The history of the occurrence of stucco has about 1000 years, each nationality with the help of such an element emphasized its own design. Visually stucco decorates the inner and outer facade of the building, gives him aesthetic and refined image. Also with such decorative reception hide various docks, communications and water pipelines.
Stucco today – one of the best decoration methods.
Installation are actually any sections of the house. However, when installing, it is worth paying attention to all the details, otherwise they can give the origin of problems (cracks, premature discoloration). Allocate the following advantages of stucco:
- quick installation;
- Wide selection of decoration styles;
- water resistance;
Most often people use stucco For decorating ceilings and external facades of houses.
Special tools in the installation will not be required, the service life is unlimited, and if you wish to update the design, no problems will arise. The overall state of stucco can be good for many years and look like absolutely new finish.
However, material, Applied in the manufacture of stucco, quickly flammifies, so the installation is strictly prohibited in rooms with elevated temperatures – They can be attributed to the kitchen. And if we talk about the sun, then the product in this respect is quite heat-resistant. Another advantage of stucco from modern materials – water resistance.
When installing on the outer facade of the building, even in severe weather, stucco will not expose deformation.
Types and forms
Initially, the stucco was mostly manufactured from Gypsum. Soon he was replaced polyurethane and polystyrene, However, they are not used in all cases. Leping from plaster is distinguished by its naturalness. They make it from traditional clay, which is an indicator of high ecology. So when repairing in any room the material is actually harmless to health. The only drawback is the absence of water resistance, in conditions of high humidity, the material is subjected to further sanding of gypsum.
Modern, technology stuccos made of polystyrene contain a foam in its composition, due to which the humidity is not a hindrance. This type is mainly used in the bathroom. In such small rooms, the installation can also be made independently, due to which it is possible to save the budget. Polyurethane compounds give stucco light weight, compared with gypsum products. The advantage is elasticity, which makes it possible to draw up products with utmost accuracy.
According to the forms, stucco distinguish the following types:
- flexible plastic;
- For building needs.
What to choose what is better?
Currently, stucco for construction work is mainly It is made of gypsum material, plastic and console. Such gypsum has a dense consistency and does not require a large number of time to prepare. Silicone and plastic forms are perfectly suitable in working with wooden decorations, while the consoles are applied when mounting the facade products.
Before selecting the size of the stucco, should consider it Density and consistency of composition. For example, plaster possesses a more stable molecular system, which gives an advantage in working with massive decors. Large dimensions of silicone stucco are best not to do, because with a strong mechanical compression, they can be filled. Flexible plastic will not collapse, but also to store their original form in physical effects for a long time.
How to do?
Stucco it is possible to make yourself at home, The main condition is the presence of special equipment and materials.
Allocate the following list of necessary equipment.
- Table with smooth surface. The product will have to dry, any uneven plot will lead to unsuccessful manufacture.
- Film. It should be signed on the table, it should be dense and transparent, because the gypsum is a lot of dust, and Silicone has a property adhere.
- Set of tools. Spathers of various sizes, stationery knife, narrow brush, stacks, ruler or roulette.
- Building plasticine, And best of all clay.
If there is no experience in the manufacture, it is recommended to work with a silicone product.
Also need to process material separating fluid. First, it will be necessary to pre-prepare a mold for the fill of the stucco itself. After that, it is necessary to pour hot silicone or clay (the proportion of 10 parts of the dry material on 7 parts of the water) into the shape, with the spatulas align the surface. After final drying (24 hours later) I remove the resulting decor.
Detailed information on how to make a silicone shape for stucco, look in the video below.