All about decoratively deciduous begonia

For many years, Begonia was one of the most popular in the room flower growing of plants – its unusual carved leaves decorated windows of houses of many of our compatriots. Unfortunately, at the beginning of our century, Begonia was undeservedly forgotten.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Description

Homemade begonias belong to the genus Beonamene and are herbaceous plants, although there are separate species, the stalk of which was fired. As a street and greenhouse culture, Begonia was distributed in many countries of the world, but the homeland flower is considered the territory with a tropical and subtropical climate – the Amazon pool in Brazil, the central part of the African continent, as well as the countries of Southeast Asia.

In natural conditions, Begonia prefers Shadow areas with multiple lighting, high humidity and loose weakness soils. Begonia easily withstands the increase in temperature, but no excess moisturizing the Earth does not tolerate. Begonia came to us during the reign of Emperor Peter the first, then several tens of plants were brought to the country from Holland. Today, the huge collections of this beautiful plant are decorated with the largest botanical gardens in Moscow, as well as in St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

The nature of the begonia includes many of the most interesting species: there are White and tuber, ampere, as well as decorative and deciduous and blooming – Any flower water will always find that species that will have to do with him and become a real highlight of the interior. Today, Babushkina Begonias are experiencing a new burst of popularity, it is not surprising, because they personify themselves unshakable classics and beauty. And even the fact that most of these plants is poisonous, does not prevent them from being spectacular interior decoration.

Most of the bencons are limited in a length of 20-40 cm, but this rule has rare exceptions – Science are known and very tiny varieties, as well as the gigantic, growing more than 1 meter. Sheet plates grow on chosen shoots, they can be rounded, lanceal, heart-shaped, as well as cumulative and blade. The contours of the leaves are hidden by pointed teeth along the edges.

By the way, such Carved Earth At one time, it was the reason that some begonias were listed with other dangerous indoor plants in one row, but this bad glory quickly dispelled. Tooth edges give the plant a rather tin and aristocratic look.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All begonia has a pronounced fat veil in the center, it divides the surface to 2 unequal parts, This asymmetry only emphasizes the originality of the texture and shade. The leaves can be matte or wax, velvet or satin, the shades can be the most varied – often with severe silver, bronze and gold notes.

Most of the bencons at home blooms, however, not all varieties are distinguished by beautiful blossom – there are rather small flowers in leafy varieties, therefore no decorative function is carried.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

There are more than 1000 varieties of begonia – both street and homely. The most popular includes the following.

  • Kane Begonia – These are bush or reed plants, differ in the stem, pretty beautiful leaves and flowers with a thin fragrant aroma. Such colors reach a height of 2 m, so most often grown in greenhouses and winter gardens.
  • Royal Begonias – Herbal plants with openwork multi-colored leaves, thick stem and creeping fleshy roots.
  • Eternal Flowing – are quite compact bushes, wax leaves, can be painted in a variety of shades, in the conditions of the middle strip of Russia are cultivated as garden annuals.
  • Tuberose – Pretty unpretentious variety with beautiful big flowers.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Many varieties and varieties of begonias are adapted for life at home. Among the most sought-after in room flower growing The following varieties should be noted.

  • Mason – Pretty compact begonia, whose feature is the pupil leaves of green with a crimp spot, which Visually reminds Maltese cross – Such a color makes a flower very decorative and spectacular. Asymmetric sheet plate, heart-shaped. Crop-type roots are thickened and published by numerous hairs.

The leaves form a lush bush with a height of about 20-30 cm, although when maintaining comfortable habitat conditions, the plant can grow to 50 cm. Flowers – small, inexpressive.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

  • Begonia “Bower” – A very small room plant with a height of only 10 cm, the leaves of heart-shaped, velvety, edges rounded, looks very unusually painting them: on a dark, almost black background, light green, Molding bronze stains, The edge is framed by milk-white cilia, and the resilits are very clearly drawn. Leaf cuttings have red. Spring from the rhizomes appear flowers.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

  • Begonia Wollenchkova – another pretty interesting home begonia. This is a very unpretentious variety, the feature of which are large light green leaves, the diameter of which reaches 30 cm. The foliage forms a pretty magnificent and spreaded bush, the plates along the edges are rolled and publisted with small pile, the upper part is glossy, and the bottom is covered with “cilia”. In the place of attachment of the cutter with the leaves of the hairs of the red color, a certain similarity of the “cuff” is formed, Therefore, the plant and got its name.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

