What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Bitumen is widely used in many building processes. As part of this mixture, various resins, peat and even oil with coal are observed. Because of this content, bitumen should be treated very carefully and carefully. This is especially true of the process of its proper dissolution.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Features and general rules

Bitumen must dissolve and bring to a liquid state correctly. An important rule is the choice of a suitable container in which the immediate dissolution process will be held. To carry out all the procedures, the most secure and harmless to humans can be used by such tanks:

  • specialized bitumevillery installations;
  • high-strength tight steel boilers;
  • Special thermos.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Bituminous mastic dissolved in such tanks will always be prepared for fast transportation, as well as to equally rapid practical use.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

There are several basic rules for dissolving bitumen, which must be adhered to. Get acquainted with them.

  • It is required to comply with all the requirements relating to fire safety.
  • It is necessary to actively engage in different kinds of individual protective equipment. We are talking about special clothes, respirators, glasses, as well as special shoes, gloves, helmet.
  • If certain deviations from the norms of the technological process were made, it is immediately necessary to inform the boss or to another responsible person.
  • The place where work on the dissolution of the bitumen must be inaccessible to outsiders.

Compliance with such simple rules will not only guarantee the obtainment of necessary results, but also will avoid any adverse effects.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Currently, industrial scales are produced bituminous sealants, putties, mastic and high quality primers.

Bitumen is used in many works. For example, from this mixture it turns out very efficient and high-quality waterproofing. Bitumen is the only one of its kind material, which has such high hydrophobic and adhesive properties. Due to such relevant parameters, bitumen solutions were highly widely used in construction.

Basically, the material under consideration is used in the following areas of activity:

  • seamless waterproofing of the foundation base and roof;
  • Repair of leaking roofing structures;
  • gluing waterproofing materials in rolls;
  • Internal waterproofing in a private house.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

The main feature of bituminous materials is that with their help it is possible to form smooth coatings that do not have seams. The resulting coating film very well protects materials from the negative impact on the ground of groundwater. 2 mm thick mastic reservoir is able to ensure reliable protection against water with hydrostatic pressure at least 2 m.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Heat

The heating process can be fragile in special smelting installations. However, those available are not available at all users, so appropriate structures are going to move. It can be metal barrels. In the role of the direct heater, an open fire is usually applied. In the course of the heating process of the bitumen composition, it is very important to observe maximum caution, because even residual petroleum products are combustible substances. When heated, the bitumen always begins to hiss heavily and foam.

It is not necessary to scare these things because they must be in the normal.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

The bitumen mixture will be fully ready only after its surface will become perfect smooth and glossy. Signs of overheating should not be. Detect the decomposition of the material it is possible if you see the release of intense and caustic yellow-yellow smoke. To prepare a really high-quality product of the desired level of elasticity, it is very important to prevent overheating, because in the end it will provoke high fragility of material.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

How to breed with various solvents?

Melt bitumen by various compositions. High efficiency in these cases demonstrate ordinary kerosene, White spirit, as well as gasoline with low octane number. Each options has its own characteristics and nuances. Get acquainted with them closer.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Kerosene

Most users at home cast bitumen compositions through ordinary kerosene. This is a very efficient and easy way. It should be borne in mind that kerosene is the most resistant to heating, but it evaporates very slowly. When heating, bitumen mastics should be waited until it acquires a more liquid consistency. After that, the container in which she stood on fire, you need to remove it and breed a bitumen with a small amount of kerosene. Pour the latter need thin flowing, constantly stirring the solution. Prepare such a mixture need quickly without tightening.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

White Spirit

You can collect bitumen with the use of White Spirit. For example, it is permissible to finely chop the bitumen and pour it to the specified means. Some users argue that this process turns out to be much simpler than heating. This method is simple, but quite effective.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Low-fledged gasoline

Very well bitumen mastic dissolves low-octane gasoline. For example, for the preparation of a primer mixture, solid pieces of bitumen are floating in the composition under consideration under the action of temperature from 180 to 200 degrees Celsius. The finished mixture is gradually styled, and then laid directly on the insulated base.

However, people are addressed to such procedures in rare cases, preferring to buy prepared compositions.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Rubber gasoline

Rubber gasoline “Galosha” is an organic agent, with which it is possible to dilute bitumen to obtain the desired consistency. This remedy is sold in many stores, has a very small cost. But it is impossible to forget that “galosha” is a fire-hazardous, flammable composition consisting of a mixture of light carbon. Rubber gasoline itself is the product of the petrochemical industry.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

Recommendations

Independently dissolve bitumen at home is not much difficulty. Here is the most important thing – safety observance. In addition, to obtain the desired results of the process, it makes sense to listen to some useful advice and recommendations.

  • To trample a bitumen independently, it is important to ensure the perfect ecological situation around. We must not forget that when dissolving bitumen in the surrounding atmosphere, such hazardous components may fall as a sulfuric anhydride, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides. The concentration of these components in the air should not be increased. Only in this case can we talk about a safe bitumen dissolution process.
  • Even if the dissolution of the bitumen occurs at home, it is still necessary to use the appropriate dishes anyway. Many people involve not only barrels for this. A small amount of composition will be able to prepare in the bucket.
  • If the frozen pieces of bitumen were discovered on some solid foundations, For example, on the body of the car, then they can not be at all trying to dismiss until they are in solid state. In such a situation, you can very seriously harm the surface on which the frozen mastic is.
  • If you decide to easily melt the bitumen composition, then you should act as carefully. Extra rush in this case is not welcome. Try to fuse mastic carefully.
  • During preheating bitumen, he may unexpectedly flare. Such situations occur when the product overheats on too much heat. Should not be afraid of such events. It is necessary to take the lid, carefully cover it with a container with bitumen and be sure to knock down the flame. The main thing is not to be panic.
  • If you decide to prepare bitumen mastic for repair and insulation work (For example, for waterproofing fill of different bases), then you should think about the feasibility of conducting such events. Many people decide not to spend too much time, but to purchase such a product in the finished form. Each user decides himself, how it is better to do.
  • Introducing solvents or gasoline into a preheated bitumen, it is necessary to constantly stir. To do this, use the most convenient device, for example, a long wand. To make additional funds and the compositions in bitumen mastic need gradually, thin jet. Dramatically pour solvents should not.
  • Heated bitumen may be repeated. It can be heated and re-, but it is very important to keep in mind that the mixture will turn out even more fuel. If she suddenly ignites, it will be necessary to isolate it right away, knock down the flame and quickly remove from the fire. That is why it is so important to use protective equipment in order not to get serious injuries during such actions.
  • Ready mastic must be properly applied to the selected bases. To do this, you can contact both manual and mechanical method of application. When choosing a second option, use special techniques. It is recommended to handle the manual way if the scope of scheduled work is minimal. For large areas, the use of special equipment is ideal.

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

What and how to dissolve bitumen?

About how to make bitumen mastic with your own hands, look in the following video.

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