More and more often the past is intertwined with our real. And this applies not only to human memories, but also things from the past life. Now the various types of retrogants, including cassette tape recorders, are gaining popularity. In the USSR, they could be found in almost every home. Today, they acquire collectors or lovers to nostalgate at the former times.
First you need to look a little in the history of the appearance of a cassette tape recorder. After all, not every person knows that the very first of them appeared in the 30s of the last century. In addition, it happened on the homeland of the Third Reich. Released such a device company. Lorenz AG. Then such a tape recorder had a magnetic wire for its basis. But such a device with a magnetic ribbon appeared only in the 50s. They became Loewe Optaphon.
In the Soviet Union “Cassetnikov” did not attach much importance. We managed the coils or, as they were called in the people, bobbin tape recorders. In 1964, Philips released a portable cassette device for playing previously recorded cassettes. This was the reason to think about the release of its products. After all, “overseas” new products began to disperse.
So, in 1969, the Soviet model of a cassette tape recorder was developed on the Kharkov radio production “Proton”, the analogue of which was “foreign device”. “Firstborn” got the name “Desna”. Over time, several other other, no less well-known Soviet models. However, “overseas” tape recorders were sold, everything is also active.
The popularity of “Cassetnikov” was able to hold out until the beginning of the 90s, When CD-tape recorders came to replace. There was such a decline due to improved sound quality. Old models fell into disfavor and moved to storerooms or garages of their owners.
When there was a demand again on them, they got them from their shelters. Those who loved to listen to music on cassettes left them for themselves, and those who wanted them to just earn money for sale. Since in the Soviet Union of high-quality models was too little, then the imported model was gained popularity, which in the 80s it was simply impossible.
To date, some models from Japanese manufacturers have a price above 6 thousand dollars.
Device and principle of operation
To understand what is the usual audio magnetophone of this type, It is necessary to get acquainted with his device, from which components consists.
- Lental mechanism, or abbreviated LPM, from which the quality of the recording itself directly depends. With it, it stretches the magnetic tape on the working parts of the head. In addition, LPM helps to perform an accelerated rewind, as well as a number of other operations. In this case, this mechanism must move the tape on the cassette with a strictly given speed and feed it to the drive.
- Recording, erasing and reproducing magnetic head. Its main task is to interact with the magnetic carrier. As a result, it either writes or erases, or reproduces all the information. Some “Cassetnikov” models have two heads, and some – and all three. The quality of the sound depends on their presence.
- Record amplifier, which is the source of the record.
- Reproduction amplifier.
- Power Supply, at the expense of which this device works.
- Control and management sites, which should include record indicator. With it, you can control the detonation of the sound when the tape recorder works. So, if the sound is too vibrating when playing, it can be adjusted during the recording process.
- Kinematic scheme, which is responsible for the presence of kinematic chains. If the kinematics are too much, then it can cause a tape impairment.
Review of species
Tape recorders can be divided into several categories. First of all, such an electrical appliance may be single-mass and two-channel. The first option is used only for recording or playing sounds. Using it, the record can only be made from other sources that are near. But in the second case, it is possible to write a sound recording from one cassette to another, directly on one tape recorder.
In addition, such electrical appliances can be divided into modern models with surround sound, as well as on old models. The first of them, in addition to the cassette compartment, may have a USB-input, with which a person can listen to any information. Some new models of radio tape recorder have a built-in radio that allows you to take any urban radio stations. Third, in addition to the cassette compartment, have a compartment allotted under the discs, which allows listening to music in different ways. Mobility “Cassettniki” can be divided into such species as stationary and portable.
This version of the radio is different from its “fellow” quite large weight. In some cases weight can reach up to 12 kilograms. In addition, they can not work if there is no network nearby.
However, the advantages of such models must include better sound.
As for this type of tape recorders, it has a small weight up to 3 kilograms, as well as small dimensions. A feature of such models is that they can work from the network, and from special batteries. Therefore, such radio tape recorders were often taken in hiking or on ordinary bars and picnics.
For several decades, the production of a large number of tape recorders has been established. Some of them were made in the Soviet Union, other – in other countries of the world. Japanese and Chinese radio tape recorders are considered the most popular among them. Some models should be familiar with more detail.
