Apartments of Stalin’s times occupy their niche in the real estate market and are still in demand due to their numerous advantages. Residential Fund of the 1930-1950 period, which in the people it is customary to be called simply “Stalinka”, has its own characteristics and features. It is a whole reservoir of the era in construction and layout of apartment buildings.
Types and types
According to the construction chronology, Stalin’s houses can be divided into two types: pre-war and post-war. This gradation is important when choosing an apartment, as the time of construction has significantly affected the planning and dimensions of the apartments.
Starting in the mid-30s and the construction continued until the war was not limited in resources and time, and therefore residential homes were erected with special care, maximum attention to trifles and care for decor. Buildings are distinguished by elegant facades, architectural delights, swing and convenience of planning. They were built not only as comfortable housing, but also as an external cities decoration. In construction, the red brick was most often used.
As a result of war and total destruction of cities, thinking about the intricacies of architecture was already under. Thousands of people were left without bed, there was a task to simplify the construction of buildings and in the shortest possible time to ensure the population of residential. The construction of houses was already performed from the cheaper white brick, less attention was paid to the appearance of buildings, and the planning of apartments has changed significantly into the rational side. Expansions of the corridor type – communal and hostels began to appear.
Despite all the time of time, Stalin’s houses and before, and after the war had their own characteristic features and were divided into “nomenclature” and ordinary houses.
Nomenclature houses or altages for senior managers of the Soviet elite, built according to individual projects, became the decoration of the central streets of cities and were the embodiment of the dream of comfortable accommodation. Classic architectural forms of high buildings with a belostation have become a characteristic feature of nomenclature houses. Elevators, reinforced concrete floors, high (over 3 m) ceilings, stucco decoration, spacious premises – the main features of the nomenclature “Stalinok”. Layout, as a rule, assumed 3- and 4-room apartments.
Typical “Stalinkins” even pre-war time was distinguished by simple execution, more modest layout, lack of decorations on the facade of buildings. Square of apartments decreased significantly. In typical buildings there are often one-room and two-bedroom apartments, as well as the construction of the corridor type. Architecture is simple and simple: decorations from stucco or standard, or absent at all, the facade brick is unsuccessful. There is no elevator in buildings, and often a bathroom. In the “corridor” type of buildings a bathroom can be one for several apartments.
Stalin’s houses and to this day enjoy special popularity in the real estate market. This is due to the increased reliability of buildings, high sound and thermal insulation of walls, wide spacious apartments, the height of the ceilings, which often exceeds 3 m.
In terms of heat insulation, the house of that time significantly exceeds all subsequent buildings of the Soviet and post-Soviet period. The thickness of the walls in many homes reaches the meter, which ensures reliable maintenance of heat and protects the apartment from the street noise.
Another favorable feature of the “Stalinok” was the use of internal columns and rhegielels (reinforced concrete floors). Thanks to these designs, most walls are not carriers, which provides the ability to almost any redevelopment indoors.
Advantages and disadvantages
Stalin’s elite accommodation include, first of all, thanks to spacious rooms and high ceilings, wide corridors, volumetric kitchen premises and large storage rooms. For Stalin’s houses, high entrances are characterized, and the number of apartments on the staircases, as a rule, two or three.
Building houses of this type was made with strict compliance with construction technology, which is why they are preserved in excellent condition until this time.
The disadvantages of “Stalinkins”, of course, belongs to the fact that it is necessary to change outdated engineering communications over time. Since the construction times are presented is a fairly worn out of water supply and wiring systems. Water supply in “Stalinki” is often produced from the bottom up the entrance, so often the tenants of the upper floors of the house suffer from insufficient water pressure.
The electrical wiring of the old sample does not withstand high voltage from the abundance of modern electrical appliances. And this problem is not always solved by the replacement of the system inside a single apartment.
As mentioned earlier, Stalin’s houses have ample opportunities for redevelopment due to the minimum number of capital walls and overlaps. The function of the supporting structures is performed by reinforced concrete beams – the riglels, which look under the ceiling not very aesthetically, but are quite amenable to decorating.
Despite the fact that the size of the rooms in “Stalinki” significantly exceeds the square meters similar to housing in other types of houses, residents are set to improving the living space.
