Schedules on the door

Despite the mass of all sorts of door locks, the cheeks did not lose their popularity. From the material of this article you will learn what they happen to how to choose them and use.

Primary requirements

Door junk – device fixing doors in a closed form. Its design is nothing but a small metal plate with a moving lever. This door locking system is easy to easily install and operate. Its design can be mortise or built-in.

Schecs call spinages. In addition to fixing doors, they are used for furniture and window sash. They are bought for mounting on the garage, entrance doors, wickets, storage rooms, doors of private and country houses. They assume use inside and outside the premises.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Their main differences from the classic castle is one-sided principle of opening. It is impossible to open from the outside. However, the cheeks do not replace classic locks. These are only symbolic shut-off mechanisms with manual extension.

These valuables are made by a number of requirements. For example, they must perform a fixed retention function in a closed position. Their design should be such that the performance of work requirement, maintainability, installation.

It is important that they provide for the reliability of the mount during the entire service period.

Schedules on the door

Their moving parts should be fixed in the lower or intermediate positions. Designs should allow dismantling accessibility. The limit deviations of the dimensions of the elements should obey the regulations of GOST 25347, for:

  • conjugated sizes – 12 clarifications inclusive;
  • incomprehensible parameters and parts to be assembled into unintended compounds – by 14 qualifications;
  • unlocked sizes of overhead elements that do not have an impact on the installation on the windows, doors, and other decorative, structural technological elements – 16 qualifications.

The list of requirements includes the tolerance of formats and the position of the surfaces, the length parameter in the holes of the stamped parts. In addition, the standards indicate the fastening type. Elements of structures should be such to ensure that no interference movement.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

The reliability of the junk on the door is determined by the safety indicator. Regulatory acts relate to appearance and color (GOST 538). They are determined by comparison with an existing reference sample. According to them:

  • On the front side of the metal elements there should be no cracks, burrs, mechanical damage;
  • The coating can be different (nickel, powder, polymeric), its choice is determined by the operating conditions;
  • Product sizes must comply with the specified characteristics of the GOST application.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

According to the regulatory act, the package for locking doors should include all elements for installation and operation of the product. Any valve must be labeled, including:

  • the name and address of the manufacturer;
  • trademark of the copyright holder;
  • Completeness, name of the packer;
  • technical control stamp;
  • Corrosion resistance coating class.

What are the constipation?

You can classify the spinages on various features, for example, by installation method and type of construction. According to the material manufacturing material there are plastic and metal. Plastic models are not so practical and durable, but differ less cost.

By installation method

Based on the attachment method, cheeks can be overhead and end. Each type of valves has its own characteristics. Modifications of the first group involve mounting on the door leaf from the inside. Patch valve is easy to install and use. She is small, they are fixed on screws near the door handle. Today it is different from the ordinary spinlet, and therefore can decorate the doors of any premises. They are used as ordinary and night valves.

The end tie is crashed into the end of the door cloth on any height convenient for household. Curling products are attached inside the door frame using a double-hearted door for constipation, as well as for fixing sash.

The mortise device is more expensive than the overhead analog.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Built-in type models are designed for fastening for interior doors, door canvases of warehouses. They are bought when a certain level of secrecy is required. Curl internal modifications can be spring-loaded and mechanical.

Modifications of the built-in type are fixed by the end of pairs. When the door opens, the rigle is moving in the vertical direction. It enters the threshold and top jumper boxes.

They are complex in the installation, need to prepare a groove with the end side of the panel.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

By type of construction

Depending on the variety, the valves are open and closed. Products of the first species have a visible bar of the locking mechanism. In closed junk, only the extended part of the locking device is visible. They are considered safer in use. When using them, pinching fingers excluded.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Criterias of choice

When buying a door junk, a number of nuances should be taken into account. Key of these are the type of lockable device, the appointment area of ​​the valve and its size. Much depends on the material of the door cloth. Options on a plastic door are different from analogs for metal or wooden.

Models with a closed case differ in greater locking strength. They can be installed on heavy wooden doors. They take out an increased load, do not overlook with time. Cutting jets are mounted where additional accessories spoils the appearance of the door. However, for attachment you have to drill additional holes.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

For frame interior doors most often acquire overhead valves. Models with a different mounting design to install in them technically difficult. If you wish, they can be installed on balcony, plastic or inlet metal (for example, iron) door or door leaf to the toilet.

