All about Sitimanta: types and varieties, home care

Smitiant is differently called Negel, it comes from the Gesnery family. This is a perennial grassy plant, originally from the South American continent, and it is named after Matilda Smith, artist. Flowers like this representative of the Flora for unpretentiousness, because care at home does not require complex manipulations.

Smitiant is very rich in types and varieties, which allows you to choose and dilute at home a variety of appearance plants.

Peculiarities

Characteristic features of Smithianty allow not to be confused with other home plants:

  • The root system in the plant is covered with scales;
  • Soothers are straightforwards;
  • Height can reach one meter;
  • velvet leaves, green-brown color;
  • The shape of the oval leaves, there is a low-voltage heart rate at the beginning, and with teeth along the edges;
  • The top of the sheet is rather uneven, juicy color than the lower part, with streaks and a pile;
  • Blossoms in the type of bells, starts with a narrow tube, ends with curved edges;
  • The palette of the color is diverse, there are varieties of yellow, red, pink and white colors;
  • The inflorescence of the top-type type is reminded by the spike;
  • Blossom Long-term, abundant, begins in the first days of summer and lasts until half of autumn, after which Sitimanta “goes to rest” before the onset of spring.

Views

    There are a few varieties of Smitiant, who enjoy success among the flower water.

    • Smithiant cinnabre. This perennial is not too high – rarely grow more than 30 cm. Has a foliage of an extended type, up to 15 cm, which is bordered by gear edges. Leaves with a fly, velvety. Blossoms are a vivid, flowers themselves on the type of red bells, with a slight yellowish tide in Zeva, not longer than 4 cm.

    • Smithiant multi-flower. Also refers to low-growing representatives. Decorated with velvet moisture foliage, which has the shape of an elongated heart. Color juicy, green. Inflorescences Yellow, size from 3 cm.

    • Zebry View. This herbaceous plant is higher than previous representatives – up to 60 cm. Long leaves, oval, are placed in parallel to each other, they are velvet and green, with brown veins. Blossom bright-scarlet, in the middle with a yellow, creeping, is on the top of the chest.

    • Hybrid smithiantha. Strengthening a perennial with a subsequent foliage of the oblong shape resembling a heart. Color Saturated, Green. Blossoms in the form of bells can be represented in shades of orange, pink, yellow.

    • Point view. The decorative representative of the flora, not growing more than 40 cm, the foliage is long, rounded shape, up to 18 cm. Leaves are decorated with purple streams pattern. Bloom yellow, bright, in red dots.

    • Adorable Slimanta. A straightforward, many years of herbaceous plant, does not grow above 40 cm. Foliage input, round shape. Inflorescences are located on the top, in shape resemble a tube and bell.

    • Brilliant smithiantha. This is the most rare species, meets real dilution lovers Smitiant. Has a gear face foliage round shape. Flowering orange-red, has a small drawing dots at the bottom of the flower.

    Sort

      Variety of varieties Smithianty allows floweries to choose a plant for every taste.

      • Sunny Day – tubular flower piercing yellow, monophonic. The luxurious foliage of a green-brown-purple shade is distinguished by an intricate pattern.

      • Winter It is characterized by bright painted foliage and blossom of the shade of fuchsia, with a point pattern and white splashes.

      • Formosa Sand Painting – elegant plant with saturated and bright ornament on foliage, flowering catchy, saturated yellow, with a dark pink pattern.

      • Abbey Light – Tubular flowers, exquisite peach color with a tinge of yellowness, juicy-green foliage, saturated.

      • Zorro It is distinguished by expressive flowering, a contrasting combination of pink and yellow.

      • “AV-Chinese lanterns” – Here the name speaks for itself, stands out by a red-pink shade of blossom.

      • Texas Freckles It has pubescent flowers and leaves, throwing pink color, stains and points.

      • Florida Sunspot – one of the most tender and expressive representatives, combining snow-white tint in bloom and light lemon fler in Zeva.

