Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

With the advent of modern mirror cameras, opportunities for a variety of filming have become practically limitless. Any user can make beautiful and high-quality shooting without having special knowledge and skills. It is important to competently pick up suitable optics and various accessories for it. In today’s article, we will get closer with filters for lenses and find out what their main purpose is.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

For what is needed?

Today you can find a lot of diverse accessories for photography. Such can be attributed special light filters produced for camera lenses. Many unreleased users are interested in which these components are used?

Using a high-quality filter for the camera, it will be possible to achieve the desired effect. This appointment of these accessories is particularly relevant if the user does not have the necessary software (photo editor). With the help of a light filter, a photographer can implement a variety of interesting ideas and transfer them to the printed basis. To get spectacular and juicy images, a person must have not only a good taste, but also a rich fantasy. The nozzle is possible to adjust the flow streams. As a result, curious frames are obtained, differing in art and originality.

The photographer should always plan what filters it will use. It is advisable to always carry them with you in a separate pocket bag or portfolio. But it must be borne in mind that in many situations of using the filter can reduce the quality of the final frame.

Incorrectly selected accessory often provokes the formation of unnecessary glare or vignetting. The effect must be predetermined well, otherwise, changes can lead to a worsening of the final frame. Filters for the camera lens need to be used correctly, otherwise their purchase will be inappropriate.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Views

Today, you can find several different types of filters for camera lenses. Each of them has its own characteristics. Get acquainted with them closer.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Protective

Lens will be able to demonstrate good quality pictures only if it does not have extra scratches or scratches. Protective filter presented on the lens will extend the service life of this detail of the camera. The production of this element uses a special transparent material that performs the following functions:

  • Protects equipment from any damage;
  • minimizes the negative impact of ultraviolet rays;
  • leads to an increase in frame contrast;
  • Reduces the effect of smoke;
  • optimizes a picture;
  • It makes it easy to configure the level of field, as well as the color ratio in the frame;
  • It has an anti-glare effect;
  • Demonstrates the absorption of deep spectra, which in most cases spoil the quality of personnel;
  • Makes the colors deeper, creates the effect of “smears”.

It is recommended to use protective light filters for beautiful portrait filming.

And also this accessory may be very useful if a cloudy and cloudy day stands on the yard, because it will noticeably increase the sharpness of the picture.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Ultraviolet (UV)

This is a universal product located on an external lens. In most cases, it will be involved simultaneously with expensive lenses. The device does not allow penetration inside dust or dirt. Minimizes the risk of scratches and other damage. Ultraviolet filters are inexpensive.

Unfortunately, These devices have one serious drawback – they can reduce the level of image detail and even bring the blur effect in the frame. That is why the ultraviolet filter does not always make sense to use during filming.

This item will become an excellent assistant if you want to capture spectacular frames in harsh conditions.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Infrared

Devices narrow specification. Due to their use, it is possible to form an interesting “Soft” effect. They differ slightly foggy, softening action. In this case, the main object of the shooting remains as clear and detailed. With such species of filters, it is possible to smooth out many shortcomings during portrait filming. The image will be fastened or warm, or cool shade. In the role of artistic solution in most cases, the method of spherical aberration.

Filter of infrared type is able to skip the light wave of 700 nm. The function makes it possible, for example, adjust the sky color with blue on black. At the same time, green paints will become snow-white. In such a “creation”, the clouds will have the old color. In this case, the contrast of the frame will noticeably increase.

Light filters for cameras – these are exactly the accessories that are important to use competently.

Thanks to this, the photographer can get, indeed, high-quality and spectacular images with their unique highlight.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Gradient

Using filters of this type, it is possible to neutralize or select one or another effect on the photos. Gradient accessories It is possible to align available lighting in the picture. Basically, the specified effect is involved in the shooting of beautiful landscapes. There is also the difference between the samples used on the basis of the density and filling coefficient.

Gradient filters are such:

  • blue – with their help you can noticeably increase the colors of the sky or water alternation;
  • Gradients used to form a storm effect of either the sky in a cloudy day;
  • With a purple tint – with them there are beautiful pictures of dawns, which look especially harmonious and fascinating (on such frames there is always soft lighting around);
  • Cocin – one of the subspecies of the gradient in which it is possible to adjust the transition line through the conduct of elementary operations with the holder.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Polarization

Professionals and lovers use such types of filters. With the help of these accessories, it turns out many times to reduce the ability of the camera to light reflectivity. The function turns out to be particularly relevant if the photographer needs to be beautifully captured the sky or water. Using a polarization filter, it is possible to get elegant photographs of landscape compositions.

