Spring tape recorders: History and best models

In this article we will tell about the truly sign of Spring’s Soviet cassette tape recorder, which was released instead of familiar bobble. In the 70s, he was very common in a youth environment.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Brand history

The manufacture of cassette sound-reproducing devices of the Spring series engaged in the Ukrainian enterprise “Spark” in 1963. The cost of this device at that time was truly astronomical. For that In order to purchase such products, an ordinary employee of the Research Institute in the USSR would have to work for a whole month – for the “spring” asked about 200 rubles. Despite such a high price, the quality of sound reproduction is pretty chrome, so in the people this technique received a nickname “noise-producer”.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

The “Spring” engine at that time became a real headache of the creators of technology, so few years later they were forced to abandon the technologically complex motor and replace it with standard Japanese collector. Exactly Consumers presented a new tape recorder of the Spring-305 series, and after a few years in Zaporozhye, the production of “Spring-306” was opened with a three-phase baseball engine. A distinctive feature of the most recent models was the presence of a two-speed mode of operation – 4.76 and 2.38.

All prominent models used consistently high demand, as these tape recorders worked from the batteries, and they could be unhindered with themselves to rest. It is on such equipment that the artists of the author’s song recorded their concerts. This technique was durable, therefore, on the basis of these devices, another series of cassetteers was created, among which such well-known models like “Rhythm-202” and “Carpathians-202”.

Nowadays, the collectors of rare radio production, the Spring tape recorders use consistently high demand.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Features of tape recorders

The tape recorder “Spring” works on its own loudspeaker, and depending on the model, may be mono or stereo. Reproducible sounds range from up to 10,000 Hz, and the rated power at the output of the built-in amplifiers on the AU is 0.8 W, on the remote speakers – 2×3 W.

On the eve of the 1980 Olympic Games, which were held in Moscow, the “Olympic” attribute was added to the name of the production models “Spring”, this repeatedly increased the price of a cassette.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

The design of the tape recorder was quite attractive for that time. Until 1978, the plastic case behind and on the sidewalls was covered with a decorative film with the texture “under the tree”, and since 1978 began to be produced in conventional plastic with the addition of aluminum decor elements.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Best models

Spring tape recorder reassured several times. The following models received the greatest popularity of users.

“Spring”

The very first coil tape recorder series “Spring”. Two track, ribbon rotation speed – 9.53 cm / s, for sound-perversions are installed typical coils No. 10 (size of about 100 mm). Each contains 100 m tapes with a thickness indicator of about 55 μm – this allowed each track to listen to 18 minutes of music without stopping.

Reproducible frequencies in the range from 100 to 6000 Hz, output power – 1 W. Worked the device from 10 batteries with a sizer 373, their charge was enough for 6-8 hours of continuous operation. Supported the unit work from an external source with a voltage of 12 W. The electronic module included 11 Germany transistors and 5 semiconductor diodes.

The tape recorder had a stamped housing made of sheet steel. Product dimensions – 340x250x130 mm, weight – 5.5 kg. When you arrive at sale, the microphone, an external battery and carrying bag from the leatherette.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

“Spring-2”

This model began to be released in 1965. Visually it was different only in the inscription, but the quality of reproduction of the second “spring” was an order of magnitude higher. Thus, the reporting range was expanded to 10,000 Hz, and the ribbon mechanism engine was replaced by much more powerful. The model was produced until 1967, there are even products issued to the 50th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution in Jubilee Design.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Retail came with the price of 190 rubles. For comparison – lamp models in those years were sold for 100-110 rubles. It is such a “spring” you can see the Caucasian Captive Film Viewer (the equipment is installed in the “dance school” of a coward and experienced), as well as in the film “Old Friend”, where the main character of Naughty uses such equipment during the operation called “Kostik”.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

“Spring-202 Olympic”

