Every year the demand for single and two-storey small houses increases. Such buildings are especially popular outside the cities, in the villages and at the cottages. Houses with a residential attic (the so-called mansard floor) is the maximum living area for less money. Combining such a room with a garage will allow wonderful to save place on the land plot. Such projects are very popular among people for whom in priority maximum convenience and comfort.
Mansard often combines under one roof with a vehicle room. Such houses in the modern building market are very popular, they deserve special attention.
If we compare with conventional single and two-storey buildings, it can be noted that The house type in question has many advantages:
- The place on the land is used as efficiently. On the first floor of the house there are garage, various utility rooms. Due to this alignment on the land plot, there is more space: for example, for planting trees, shrubs, colors or placing a greenhouse and other designs you need.
- Attic is perfectly coping with the role of the bedroom, it can combine the bedroom area with dining. The view from the window can be very beautiful. Different projects are possible: you can choose a house that matches your preferences.
- At the planning stage for any landland owner, the cost of building construction is of great importance. The price for one useful square meter in the house, which combines the attic and garage, will be lower than that of the construction with a separate garage. Savings are associated with the rational use of building materials and the features of the work of builders. In addition, this accommodation requires less costs of heating and water supply systems.
- A large number of ready-made projects of such houses in the construction market increases the chance that all the wishes of the customer will be taken into account. The ability to create an individual project guarantees the receipt of an original building with exceptional characteristics. Thanks to professionalism, the experience of architects and builders you can get the favorite house in the shortest possible time.
Of course, nothing can be perfect. And the house with the attic and garage has certain flaws.
This option involves a complex roof device (to reduce heat loss), so in the future, if necessary, it will be difficult to repair it.
Because of the tilt the ceiling area of the attic decreases, This means that there will be limitations regarding planning. In addition, the design of the house is complicated by mandatory ventilation, which provides the necessary air circulation and does not allow excessive humidity. Some owners of such houses note that attic heats up in the summer.
Ideas for different area
Appearance, internal capacity, accommodation efficiency on the site and the cost of the house largely depend on the total size and form of the building. Pretty in demand are projects of houses with a garage and attic for small or narrow sites. The house on the ground floor of which is located a vehicle room, as it is impossible for narrow spaces. A small house is quite enough if you come to the cottage not regularly, but only from time to time.
Even if at your disposal there is a plot, which is characterized by a rather impressive size, and you are not limited in choosing, then the house with a built-in garage can be a very successful option. Significant building size will allow you to organize a garage for two cars. This is especially true for families with a lot of people or for lovers often meet guests. In this case, cars can be placed in parallel or perpendicular to each other.
Optimal options for summer cottages are considered at home 8 to 10 and 10 x 12. In them, the total space can reach 150 kV. m, and a useful area can start from 100-120 kV. M. Most often, precisely such options are planning with an internal lift to the attic. Methods of internal design for such houses much more.
The building with an attic combined room for a vehicle must be made of strong, reliable and environmentally friendly materials – like any other building. Usually, it is used for this tree, foam blocks, aerated concrete, gas-silicate blocks or bricks: they meet all the necessary requirements, although they differ from each other in many characteristics. The cheapest option is the construction of the house from block elements – for example, from foam blocks. It is also worth noting that the construction work itself will be carried out as quickly and easily and easily, but will need an additional finish (to improve thermal insulation properties).
Classic option – a brick house, which is distinguished by durability, high level of heat and sound insulation.
Unfortunately, the use of such material requires significant cash investments and temporary construction work. However, this is exactly the situation when more expensive is better: the correctly erected building will serve not one dozen years and will delight very good quality.
For the construction of such houses, not only the above options, but also wood, timber. The advantages of a frame brusade building – in a very aesthetic appearance, it is easy to warm the premises in the winter season and the undoubted feeling of comfort (due to the ability to maintain the optimal level of humidity). Such a building is easier to erect than brick, but it is more fire hazardous. A lot of time is required for a wooden house shrink. Such houses are inferior to brick in durability.
How to make calculations?
Designing houses with attic and garage – a rather complicated process that requires certain knowledge, skills and time. The easiest option will be the appeal to the specialists who will fulfill all the calculations necessary for construction and will cope with other works. Many Russian firms can provide services for professional architects and engineers who will not only take into account all your requirements, but also will be offered a project that meets all the necessary modern standards.
