All about balsamine

Decorative plants can be not only trees or shrubs, but also herbs. Bright example – Balzamin. This culture deserves attention from gardeners.

general description

Balzamin, along with scientific, has another name – “Vanka Wet”. This group includes both annual and perennials. They are combined by the Balzamin family. It is believed that Balzamin comes from tropical and subtropical countries. In nature, he populates Zanzibar, continental parts of East Africa.

Part of the species managed to light in Central Asia. In European states, Balzamin know from 1596. During this time, the plant has become extremely popular in indoor culture. Bloom continues quite long. Stems grow straight and can reach 0.5 m in height.

The surface of the skes is juicy and smooth, and they themselves branch. Length of the sheet ranges from 0.08 to 0.12 m. Lancing or oval leaves have dug edges. They can be painted in green or purple-bronze tone. Flowers develop from foliage sinus.

Thanks to the efforts of breeders, a balsam with a terry type of flowers appeared. They are quite different color, but not occurring so far yellow and blue plants. When flowering ends, the fruits of green are formed. As soon as they ripen, dry box will appear. It contains a lot of seeds (up to 100 pieces by 0.001 kg).

It is easy to touch the fetus, as the box is revealed. Seeds fly out of the flaps. Range radius is 2 m.

Balzamin is easy to grow, it is characterized by minimal demanding to the conditions of content.

For the first time, balsamines (like many other species) systematized the famous Karl Linney. However, the bulk of discoveries made in the XIX century. And the New Zealand group was generally described by botany in the late 1980s. Domestic gardeners are best mastered by the Waller Balzamin, although his other types are paying attention. The nickname “Vanka Wet” nickname is connected with the appearance on the foliage of small sweet-dog droplets.

In the last century, hybrids derived in New Guinea were included in the culture. Now they are in demand and collectors and flowers. Some new Novoguina varieties were acclimatized in our country. Moreover, they became weeds. Those local plants that previously occupied the same position turned out to be almost completely outstanding.

The attention of the gardeners is riveted to balsamines in many respects due to the huge spectrum of geometry and coloration of the whites. Equal species in the vegetation of the entire planet, apparently no or almost no. Flowers are simple and terry. You can see on them as a contrasting center of saturated color and scattered stains. The diameter of flowers on average varies from 0.02 to 0.04 m, but there are also types with larger buds.

Varieties

Balzamin because of the “explosive” character is often referred to. Another epithet – “light” is associated with active and long blossoms. In different countries (in Austria, Great Britain, Germany) there are its own specific names. It is known 400-550 species in this family.

How many of them are exactly, experts cannot figure out.

Traditionally grown balsamins have white or red tonality flowers, surrounded by green foliage. Later hybrids appeared that bloom very abundantly. Along with the classic colors appeared orange and purple tones. There is another group – Guinean (or rather, Novoguinsky) hybrids covered by the Pestro painted foliage. It is customary to divide Balzamin on the tonality of flowers (1 or 2 colors). There are also terry flowers.

The terry part is divided into:

  • camelieval;
  • pink;
  • Navitic color subgroup.

There are also biscuit plants with weak branching. The height does not exceed 0.4 m. A feature of this group is that the rise of flowers over the leaves imitates a real bouquet. There is a dwarf subtype, growing up to 0.25 m. Gardeners divide plants on the room and garden species.

Garden

Balzine originated from wet tropics. Because in the context of the Russian garden, he can be grown only in one-year form. And the long-term group can give a positive result only when growing indoors. Garden “Ladut” is a completely specific variety, the origin of which is associated with the south of Asia. With an equal basis of her homeland, India, and the South of China, and the Malay Peninsula.

Garden Balzamin in shape resembles a pyramid or ball. The height of them reaches 0.7 m. Shrubs are abundantly covered with foliage. It develops from sheet sinuses. This type is extremely warm.

Seedlings can be planted in free land no earlier than the second half of June. Under favorable conditions, bloom continues in July, August and September.

Novogvinsky species are a linearial balm and hocker Balsamin. Such plants can grow to 1.5 m. Blossom continues for a very long time. Namiai type (originating from Africa) has original petals of two colors. In height reaches 1 m.

Raznaya Balzamin comes from the Himalayan Mountains. This is a branched bush tall up to 2 m. It forms large foliage, similar to umbrellas. The name of the species is associated with special glands, located at the base of the plate of each sheet.

The view of Peters can be represented by shrubs of the most of the most height, but as the garden is used infrequently.

