the size of a tuber, which is sometimes about 20 kg. The pillage of such a flower is approximately 2 m in height, it is surrounded by a burgundy fleshy inflorescence. This is one of the most popular trees in the flower, but to grow it at home will not fail in view of the size.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

  • Amorphofallaus Cognac or PIONOL It differs from the titanic view by smaller dimensions and a flexible form of tubers not exceeding in diameter 20 cm. Its bloom below (no more than 60 cm), the pillage is usually no more than half a meter, and the inflorescence of purple-burgundy. Asians this plant is not considered decorative, it is rather food for animals and people.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

  • Bulbous (bulbous) amorphofallaus more like a bedroom plant because it is even less. The dimensions of the adult plant constitute no more than half a meter. In addition, this type has a pleasant gentle-pink color and a small inflorescence, not exceeding in a height of 30 cm. Copper pointed at the top and also painted in gentle pink color.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

  • Rivera Slightly larger than cognac: her tuber is more than 25 cm, larger and leaves, the height of the blooming can reach 1 m. This type is good because, grown at home, it blooms more often, but almost never fruit.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Methods of breeding

Spread flower with tuber, kids and pollination. The last method is bad because it is not so easy, because women and men’s flowers do not bloom at the same time. That is why the plant lures insects, delaying them with pollen until men’s flowers turn out until. If still pollinate the flower will succeed, the seeds will be formed while moving the maternal plant simultaneously. Insects fly to the flower attracted by the aroma, although they do not postpone the larvae on it.

As for the breeding of children, the Amorphofallaus is overgrown with them after hesitates and forms. Their size usually does not exceed 2 cm, although it may vary depending on the specific type. Despite the fact that the kids have a lot of a lot, you can share the tuber. This method is considered effective when the snake tree is reproduced.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

If the method is chosen by the division of the tuber, proceed only when the plant awakens and throws several sprouts. It is divided, after which the locations of the sections are necessarily treated with poured charcoal. Then they wait until the sections of the sections will snap off, to which it usually goes about a day. After that, get to landing.

Seeds multiply Amorphofallus ineffective:

  • This practice rarely gives a good result;
  • To obtain a full-fledged plant, in case of success, you will have to wait about 7 years.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Transfer

To grow amorfopallas yourself at home, you need to know the main conditions for its comfortable growth and development. For example, the container for it is needed deep and large, but necessarily with straight sidewalls. It is necessary to ensure good drain and exclusion of stagnation of water in the soil. If providing the plant faithful conditions of growth and development, it will be possible to notice its rapid growth.

Soil for amorphofalus should be fertile, but loose to eliminate stagnation. The substrate is prepared from the garden soil and sand in proportions 4: 1. In order not to doubt the quality and correctness of the soil, you can buy it in a specialized store, asking the seller products for room colors belonging to the family of aroid.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Varieties that need peace are cleaned by wintering. It is proceeded when the leaves will rear, rearrangement of the plant in a cool and darkened place. At the same time, it is monitored that the soil in the container did not drive. Transplant the plant in early March, when it will awaken and report this appearance of the first sprouts. The transplant is performed in a new, greater container with fresh land.

Resting winter plants that are discharged by foliage. Young of them can sometimes “sleep” for half a year, or even more. Less resting those who have a ripe tuber. Others differ in that their rest period begins at the end of flowering.

Plant plant also at the beginning of spring, but the soil change every year, because it is very quickly depleted. Soil density can vary depending on the type of homemade amorphofallus. For example, if it grows in a climate with seasonal changes, it is allowed to include a small amount of clay into a substrate. If the earth is too dense, the lack of oxygen can develop, which will begin rotting the root system.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

You can add to the soil of dolomite flour, which contributes to its enrichment by minerals. Vermikulitis and Moss Safagnum will improve the structure. As for the features of the landing, the bulb must be plugged. Growth will slow down at the moment when the flower appears. Babies can be planted in small containers, although the depth is important for them, because if it is insufficient, the deformation or the rotting of the tuber will begin.

If you put a flower into a narrow tank, it will prevent the formation of the horizontal root system. Ideally, the diameter of the container should be twice as much as the bulb. To make high-quality drainage, you need to put a grazit on the bottom or pieces of steady bark.

For the landing of amorphofalus, see the following video.

Home care

It is impossible to definitely say that Amorphofalla is unpretentious in care, because it reacts to climate change and the degree of illumination, as well as other plants.

Light

Like any tropical plant, amorphofalus can not without the sun. However, it is able to carry even straight rays. In winter, he is experiencing a solar deficit that has to be filled with auxiliary illumination using phytolamba.

