To date, there are 2 main types of microphones: dynamic and condenser. Today in our article we will consider the features of condenser devices, their pros and cons, as well as the rules of connection.
What it is?
The condenser microphone is a device, one of the plates of which consists of a special material with elastic characteristics. In the process of sound oscillations, such a disclaimer changes the capacitance capacity (hence and the name of the device type). In the event that the capacitor is fully charged, simultaneously with the change in its capacitance and voltage varies. In order for the microphone fully fulfilled its functions, it must have a polarizing voltage.
The principle of operation of the condenser microphone is characterized High sensitivity. It means that The device perceives all sounds well (including background noises). In this regard, this type of audio devices is called called Studio, After all, studios are specialized rooms that provide high-quality recording of the most pure sound.
The fact that the condenser-type devices need the so-called “phantom nutrition”. As for the design scheme of the device, it can be diverse (for example, to turn on a USB connector).
Pros and cons
The choice and purchase of a microphone is an important and responsible task, since quite often the cost of such audiors is quite high. In this regard, it is recommended to evaluate all the advantages and disadvantages of condenser microphones in advance. Today in our article we will consider them in detail.
The pluses of devices include such characteristics:
- Microphones perceive a wide frequency range;
- a large variety of sizes (manufacturers offer customers both compact portable models and large-sized devices);
- Clean sound (condenser microphone is great for professional vocals) and t. D.
However, in addition to the advantages of condenser microphones, there are some drawbacks. Among them:
- The need for additional nutrition (for the full functioning of the devices, it is necessary to have phantom nutrition in 48 V);
- fragility (any mechanical damage can lead to breakage);
- Condenser microphones are very dependent on environmental conditions (so, sharp air temperature differences, as well as humidity indicators can lead to serious problems) and T. D.
Thus, condenser microphones are devices whose use can cause certain difficulties. Need to keep in mind all available flaws.
What is different from dynamic?
In the process of choosing and buying a microphone, the buyer becomes how to choose which type of device (dynamic or condenser) and what is the difference between them. Today in our article we will analyze all the key differences, and we will also understand which microphone is still better.
Dynamic devices are characteristic of:
- Low sensitivity and low levels of susceptibility to background noise;
- ability to withstand high audio pressure;
- a reliable device (microphones withstand mechanical damage, as well as temperature differences and humidity indicators);
- a weak reaction to transient processes and limited frequency of registration;
- Budget cost and t. D.
Thus, evaluating the distinctive features of dynamic and capacitor microphones, it can be concluded that they are practically polar in their key characteristics.
To date, in the audio equipment market, you can find a variety of condenser microphones (for example, an electret or vocal microphone), which are produced both domestic and foreign manufacturers. Devices are presented in different price categories: from budget to class “Lux”.
Rode NT USB
Model Rode NT USB is different high quality and universal functional filling. Microphone can be used To record vocals or text. The device is well combined with Windows, Mac OS and Apple iPad. Patches connector 3.5 mm, which is designed to monitor sound from a real-time microphone. According to its RODE NT USB compact, so it easily tolerate from place to place. In addition, the external body of the model is very strong and durable, the length of the mains cable is 6 meters.
Neumann U87 AI
This model is widely known not only among lovers, but also among professionals. The device is equipped with a special capsule with a large double membrane. Due to the presence of this element, the microphone has 3 regimen charts: one of them is circular, the other – cardioid and third – 8-shaped. Also on the case there is a 10 dB attenuator. Low and high frequency filter is present.
This device can be attributed to the category of cardioid. The model is able to withstand high pressure copper brass tools or guitar amplifiers. It should be borne in mind that AKG C214 is a microphone, Which catches even the smallest sound details (for example, breathing vocalist or shades of orchestral sound). The device has a built-in radio domain protection system.
The model is equipped with a large membrane. BEHRINGER C-1 is characterized Smooth ACH and low-noise bopedransformed Fet-scheme of the input cascade. Output Connector Type – XLR. This element provides neutral and silent sound transmission. Distinctive features of the device include Availability of phantom power indicator and durable aluminum construction.
This model is a studio lamp microphone that has a cardioid direction. Microphone Rode NTK Popular among professionals, as it provides the sound of the highest quality sound. This microphone is the owner of various awards from all kinds of international competitions. In the design there is triggers, due to which there is a preamp of class A, and the sound itself is not distorted. As for the technical characteristics, The model is characterized by a dynamic range of 147 dB, as well as a sensitivity of 36 dB. The manufacturer offers warranty period for 5 years.
The model is used for shock, acoustic instruments and guitar cabinets. The microphone is characterized by a large diagram, due to which the sound is smooth and natural, and noise indicators are at the lowest level. Due to the presence of a cardioid orientation diagram, the main signal is insulated from unwanted outsiders. Besides, There is a XLR connector and low frequency filter.
The microphone configuration is characterized by the presence of a large diaphragm, phantom power supply and fixed cardioid response. There are also 1-inch capsules with gilded membrane. The total mass of the device is just over 300 grams.
Thus, in the market you can choose a model that will most comply with all your needs and desires. Manufacturers care about, To each consumer can satisfy all their needs and needs.
How to choose?
When choosing a condenser microphone, you should navigate into several key factors. So, first of all, You should pay attention to the functional features (for example, sensitivity and range of perceived frequencies). These characteristics are essential and have a big impact on the overall operation of the device. In addition, it is important to take into account the manufacturer. Experts recommend to give preference to those microphones that were manufactured by famous brands. Large companies are focused on global trends and the latest developments, and the production process itself occurs, taking into account all international standards.
Cost is also an important factor. The more functions the microphone has – the more expensive it will cost. At the same time, it is standing with caution to treat too cheap models, as they can be fake or poor-quality.
External design (especially if you use a microphone on stage or within any public events).
How to connect to a computer?
After you have chosen and bought a microphone, you need to go to connect and configure it. However, before that You should carefully read the instruction manual, which is attached as standard. It should be borne in mind that the connection rules may vary depending on the specific model. Today in our article we will consider the most universal rules. So, the microphone connection task to the computer is greatly simplified if the audio device is equipped with a specially designed USB connector. In this case, you will only need a USB cable for connecting.
Also, a large number of microphones are represented on the market, in the design of which there is a XLR-connector. Accordingly, you will need a corresponding cable for such a device. It should be borne in mind that cables for connecting microphones are usually included with the device itself. Thus, The connection procedure is pretty simple and does not require special technical knowledge. After you connect the microphone to the computer, you can configure. For example, you can configure such parameters such as the volume perceived by the range of sound waves and T. D.
About how to correctly choose a microphone, look in the following video.