In the understanding of an ordinary Russian person without building and architectural education, a flat roof of the building is something very impractical and causing potential problems. Such a presentation takes its roots in the Soviet past, when, due to the use of low-grade materials and violations of construction technology, such structures began to proceed two years after their device.
Modern approaches to the construction of houses and new materials for creating flat roofs allow you to successfully implement spectacular, unusual projects, including private houses in various styles.
What it is?
Projects of houses with a flat roof “Rod” from the southern part of Western Europe. There you can find a variety of examples of villas and cottages having a “flat top”.
Unlike a single-sided roof, a direct more complex device, including drain, although this roof still has a small slope – from two to fifteen degrees.
Houses of special design are often performed in modern styles, such as Hai-tech, modern and others.
You can build a single, two-storey house with an unusual riding, like a multi-storey building, which will thus get fashionable, and even futuristic features.
Features and requirements
Projects of cottages and multi-storey houses require careful study. In many ways, this is due to a complex device in the upper part of such structures.
When designing, the minimum level of inclination of the flat roof is determined. If it is exploited, the so-called deflexion is made on its surface. With a careful look at the roof there you can see a little care “relief”. Due to this, the same as on the inclined, thaila and rainwater do not accumulate.
Non-standard roof species itself – an example of modern high-tech construction. It consists of many layers that provide its quality and reliability.
Advantages and disadvantages
In addition to the unusual design of buildings with flat roofs, which attracts attention to such buildings, Owners of this housing can also assess other advantages of such designs.
- For though conditionally flat flat roof, you can create an active life: to make a sports field here, break a flower garden or garden and even place the pool. If the size of the land plot is not particularly large, the presence of such an additional area will noticeably compensate for this flaw.
- The cost of the project building with a flat top will cost cheaper than with scope roof.
- Since more snow accumulates on a flat surface in the winter, a natural thermal insulation cushion is created, which allows to save on heating in the house.
- Despite the complex engineering device of the building with a “flat top” to carry out maintenance, systematically clean the drainage and monitor the state of chimneys, as well as ventilation here is easier than on the structure with traditional scope roofing.
- Since the area of flat roofs is less than scanty, you can save on the construction material.
- Installation of a flat roof takes less time than scope already because it is much more convenient to work on the surface without a noticeable tilt.
- Owners of houses with a roof of this type may not worry that it will demolish it under hurricane.
- On such a roof it is easy to install and operate wind generators, solar panels, antennas, water collection systems, and so on.
Houses with such roofs also have a number of flaws.
- The waterproofing device in this case requires a special relationship. If blunders are made in this work, then for the owners of the house, they will end with repairs related to the elimination of leaks due to the roof of the roof of water from rain or melting snow.
- If the roof is operated, in winter you need to periodically remove snow from it. Do it only manually.
- Milk snow from year to year will experience a layer of waterproofing at the top.
If there are flat roofs of houses look equally, then essentially, they may vary. Highlight three types of such roofs.
Allow them to be on them to people not engaged in the maintenance of the roof itself, as well as install heavy things here, including furniture. Such a roof should have a reliable base, which mainly use reinforced concrete.
There must be reliable thermal insulation, resistant to serious loads both dynamic and static.
It does not require such a hardy concrete base. During the construction, a tree lamp is applied. For convenience of operation, special lathes are installed here, so that the roof pressure is reduced and the load is distributed evenly throughout its surface.
This kind of roof is often used as an exploited. Multilayer pie of the necessary technological systems during its device includes a waterproofing level. Here, in contrast to the ordinary roof, waterproofing is not outside, but under the layer of heat insulator. This allows you to protect the waterproofing carpet from the destructive effects of temperature drops, the sun and mechanical exposure. As a result, the service life of the roof is significantly extended.
Construction technologies of the XXI century in combination with traditional approaches to the construction of houses allow you to create reliable, convenient in operation and externally spectacular housing.
Houses with an unusual roof can be built from a variety of materials, such as timber, aerated concrete, sip panels, foam blocks.
In any case, it is important to choose the right material for the most flat roof. No one, for example, will not forbid the use of the usual professional flooring. But it is necessary to carefully calculate how cleaning from snow and the removal of water will be carried out, since under the influence of precipitation, the roofing metal coating will eat rust, and it does not serve the period.
Therefore, moisture resistance is a very important factor when choosing a roofing material. You can use the same professional flooring, but having a polymer coating. In some cases, polycarbonate or slate is suitable for construction.
You can take a special construction mastic – a special liquid substance. It covers the surface of the roof using a brush. In the frozen form, mastic is a solid coating like roll materials. It does not melt at +70 degrees, but it can crack at -25 Celsius, so it is better not to use it in the harsh climate.
Polycarbonate Reliable mastic, but it is more expensive. The advantage of this material is that it gives the roof of the house very unusual. From the side it may seem that it is glass. This achieved a special design effect, and the house itself looks very expensive.
The use of traditional slate will provide the roof service on half a century, but provided that there is no error in the design and construction of the house. Slate himself has a significant weight. It is necessary to ensure the reliability of the foundation and the framework of the building so that it does not settle down with time.
Wooden timber can be used for flat roof. Durable with such a roof design, it does not happen, but here it can come to the rescue, or the same mastic that can extend the main material service time.
General design rules
Designing a house with a flat roof is not much different from creating a project of any other housing.
To begin with, a common sketch of the building is drawn up and the materials from which the construction will be carried out. From the form of the structure will depend on the calculation of snow and wind loads on it. The material determines the results of calculation regarding the load on the future foundation.
Next, the supporting structures are calculated, a plan scheme is created, on which, in addition to the walls themselves, additional elements of the structure are designated.