The duration of the daylight should be sufficient, otherwise the plant develops incorrectly.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Temperature mode

For active growth and development, it is necessary to provide a flower temperature from +22 to +25 degrees Celsius. However, there is an opinion that the plant is able to adapt to the room temperature, and does not need her artificial correction. And yet in the summer he should not be too hot. If the selected view needs to be rest, it is necessary to create more cool conditions. Temperature during this period should not exceed +10.13 degrees Celsius.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Humidity

The plant does not like dryness, and therefore moisture should be high. If in the room where the flower is standing is too dry, you need to buy an air humidifier or constantly spray the leaves.

However, during the flowering period, it is categorically impossible in view of the fact that this leads to a rapid fiction of the inflorescence. You can put a water container near the flower.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Watering

The plant loves moisture very much, but I need to water the amorphofallus. Watering should be abundant and regular, but at the same time eliminating water stiring in the container. Committed well thought out drainage, constant watering, which begin with the appearance of the first shoots. Watering does not need a plant itself, but the soil along the edges of the pot. Moreover, watering should be uniform and excluding stagnation of water over the bulb itself, because it hesitates.

Required pallet in which the excess water will be fluffing. About half an hour from the moment of watering excess water from the pallet merge. Reduce watering from those plants that fall into rest. It is started to dose in the fall, reducing the volume of water when the plant starts to push.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Subordinate

Soil for amorphofalus need nutritious, for this it will have to squeeze the feeding. During active growth, the frequency of fertilizer should be 2 times a month. To do this, alternate mineral and organic feeding. It is important to saturate the plant with phosphorus, which is necessary for the rapid growth of the tuber.

In addition to phosphorus, fertilizer must contain nitrogen and potassium. When the tuber is growing, he will need humus. Fertilizers need to be made in wet soil, and therefore it is pre-watered water temperature.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Bloom

Amorphofalus flowering – unforgettable spectacle. After the flower flows down, it needs to be cut, which will allow the plant to provide a short-term recreation period and gain strength to continue growth.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Pests and diseases

The plant may suffer from attacking small insects, for example, a spider tick and aphids. Parasites have to get rid of using chemicals. As a rule, at the same time insects will fall on young leaves and shoots. In this case, it is important to prevent the neighborhood with other colors.

The web tick is striking the plant when the room is too dry. A whitewasted web appears, the pests themselves can be seen from the bottom of the leaves. You can get rid of them by soap water and insecticide. You can use the preparation “PhyTeerm”, spraying a plant after dilution according to the instructions on the package.

Midges appear on the leaves due to excess watering. In this case, the treatment “phytoverm” is also suitable, but not a plant, but the soil will have to spray. Rinse leaves and krone because of the convergence. If Amorfophallus suffers from rotting the tuber, you will have to extract the plant from the ground and ruthlessly cropped all the affected parts to preserve what remains. After processing the sections of the sections sprinkle pushed with charcoal and dried.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Typically, the plant is ill because due to improper care. For example:

  • Slowing tips of the leaves talk about the lack of moisture, which can be eliminated by putting a pot into the pallet with water;
  • The specks of brownish color indicate a lack of trace elements, and therefore it is necessary to feed the flower;
  • Weakness and wilt can be a consequence of poor light, which is solved by changing the place, taking into account its degree of illumination;
  • The lack of Light speaks and pale foliage;
  • When weaving, it is necessary to urgently remove the flower from the soil, dry and transplant to a new place;
  • If the plant does not recover after a transplant, the reason may be covered in the absence of disinfecting the pot;
  • It is impossible to plant copies with damage, warded formations and patients with tissues;
  • When extensive lesions are found, the patient plant is thrown out, the lack of due attention to the processing can lead to a re-infection and settlement of the capacity of the new family of soil insects and other microorganisms.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

What to take into account now?

Healthy leaves live no more than six months, appearing after flowering and yellow in mid-October. Each sheet grows above the previous one, becoming more dissected. So that the plant felt comfortable, the pot must be installed by the southern side window. Additional feeding will help to avoid excessive depletion of the bulbs.

Sometimes tubers are stored in winter without substrate. The bulbs are removed from the soil when the leaves are dried, giving all the juices of the tuber. This is the right time and for the separation of subsidiaries, as well as the removal of fallen sections. If there is no crowded charcoal, when processing it can be replaced with a solution of manganese. After that, the tuber is put in a prepared drawer from a tree or cardboard and remove for storage in a dark and cool place. Planted it in the spring according to the standard scheme.

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

Amorphofallaus: Characteristics and Features of Growing

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