The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The real brick or “Russian” oven was and remains one of the main elements of the internal decoration of many private houses and buildings. For some people, she plays the role of the original designer solution, for others – only performs the function of heating. One of the important points in its installation is the process of manufacturing the foundation.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Peculiarities

Installation of a good and reliable stove is characterized by some features. For example, many developers or hosts of private territories are often asked about the need to prepare the foundation or base under the oven. This means both expenses and additional construction work – if it comes to the already built buildings.

The following factors will make it possible to understand whether the installation of such a design is appropriate.

  • Features of soil / ground breed. If you are watching soil shifts, landslides, or the formation of holes in the breed on your territory – setting the foundation recommended. However, when installing a furnace in a house with a monolithic / whole reinforced concrete basis, this option is excluded.
  • Features of the building of the building / building. There are important factors such as availability of free installation, building material (stone, wood, reinforced concrete). In wooden houses with a brick stove without a foundation, high risk of fire. Many of the types of bricks, such as porous clay, long retain heat.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

  • Estimated stove weight. If it does not exceed 200-250 kg, the foundation is optional. It is worth considering the stove load on the basis of your building / building. Equally distributed weight – it’s like ensuring a long shelf life of both the stove and the grounds. Equal pressure on both components will reduce friction and risk of rapid wear. Since most of the stoves are the “Russian” type – overall structures with weight of up to several tons, this item is incredibly important.

Many of their opinions on this question, however, experienced developers understand the need to set the foundation foundation. This serves as an additional factor in the reliability and stability.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Special attention when installing the foundation is worth paying the type of soil in your territory:

  • soup;
  • clayey;
  • loam.

Since the installation of the stove in the houses is most often the case is not one-time use (except for less demanding and easy-to-install metal furnaces), it is worthwhile to take care of the preservation of the foundation both at high and at low temperatures – for summer and winter time.

Some types of soil with clay content at low temperatures expand. In construction, this is called bunchiness, that is, the freezing of moisture in the breed. In this case, the expansion of the soil is often uneven and can lead to cracks and damage to the foundation.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

There are a number of measures for greater reliability in the foundation. They are designed for responsible hosts or developers with established security standards (construction of public space: estate, museum, even libraries).

  • Foundation Supply Additional Stovetop. The stove is placed under the base of the foundation, occupies a large area and is the function of reducing pressure and load. High-quality plates reinforcement is recommended, it will reduce the risk of cracking.
  • When installing the slab it is desirable to use a special sampling pillow, which will perform the function of depreciation (taking pressure and loads) of the lower rocks during freezing.
  • To ensure complete structure of the structure, it is possible to install drainage pipes or heating / thermal insulation of the building. It will reduce the possibility of excess bunchiness.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

This more refers to new buildings and buildings under construction, but do not think that the installation of an ordinary oven is so complex and demanding.

Do not forget that the quality foundation for the furnace is primarily safety for the whole house. The more high-quality efforts it will be spent on its installation, the less will the additional cost of time and resources for repair and dismantling.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Views

Weight, presence of free space, groundwater level and variety of soil itself – determining the factors for choosing a type of foundation. You can find only a few types of foundations: tiled (or slab), pile, outdoor / unheard. Some still talk about such a type like a ribbon foundation.

  • Tile The foundation requires the installation of a sample pillow and rubble (up to 10 cm thick), filled with concrete layer no more than 5 cm, and reinforcement structures. They are installed for uniform load distribution. Tiled Foundation Feature – Monolithic and integrity of reinforced concrete / concrete slabs. It is possible to place runnerdoor on bitumen, it will help the design of keeping waterproofing.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

  • Feature pile Foundation in simplicity and reliability. Its installation does not need additional earthworks – piles can be vanned into ground by driving or vibrating driving. At the same time, piles can be made both from some species of wood and from reinforced concrete. Possible installation of metal hollow piles – the design allows you to deeply drive yourself into the ground and fill in concrete – for better stability.

This type is one of the most common buildings and mid-type buildings.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

You can distinguish the form of the foundation for its placement relative to the floor of the building / building. There is a ruffled type and unlucky.

  • Outloigned for brick stoves with weight 2 or more tons. The basis for this foundation is the clay of porous type or lesing ground. The latter is a rock formation of a sedimentary type, often – a mixture of luggy and sampling rocks. At the same time, do not forget that the depth of the foundation of the foundation on these rocks should be below the level of freezing in autumn or winter freezing.
  • The use of unlightened type is justified for furnaces with weight of not more than 1.5 tons. At the same time, it shows the high characteristics of the strength and reliability in areas with low groundwater levels and with mainland or sedimentary soil.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Each of the species is used in various conditions on the construction facility. Here we can say both about weather conditions and about the funds spent on the installation.