If earlier the manufacturers of this brand specialized only on tape recorders, then today they have significantly expanded their range and even engage in the release of electronic tools. For this reason, this brand has become famous among popular musicians.
Akai DX-57 appeared in the early 90s. In this model there is a headphone jack, as well as a current regulator.
Many specialists believe that in their indicators this radio surpassed even by all the famous Sony brand.
These tape recorders at one time were considered the most reliable. It is worth noting that they have not lost their status and to today. Their release dates back to the 80s of the last century. The connoisseurs of “Cassetnikov” choose Denon due to the fact that there are 3 magnetic heads in their device, manual adjustment, as well as drive mechanism. In addition, using the Dolby audio system, you can listen without hissing.
For some models, if they are in good quality, lovers can give up to 7 thousand dollars.
By description, this miracle appliances resembles a small refrigerator. Weighs the radio tape recorder at least 12 kilograms. The sound happens so “singement” that after playing songs it is very difficult to listen to them on other models.
The only disadvantage of such a radio is that it is very difficult to repair and maintain. So, there are no passics in this model, as well as quite small motors. In addition, the frequency range is 22 thousand hertz, and noise ratio is 78 decibels.
Phase Linear 7000 MK-II
Weigh this model no more than 18 kilograms. In addition, there are three heads. The frequency range is 19 thousand hertz, and the ratio of noise signals is equal to 70 decibels. Release Magnittor occurred from 79 to 83 last century.
Bang & Olufsen Beocord
This radio was made from 81 to 87 years of last century. It has become a cult not only because of a beautiful design, but also due to strong technical characteristics. Such a device is equipped with three magnetic heads, noise cancellation system Dolby, as well as a computer system. Frequency range is 22 thousand hertz.
These “cassettniks” are considered the best models. They were produced from 79 to 84 last century. The weight of the device is 19 kilograms, The frequency range is 25 thousand hertz, available 2 magnetic heads. In addition, there are automated computer calibration, which immediately increases its status.
This is a high-quality domestic model that was able to withstand competition with such a well-known brand like Nakamichi. For the first time it appeared on the shelves of shops in the 70s of the last century. It was equipped with a Dolby sound-resolution system that provided sound recording quality. At that time, it was almost impossible to get this model, but it all depended on luck.
The Japanese model of the radio tape recorder was collected in the 80s of the last century. The tape recorder has 2 heads made from amorphous metals. Due to this sound quality is high. In some cases, the acquired model requires to replace the drive belt.
However, the Yamaha KX-300 radio tape recorder differs from other presence of an automatic ribbon calibration system. This makes it possible to get a top quality record.
Tips for choosing
Fans of cassette tape recorders try to get the most different rarities in their collection. With any purchase, the magnetic “from the past” should pay attention to some nuances.
First of all, you need to know that this kind of technique is a rather complicated mechanical device. therefore The more years it will serve a person, the greater will be the probability of breakdowns of various spare parts. However, the wear is also directly dependent on how the device worked.
therefore Before buying any cassette tape recorder, it is necessary to test it. After all, the devices of the last century are famous for the fact that in problems even in some trifles with the product you can just say goodbye. Therefore, you should not buy such a technique, hoping to repair it.
It is also necessary to get acquainted with the scheme of the model of the model. High-quality radio should have two or three driving motors, two or three heads. And also it is worth paying your attention to one-cassems. After all, the two-told model has much more details in its composition. So, there is a possibility that problems will be much more. In addition, today, probably, no one will be in mind to rewrite music from the cassette on the cassette.
Deciding to purchase only one radio tape recorder, it is best to stop the choice on foreign models, whose quality is checked for years. Among the Soviet Magnitol should closely look at such models as “Mayak-233” or “Electronics MP-204”, who were popular and in old days. Much more likely the likelihood that they will differ high quality and will serve quite a long time.
Summing up, it can be said that cassette tape recorders even today cause great interest to themselves. Someone buys them for the collection, someone in order to, really, just enjoy the original sound of music.
Regardless of which the radio is bought, it is worth choosing a product with all thoroughness.
Review of cassette tape recorders See next video.