History and review of cameras “Dowel”

In Soviet years, almost every family was the owner of the camera “Dowel”. The device equipped with a rangefinder chamber was used for amateur, reporters and technical filming.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

History

The Soviet camera “Zorky” was greatly popular with photographers of post-war years. He had a durable cast body, reliable camera and replaceable lenses. Camera easy to manage. Production was established at the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (KMZ) in 1948.

First, the device was released under the name “FED 1948 dressed”. Two years later, the device became referred to as “dressed”.

The first modification is an absolute analogue of the Kharkov Camera “FED”. This is explained by the fact that at the end of hostilities on the territory of Ukraine, the technical documentation was sent to the mechanical plant. Krasnogorsk, since the Kharkov enterprise destroyed during the Great Patriotic War was required to restore. Prior to this, the Krasnogorsk company produced only binoculars, stereotrubs, sights and other military equipment.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

The lineup

Year of release by number can be found only in models made after 1954. From this time when marking cameras in the serial number, the year is fixed in which a specific device. With weather ordinal numbering, the first 2 signs denote the last two digits of the production of the subject. Until this time, an end-to-end order was applied.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

The first modifications provided for an excerpt in 1/1000 seconds. Since 1955. The production of devices with shutter speed at 1/20 second. Usually devices equipped with regular lenses: “Industar-22”, “Industar-26m”, “Industar-50” and ZK-2/50, ZK-1.5 / 50. Their feature is the ability to develop. The lens is attached using special thread M39x1. In working condition, the focus of the lens is 28.8 mm. A tripful nest has a 3/8 inches thread.

Nowadays, in demand Lens “Zorky-3K”. A 35mm perforated film, placed in a standard cassette, is inserted into the lower part of the camera. The time-consuming process of replacing the film requires a special skill from the photographer. Equipment of the housing of the removable lid makes it easier for the procedure for replacing the cassette in the camera.

Overview of all CMZ models can be found in a special photographic directory.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Kony”

The very first modification of a small-format rangefinder was manufactured from 1948 to 1956. In it, the optical viewfinder is not yet combined with the rangefinder. No syncontact. Exposure and diaphragm installed manually.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-2”

This device was released not long – from 1954 to 1956. It was equipped with a 2.8 / 50 lens and self-timer. The model did not have a syncontact.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-S”

Produced a device from 1955 to 1958. From previous modifications, it was distinguished by the descent key, the possibility of rewinding the film film and the addition of syncount. Exposures used (1/25, 1/50, 1/100, 1/250, 1/500 and “B”) can be adjusted before and after the shore of the shutter. Adjustable progress time contributed to an increase in the height of the model, since the top cover was changed.

The disadvantage of the device is the lack of self-timer.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-2C”

This photographic device was released from 1956 to 1960. There is a self-timer and syncontact. Since 1959. Automatic excerpts correspond to international standards: 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250 and 1/500. On the rear wall of the model there are 2 round eyes. Right eye – viewfinder, and left – rangefinder.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-3”

The camera was manufactured from 1951 to 1956. The camera is equipped with a viewfinder with adjustable diopter. Enabled viewfinder viewfinder. The device is equipped with two shutter speeds. One of them, with the possibility of setting an excerpt from 1/1000 to 1/25 seconds and “B” (by hand), is located on the top cover, the other (excerpts from 1/25 to 1 second and “D”) – on the front panel Cameras. One of the heads must be installed on 1/25 with.

If this rule fails, the gate may fail. Self-timer is absent.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-3M”

Specifications coincide with the parameters of the apparatus “Zorky-3”. In contrast to the previous modification, this model has a reliable and uncomplicated excerpt mechanism. It is located under the top lid. There are no shutter speeds on the front wall of the chamber.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-4”

Technically improved small-format camera used the greatest demand among the population. Model was produced from 1956 to 1973. Metal case has a removable back cover. Provided the use of replaceable lenses.

Shutter speed are provided by a separate moderator mechanism. A longer exposure is regulated by the impact protection of the synchrinate contact. A large bright viewfinder has a scale of 1: 1.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-4K”

The latest model of the Camera “Zorky-4” was endowed Camera with a curric platoon shutter, Therefore, the letter “K” added to the title. The model massively produced from 1972 to 1978. A small lot from the remaining parts in the warehouse of parts produced in 1980.

Photographic apparatus compact and ergonomic, so the interest of photographers to this model is not lost and to this day.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-5”

This camera was distinguished from other models of Zenit type lenses. The device was released from 1958 to 1959. He had minor external differences, the logo was portrayed differently. The model provides 2 syncontact “X” and “M”. They are intended for electronic and chemical photo flash. Self-timer is absent.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-6”

The model has been published from 1959 to 1966. The frequency chamber was equipped with a self-timer, a slightly changed the mechanism of the shill of the shutter and the scroll of the film. The remaining parameters are identical to the technical parameters of the Zorki-5 device.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Friend”

Little-format apparatus “Zorky-7” produced from 1960 to 1962. He is known as “Friend”. The design of the model was distinguished by some technical innovations. The camera was improved. A retractable lever appeared that stretched out of the bottom panel of the device. Pressed on it required a finger of the left hand. At this time it was impossible to remove the eyes from the viewfinder.

The platoon was adapted to serial filming at a speed of 3 frames per second. The model had a mechanical self-timer with a delay of 9-20 seconds, a metal cast housing with a folding rear lid.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-10”

Production of this modification was carried out from 1964 to 1977. The device was distinguished from the previous models of the “Industar-63” lens. Limiting frames installed sparkling framework of optical viewfinder. The inner frame was intended to adjust the parallax at the time of shooting from a short distance – to one and a half meters.

“Zorky-10” was the first automatic camera released in the Soviet Union. This model was noted at the international exhibition in Leipzig. There she got a gold medal.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-11”

Production of this modification was established from 1964 to 1967. Specifications of the automatic scale camera fully comply with the parameters of the previous model. But This device does not provide a range finder.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

“Zorky-12”

The device is the first automatic semi-format scale device. It was made from 1967 to 1968. The device used a cassette charging “Rapid”, which did not need to rewind. Cassette Obeau accommodated film on 12 frames.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

User manual

Before using any technical device, you must read the instructions. Each model of the “Philable” family is attached to a detailed description of the device. The instructions also give advice on how to take a shutter and what to do in case of swissing, how to press the button when photographing. The actions that should be made upon completion of the work cycle.

The instructions describe the necessary actions when charging the camera, Setting the sensitivity of the film to the appearance in the window of the light sensitivity.

All photoelers should know that the device cannot be charged with sunlight. The discharge of the camera is produced only in the shade.

History and review of cameras "Dowel"

Overview of the photo apparatus “Dowel” see the next video.

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment