The country house usually weighs quite a lot, therefore, his support is obliged to be very strong, despite the fact that the foundation is created from individual piles. Screwpage piles required for uniform distribution of the entire mass of the building. Thanks to this reliable coupling, you can connect separate piles into a single whole – the foundation.
Features and destination
Separately located elements delivered along line, not in contact with each other, and make up the base of the pile foundation. To connect piles to one whole construction, which is needed for booking the foundation base, which is the support of the building, it is necessary to equip each pile with a special headband, and then create a strapping on it. Moreover, this strapping levels the entire upper line, which installed piles, into a single level horizontal plane. It is very important for the sustainability of the future house. It is worth noting it to note that the pile-screw foundation is the best option to create a basis for buildings.
Such a foundation is environmentally friendly, it is much less, it is lightweight and is installed very quickly compared to other types of foundations. Residential house from a bar can be built with significant benefits. The home itself is built basically independently, the design principle is applied. During the laying of the foundation, screw piles are screwed into the ground, work is carried out by analogy with twisting of the screws. With certain difficulties, you can encounter, performing the strapping of screw piles. Since during the installation process you need to form Scarce. It is worth remembering that much will depend on the quality of this work.
When installing a pile foundation on screw supports you have to work with a base for a weak load. Such a scheme is well suited for small sheds, garages and baths produced from a bar. Nonal support with interest will be compensated by considerable speed of construction and very low costs. The foundation on the screw piles is designed from the supports installed vertically, and the strapping, horizontally located. The entire system is usually used four supports, although it can be more.
The blockage in this case is represented by the painter. It is created from a material suitable for creating beams. It can be either concrete or tree or metal. Wood put on the basis of a bar, a corner is performed from metal, blocks from concrete. The binding of screw piles connects the beams among themselves and paint. The positivity of the process directly depends on the careful compliance with all the requirements of the laying and installation instructions.
Pile’s headcils must be on the same horizon line, which is controlled when immersing the supports in the ground. The width of the bar must be larger than the diameter of the piles one and a half times. Another mandatory requirement is that the axis in the center of the support must only be going through the center of the bar. Screwing screw piles connects supports and beams with a threaded connection or on welding, or on a clamp.
What and how to tie?
Installation depends on the features of the material beam and foundation. The blockage of screw piles with the help of a bar is found very often. But many are interested in the question whether it is necessary to use the technology using a bar if you can use faster materials, for example, concrete or metal. It should be noted that the timber is the best option for the frame when building houses from the tree either by frame technology, since the timber has great strength and very high resistance to temperature drops. When processing an antiseptic, protecting the tree from rot, the service life of the bar is more than the beams of steel. The blocking of the screw piles is carried out according to the technology covering the beams on the thread, or the fixation of all parts of the frame with a clamp.
Montage on thread
This technique is used only for the foundation performed on the p-image. In the removal on the flanges, the bar is installed and fixed with the support with the help of screws. Ruberoids are placed between beams and pile. Connect the beams in the corners in the paw or bowl. Corner fasteners can be carried out by spikes. For corners outside an elements in the form of an angle. This technique allows you to spend time on the puzzle system.
The best rifle pile strapping is laying the fastener element to the outer corner. Fastening is carried out by self-drawing to bars.
Use of Khomutov
Such fixation is used in systems using piles with a lack of flange. From above, the pile’s head board in this case welds the platform of a rectangular shape, the screened beam is put on it. P-shaped clamp stacked over the beam, its width must be equal to the width of the beam. The edges of the clamp that will hang, connect with welding or threaded compound with vertical support. In the corners of the beam, the compound is carried out with a metal corner.
Application of a chapellery and a foreign beam
On routine structures, you can build scaperera screeching. These designs include, for example, baths and sheds. Scarlet from pile and metal are tied with welding. Foundation and design elements are fixed on circular seam. The assembly procedure lies in the installation of a chapeller on piles. Item can be so strengthened that the side faces will “look” down. The strapping of screw piles of a channel is also carried out in the opposite direction, in this case, the edges are sent up.