  • Begonia redispberry – This plant is known to many flowers under the name “Fiesta”, it has a slightly shortened stem, long cuttings and round, slightly colored leaves. The surface of the sheet plate is smooth, dense, almost glossy. The front face of the sheet is green, rear painted in Red, with well-drawn white streaks. Flowering is observed since December and before the onset of spring.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

  • Begonia Borshevikolovaya – one of the most popular plants in home gardening. For it, large palphea-dissected sheet plates with sharp gear edges and heart-shaped base. The leaves are painted relatively uniformly, Silver-gray Distributed over the entire surface, while the saturation of the shade depends on the level of lighting. Comprehensive inflorescences, but inconspicuous.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

  • Begonia Spotted – Brush begonia, is distinguished by the stem, in favorable conditions can reach several meters, therefore it is grown, as a rule, in greenhouses. Leafs elongated, asymmetrical, the top is pointed. Leaves visually remind of their shape angel wings, That is how the plant was called in the times of our grandmothers. The surface of the sheet plate is glossy, very dense, color (deep green) literally dotted with white streaks. Round side – reddish-red.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Care rules

Begonia is pretty unpretentious room plant, but so that it continues to please their owners with a decorative species for many years, the flower should create comfortable habitat conditions.

Landing

Planting and transfers with Begonia should be carried out at the very beginning of spring, When the plant is only awakened from the winter period and starts into active growth. The fact is that the room in a new primer suspends the development of a flower, since the plant is experiencing severe stress from changed habitat conditions. It is necessary to take into account when buying a new flower – the Begonian store has long grown in greenhouse conditions in compliance with all the rules of agrotechnology and optimal habitat, and the plants are forced to adapt to the new environment.

Land for landing should be a weakness, almost neutral, Fertile, with high parameters of water and air permeability. You can purchase ready-made soil, and you can collect it yourself. For this in equal shares Mix the humus and leafy ground, disinfected, and then add river sand and perlite.

Container for room begonia should take a shallow but wide. The root system of this flower is superficial, so if the container is too big, then in the layers of the earth, where there is no roots, it will start a fever, which is very detrimental for the plant.

Material pot can be any, it is very important to provide an efficient drainage system that will bring out all the excess water.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Watering

Watering begonias should be soft water. Watering should be regular but moderate, It is best to navigate on the state of the earth coma – as soon as the upper part of the soil is drying at a depth of 1 cm, you can safely take. Unlike many other plants, Begonia does not like spraying.

In order to provide her a comfortable habitat, it is better to put a container with water with water or lay out the bottom of the stenter with moss sphagnum.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Microclimate and subordinate

The air temperature in the room should be moderate – from 18 to 24 degrees, the plant does not tolerate the stay on the draft, and also fades next to batteries and other heating devices. Begonias are very loved by light, but he must be scattered, The straight rays of the sun can cause burns of leaf plates. In the phase of active growth and development, Begonia requires fertilizers, they must be made every 2 weeks, alternating Mineral and organic feeding. During the period, fertilizer is not required.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Methods of breeding

Flowering and decorative deciduous varieties can be multiplied by several ways. The most effective includes the following.

  1. Separation of risom When transplanting several large parts – it can be done even with hands, carefully cutting the trunk, but it is important to ensure that the roots remain in each division and at least one kidney with escape.
  2. Showing Chenkov – This procedure is one of the most simple, in this case separated the top process with 3-4 leaves and placed in a container with water to root. As soon as the first roots appear, the cuttings move to a pot of permanent place.
  3. Rooting leaves – To propagate the begonia with the stalling of the leaves, you need to cut the sheet plates exactly along the veins, after which the place of the cut is to lay on the moistened river sand and press small pebbles. When the begonia is reproduced by parties of the sheet at the location of the root, the roots appear within 1.5 months, after which the growth of a strong and powerful plant begins, which one time should be separated from the mother.

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

All about decoratively deciduous begonia

Diseases and pests

Unfortunately, homemade bending can not be attributed to persistent cultures, they are quite often amazed Puffy dew, as well as gray rot, trips, floss and bypass tick. This plant is one of the most sensitive to soil nematodes. The fight against diseases and pest insects at the begonia must immediately start using fungicides and insecticides. Traditional methods, such as the use of a soap solution, are considered unacceptable and ineffective here.

When growing, flower begonias can also face the following problems:

  • Selection and dropping of leaves – frequent consequence of overly dry air or drying soil in a pot;
  • The loss of pigmentation of sheet plates in combination with brown desirable tips is the consequence of a meager watering;
  • Pulling leaves occurs with excessive shading.

See below.

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