So-called “Khrushchevki” are apartments in houses built in the 60s of the last century. They were built on the principle of “quickly and many”. They have everything you need for existence, but they are small and not always easy to live. Therefore, many are drunk on their redevelopment.
Ordinary Khrushchev – these are small rooms, often adjacent, combined toilet and bathroom, small 6-meter kitchen, low ceilings. Often in such apartments there are uncomfortable corridors, storage rooms, dark rooms, mezzanine, where all trash is stored. Uncomfortable also location of premises in Khrushchev. In the passing rooms it is impossible to conveniently arrange the furniture, as it is necessary to leave a place to pass another room. In the hallway and the corridor there is an unused space, where no furniture is placed.
It is not surprising that owners of such apartments are thinking about the changes that could help them increase the apartment area without buying extra meters. In this case, a good idea can be redeveloped.
When re-pleaseing, part of the walls are removed, uniting, for example, a kitchen with a large room, or expanding the bathroom at the expense of the corridor. You can move or expand the doors, insulate the loggia and attach it to the living room, make a separate toilet and bathroom. Sometimes the owners of apartments completely demolish intricate partitions, and the studio apartment turns out.
Deciding on the redevelopment of Khrushchev, it is important to know some nuances.
43 squares will never turn into 70 or at least 50. Nevertheless, competent redistribution of areas helps to feel comfortable even in a small area.
One of the popular solutions is to combine several rooms in one. 2-bedroom apartment can turn into one-room or studio. The room is expanding due to the disappearance of interroom partitions. This allows you to place the necessary furniture, as well as get rid of the pressure rendered by a small room. Residential area can be expanded and at the expense of the corridor, hallway, storage room or kitchen.
In the united room, it is convenient to use zoning to distinguish between jobs, rest, preparation and eating, as well as separate spaces for each living in this apartment.
Another way to change the small apartment is to visually increase it by using certain colors, partitions, materials.
When rewriting, you need to take into account a few moments.
- Not any wall can be demolished. Bearing walls whose thickness is 22-32 cm, make up the frame of the house, and it is impossible to touch them. But Intranate partitions with a thickness of 7-9 cm can be removed, transfer or do the door in a convenient location. Unfortunately, in a brick house, almost all the walls are carriers, in the panel interior partitions are made of gypsomoter or gypsum plates, and they can be demolished.
- The kitchen can not be made part of the residential room, If it has a gas stove, column or boiler. Put the bar rack between the kitchen and the room will not work, but you can make a light partition. Or you can install the electric stove in the kitchen, it is safer and does not cause objections to BTI. As for the water heater, it, if there is such an opportunity, move to the bathroom.
- Kitchen can not join part of the residential premises. However, the kitchen can be expanded by using part of the corridor or hallway for this.
- Make a bathroom part of the room Or increase it at the expense of the room will not work either.
- It is not allowed to overlap access to central communications, Carry or dismantle ventilation mines.
- It is impossible to completely or partially destroy inter-storey overlaps, If adjacent apartments are located one over the other.
- Also not subject to complete demolition carrier wall Between a balcony and main premises.
Where and how to legalize?
If these requirements are taken into account, you can proceed to the process of designing the redevelopment project. Such documents are necessary, because any legal actions with the apartment are impossible without a current plan of the apartment. If the fact of the unrecorded alteration of the apartment is found, its owner will have to pay a fine and make changes to the plan, or return the apartment to the original appearance.
So, the resolution of redevelopment is issued in the BTI – technical inventory bureau. To obtain permission, you need to prepare the following documents:
- Document for ownership;
- the redevelopment project on which changes are indicated;
- Technical conclusion on the safety of repair work, which is ordered in a specialized organization;
- Floor plan of BTI, technical support;
- the consent of all residents or housing owners (written in free form);
- Application with redevelopment details (filled in hillpox).
Also have to pay the duty for paperwork.
Redevelopment documents are drawn up within one and a half months. After that, a certified document is issued to the applicant within three days, and you can start repair.
There are several options for redeveloping Khrushchev, they differ depending on the number of rooms and layouts.
