All about roots orchids

For any plant, the roots perform one of the main functions: accumulate and deliver nutrients to properly form leaves and stems. If something happens to them, the whole body suffers. Orchids are no exception, although their root system differs significantly from the roots of other plants. It is worth paying attention to the content of a flower. In case of loss of roots, resuscitation is required, that is, their extension.

How healthy roots look like?

The root system of the family of orchid is formed quite differently than other plants. This is determined by a particular lifestyle of orchids in a natural environment where they do not go roots in the ground, and grow on stones or trees. Some species have long escapes who chase trunks or branches. Since they are not strengthened in the ground, they take nutrients and moisture from the air, leaves and the bark of trees. Some part of them will dip in the substrate, the rest are located on the surface, collecting moisture and taking part in photosynthesis, thereby performing the purpose of the leaves.

Due to such abilities, the root system of orchids does not have the need for risoderm with root hairs, which are involved in the absorption of moisture and dissolved in it minerals. The surface of the roots is covered with velamen – spongy cloth with oroging cells. Healthy orchid roots have:

  • increasing tip;
  • Velen Light green.

And also the roots of the elastic texture: when pressed, they hold the form. Roots must fully fill the pots. You can check it out, slightly touched the plant: if it is well held, it means that their quantity is sufficient, and if the fixation is a loose, then the roots will have to increase. If the orchid lasted a large number of roots, and they grow out from the tank, the plant needs to be transferred to a larger pot.

Orchids growing at home, in addition to underground roots, have air, growing over the ground. Their presence is considered the norm and should not scare beginner flower. They are somewhat thicker than ordinary, flat and cylindrical shapes. Air roots are also covered with veladen, with which they produce useful substances from the environment.

In a moistage state they are bright green, and in dry form silver.

Is it possible to cut them?

Many orchid lovers do not know what to do with a lot of scorched air roots: Do you need to cut it off or give them to grow. It is worth noting that they take part in the accumulation of the necessary flower of trace elements, their trimming can cause a reduction in orchid nutrition. It will affect the flower condition. In case the root interferes with the growth of the leaflet or starts to refine, it needs to be deleted. The removal procedure is carried out with a sharp sterilized tool as follows:

  • cut off all the fired units without exception;
  • Cuts are treated with antiseptic or grid coal.
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After that, the plant does not need to water for several days so that the rotting does not happen.

The reason for the appearance of a large number of air roots can be low humidity in the room: Orchid tries to absorb more nutrients. It happens more often in winter during the heating season, when heating devices are dried air. In this way, the plant is trying to adapt to new conditions. The optimal solution will be the movement of the flower to another place or increase humidity in the room.

This can be achieved by installing near the plant with water container, as well as to save moisture from the top of the root cover with moss.

Symptoms of root system diseases

Since the orchid is an exotic flower, in unusual conditions for it often appears a tendency to disease. And often the problems of the root system are rotting or drying of the roots. They are rotated mainly due to improper moisture: as a result of excessive moisture watering, it does not have time to absorb and delay in a pot. If the roots are spoken, it means that they disappear and subject to urgent pruning.

In natural conditions, orchids are growing in a medium where moisture drops are quite frequent, so during evolution they have formed enough protection methods for drying. Consequently, constant moisturizing is superfluous. In addition, periods without watering activate the formation of flowers. During rest, the plant also needs to reduce moisture intake.

Roots become dry in two cases:

  • lack of moisture;
  • Burn fertilizers with too big saturation or improper selection.

Under the first problem, the roots need to rinse in water room temperature and moisturize well. With burns, orchid must be transplanted into another soil, less aggressive. Affected parts that cannot be reanimated, in both cases are removed without fail. Find out which roots cut quite just.

  • Digitizes have yellowish brown, slippery and too flexible. This indicates that they are inside empty, only the shell remained, and they can no longer restore them. Crop their necessarily above the affected area.
  • Perhaps also become yellow, solid and brittle. It is impossible to have it in order not to damage the stems. It is necessary to cut with a knife or a secateur and cut slices with crushed charcoal.

Not always yellow or brown roots indicates their disease. In some cases, they change color due to lack of sunlight or substances that are absorbed from the substrate.

In case of root diseases, all parts of the plant are suffering, in particular, leafy plates: they become crossed, lose their shape and color.

When the root system is dried, the turgor leaves, that is, their normal state, can be restored by soaking roots. Orchid is taken out of the substrate, the roots are washed, lowered in a capacity with water 30-35 ° and leave for some time (no more than 6 hours). You can conduct such a procedure for several days in a row, but then the time of staying in water should not exceed 2 hours. Return the turgor will help and extractive feeding, which is used in the case of strongly damaged roots or in case of urgent need to restore the strain. Liquid nutrients are applied to the surface of the leaves, thereby contributing to their update.

