In the process of combustion of fuel in the stove, a lot of soot is distinguished, which settles on the inner walls of the chimney – it leads to a decrease in thrust and reduce the intensity of fuel combustion. As a result, the gas is not output from the heated room and can lead to household poisoning. To prevent this, resort to regular cleaning of exhaust pipes.
What it is?
Boilers, fireplaces and stoves can be found in almost every private house-building, cottage and dacha, they are installed in the baths, as well as garages. Usually, coal or firewood is used for firebox, but sometimes garbage burns after repair, worn out auto strokes and unnecessary home objects. All these things in the process of burning are highlighting thick dark smoke in the form of solid particles, it settles inside the hood. Gradually accumulating, soot covers the entire exhaust channel.
Other reasons for clogging of the chimney include:
- getting vegetable particles – leaves and branches;
- Full or partial destruction of the pipe due to physical wear or illiterate assembly;
- Using raw fuel – in this case condensate is formed, entering into interaction with combustion products, it forms a viscous substance.
The first sign of the chimney blocking becomes the dropping of particles of the soot on the furnace, the bad thrust, sluggish burning even with the open confusion.
There are many means to clean the chimney. The greatest distribution received rams. Among their advantages, you can note:
- compactness, lowland, mobility;
- the absence of any restrictions on the configuration, the height of the hood and the parameters of its cross section;
- The ability to adjust the weight of the load and, as a result applied by physical effort.
Of the minuses, the rams allocate the inability to punch durable and dense blockages, pull out foreign objects and eliminate condensate.
The design of any hesh includes several main elements.
- Head – Looks like a hard pile made of plastic or iron, fixed based on.
- Weight. Performed in the form of a lead and steel cylinder.
- Cable – acts as a base for fixing all other elements. Is made of synthetic polymer fiber or from steel.
- Hook – attached between the head and the load on the main cable.
- Tubes – are intended to form a maximum dynamic gain that contribute to the pushing of the rash down. Fixes on cable.
- Replaceable nozzles – used if necessary to extract dense items and break through complex obstacles.
What are the devices?
Modern manufacturers offer heers for chimneys in many modifications. All of them differ in the following criteria:
- shape – oval, rounded, square or polygonal;
- Diameter – may be small (in the range of 120-160 mm), medium (160-260 mm) and large (over 300 mm).
- Wearace weight – varies from 5 to 20 kg.
Depending on the method that the YORS is raised into the chimney, several modifications are distinguished.
On the rope / cable – it works exclusively on top, in this case the lubshik moves along the pipe down under the weight of the load. This is quite a primitive option, but it is unsuitable for cleansing horizontal pipes.
On a flexible cable – this model resembles the one that is used to clean the sewage. The advantage lies in the possibility of using both from top to bottom and bottom up. Gives a good effect to purify horizontal sites.
On the rod – involves the use of rigid handle. The most efficient option, a universal solution that allows you to most quickly consider the whole sharpening SHOP. Gives a good result both on vertical and horizontal sites.
In the most modern models, the handle is telescopic, so if necessary, it can be decomposed either, on the contrary, fold.
For the production of hedgehogs, metal, plastics or nylon are used.
Metal. Such rods are the strongest, durable and practical. The disadvantages allocate difficulties during operation. If the bristles are closed for anything – it will be difficult to free up.
In addition, such products are an order of magnitude more expensive than plastic. Although in any case the price rarely exceeds 2 thousand. rub. Therefore, given their durability, this deficiency is not so significant.
Plastic. Plastic rams are very cheap, you can buy them in any store, and if necessary, quickly and easily build yourself. However, such devices are very quickly wearing and fail.
Nylon – essentially is the “golden middle” between plastic and metal. Possesses the optimal price-quality ratio.
Review of the best manufacturers
Today the market presents products of various manufacturers. The following trademarks enjoy the greatest popularity.
Hansa – Lithuanian enterprise, which over the years has occupied a leading position in the segment of goods to clean the chimneys in the territory of the CIS countries and Europe. In addition to the rams, the manufacturer offers hoses, plumbing, fittings and many other products. They all got fame due to their high quality and durability.
Sitecn – Italian manufacturer offering chimneys in a wide range. They have different shapes, diameters and sizes, so each user can always choose the best option for itself.
Biltema – Company from Sweden, which has conquered recognition from European users. Produces universal brushes, all presented products are distinguished by a wide range, reliability and performance.
RS – Polish Enterprise, produces molds from metal and plastic medium diameter.
Products of the company “Pedochil” from domestic companies.
A distinctive feature of this brand is a set with interchangeable nozzles in the kit.
Serets of choice
Let us stay in more detail on the criteria for selecting an erash.
Cable or rigid handle. It is advisable to have both models at the disposal, it will work much more practical. If the pipe is not provided in the pipe, the optimal decision will be the cable. If the chimney is unallone and there are hatches – more convenient for cleansing will be models on a rigid handle.
Bristle material. For chimneys from asbestos and bricks, it is best to take a nylon or metal rash. For pipes from stainless steel, only plastic is allowed, since it will not scratch the coatings.
Diameter brush. This criterion is selected individually taking into account the size of the pipe.
Cable length or pen. Also selected taking into account the height of the chimney. At the same time, it is not necessary to meet the full height at all, since cleaning can be carried out not only below either from above, but also through the hatch arranged on various sites.
How to make it yourself?