When the channel is located on such a system, the resistance to the loads on the transverse parts of the design is much better. A formwork is obtained that it is necessary to pour into a solution, so the wall laying for the reinforcing belt is formed. To ensure high strength strapping instead of the sewer, apply an emergency beam of equal dimensions. When channels and beams are joined in the corners, then welding is applied. Upon completion of the strapping, the heads of woodwork is covered against corrosion.
Screwing screw piles with boards often implies the use of material from cedar, larch, pine or ate. Foundation fasteners in this case begin with the production of beams, which are based on boards. Elements glue together and fixed with self-drawing or bolted system. Applying thin boards in the construction of the foundation, it is additionally necessary to press them with plywood sheets. Be sure to follow, so that all the joints of the boards are located on different piles.
Between the boards are connected to Poledev. Beams have a rib and fix pile.
The binding of screw piles according to this technology is as follows:
- the internal, medium and external contours (the principle of the Christmas tree) are created;
- In turn, elements are collected and fixed;
- Between the chawller, piles and the restraint itself is required by a layer of rubberoid for waterproofing;
- If the height of the strapping turned out to be more than 40 cm, then the base is reinforced by Profube.
Using a pipe from the profile for the strapping of a boutique
If there is a desire to make a strapping of a ductile beam, then you need to prefer the material with perforation holes. The boutique needs to be tightened as hard as possible and right. Preference in the choice of precisely this material is concluded in high strength and a small mass. Profiter with such a design acts as a strut, which increases the durability of the building of the foundation of the building. For the strapping, the proftrubube welds outside all over the perimeter of the foundation.
Do you need a binding during construction?
Very often, the future owners of private houses are thinking, we need a strapping of screw piles or not. The foundation on the piles is a construction of the supports in-depth in the ground. Installation of these supports is carried out very carefully, but even so they will not be able to meet the maximum strength requirements, will not be fully reliable. The floors may well give skews upon subsequent operation of the house, and the strapping will not exactly definitely will lose the strength of the building, which will make it very strong, and, therefore, the house will serve for many years.
Important: It is necessary to use very strong building materials. The timber will fully allow to get a fairly durable basis capable of withstanding impressive loads.
When choosing a strapping from a wooden bar, you should follow the following order of work:
- Upon completion of the installation of screw piles and alignment on their headplains, screwed metal platforms from 20×20 cm sheet steel and a thickness of at least 4 mm;
- In these fragments of metal sheets, it is necessary to drill four holes with a diameter of 8 mm to fasten the timber;
- At the end of the work, welding seams and headings need to be treated with anti-corrosion composition;
- From above, it is necessary to put waterproofing, usually from the rubberoid in two or three layers, which will prevent moisture accumulation in the places of metal and wood;
- One row of timber either package of boards is laid on previously prepared platforms;
The geometry of the future building can be checked by measuring the diagonal of the frame outside the roulette or a simple rope.
- The junctions of the bar from the end it is important to lay in the “swallow tail” or “paw in the paw”;
- When all parameters are checked, the bars can be attached to the supports of screws that must have a diameter of 8 mm and a length of 150 mm, they should be screwed into a wrench;
- Previously need to make a drill in a bar with a hole with a diameter of 6 mm for three quarters of the screw. It is necessary that the bar does not crack;
- Another reliable construction is fixed with bolts with a diameter of 8 mm, which should pass through the bar from top to bottom. To do this, it is preliminarily to make a hole using a drill with a depth of 10 mm. It is necessary to fasten the head of the bolt and washers, the diameter should be at least 30 mm.
When all the elements of the strapping are fixed, it is necessary to maximize the correctness of geometry on all parties and diagonally, after which it can be considered that this stage of work is completed and you can start building a house.
The strapping is also called Scarlet. Today, Scarc is one of the best options, distinguished by very high quality and maximum reliability when strengthening the pile foundation. You can create a reliable support for your home. Before starting work, you need to prepare a level and rubberoid, as well as a self-tapping screw. Do not forget about the hammer and metal corners. The choice of other materials and tools depends on a specific technology. Best, according to experts, technology using clamps and thread connections.
It is worth noting that the correct blockage from the bar must be necessarily processed by antiseptic means that protect wood from bacteria and moisture.
On the strapping of screw piles, types of strapping, assignment, need, see the following video.