One-room apartment most often redid in the studio apartment. To do this, the only room is united with a kitchen, getting a larger room. Also, the room can be increased by the hallway or corridor.
Another idea is to insulate a balcony or loggia and use them as an office, a resting place or make them part of the kitchen or room. Beautiful Arch, separating the loggia from the rest of the room and at the same time connecting them, will look easily and original.
On the plan, we see that after alteration 1-room apartment turned into a studio apartment. The wall between the kitchen and the room was removed, the useful living area was expanded by joining the balcony room. There was a separate sleeping place. Cabinets are installed in niches, which contributes to the preservation of the volume of the room and the most rational use of the apartment area.
If the creation of the studio is undesirable, you can enlarge the room, the kitchen or bathroom, carried out the partition appropriately. After moving the walls, we get a bathroom, in which there is a place for modern household appliances, or a cuisine of a larger area.
In the room you can get an extra place, getting rid of storage room or Chulana. Such an extraction can be used as a sleeping or workplace.
Khrushchev two-room doubles than one-room apartment, but most often has an inconvenient layout. The kitchen and the bathroom is small, the corridor and the hallway take up a lot of space, the rooms are uncomfortable.
In this case, the change in the location of intra-edary walls helps.
- On the one hand, you can add additional partitions. Adjacent rooms, having a type of “tram” and windows over the windows of the house, can be divided by the corridor. In such a corridor, you can put a wardrobe, and the room is released in the rooms, which used to be used for cabinets and walls. If you wish, you can even get a three-room apartment, building a design of plasterboard.
- On the other hand, the wall between the rooms can be removed and one spacious room will be obtained. Different zones in it can be highlighted using furniture arrangements, racks, portable partitions or distinctive areas with color.
In many Khrushchev, the doors in the room and the kitchen are uncomfortable. Place in front of them, like the passage to them, perhaps you can not. “Dead zones” arise – free space that will not work. This problem is easily solved by the transfer of doors in a more comfortable place. Sometimes it is possible from the passing room to make a separate, moved the door to another room.
Also save space sliding doors or doors “accordion”. An interesting design solution is the walls of the walls, the location of them at an angle, which allows each centimeter of the square.
Here is an example of reconstruction in the apartment type of tram. Here two adjacent rooms are separated by the corridor. So one of the rooms stopped being passing. In addition, a place for storage room. The long room appeared partition separating the bedroom from the living room. Now this apartment has become a three-room.
In a three-room Khrushchev, there is also a problem of the most rational use of the area. Here you can enlarge the rooms by attaching a corridor or part of the hallway to them.
The layout of this apartment has undergone strong changes. The elongated room in the center of the apartment turned into a cozy compact bedroom. The released place is used to increase the living room, which for convenience is broken into two zones, the bathroom took part of the corridor, and the hallway moved to where there used to be auxiliary premises.
This apartment uses an interesting designer move. The living room is connected to the hallway of a bevelled corridor. Part of the area of the former hall went to the bathroom and the children’s room, which took the place of utility rooms. The apartment is rebuilt under the needs of those living in it.
How to visually expand the space?
There is another way to make an apartment more – to expand her borders of visually. For this, various tricks and tricks are used.
One of them – the choice of furniture for the apartment. For small-sized apartment fits smaller furniture. Well save space folding sofas beds, sliding tables, folding chairs. On the arrangement scheme, such objects of furniture occupy less space.
For a small apartment, it is important to choose multifunctional furniture that can be used in different ways. The sofa with the lifting mechanism, benches and deputies with a folding lid can be used as an additional storage location.
Also save the place to help a wardrobe bed or a loft bed, under which there is a place to work. An interesting option is the transforming bed, which in the daytime folds and occupies a much less place.
Visually expand the room by using transparent and mirror surfaces. Transparent furniture is invisible, but performs its function. The transparent partition passes the color, does not climb the room, but at the same time separates one “room” from another.
Mirrors on walls or cabinets reflect the room by adding her depth and visually increasing it. Speakingly “raise” a low ceiling will help the ceiling, reflecting the space under it.