To maintain the purity of exhaust pipes, it is not at all necessary to go to the store. In the presence of some skills you can always make a practical rash at home at home. Of course, the effectiveness of this product will be slightly smaller than that of a specialized one, therefore such a solution is optimal for cleavage of exhaust pipes with a weak degree of contamination.
Below we will give three instructions for creating a fucking:
- from plastic bottle;
- from ordinary broom;
- from iron cable.
All technicians will need the following.
Steel cable long corresponding to the height of the pipe or slightly more. Thickness 2-3.5 mm, preferably with carbine.
Weight Weight Weight Approximately 3 kg. Its size should be so that it is unhindered in the chimney. Suppose it can be a conventional sand bottle or unnecessary pancake from dumbbells.
Motor wire cross section 2-5 mm or steel heel. In the last embodiment, its diameter should be 5 mm, and the length is 10-15 cm. It is desirable that the eyes are unscrewed from two sides.
This item may submit some problems. Find wire, bottle, cargo and cable will not be any difficulty – they can be found in any farm or buy in any economic store. But it’s much more difficult to choose a stud, because it is most often used wire instead.
Before starting work, it should be tied in several layers so that in the end the thickness corresponded to 5 mm, and the length was 10-15 cm. Then she gives the shape of a heel and use in work.
From plastic bottle
For reading the chimney from the size of the section to 200 mm, a plastic bottle is suitable for 1.5-2 liters. Step-by-step instruction includes several steps.
In the lid and on the bottom of the bottle, a hole is formed, the diameter of which must accurately match the thickness of the hairpin. You can break it, drill or burn.
Bottles on the sides are formed slits so that they do not get to the throat and bottom for 1-2 cm. The step between individual slots should also be 1.5-2.5 cm.
In the formed holes, they make a hairpin, it should be torn both edges of the bottle. At the same time, the sidewalls will be afraid and shape the semblance of a circle of folded tapes. It is their edges that will take a shock and soak from the walls of the hood.
On the heel spin the eyelets. On the top attaching the cable, the load is clinging from below.
Build the rash at home easily and just from the old unnecessary broom. To do this, the round model will fit, which are made of polypropylene.
Procedure of such.
The tip of the brooms are cut or removed. The bristle is painted so that all the veins are directed in different directions like a toilet rod.
In that block to which the bristles is mounted, you should perform or drill a hole with a cross section of 6-8 mm under the wire.
In the resulting perforation, the hemp itself is fixed. From one edge of the eye, the cable is fixed, from the other – the load.
This is the most difficult technology that will suit people at the disposal of which there is a welding machine. This scheme allows you to build a highly efficient jarshik, not inferior to store analogues. To work you need to cook:
- Metal cable itself;
- apparatus for welding;
- Pliers and nippers;
- saw for metal;
- The stud size is 8-12 cm, without the thread;
- Nuts under the heel – 5-9 pieces.
The principle of operation of such.
From the finished steel cable, 3-5 fragments are sliced so that each length is 5-8 mm larger than the exhaust cross section. Trimming breaks with pliers.
On one edge, the studs twist the nut so that the carving a little spoke out of her. It will perform the role of the lower support for the first row. If you use bolts, your head will be involved as a support.
On top of the nut, a piece of wire from the distributed cable and twists cruciform, whining the hairpin. Pieces of wires should perform a little.
Next, the manipulations repeat – new pieces of wire are taken and the cross will arrive again. If everything is done correctly, then as a result, a smooth layer of the dense layer of bristles in the form of a circle should turn out.
Outside the nut is attached, it firmly fixes the wire to the nut either the head of the bolt. Similarly, a few more layers of bristles are formed. Usually make 3-5 rows, each fix the nut. With top and bottom welded eyes. They allow you to consolidate the cargo for which the device will go into the chimney.
Beginner masters may allow miscalculations when creating homemade rams. The most common belongs to such.
Too short cable. In this case, the Yursh is simply not to get to the end of the pipe, so the most difficult area near the furnace will remain scored.
Not sufficiently strong staging of wire between individual washers. In this situation, during the cleaner of the chimney, the risk of destruction of the rash.
Head width larger or less channel parameters. At the same time it or does not get to the walls, or simply does not go into the pipe.
How to use it?
Chimney cleaning are produced by the following instructions.
Before starting cleaning, it is necessary to carefully examine the smoke pipe, for this it is highlighted by a flashlight. Pre-inspection will allow to assess the scale of pollution and designate the most clogged areas.
Next closes the furnace and all the chimney hatches, with the exception of the hole from which cleaning will be performed.
If there is a sparking, then it needs to be dismantled.
The brush is lowered through the outlet of the pipe and read up-down movements. When detecting gaps, you can take the ship without a bristle to punch them.
As soon as you clear the upper part of the chimney – you can go to the bottom block. In this case, it is better to work through the hatch.
At the end of cleaning, they open the furnace and remove all the garbage from it from above. Since access to exhaust is possible exclusively with a high roof, then special attention should be paid to the safety technique.
When performing a work, the pipeline must use insurance. It will be unlosite to set a temporary fence. It is strictly forbidden to work after the rain on slippery roof.
It is desirable to clean up before the start of the heating period, ideally – annually for preventing blockages. Only so you will be absolutely sure that throughout the cold season, the oven will work smoothly.
Shoes must be non-slip, clothing – necessarily closed, worn, which will not hurt to blur and throw out. Even if the cleaning is performed as accurately as possible, soot will fall on clothes.
Wear glasses and respirator to protect your eyes and sage breathing. Of course, the smokers that fell on the mucous membranes will not cause a man of strong harm, but noticeable discomfort will bring.