      • Midvinterljus – the bell in the middle of white and yellow, outside pink-lilac, elongated shape;

      • Snow Angel – a sophisticated plant with elongated white flowers, a foliage dark green.

      • Sunset – one of the brightest representatives of the form, bloom orange-purple, point, very pronounced, leaf with spectacular pattern.

      • Designers Friendship It has the original elongated foliage with the edging, the flowers of gentle pink with a yellow middle, unspecified dots.

      Home care

      First of all, you need to consider the location of the flower and lighting. The plant feels best and blooms with multiple lighting, while direct sunlight can lead to burns. Therefore, to have Smitiant follows the windows overlooking the West and East. On the southern window you need to think about a slight dimming. Temperature regime is also important, optimal oscillations:

      • in summer – + 23-25;
      • In winter – above +20.

      Air Moisturizing is one of the conditions of healthy development of the plant. Need to maintain a high level of humidity, but without spraying. It is better to use a container with a drainage layer of clay or broken brick. This capacity periodically drops the pot with a plant, but it is important not to keep rhizomes in water, to avoid posting. Watering is carried out In abundant quantities during the growing season and flowering, as soon as the top layer of soil dries.

      At the same time, try not to overcoat the plant. Moisturizing is carried out with warm water, which sat down without affecting the foliage. During the resting period, when the upper part falls into the hibernation, watering is extremely rare.

      Fertilize the plant is recommended Universal feeding from the beginning of spring until September, weekly. It is necessary to breed a mixture in a less concentrated form, rather than in the instructions – at least twice. This representative of the flora transplant annually. For this, ready-made soil for violets is acquired or a mixture is made of equal parts of the delicate, sheet, coniferous land and peat.

      Reproduction

      There are three methods of reproduction of the plant:

      • seed;
      • pavement;
      • Division of rhizomes.

        Algorithm of action during seed reproduction:

        1. This procedure is carried out from the beginning of the year to April;
        2. Small seeds fall on the ground, not falling asleep the earth;
        3. This container should be covered with polyethylene or glass lid to create a greenhouse effect;
        4. It is necessary to regularly open and give access to fresh air soil;
        5. After about three weeks, you can wait for the appearance of germs;
        6. Flowers a flower thus breeding in the same year.

        The reproduction of cuttings occurs on such a system:

        1. Choose a paper-cutter at least 5 cm;
        2. set them into the water capacity until the rhizomes appear;
        3. Then you can reset the cuttings into individual pots;
        4. If you withstand high humidity, the cutlets will be comfortable to root;
        5. After the root system fill the entire container, the plant will need to transplant.

        Reproduction of root division:

        1. separating parts of the roots, take those where there are kidneys;
        2. The segments of the root lay out into the tank with the soil horizontally;
        3. The depth of the location is at least 2, and not more than 3 cm;
        4. Place in a small capacity no more than 3 rhizomes.

        Diseases and pests

        Despite the relative unpretentiousness, Flower for growing Smithants face a number of difficulties.

          • If the foliage was covered with brown spots, most likely, the plant was crowded too cold water. Maybe she was harsh, not accustomed to. Also among the causes may be damage to the mechanical type or irregular watering – with the affect of foliage.
          • If the foliage appeared light yellow burns, they may have arisen as a consequence of the action of direct sun rays. Think, could not overheat the flower. Save the room plant in this case, having rearranged it in tenaks, opening access of fresh air. Another reason is a drying, in this case the amount of irrigation increases. Watering the plant can only after it stood in the shade, and the pot has cooled to normal temperature. It is also possible that you have not picked up a plant for a long time or resist it with mineral fertilizers.
          • When the leaves are covered with gray colors, most likely, the reason is in the disadvantage of fresh air, high humidity or the disease by type fungus.
          • Violation of the rules of care, which were described above, often leads to the fact that the plant does not make a blossom. Perhaps he has little light, lacking minerals, the temperature is too low.

          Smitiant may notice insect attacks, most often it is pliers, whiteflies, trips.

          About Smitiant See next video.

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