Room

In the room culture in demand Balzam Waller. On its basis, varieties (and clean, and hybrids) are continuously underway. There are very small homogeneous subspecies (such as Symphony variety). As for the New Zealand species, it should be in room where the temperature should be maintained at no more than 16 degrees of heat.

It is better for the cultivation of the house of the variety:

  • “Super Elfin”;
  • “FUTURA”;
  • “Novette”;
  • “King Kong”.

Southeast Asia “Camellia” Extremely popular among Russian gardeners. It is this kind of kind called more often than others “wet”, since characteristic sugar drops appear from excess water when watering or shortly before the thunderstorm. In culture, this plant has a straight pyramidal form.

Thick stem is abundantly filled with juice and can grow to 0.5 m. Flowers can have a pink, lilac, white or purple color. In appearance, flowers are similar to fires. The small diameter does not prevent them from look very beautiful and expressive.

Baby – One of the varieties related to Waller Balzamina. These are dwarf tropical plants that can rise to a maximum of 0.2 m. Despite the minor total value, the plant gives large flowers in a significant amount. Coloring it can be very diverse. Among Baibi there are even two-color plants. Seeds use seeds for growing. They are planted from the end of February to the last days of March.

Most of the plants “Baby” – annuals that require dive.

Similar to camellias Miniature Balzamin “Tom Tamb”. This variety has flowers with a diameter of about 0.07 m. At the same time, the height of even the most developed copies does not exceed 0.45 m. Occasionally red or lilac coloring. Blossom starts just for the 3rd month after seed landing. It will last, though, not long – a maximum of 8 weeks.

Variety “Tom Tamb” really appreciates light. However, you can grow in the shade. The only difference will be in slowdown in the growth and crushing of cultural organs.

Among the annual varieties allocated “Safari”. The flowering of this variety can continue until the weather is. He’s not only white, pink or red, but also yellow, and even coral flowers. The flower diameter on average is 0.04 m. According to experienced flowerflowers, Safari can be applied during decorating:

  • balcony;
  • garden composition in vases;
  • Rooms.

Sowing seeds spend in February either March. You can wait for germs on average after 8-10 days. Seedlings transplanted in open land in May.

Balzine “Cutie” forms elegant, relatively small shrubs. Thick leaves cover the trunk, the height of which does not exceed 0.2 m. Abundant blooming “Cutie” can be useful for cultivation and on the windowsill, and on the balcony, and on the flowerbed. The variety is considered freelible, however, it can be grown in half. The main thing is that the soil differed fertility. “Cutter” you can cut.

Cultivation of seeds is possible at a temperature not lower than 18 degrees.

“Strawberry with cream” is grown on terraces, balconies or on free land. Plant is characterized by thermobidity. Wintering it requires a strictly defined temperature. Therefore, “strawberries”, with the exception of the warmest regions of Russia, can only be grown at home. Picing is made at the exit of three real leaves.

If you really need a low grade, you should pay attention to “Exotic”. Mainly this culture growing up to 0.18-0.2 m, grows on balconies or terraces. Preferably orient it to the northwest or north-east. The demanding of the plant to the grade conditions is small.

Culture can be grown even with a lack of light, it does not prevent her bravely.

Compact Balsam “Candy” is distinguished by active branching and buoy blossom, therefore it is perfectly suitable as a soliter. Coloring it can be very different. Flowering begins in a very early time and lasts until the very late autumn. For 7-14 days after landing, you can wait for the first searches.

The “Carmelita” variety refers to one-year and grows to large sizes. Pyramidal culture can decorate absolutely any gardens. “Carmelita” heat-loving and tolerates the shadow. Her fleshy stems, however, fragile. Therefore, it is necessary to handle them as little carefully, so as not to break. With flowering, large terry flowers are formed with a diameter of up to 0.04 m.

Elegant decoration will be “super elf”. A relatively small culture has durable branches. The width of the bush does not exceed 0.35 m. Flowers are bright and differ in saturated color. Flowers “Super Elfin” for a long time and actively. Seedlings are planted in the last days of February or during March. Solar, and partially shaded areas can be used for it.

From one seedling to another should be at least 0.15 m.

The ball-shaped annual “Eurasia” has a diameter of up to 0.15 m. In this case, the flower diameter does not exceed 0.06 m. “Eurasia” gives flowers in June, and they can continue to early frosts. Like the previous variety, this plant can develop in the sun, and in half. Often, “Eurasia” can be seen on the balcony, on the flowerbed and so on. You can expect germs by the end of the third week.

Transfer to street land is possible from mid-May.