“Spring-202” was presented in 1977, it was no longer the third, but to the second speech class. The acoustic parameters of the equipment remained the same, but the equipment of the tape recorder became much richer – Noise reduction options were added, separate tone adjustments at low and high frequencies, as well as a disabled recording quality adjustment function and ribbon counter. The working circuit used a pair of hybrid chips Category K237.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

In 1983, the release of the model “Spring-200-1” was mastered, as well as an improved spring “205-1”, The distinctive features of which were an output amplifier based on an integral chip and hitchhiking. Similar tape recorders at the time were released on the Carpathian radio plant (they received the name “Carpathians-202” and “Carpathians 202-1”), as well as in Perm (they are more known as “Rhythm-202” and “Rhythm-202-1” ). The total circulation of “Spring” of this series amounted to 2 million units.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring-212

Stereo tape recorder of the second category of complexity with the built-in loudspeaker. Was made since 1985 and until the 1990th in several modifications. On individual specifications, such as the unit for the installation of the equipment setting, it is possible to make an assumption that it is initially this model, most likely, was conceived as a regular radio tape recorder, but due to certain causes of the radio transmitter in it did not insert. Although the home masters were completely successfully installed in this unit fee with a World Cup Tuner and a stereo-stage.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

In the 80s, the Soviet buyer invariably stretched to all foreign and new, in those years the limit of dreams for our people was two-told tape recorders. They were expensive, but nevertheless they were spared very quickly. For some reason, the radio electronic industry of the Soviet Union has not sought to establish the release of such products for a long time, but considering the needs of the market, in 1989 it was decided to produce a series of tapeyphones “Spring-225-stereo”.

It was the first domestic two-channel tape recorder.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

In terms of its technical characteristics, they significantly inferior to Western counterparts, but the ordinary Soviet person arranged everything, so the model remained popular for many years.

“Spring-305”

“Spring-305” was called the first folk cassette, in which manufacturers abandoned the engine too complex and replaced it to the collector motor. This model enjoyed in great demand, but despite the improvements, the quality of noise reproduction remained very high. The fact is that the absence of practical experience in the manufacture of alternating current bulk engines and low-quality assembly quality 305 compensated for unconditional engine benefits.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring-306

Spring-306 tape recorder was characterized by a slightly large resource of autonomous work in comparison with “Spring-305”, in addition, the model was distinguished by low power consumption and higher sound quality. Revolutions stability was higher, respectively, the reproduction loyalty was also more accurate.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

However, despite all the obvious advantages of the model 306, the folk favorite was recognized as “Spring-305”.

Visually both devices looked pretty attractive, despite the fact that in those years to give a sound well-reproducing technique, a stylish type of engineers managed not always. This tape recorder received a rather thin case and low weight – about 2.25 kg.

Such devices connected the most successful technological solutions of that time. So, inside the three-contact head of BRG Hungarian production, but the most important thing is the presence of a contactless engine with an electronically controlled, which in those years was considered enough progressive technology. Due to this control type, the tape recorder acquired the switching speed of the ribbon speeds, this method was considered durable and gave the stability of revolutions through the built-in speed sensor.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Besides, Spring-305 and Spring-306 had several more pleasant options. First, it is the possibility of fixing the cassette using a spring mechanism and special guides. Equipped with such a system cassette, have differed far higher acoustic parameters.

Secondly, despite the modest dimensions, the tape recorders had a built-in power supply – for comparison, in the same popular in those years cassette “Electronics-302” Power supply was remote.

Thirdly, the ribbon mechanism provided for a pair of flywheels – due to this it was possible to level the oscillations of the tape during sound production in transport or on the go.

Next, see the survey of the magnetoin “Spring-306”.

“Spring-204”

This is the only radio produced under the brand “Spring” in 1980. Nowadays, considered a collectible rarity. Functions in several ranges and has dimensions 360x270x100 mm. In those years was sold at a price of 350 rubles.

Spring tape recorders: History and best models

Unfortunately, a few tape recorders of these episodes lived to our time in a working condition, so finding them on sale very problematic.

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