What is basalt cardboard and where it is used?

Basalt cardboard in foil and conventional sheets for furnaces has been widely used in construction, replacing dangerous asbestos and materials based on it. About what it is, today they want to learn many owners of country and household plots, because such thermal insulation mats really have impressive opportunities. About what characteristics of flame retardant cardboard make it popular and popular, it is worth talking in more detail.

What it is?

Chunk basalt cardboard looks like fibrous mats of a certain size and a small thickness. Externally, the material resembles the usual mineral wool, but in a completely new format. Basalt cardboard is designed to create flame retardant isolation where it is especially necessary: ​​in furnaces, fireplaces, chimneys, in baths and saunas, including those built in private homes. This material was created as an environmentally friendly alternative to asbestos stoves previously used for the same purposes. Unlike them, basalt-based modules do not distinguish harmful substances into the atmosphere, provide absolute safety for human health or pets.

This thermal insulating material consists of a fibrous basis with the thickness of the elements of no more than 1-1.7 microns, as well as bentonite clay acting as a binder component. The resulting sheets are distinguished by high thermal resistance, refractory. The fibrous component is obtained from natural stone – basalt, which first melted, and then passed through the extruder. During the production of cardboard it is compacted, formulates, cut into elements of the desired size. Refractory fibrous material combines hardness and flexibility, its sheets are initially manufactured from non-combustible components.

Accordingly, it is intended for use in the hottest points of the room, where the temperature reaches the maximum limits.

Properties and characteristics

Basalt cardboard – material with excellent set of operational characteristics. The material is packaged, labeled and transported according to GOST 25880-83, the production is regulated by TU 95.2691-98. Among the main properties and parameters of basalt cardboard, you can allocate several.

  • Dimensions. The thickness of standard sheets begins from 5 mm, popular options are also available with indicators 10, 12, 20 mm. Nominal sizes are 60×120 cm.
  • Limit of operating temperatures. Material can be subjected to significant heating and freezing. It withstands the temperature in the range from -200 to + 700 ° C. Material withstands over 2000 freezing and heating cycles.
  • Density of 60-170 kg / m3. It is significantly higher than that of ordinary plates.
  • Low humidity. It does not exceed 1-2%.
  • Sound absorption coefficient. For low frequencies, it reaches a value of 0.1, for high – reaches 0.45. These are quite high indicators that allow substantially expanding the scope of basalt cardboard.
  • Parp permeability. Plates “Breathe”, providing an opportunity to remove excess moisture, water vapor.
  • Biological resistance. Basalt cardboard is not subject to rotting, fungus and mold formation. Rodents he also does not attract.
  • Combustion. Basalt cardboard changes its properties while increasing the temperature to + 750 ° C and above. For sintering fibers, it is necessary to heat up to + 1100 ° C and more, otherwise the material is not lit.
  • Duration of operation up to 50 years.
  • Easy cutting. Material without foil coating can be cut in a conventional knife.

In addition, basalt cardboard adapts well to any operating conditions and forms of designs. It can be mounted in a curvilinear plane, tightly adjacent to the most difficult sections and bending.

Review of species

Listed refractory material – basalt cardboard – consists of fibers melting only at very high temperatures. That is why it is used as a thermal insulation element in furnaces, fireplaces, other sources of increased danger under intensive heating. Fire retardant cardboard is produced in several varieties, all of them are made from basalt fibers, but have a different purpose and execution.

Usual

It looks like thin mats with a fibrous structure. Such sheets are conveniently fixed, they are adapted to the operation of indoors. Classic basalt mats have good vapor permeability, do not break the air exchange indoor. Sheets have a thickness of 5-10 mm, are easily rebounded by a conventional knife. They give a shrinkage during operation, at moisture they can deform for a short time.

Foil

The material of this type is produced with foil on one side. Such a coating provides increased basalt cardboard efficiency. Thermal insulation reflects the heat flows, directing them to heating the entire room, and not just on the walls. The mats are fixed on surfaces with a special wire fastener or adhesive method based on resin. The second option is much less environmentally friendly, because when heated into the atmosphere, potentially dangerous evaporations may act.

Folgized basalt cardboard is manufactured directly on a thin aluminum basis, does not contain a mineral binder in the form of bentonite clay. This is the optimal version of the heat-insulating material that can additionally reduce the sound permeability of the room.

Medalmobive

Maximum environmentally friendly insulating material, often denoted by abbreviation BIM. Basalt needle-free mat looks more like felt, often comes in rolls. It does not have any other components except the stone fiber. Mats are formed by a needle-free method that somewhat complicates further work with them.

But in this canvas for the surfaces of the surfaces, there are no potentially dangerous and harmful components.

Difference from mineral wool

The main differences between the basalt cardboard and mineral wool are in the density of the material and the type of binder used. The base in the materials may well be identical. That is only in the mineral cotter, the binding element usually serves a resin containing phenol and formaldehyde. It is not too dangerous in structures that are not in contact with high temperature sources. Basalt cardboard is always made of refractory and environmentally friendly materials that do not distinguish dangerous and toxic substances into the atmosphere.

Density is different. Wat has not too high, usually from 13.5 to 100 kg / m3. Cardboard has a more stable density. Most manufacturers hold the parameters of 60-170 kg / m3.

Scope of application

Refractory basalt cardboard can be used in different purposes. It is most often used as a protective sheathing of walls in premises exposed to significant heating. It is suitable as a thermal insulation component for:

  • bath;
  • stoves;
  • boilers, sash and heating equipment dampers;
  • Thermal industrial installations.

Material is suitable for use as insulation In residential buildings and facilities, in fireplace zones, as well as in the presence of open foci. Foil layer makes it a good solution for soundproofing rooms. Reflecting and absorbing characteristics of the plates help evenly distribute heat indoors, warming air, and not frame design. Basalt sheet for chimney mounted in 1 layer, preventing brick and other materials. With the help of refractory cardboard, you can lay a warm floor and isolate the surface of the usual coating of wood, concrete from the furnace furnace.

Sheets are conveniently laying out in sandwich panels consisting of thermocarter and concrete.

Initially, basalt cardboard was designed exclusively for use in industrial buildings and structures, but it quickly gained popularity in civil engineering. As an insulating layer, the sheets are used in the finishing of cold rooms: balconies, loggias. He has proven itself in operation in combination with wooden structures from logs and a bar, significantly increasing their fire safety. In sound insulation plates of industrial production, it is paved between the layers of GVL and GLC.

Basalt cardboard gradually displaces unsafe asbestoshel sheets from the market, previously used in household electrical equipment. The material is already used in electric heaters and refrigeration units in industry. When installing heating and water supply systems, the highway can also be thermally insulated with such sheets.

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