Most often, long corridors are subject to redevelopment, the space of which can be used for another purpose. For example, even more zoom in the area of one of the rooms and change the elongated form of the hallway.
It should be said that visually change the form of the corridor is quite possible and without redevelopment. Featuring the right lighting, suitable color gamut and materials, you can eventually get the magnificent gallery of designer work. Pictures on the walls, works of art on narrow highlighted pedestals or consoles, ceiling decor, mirrors – all this is capable of turning space into an independent stylish room.
The task of redeveloping rooms can be solved in different ways, depending on the feasibility of the goals. The most common option is to combine two rooms in one.
Another popular option for the spacious halls of “Stalinky” – division of the living room into two zones, one of which can serve as a children’s room. A three-bedroom apartment will become an excellent studio space for techniques and work, if two rooms are combined into one, and the third leave as a bedroom.
The problem of the lack of square meters is sometimes solved in an unusual way – the construction of the BELET. Belozazh is a reasoned storey overlap in the main room. Thus, in the spacious hall one half can be divided into two parts in a 1 meter ratio at the top and 2 meters below. On the “second” floor there is a comfortable sleeping place, and under it – a working office. This is an excellent opportunity to save the necessary square meters. In addition, such redevelopment does not require the coordination of the relevant bodies, since no structural features of the building are not violated.
Despite the fact that the kitchens in Stalinki in size are more than in other types of houses, the quadrature of the useful space will never be superfluous. That is why it is so popular with an option to combine living room and kitchen.
This method is resorted to this way when the wall between the kitchen and the living room bothers the rapid access from one room to another. The wall can be demolished in whole or in part, forming a multifunction studio. In the case of partial demolition of the wall, a wide passage is made in the form of an arch, which visually divides the zones of space.
Large scope for fantasy provides bathroom. As a rule, in the houses of Stalin’s construction, the bathroom is separate, which is not always convenient and aesthetic. By connecting two rooms in one, a fairly spacious bathroom is formed, which, if desired and designer fantasy, can be made two-level. In this case, at different levels there will be a bath, jacuzzi, shower cabin.
The height of the ceilings in “Stalinki” allows you to easily install multi-level modern designs and provides huge opportunities to install lighting devices.
Reinforced concrete beam (Rigel), which is considered one of the cons of this type of houses, can be easily beaten in one of the ceiling levels.
The thickness of the walls of the houses of the Stalinist construction is not only excellent thermal insulation, but also wide deep window sills. They are enough space for the arrangement of a miniature winter garden or installation of a soft place with pillows for reading books.
Wide window sill may also be a continuation of the workplace, if you install a desk at the window. The same option is ideal for the folding desktop, the table top of which is removed to the wall under the window, and on the windowsill may remain workers.
Attic and cellas
Stalinsky-type houses have a double roof, which allows the owners of the upper floors to equip a spacious attic. Of course, it can cause a number of difficulties, but also a full room under the roof will never be superfluous.
In the design of two-storey “Stalinok” there is no basement, so the residents of the first floor were often equipped under the floor of the apartment mini cellar, where it was possible to store products and blanks. However, this is a minus such buildings – to get to communications in the event of an accident, plumbing services have to disturb the inhabitants of the first floor and open the floors.
When planning a major overhaul, the high cost and scope of future works should be taken into account.
In addition to conventional repair costs, the following may be included:
- If in the house instead of reinforced concrete overlap costs wooden, then you will have to make a capital tie. This is necessary for high-quality flooring;
- Large volume of plastering, increased consumption of all building materials;
- Replacing water and sewer pipes. The heating system is most likely to be changed;
- Mandatory replacement of wiring in the event that it has not changed from Soviet times. Wiring in houses of the 30-50s simply will not endure the voltage of all modern electrical appliances;
- The garbage chute in “Stalinki” often has a way out directly to the kitchen, which may cause the spread of insects and rodents. In most cases, it is close and decorated.
Despite all the difficulties of repair, Stalinsky type at home remain one of the most elite types of housing. Some are connected with the monumentality of the construction, with Soviet Quality, with which no new building can be compared. Another implies the infrastructure around Stalin’s houses and architectural solutions. “Stalinki”, as a rule, are located on the central streets within walking distance from stops, and at the same time equipped with spacious yards with good landscaping.
How can I re-postect “Stalinka”, see the following video.