On the balcony you can grow and “impedition”. Landing can be produced in balcony boxes, but some flowerflowers prefer suspended baskets. Bushes give thick foliage and grow up to 0.2 m. Sleepy pink flowers are distinguished by spotting lower petals. “Impreza” should disembark at 18 degrees and above. Wait for the appearance of the first sprouts about 15 days.

Balzine “Lollilipop” looks very unusual. This is a very branching variety of ampel culture. The diameter of the bush is sometimes 0.4 m. Blossom continues actively and long. Large open flowers have a diameter to 0.05 m.

Residential name “Lollipopa” – “Purple Star”. Unusually looking petals relatively thin. Seedling landing should be made in March. In the open land, seedlings must be transferred in the last days of May. “Balance Mix” gives small, neatly looking bushes. The height of them is a maximum of 0.2 m (with a width of 0.25 m). Often the “Balance of Mix” is grown in a pot or container in the garden. This variety is characterized by a significant variety of tonalities.

If favorable conditions are created, you can get very magnificent bushes, topped with flowers covered with flowers. Pulling when replanting completely excluded.

Some flower products are successfully grown “Balance Mix” in the Baskets suspended. You can combine these plants with:

  • veciatts;
  • petunia;
  • Cineroray;
  • Koleus.

An attractive composition can be created in the shade. Sowing seeds are produced in March, placing them near the surface of the soil. The tank should be covered with a film and protect against direct sunlight. As soon as the sprouts reach 0.01 m, they need to dive. After landing hardened.

“Cherry Slots” – one of the varieties of “Impreza”. The height of the culture varies from 0.15 to 0.2 m. The plant develops perfectly in shady terrain and forms short interstices. Compact flowers are numerous, appear early. A bush can reach 0.35 m with a color diameter of 0.04 m.

“Cherry Splots” is great for breeding seedlings.

As for the grade “Accent”, he is considered hard to be almost the best among the like. Plant can grow rapidly even on the northern windows. The problem is that floral sprockets are not always neat and rosary as on advertising photographs. Some flowers at first can be simply red. But sooner or later, those most perfect buds will be obtained. We just need to wait. Regardless of the color of the flowers, their diameter will be 0.045 m.

In any case, the plants look attractive, even if the form is not fully end.

“Vienna Waltz” – another attractive hybrid balsam of a dwarf row. Miniature bushes look vintage and can quickly develop on shaded land. Stems are distinguished with compatibility and can decorate both a suspended basket and flowerbed. “Viennese Waltz” can be combined with other summer cultures, but it looks beautiful and in itself. Seeds for seedlings need to plant in February or March.

When laying their seal to the ground almost no need. The plant loves heat and moisture, but the excessive amount of water brings him harm. The stems develop the mass of emerald foliage.

A no less attractive choice may also be “Empire”, famous for varieties of colors. The height of the culture is from 0.15 to 0.2 m, with a flower diameter of 0.04-0.05 m. “Empire” is good because it busses and can stretch intercoux. Because plants will not stretch. They will also bloom continuously from beginning to end of the season. Little of, The variety is also recommended for container cultivation.

Balsamines of this species easily carry thick semolot, sometimes forming much brighter than in the sun, flowers.

Landing

Basic information on exactly how to plant Balzamin, not too depend on the specific variety. This view in any case is quite easy to dilute on the site or inside the house. After seeding seeds need to sprinkle quite a little soil. It is usually recommended to keep containers in warm dark corners. You can remove them from there only when shoots appear.

Illumination add gradually. Earth should keep moisture all the time. But at the same time Stagnation of water is unacceptable. You should always leave the holes in the bottom of the tank so that the excess part of the moisture could leave.

Pication should be held on the 3rd week on separate cups. The tops are recommended to discharge, then the branching will accelerate and more compact bushes are formed. Avoid breakage of roots in pinching, if you take a plug, toothpick. From planting seedlings to transplanting it in free land it is necessary to add a suitable fertilizer once every 14 days.

Planning to plant a balm on a flowerbed, you must harden it in advance. Sometimes drawers are carried out in the morning under the blooming trees. In the evening they will need to bring back. Optimal landing time – from the end of April, so that frosts are no longer dangerous.

Usually, the middle spine is cut off on 1/3. Distance between balsamines in one row is 0.3-0.35 m. If the distance is less, the plants “score” each other and will not be able to grow normally. You can expect early colors on a flower bed to half the summer. Fresh buds can appear until the end of the autumn.