Often the accessory in question is used during outdoor filming. Thus, a person gets the ability to adjust the level of intensity effect. By adding light, you can achieve saturated and clear frames.

Before choosing a filter of the considered species, you need to get acquainted with the two sublits.

  • Linear. It is characterized by a democratic value, but its operation is permissible only with TTL cameras.
  • Circular type. Such subspecies of filters make it possible to focus automatically. Supplement acts in optimal mode in combination with the specified accessory.

Listed varieties of filters are able to make the sky, flowers, greens and water are more juicy and colorful. Interesting effect manages to get due to the high level of contrast. However, if you use the filter not according to the rules, at the exit of the footage risks it to be blurred, and some colors can lose naturalness at all.

The correct indicators will be able to achieve exclusively under the condition of maximum polarization. Experts advise combining these filters with high-quality wide-angle lenses.

The latter will give the opportunity to form the desired darkening of the screen at least partly.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Neutral

This filter allows a little blurring the boundaries of the object being removed or make a small amount of haze / fog. Today, ND accessories differ in variable density level are very popular. With these devices, it turns out to reduce the number of light waves several times. Due to this, it is possible to focus on specific areas of color. But, indeed, it is possible to achieve a cool result only if the product has been used correctly.

Such accessories are ideal for working in mountain locations, on water or against a snowy surface. They can visually smooth the current streams, add sharpness and depths. And they are often allowed to blur elements that move.

. Only in rare situations using the filter it turns out noticeably change the color balance.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

With effects

Not in all cases in photos, it is possible to form an interesting effect only with the lenses. In such situations, it is best to use a specialized filter by which it turns out to visually adjust the temperature of the image. So it will be possible to completely change the mood of the overall perception of the frame completely in a couple of minutes. Due to this accessory, it is possible to get rid of the negative consequences from weather conditions. The filter can be “cold” or “hot”. In case of need, white balance is possible manually.

Through the filter, it will be possible to draw attention on one or another shade. These accessories will also enable black and white pictures. The correction of the tone of the entire image will allow the emphasis in a different way. For example, the red will take a picture more dramatic, and green will make the skin more attractive on the shooting of portrait type.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

With the use of special nozzles on the lens, it is possible to completely change the traditional set of shades of the frame. Additionally, it is possible to strengthen each of them more than 10%. The filter of this type is advised to use if an uneven light distribution occurs in the room. The system makes it possible to depict a greater saturation. But it must be borne in mind that these models were developed in time of film cameras, so today many of the necessary manipulations are easier to produce already on ready-made frames.

There are also special star and ray varieties of filters. The principle of their actions is similar. Changes exclusively how to apply lines. Thanks to the microscopic grid, the falling light is divided into asterisks.

Today is popular and a special macro filter. The effect of this accessory is: it reduces the focal length from the object to the camera lens. Due to this, it turns out to get closer to the subject and falling around.

Diffuse filter is suitable for creating an interesting effect. You can form a pleasant blurring of the frame, because of what the photo is reminiscent of the moment from the dream.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

How to choose?

We will analyze the Filter Selection Rules for the Camera.

  • It is advisable to choose only such filters that do not spoil the picture. The protective product can be checked by imposing on a black velvety material, then the level of enlightenment is checked. If the area is small, the accessory can be used. The radial filter must pass the same check.
  • When choosing a wide-angle filter, you must follow, so that the width and height of the frames coincide. With a minimum difference, unnecessary sites will fall into the frame.
  • There should be no scratch or defect on the filter part. Low-quality coating will not allow to achieve the desired results.
  • If on the operation of the filter condition spoiled, it is better to replace it with a new part. Photographer stands in advance to be prepared for the frequent purchase of these products.
  • It is recommended to buy filter sets for the camera – it will be more profitable. When transporting accessories is better to transport in a separate case, which is often stored in a separate bag pocket for a mirror (or any other) camera.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

How to use?

Most filters have a rim in the form of a thread. They need to wrap on the lens carving. Each lens has its own diameter under the filter detail. It is indicated on the lens itself or on the box from it. Standard thread step – 0.75 mm, more rare – 0.5 mm.

If there is no thread, or it is ripped, you can buy Cokin filters fixing with the help of the screws. And also you can use a special adapter, threaded adaptive rings. With such components, the filter can be easily attached to the lens and it is also easy to remove.

The main thing is to be as neat and careful and careful.

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

Purpose and selection of filters for lenses

How to choose the right filters for the lens, you can learn from the video below.

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