Cardioid microphone: features and best models

In many areas of life, a variety of techniques are used. Much popularity currently has music – live concerts, video recording, sound recording of songs of new performers. All of them need such a miracle of technology as a microphone. We will talk about their cardioid varieties.

What does it mean?

Microphone, as you know, is a device output device for longer distances. Depending on the technical characteristics, there are pop, reporter, studio and instrumental instances. According to the principle of operation – condenser and dynamic. But in this article we will consider the separation of devices on the spatial orientation characteristics. Modern microphones are divided into cardioid and hypercardicoid.

The most popular is counted cardioid. This is one of the devices that is used in the musical world with a specific reference characteristic. This means catching sound with one side or another. Such a microphone gives a unique opportunity when recording in studios, performances on scenes, voice acting musical instruments.

This is a unidirectional device, which means that it takes sounds only from one source, External factors in the back do not affect sound performance. His head has a heart shape, which allows you to play and capture the sound of high quality. Microphone device only works on the principle of sound direction to the center of the head or side. It is advisable to concentrate on the voice capture point. Sometimes when performances, the singers deviate from the central point, and then the microphone catches the sound not so clearly, as I would like.

Supercardioid microphone has a narrower sound capture zone, unlike cardioid. Otherwise they are very similar.

However, noise reduction in supercardoid is much worse, it catches the external sounds going back.

Advantages and disadvantages


  • Does not capture sound sources behind the device – it allows you to make a sound cleaner, which is very important on the records of music;
  • owns excellent noise insulation;
  • Increased sensitivity to central sound.


  • can catch high quality sound only in the center;
  • Complex design.

Overview of the best models

Hypercardioid Superlux D103 / 02P

This model is very popular with novice video operators. They use it for video filming. Unlike supercardoid, it has a peer sensitivity zone narrower, and it is wider behind. Also catches noise going back, more clearly. Used in studios to sound acoustic instruments.

Audix D4

The vocal microphone is used on more lively performances. It is intended only for the transfer of the voice of the singer himself and is not used to sound acoustic instruments. It should also be noted that and the microphone for vocals has the characteristics of the direction. It may be sensitive to high or low tones. Also, the variety of such microphones may differ from individual purpose – can be used for solo performances or for choral.


Lapel microphone. Exist wired and wireless. Most often, this model is used in an interview, television shows, television shows, in the filming of videos on YouTube. Wireless petakers allow the actor not to be tied to the camera, Safety from damage to the wire, distance distance from the camera may allow you to be free in action. One of the excellent qualities of such a microphone is that it can be used on any places, attaching to clothing or under it.

The device applies to condenser, has the best sensitivity to the captured sounds. But the reverse side also is – you need a permanent power source. The condenser microphone has a special box that serves meals. Connects both to the phone and to a computer or a camera. It should be noted that the quality and volume of sound depends on the location of the microphone.

Of course, there is always a question: “What to choose?”. You can only answer it, only knowing the characteristics of microphones, models and methods of use in various spheres.

It should be declared in which direction this or that device will be used.

Cardioid microphone BOYA BY-MM1 is presented.

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