Optionally, the seeds are not bad and cuttings are suitable. They are preparing from April to October, and they take them strictly from the side branches. So that the cuttings are rooted, they are put in water tank, pre-breaking the leaves down. After rooting, the seedlings are moved one by one in pots with a damp soil. There they must be kept on a moderately lit window. Noticing the beginning of growth, you can take care of the seedy in the same way as adult copies.

Growing

Watering

Full care at home for balsamine implies moderate moisturizing. Water for him is important. If the plant is overpowered, you can fear the fear of the lower leaves. In the summer, the land inside the pot always should be moisturized, without waiting for drying to the whole depth. In the winter months, surplus is unacceptable – it can lead to rotting.

In the spring and summer, Balzamin is irrigated in a day. In order to continue to save the moisturizing of the Earth, we use pots with deep pallets. With the onset of cold weather, the gaps between watering should be increased to 3 days. But at the same time, they also take into account how much land. Care for a plant can only be used when using prepared water.

It can be not only boiled, but also just taken from the water pipe. However, in the second case, it is defended several days. The need for spraying occurs if the air is heated more than 22 degrees. When the temperature is equal to this mark or below, it is enough just to monitor the ground in the pots. Balzamin growing on flowerbed, We must water simultaneously with spraying.

A similar method allows to exclude a plant infection by pests. Especially it is effective against the paws. Watering the land on the street should be made, of course, too, in a timely manner.

It is recommended to do it in the evening. At night, when cool, moisture will evaporate less, therefore it will absorb her in the ground.

Podkord

You can grow Balzamin only under the condition of proper feeding. Once in a decade he needs to give mineral mixtures. When buds are formed and blooming, nitrogen compounds can not be applied. But the combination of phosphorus and potassium will be quite. In the fall and especially in winter feeding do not spend. It is impossible to feed and sick and just transplanted plants.

From transplantation to applying fertilizers should be held at least 20 days. Blizzard bloomed in winter should also be fired. This is done after the formation of buds. Best feeding in such a situation will be unsaturated mineral solution. No fertilizer can be used on sunny days, as it will provoke a root burn.

Trimming

The need to trim Balsamin is associated with improving the appearance of a bush. In the spring months you need to cut overly long branches. Do this required in several techniques. Otherwise, Impattiens will be very strong stress. As already mentioned, The vertices and end parts of the shoots should be discharged to enhance the branching.

Spraying

This procedure (extractive fertilizer’s introduction) is particularly well reflected in young cuttings. Nutrient mixtures should be breeding in strict accordance with the instructions. Water for dilution takes only well-spoken and necessarily check, is it too hard. The temperature of the liquid must be 2-3 degrees higher than the air in the room. Usually alternate Nitrogen and phosphorous additives.

Special difficulties with the choice of fertilizer for Balzamine usually do not occur. But the best option can be considered complex mixes for decorative colors. According to some flowerflowers, there may be the same compositions as for geranium, begonias or violets.

Spraying Balsamin, you need to set a paper screen. It will prevent the contact of water with flowers. A gross mistake is the use of manure and any other organic. Instead of the source of a sweet fragrance of a flower, you can see the slosted leaves and the shredded buds. If there is a lime flare, it is necessary to stop irrigating hard water.

Diseases and pests

Correct care can prevent many problems when growing balmamine. However, it is necessary to remember both measures to combat ailments and dangerous insects. Root rotes can be defeated at an early stage if you get rid of patients with roots. For complete success it is worth transplanting the flower into clean ground with high-quality drainage. To eliminate the defeat of Balzamin gray rot, it is necessary Strictly observe the conditions of cultivation.

If the disease nevertheless appeared, it is necessary not to bag a plant. In a new pot necessarily make a layer of clay. After the transplantation, the culture is watered with “phytosporin” or other fungicide.

Puffy dew manifests itself 3-4 days after infection. Need immediately:

  • Stop watering;
  • get rid of infected parts;
  • use special preparations to complete recovery.

As for infection with bacteriosis, everything is worse here – no treatment is impossible. It is necessary to eliminate the sick balsamin, otherwise the infection will spread. Similarly, they do when infecting bronze. As for the tool, the struggle with it is conducted according to the standard scheme.

If the plant suffers from sciarides, only it remains that to transplant the plant into a new soil, without irrigating it excessively.

The parasites themselves are expelled by bathing Balsamin in a strong soap solution for 5 minutes. This processing is repeated with intervals of 7 days until we succeed. If the infection is very strong, apply:

  • “Aktellik”;
  • “Phytoverm”;
  • “Aktar” and other suitable insecticides.

About how to grow Balzamin correctly, look in the following video.

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