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It happens that the leaves and roots of the flower are covered with a white raid. This manifests itself mold, fungal disease of plants. It appears from excessive moisture or elevated temperature in the room, as well as when purchasing an already infected flower in the store. Quite often roots seemingly healthy plants are covered with white dots or balls. The occurrence of whitish spots of different sizes may be due to water rigidity. Salts deposited in the soil do not give air normally enter the root system cells, it is manifested in white points on the roots and in the substrate. Small balls are mushrooms of soil fungi, this form serves as a protective barrier from unfavorable influences from the outside. In the formation of a suitable environment, they grow and cover the spores of the plant and soil, taking the nutrients from it.

If you do not take action against the spread of fungi, over time the roots of the plant die. And also due to unsatisfactory conditions of content of the roots of orchids may acquire white. In such cases, the plant transplant and further complies with all the rules of the necessary care.

A small number of roots in the plant is also the cause of urgent resuscitation of orchids, since it does not receive useful substances and may die.

How to treat?

Fallen and dry roots are subject to mandatory removal, since they are not resubmissioning. Slightly damaged cut down slightly above the patient, so that the disease does not apply. You can save the root orchid system even when several roots remained. First of all, it is necessary to disinfect tools – a sharp knife or a secateur – and remove everything without exception affected by leaving only live roots. All cropped parts must be defamed by a fungicide powder or chopped wood coal. A good antiseptic manifests itself a plain cinnamon. Happier or lost freshness leaves cut out optionally. Can be cut to cut, but the lower part is still better to leave.

It is possible to increase the roots in the greenhouse method, that is, when the flower creates greenhouse conditions: Optimal heat and humidity indicators, scattered light. As a greenhouse, a trimmed plastic bottle is used, preferably a large volume, which is placed in a sunny place, but protect against the scorching sun. A small amount of ceramzit is poured into it, moss-sphagnum is put on it and then orchid. The temperature mode of the room is maintained within + 22 + 28 °. Every day the bottle is discovered for airing, and to keep the required level of humidity inside the glass with hot water.

Two weeks begin to appear new roots. The process of forming strong roots can take from month to year. When the roots will grow to 4-5 cm, orchid is ready for a transplant in a pot. Most experienced flower flowers recommend the root system to grow in water. This method has several options:

  • alternation;
  • above the water;
  • up roots.
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For alternation take a transparent or plastic glass. Its size is selected so that the base of the roots does not touch the bottom. Every day the container is filled with warm water so that it covers the roots, and leave for 6-10 hours. Then water is drained. The next day, the procedure is repeated. In water, you can add preparations that contain phosphorus and potassium, contributing to rapid growth.

In the second method, the plant put in dishes with water, into which sugar, honey or glucose is added (1 hour. L. 1l water). The base of the roots is above the liquid, without touching it, close the vessel from above. Daily roots are immersed in sweetened water for an hour, pull out, dry and set over the water.

When restoring roots up into a glass with water immerses flower with leaves down by a third. Every day, the base of the roots spray with warm water from the spray, into which activated carbon is added. In a month the first roots appear. After that, the plant is placed in a sphagnum pot for further growth. With this method, not only roots are growing dynamically, but new leaves develop.

Often the flowerflowers conduct resuscitation of orchid roots in a specially prepared substrate. This option is good both for flowers with several weak roots and plants that have roots disappeared. First of all, the substrate must be well moistened, the leaf plates are advisable to sprinkle with vitamin B1 solution to improve growth. Soil can use several types:

  • Fine-crushed bark trees treated with ferry and dried;
  • The combination of small parts of the clay (as a drainage), fragmented bark and moss;
  • compressed moss-sfagnum.

With the complete absence of roots, their increasing will last 10-12 months, and small roots will grow much earlier.

Care

With the right execution of all manipulations and patience, the plant will recover and acquire an even more beautiful view. To achieve a better result and stimulating the growth of the root system, special preparations are used to dissolve in warm water. In addition to activating the root formation, they contribute to a more rapid rooting and serve as a fantastic plant. Among the most popular and effective, the following stimulants are launched, which I take in proportion of 1 liters:

  • “Ribav-Extra” – 2 drops;
  • “Zircon” – 4 drops;
  • “Radinemm” – 1 drop;
  • “Star” – 1 ampoule;
  • “Korniner” – 1 g.

In order for the root regeneration process successfully, some conditions must be followed:

  • The place where the plant is located, should be well lit, but without direct sunlight;
  • Humidity is sufficient, not excessive;
  • Do not process sections with iodine solution or green in order to avoid burns;
  • A little bitty and tagged leafy plates do not delete: the plant of them takes the useful substances.

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