The house with a flat roof can be conceived by architect in any style, but most of all it corresponds to the style of Hai-tech. Such buildings sometimes look like Cuba.
Square roofs of such buildings are often planned for the placement of terraces.
To successfully build a flat roof house, it is also necessary to develop a working draft that binds the house to the place and certain construction volumes. Thanks to this, it is possible to calculate at what price the building will cost.
Of great importance is the development of the project of the most flat roof depending on the chosen technology of its construction.
Flat roof roofing cake has several levels. This is the basis that is the toughest part. Over this layer, vaporizolation is stacked, which ships off the insulation from moisture, rising from the building.
In turn, the layer of thermal insulation is an important component of such a roof, from the state of which the roof service depends largely.
Waterproofing does not allow moisture to penetrate the house outside. To create this layer, liquid polymers are often used, which create a reliable seamless coating that protects well.
From the competently composed project of the roof in the end its safety and reliability depends. If you make incorrect calculations, the roof will have to rebuild.
Options for arrangement and features of operation
Inside the residential building with a flat roof is no different from any other. It can match the style minimalism, having simple features of the foam, or incarnate much larger, coupling architectural designs. Among buildings with flat roofs there are homes and premium, and middle class.
Special arrangement requires the roof of the structure, if it is operated. And it would be stupid to abandon the placement on the free platform, for example, in 50 m2, space for recreation or more practical application.
In any case, the roof, which people regularly visit, should have good lighting and be equipped with borders.
Projects of single-storey houses with flat roof today there is quite a lot. It may be a full housing, and a modest country house.
On a small summer cottage, thanks to the “summer” floor, it is possible to expand the area of the house itself, and also do not miss square meters that have gone under its placement.
Common option of roofing is the placement on it terraces. For this, the roof is dried by a terrace board, moisture-resistant furniture arrange. With sufficient area on such a site, you can smash the flower beds, put shrubs that will help protect the roof from the sun in the heat. The picture will complement barbecue or mangal.
The flat roof will be able to become a very cozy and attractive place to relax, especially if it opens a beautiful view of the landscape.
Practical people who appreciate each square centimeter of the earth can accommodate greenhouses and beds here.
There is an option to create a full “green” roof. You can sow ordinary lawn grass or split real garden with a flower bed. It makes tracks in it and set garden furniture. It should be borne in mind that the mass of such a garden can be very impressive. It is clear that both the house on which the brown greens will be made from concrete.
Conduct the arrangement of such a house, for example, relying on ready-made architectural projects. Moreover, much depends on the financial capabilities of the owners. The roof of the premium house may well serve as a helicopter platform, but, as in the case of one-story, a garden or terrace accommodation option is possible.
On such a roof you can equip a real beach with a swimming pool. It is necessary for the house to stand this weight, and the necessary communications were correctly connected to the roof.
If there is sun loungers on this platform, canopies to create a shadow and, for example, shops with plants, you can enjoy a relaxing and comfortable stay of the whole warm season
Another use of such a roof – the placement of the sports zone. This option is becoming increasingly popular in cases with the arrangement of private houses. Here you can install simulators, make a tennis court or running tracks.
For any of this options, it is necessary to prepare a special elastic wear-resistant and slightly rough coating to avoid falling when sports. You can use rubber coatings or artificial grass in rolls. Although natural lawn is also suitable.
As for the house as a whole, you should take care of creating a reliable foundation in such a building. If the roof is initially planned to be operated, the load on it will be very large.
Frame houses in our country are gradually acquired increasingly popular. In many ways, this is due to the simplicity of their assembly and relatively small expenditures to create such a dwelling.
The basis of the structure is a frame of wood or metal. Sandwich panels are used for construction. The house is installed in a layer of insulation. It is shedding plywood or cement-chipstones. Outside the finished structure is separated by facade plaster.
A frame house with a flat roof is a lightweight design. More often meet single-storey houses of this type, two-storey – less often. If you prepare a reliable foundation, the roof of the building can also be done exploited. Place the terrace and even plant plants here is allowed. But to install the pool or other heavy items in this case there is no possibility.
Flat roof diversified exterior of a residential building, despite the external simplicity. And this concerns the most different styles – not only high-tec, who first comes to mind when mentioning such a top of the structure, but also other, proven decades and even centuries.
So, it is believed that minimalism today is a direction that develops faster than others. Flat roofs of houses have become a kind of attribute of this style. Houses decorated in minimalism are really different compactness and rationality of using each square meter of available area.
In such a building, in addition to the residential part, a garage, a greenhouse and a spacious terrace, located on the roof, can be placed.
Flat roof in “Modern” – the phenomenon is not so long. Nevertheless, residential buildings with such original top. Build them from reinforced concrete. Cladding can perform ceramics and glass.
It looks original with a combination of glass and wood materials or under a tree. The presence of a large number of glass elements may be emphasized by the commitment of modern trends in construction. In the tree, there is a connection with nature. In the landscape, such a house looks very organic.
The flat roof does not contradict even the classic style with its hint on the noble nests. The windows of the rectangular shape, columns, the facade with its strict symmetry, characteristic of classic houses, are perfectly complemented by a flat top, emphasizing the monumentality of the structure.
Characteristic features of High-Tech style is the use of metal, plastic and glass. The house itself can be built, for example, from aerated concrete.
The flat roof is better combined with the underlined observance of direct forms and lines of houses built in such traditions. It is curious that with all the demonstrative external “remoteness” from the nature of the buildings in such a style, they look in nature quite appropriate.
Even one-storey house attracts attention, especially in the evening when it is filled with electric light from the inside.
On the advantages of the modern house with a flat roe, see next video.