Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Listening and collecting vinyl records – hobby, gradually exciting the whole world. The wealth of sound in this process largely depends on the player, in particular, from the needle to play plates.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Features and device

The needle for the player of the records is part of the pickup as well as the head and Tonarm. The needle moves with a sharp end of the sound track. Irregularities on her way force the needle to fluctuate with a certain frequency. Such a process allows you to hear the sound recorded on the vinyl records.

The needle for vinyl media must correspond to the dimensions of its grooves. The geometric parameters corresponding to the plate provide a richer sound when playing.

Note that the needle 80, 120 or 25 microns may be required for vintage radiol. Relatively modern audio equipment requires a radius of a rounding needle from 15 microns and less.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

The needle of the pickup has parameters:

  • clamping force;
  • frequency range;
  • weight.

The details depends on how the channels can be played separately, without penetration.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

The material for this detail of the pickup can serve as a alloy based on steel and natural or synthetic minerals, whether diamond or sapphire. Regardless of the initial raw materials, it should be used for cleaning Special fluid that allows remove contaminants, Which needle collects records from the grooves with every audition.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Life time

It is the material, more precisely, its hardness is largely affected by the period of operational exploitation. So, the part of the alloy based on steel can regularly serve no more than 3 minutes. This time is enough for listening to one side of the gramophone plate. It is not surprising that the details from this metal were sold by boxes of 200 pieces in each.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Details from Korunda (sapphire) are many times superior. Due to its hardness and high wear resistance, their service life reaches 350 hours of listening to records. Such models are still appreciated by lovers of acetate and shellah carriers, unable to withstand playing with more hard materials, for example, diamond. Diamond needle service life reaches 1000-1500 hours listening to music.

Note that the head with the needle was worn out, it is impossible to be naked eye. However, the surrounding sound problems – the first and main manifestation of the head worn.

Specialists advise you to change the needle after 600 hours of playing plates.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Overview of basic species

In addition to the differences in the materials, the details are divided by sharpening. It is this property that allows you to more fully consider the available information on the carrier. Despite the variety of types, the perfect sharpening does not exist so far. The fact is that the grooves on the records cut a special cutter, the dimensions of which, of course, have producers. However, it is impossible to accurately copy it in the needle production, because then it will not read the information, but cut the carrier.

Spherical

Conical needles are models with the largest transverse radius. Among the shortcomings are allocated The smallest radius of contact with a plate, which is the reason for dim monotonous sound. Due to this property, the needle of this type serve longer than the other subspecies.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Elliptical

The elliptical needle also resembles the sphere, however, it is stiffed by it. Such a structure allows you to read the high-frequency range, making the sound of the recorder richer and rich. As a rule, the contact area of ​​the product is larger, which leads to a smaller service life.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Hyperelliptic

Hyperelliptic parts that are part of the pickup are a finalized version of elliptic needles. Their area of ​​contact is larger, and the transverse radius is less.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

According to experts, Even an inexpensive player can be significantly improved and enrich the change of one needle to another.

Modern needles may be corundum or diamond, and sometimes combining both materials. Diamond detail has excellent hardness, but not suitable for acetate plates. Universal is considered a diamond needle with a corundum tip that combines compliance and hardness.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Tips for choosing

The choice of needles for the pickup depends on the type of players. So, deciding to replace the item, should first determine whether replacement is possible. So, for Soviet devices, this function is impossible, and therefore Buy the player come from the USSR better initially with a needle in good condition.

For modern technology, specialists do not recommend buying Chinese-made needles, widely represented on the largest sites of goods with delivery from China. Material for manufacture Here, in most cases, ceramics, causing disputes about its suitability.

Among the types of sharpening it is recommended to give the choice of hyperelliptic needles from combined materials. So, the base can be made of more budget raw materials, in contrast to the tip, which is not recommended to save.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

How to replace and configure?

Replacing the needle is needed if it is worn out, and sound when playing has become worse. For this, the part must be removed by pulling it towards Tonarma.

The former needle is wiser to maintain for simplicity of the future purchase. Note that certain details were produced on old players, and at the moment it is almost impossible to find the same. In the absence of the same model, a new needle is selected, and if necessary, the head of the pickup.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

The new component is installed in the pickup head slot. Need to check the direction – the needle must be directed vertically down.

Since the change of needles directly depends on the head of the pickup, you should check its condition. The setting is made correctly, If the pressure force of the head is optimal, and the needle clearly sits in the track on the plate.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

How to clean?

If the new item does not give the completeness of the sound, it is recommended to think about its purification that should be regular. Note that, in addition to the needle, the surface of the plates themselves should be cleaned and the surface of the plates themselves with brushes and special fluids.

To remove the dirt, and clean the needle from dust, carbon brushes are produced with rigid and short bristles, as well as brushes of small sizes of various types and shapes. Brush in cleaning is used in conjunction with professional means. In addition to cleaning products, cleaning can be carried out using silicone pads with a high degree of stickiness to which the needle is applied. Mud at the same time sticks to silicone and subsequently clean with it. When using brush for cleansing, it is necessary to consider the direction of movement. In order not to damage the head, you should move the moves back forward, avoiding lateral and directions in front of the back.

Needles for Plaques Player: Purpose, Types and Selection

Good needle and correct care for her will help to enjoy your favorite music in alternative sound.

How to choose the right needle for the records player, look next.

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