Model parameters are selected individually. Length and width are selected with the distance between the doorpass and the box, the width of the door. If you plan to buy a mortise model, pay attention to the thickness of the tape. Its thickness should be less door thickness. Otherwise, the cheek will not fall into place.

If the door is light, you need to take a plastic version. Light mechanism does not break down the PVC doors nor window flaps. As for the type, not all models are universal.

There are options for doors on the right and left side.

How to install?

The type of fixation of the device depends on its species. For example, When you need to install an overhead type mechanism, the installation technology is as follows:

  • Defined with the place of fastening of the device (optimally at a height of 1.3-1.5 meters from the floor or in the place of rigidity);
  • outline the location of the locks of the junk, using the marker;
  • Take a drill, the holes are drilled at the markup place (the diameter coincides with the size of the diameter of the fastening bolts);
  • Using a screwdriver or a screwdriver, fasten a leak to the base;
  • A similar method is secured by a retaliatory bar, which will include a fixing lever.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

After fastening the response, you need to check the smoothness of the mechanism. When necessary, adjust the location of the mechanism itself or the response.

When mounting the mortise junk, also perform a preliminary location mark. Then in the end of the door flap, the hole is drilled with a diameter with respect to the riglel. It is necessary that he can move freely inside the canal. On the inside of the door canvases determine the location of the drive lamb. Drill the hole of the desired size. After that, the turntable and the valve housing.

If the doors are wooden, choose a tree from the end side so that the plane of the housing coincides with the surface of the door. In the frame, the hole is drilled under the measurement of the riglel with a gap of 1.5 mm. A response plank is fixed on a wooden frame. When the gap is small, between the box and the cloth deepen the frame.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Operating tips

Operation of the door junk is simple and does not cause difficulties. However, it happens that the door, for example, on the balcony, is closed and it is impossible to open it on the other hand. If the door is closed from the inside or sworn it, you should not try to open it with strong shoes or blows on the door. This will reduce the service life of the door canvase and will lead the opening mechanism into disrepair.

Such an appeal will lead to the deformation of the frame and door profiles, breaking the accessories and the castle. This can lead to a complete replacement of the door block. If there is no one in another room, it is better to knock the glass. Its replacement will cost cheaper.

If the old gate has become unusable or simply decided to change it new, not necessarily drill new holes. Considering that the mount should be reliable, it is advisable to carry out the installation of old holes, but to use a larger diameter screw.

Close the junk can both in other cases (for example, with a mechanical breakdown, clogging of the mechanism, shrinkage at home). Usually the Ministry of Emergency Situations does not go to challenges when there are no people indoors. However, paid masters open a junk literally in a couple of minutes.

If from the inside jammed the overhead, it must be unscrewed and removed, it unlocks the door. With a mortise locking element more difficult. First you need to get to the mechanism. To solve the problem, you have to remove lining, decorative panels and other fittings.

Schedules on the door

If the hosts have no skills to work this type, it is better to turn to professionals. Experts will remove the cloth and disassemble the fittings without damaging them. If repairing independently, it can lead to more expensive repair.

If the cause of the mechanism is clogged, it is necessary to eliminate it. To purify the working mechanism, it is necessary to use the penetrating silicone lubricant, pouring into its pitch. After some time, the liquid is dissolved. So that in the future the situation does not happen, you need to remove the valve, disassemble, wash all its parts in the solvent.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

If the reason for the malfunction has become a shrinkage of the house, it is necessary to lift the door cloth. It can weaken the clamped riglel. If the problem cannot be solved, you have to repeal. If you need to open a valve outside, it all depends on the complexity of the situation. If there is a slot between the door and the box, use the usual wire. In this case, you need:

  • determine the exact location of the junk, leaning the paper sheet in the slot;
  • Roll over the loop over the contour, repeating the door profile;
  • Insert wire into the gap and try to unlock the valve.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

If the valve has a difficult design, this method will not work. In this case, it is better not to spend time and seek help to a professional. Masters decide this question very quickly using lays and screwdrivers. It happens that it is possible to solve the problem through the top castle. In this case, use wire. At her end make a loop, then the wire is filled into the keyhole and try to put on a loop on the lever of the junk.

The method is not always effective, since it is not always to move a delay.If it does not help, you have to make a hole with a drill or a metal drill.

Schedules on the door

Schedules on the door

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