How to build?

The manufacture of each type with your own hands is quite possible, stocking of the desired literature and patience.

The first step in the installation of a tile type – Preparation of the recess in the soil for the future installation. The dimensions and depth in this case are not fixed with anyone (although there are recommended dimensions – up to 500 mm), the developer must independently select the optimal characteristics.

Should follow the surface of the pit, it should be smooth.

The next stage is a frustration of a chubble pit (up to 10-15 cm) and the rambling. Pour the finished solution can after waterproofing the design Ruberoid. The composition of the fill in this case is 1/3/5 (cement, sand, crushed stone). Often this species is installed on the ground floors of small buildings.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Pile foundation or foundation on screw piles – no less reliable and easy to install. For him you will need to dug pits at the corners of the alleged plate (the diameter should be maintained at least 20 cm at the level). Pits are pre-filled with moistened sand and gravel (from 10 to 15 cm) – you need to do for simplicity.

Preparation of formwork for the further fill of concrete needs the installation of rubberoid sheet and armoo. After the rags, fillings and missing piles the latter are mounted with each other and serve as grounds for reinforced concrete or concrete slabs. As already mentioned, there is a type of pile foundation without earthworks.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The plated view is more complicated in the device and installation. There is a sequential installation plan here.

  • Make sure that the pitted pit was 10-15 centimeters more than the sizes of the stove itself. This figure must be respected from each side of the pit. The characteristics of the depth in this case are not fixed, each should be different rules, but most often it does not exceed one and a half meters.
  • The further stage is to compact and the rambling bottom of the dumped pit. To do this, crushed stone can be used (in advance moistened or not – to solve you). After sealing the bottom of the kittle, the thickness of the rubble should not be descended below 15 cm.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

  • For a more dense rambling, the developer can use a suction layer with a thickness of up to 30 cm, the latter is moisturized with a small amount of water for greater seal. When the sand layer will dry, you need to add another layer of rubble on top of it. This time – already up to 20 cm.
  • Next Important Stage – Make Wooden Formwork. The inner surface can be pre-lubricated by bitumen, so you will provide waterproofing your design.
  • Further installation of a bellped species is similar to the installation of a pile foundation, however, the formed space from the soil walls to the foundation in this case falls asleep with sand.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Unfoliated type is represented by three separate species: columnar, monolithic stove, grille. Each of these species has its own features.

  • Columnar It is a cheaper option and is represented in the form of several supports of the vertical type, submerged in advance prepared soil by no more than 30%. The estimated distance between the supports should be 2 meters.
  • Monolithic plate more suitable for setting the foundation on soils without sampling. But this type is applicable to lighter buildings, as subject to influence of external factors – mechanical damage and others. Under the finished monolithic slab, you can supply hydro and heat insulating elements – in order to avoid freezing in the winter season.
  • Grid type is perhaps one of the simplest types of unwinted foundation. Making it is the mounting of a large number of plates with reinforcement. It will save your resources when pouring. In addition, the lattice type is more resistant to destruction. When breakdown or the formation of cracks in separate parts of the foundation, reduced the risk of damage to another part of it.

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

Tips

        As it was possible to notice – the manufacture of the desired foundation for the stove is complex, but the necessary process for good work of any heating system. You can select a few simple, summarizing the moments, with the correct use of which you competently organize any furnace in your home.

        • Determine the parameters of your territory. This is: conditions of the external environment, possible mechanical damage, calculate the load and pressure from the stove. Spend a deep analytical calculation – from its financial capabilities to measurements of groundwater level. The more accurate the data, the easier it will be to choose the appropriate type of foundation, and the less trouble will bring you its operation.
        • Everyone has its own financial capabilities, but try not to save on machinery, solutions and mechanisms for high-quality fill. Remember, the price is equal to quality, and how it is more, the more chances that your installation will last long and will carry you only satisfaction and joy.
        • Examine other resources, electronic and written with high-quality information about the installation of the foundation. You should understand that the one who is aware, then armed in case of unforeseen situations. And experience is not only the theory, but also practices.

        The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

        The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

        The process of manufacturing the foundation under the furnace

        The construction process of the furnace from bookmark the foundation see below.

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