Another way to make the room seemed more – to use certain colors in the interior. The room in the glance becomes more spacious if it is bright wallpaper. Horizontal strips on wallpaper will help visually expand the room.
For small rooms fit the wallpaper with small pattern.
Lighting is very important in a small room. The room seems more if there are no dark corners. And here for lighting is necessary use lighting devices that do not occupy a lot of space – Desktop and wall lamps, LED backlight, built-in point light sources.
In a small low room, the shelves, high racks and cabinets will help to visually lift the ceiling. In addition, they allow to maximize the space walls.
The passage room is easy to make visually spacious, if you remove the door in it. Often these doors still do not close. But a beautiful big arch will expand the space.
In this room, light furniture and horizontal surfaces on the wall visually expand space. Wall mural on the wall with the image of a field, leaving the distance, also add volume room.
This is the usual room in a small apartment, but it seems spacious than it actually. All those techniques referred to above: Light walls and furniture, long shelves and a cabinet, transparent table. Room filled with air and light.
Useful Tips and Recommendations
When thinking overpower, it is important to include personal space for each family member in the project. It can be separated by a light partition, wide or highlighted with visual color.
The kitchen usually highlights the working and dining area. Bar rack, sofa or arch can serve as the border between them. The working area can be transferred to the wall with the window, there the mistress will be light and cooler to cook. An interesting option is to transfer a working area to a balcony or loggia. In this case, you need to postpone communications. You can also take the zone for storing products and kitchen utensils. A place for a dining area is released on a rewriting kitchen, where you can put a table, an angular sofa, hang a TV on the wall – and this zone will also turn into a recreation area.
In Khrushchev, often increase the area of the living room at the expense of the bedroom, leaving in it only for the bed and bedside tables. It is convenient if the bedroom owner spends a lot of time in the living room. You only need to leave a place before the bed so that the person can get up.
Separate the bedroom from the rest of the room can be heavy curtains or niche. If you put a bed to the podium, arrange it with backlight, such a design will look stylish and modern. In the podium you can highlight a place to store things, it will help get rid of unnecessary cabinets in the apartment.
Special attention should be paid to the living area, because this is the place where a person spends his free time, meets with friends, communicates with his family. It is important that the living room is not cluttered with things, responded to the interests of the owners. Conveniently when the living room is located in the center of the apartment and has access to the rest of the room.
When arranged furniture in the living room, pay attention to the location of the TV. If it is directly opposite the window, glare will interfere with the transmission.
TV need to put on the right or left of the sitting person.
Let’s look at the best options for designing converted apartments.
This apartment is decorated in modern style. The interior looks stylish due to the same colors in the design of the kitchen and recreation area. This zone is separated from the kitchen by the partition and is highlighted with a different floor color. Of particular interest is semicircular partitions that continue on the floor. Thanks to this solution, the recreation area as it may be invited to retire, while having a connection with a single space of the apartment.
Here the border between the kitchen and the living room is indicated by the light partition of the curved shape, the point illumination on the ceiling and a special pattern of the floor in the kitchen. Colors selected for partition and furniture, warm and calm.
But the unusual example of the economical location of furniture. The bedroom occupies very little space, in fact it’s just a bed on the podium to which steps are conducted. Maximum use of the place under the sofa – things are stored there. Partition between rooms is a rack. All furniture is multifunctional and compact is located.
Here is another option for those who do not want to make separate kitchen. In this apartment on the border of the kitchen and living room there is a light transparent table, which, as if unites food and rest ideas. The kitchen is made in bright bright colors. Horizontal stripes on the panels in the living room echo in colors with verticals of the kitchen.
The mirror located on the wall above the table visually expands the kitchen and complements the windows. In general, the apartment looks modern and unlike the Khrushchev.
On this photo you need to pay attention to the successful design of partitions between rooms. Rack and overflowing lamp shares the corridor and living room. Sliding Matte Partition Signs Bedroom Personal Space. Such a partition does not take much space, but it looks very impressive.
About how to make redevelopment “Khrushchev”, see the following video.