If you want to independently calculate and take care of the planning of the attic home, you need to know the size and shape of the land. Before calculations, it is desirable to determine the amount you can allocate for the construction work. Focusing on the budget, you can start choosing the size of the structure, type and quantity of the material from which the house will build. The next step will be the drawing: first schematic, and then more detailed, indicating the optimal sizes.
The attic room is considered an attic and can be used for accommodation in the following cases:
- The height of the ceilings should be at least 2.5 meters;
- floor level up to the intersection with a rope slope – 0.8-1.5 meters;
- Availability of windows and heating systems.
The calculation of the useful area of the attic room is to exclude a part that “cut” the roof. These places with a height of up to 0.8 meters. Two volume triangles are excluded with a duplex roof, which are located along the skate. Calculate their size can be calculated by the Pythagora theorem: the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the cathets (or C2 = A2 + B2).
All the attic room can be divided into triangles and rectangles.
When calculating the useful and total area, you will need formulas for calculating the rectangle area (length multiplied by width) and triangle (half of the length multiplied by height).
The next step in the calculation will be the calculation of the area of windows. The glazing area in the attic room should be at least 10% of the total floor area. The best option is to install two windows located opposite to each other. This is especially important if you plan to protect the inner space by partitions for the zoning of the room.
It is worth noting that for the correct internal planning and calculating the cost of construction not enough to know the size of the future building and its area. It is required to familiarize themselves with the standards for the construction of residential structures and consider several projects of houses (to determine the optimal option).
Selection of interior solutions
Excellent visual examples are ready-made projects of houses with an attic combined with a garage. Thanks to the drawings and photos of finished structures, you can navigate in the choice of interior rooms. Ready options will help determine the material: it is important because some projects are designed specifically for a specific building material. The most interesting interior solutions are usually intended for small and medium-sized houses, as they are most sought-after in the modern construction market.
The cottage project with a residential attic may include even arrangement of the site with a terrace.
Such a solution will add your housing comfort and comfort (especially warm summer evenings). If the Customer is desired, experts will be able to offer a project of a building with a garage and basement, and later to embody this practical and convenient option. Since the house with the attic floor and room for the car will significantly save the place on your site, you can get a private bath.
Creating an interior of the house is an important and time-consuming process, After all, he should not only like you, but also to be practical. With the first floor more or less clear, as it is more busy with a car and, possibly, a staircase and storeroom. With the attic floor it is a bit more complicated, but at the same time more interesting. Limited area on one side “Cuts” residential space, and on the other – gives space for new interior design ideas.
The sites of the attic that are “cut off” the roof with a row can be used under storage areas. The most popular option is to install in these places of long dubs for storing clothes, shoes, bed linen and other necessary items. Another option is an open narrow wardrobe with one inclined face for books that can simultaneously serve as partition for zoning the room. A successful solution will be placed along the wall of the desk, but only if it is really necessary for you.
In some cases, inclined ceilings can cause a sense of discomfort, but with suitable furniture and the use of certain colors this problem can be solved.
You can use more compact furniture set and bright wall shades. It will also help to increase the space around, which is just missing. A large number of windows and good lighting will make fill the attic room with light, comfort and make the situation more comfortable.
Beautiful examples for inspiration
A wonderful example of a small cottage with an attic and garage is presented in the photo below. This cozy building is very practical – despite its size. On the first floor, in addition to the car will fit an entrance hall, an extra room, a small bathroom and a staircase to the second floor. This typical project is very well suited for a small cottage area.
The following version of the two-storey house with an attic floor is distinguished by significant sizes: its total area reaches 150 kV. M. Modern design gives rise to conciseness (thanks to strict lines and simple forms). The house is built from aerated concrete (using monolithic overlaps and dark binary tiled roofs).
Another similar area house has an elongated form and more windows on the attic floor, which ensures the flow of sunlight.
Design is made in the same orange and white colors (with a dark roof). Such an option relates rather to the category of medium houses, in which, at will, you can place several bedrooms and even bathrooms.
Simple projects of homes with attic and vehicle room can be complicated: For example, expanding the garage for two cars. This is done in the project, whose photo you see below. Such a house immediately attracts customers by the presence of an open balcony with high balustrade on the attic floor.
Detailed video review of the planning of the house with an attic and garage, see the video below.