Modern hinged facade systems

The facade of the building, regardless of his type and version, is obliged to protect and decorate the structure. Depending on the type of construction, the materials used and the installation methods are distinguished several species. Extremely distribution received ventilated hinged facades.

Device

Facade systems are designed to protect the building structure from negative factors of the external environment, thereby extending their service life. Modern facades have a diverse and attractive appearance. With relatively available cost, they are able to accurately imitate expensive outdoor stone finish, wood.

Depending on the method, the facade systems are 2 species:

  • Wet. Wet facade is performed using building mixtures. The most common option is considered to design outdoor walls with decorative plaster.

  • Hinged. This option implies the use of plates and panels that are attached to anchors, bolts and other fasteners. For such designs, the subsystem is obligatory – frame or a doom, which is built along the entire surface of the walls.

Depending on whether the air layer is left between the wall and the facade material, the facades are 2 types:

  • ventilated;

  • non-ventilated (solid).

Ventilated facades are organized by installing a frame that is attached to the building wall. The frame is trimmed with finishing materials. Between the frame and the wall remains space for free air circulation.

If necessary, the insulation is paved between the frame and the wall, in this case the air remains between the frame and the thermal insulation material.

Often you can hear such a classification of facade systems as dividing them on wet and ventilated. However, this approach is incorrect, since various criteria are based on the classification. Among the wet facades there are ventilated. Similarly, as hinged systems can be solid (for example, glass facades).

Pros and cons

Hinged systems allow you to abandon the finish decorative wall decoration, which significantly reduces the size of the estimates for construction or repair. In addition, the use of the crate allows you to hide the irregularities and other surface defects.

It is important that such facades are distinguished by universality. They can be mounted on walls from building blocks and bricks, wood, on walls of prefabricated frame structures.

Hinged facades can be mounted both on a newly built building and an exploited structure that needed repair or reconstruction.

Materials for the mounted system can be mounted even at negative temperatures, which allows us to talk about the possibility of year-round installation. An important point – PVC-based facades have a tendency to expand and narrowing when changing temperatures, which must be taken into account in the process. For example, vinyl siding panels when installing during the cold season before installing, you should withstand at least a day in room conditions.

Most of the mounted facades today are multi-layered “pies”, one of the elements of which is insulation. Moreover, the models of finishing panels appeared on sale, on which the heat-pressing layer was applied by a heater.

The use of thermal insulation panels greatly simplifies and speeds up the installation, eliminates the need to look for a suitable insulation under the specific type of facade panels.

Hinged system allows you to qualitatively organize ventilated facades. Their advantage is due to the presence of airspace between the walls and the crate. Its presence allows you to remove excess moisture and pairs from the room, preventing the insulation and facade material in the thickness of the insulation. When compliance with the installation technologies, hinged systems are distinguished by their biostolism – mold, fungi, they are not covered with moss.

With proper installation and selection of material with high indicators of moisture-resistant, it is possible to create frost-resistant facades. Frost resistance indicators of some models exceed 300 cycles. Such materials are optimal for the northern regions.

Facades demonstrate low thermal conductivity and differ long (up to 50 years) period of operation.

Such facade solutions allow to achieve high heat and sound insulation indicators, reliably protect the surface of the walls than their longevity causes. Changing the angle of inclination or the direction of the material for decoration, one can achieve originality in the design of the facade, create decorative architectural elements.

Among the shortcomings, some celebrate the high cost of organizing the hinged facade system. On average, 1 m2 design costs 2000 rubles (including materials for crates, insulation, hydro and vapor insulation materials, outdoor panels). However, any installer will say that such a design will pay off after 5-7 years of operation.

The presence of air pockets increases the risk of rapid spread of fire in case of fire. You can avoid it only by using non-combustible (or relatively safe from the point of view of fire hazard) materials, as well as processing with antipirens of all combustible elements (for example, a wooden frame). Fair notice of specialists that the relative novelty of the system does not yet allow to achieve a decent fire protection.

It is also important to choose materials (finishing and thermal insulation) that do not distinguish toxic compounds when burning.

Designs and varieties

Applied attached materials are the following types:

  • Translucent. The basis of such panels – Kalenoe high-strength glass or double-glazed windows.

  • Opaque Varieties are composite panels, stone slabs or matte glass. Among the most popular finishing materials for mounted facades, porcelain stoneware, vinyl, metal and fibrotent siding and panels, thermopanels and straightening, linear and cassette panels are distinguished.

If we talk about the framework, on which the facade materials are attached, then they are made from the following materials:

  • Aluminum. Aluminum frame demonstrates the optimal combination of strength and low weight. In addition, the material is not subject to corrosion, which significantly extends the service life of the facade system.

  • Steel. The product can be metal steel from steel, galvanized steel frame with powder coating or stainless steel option.

  • Wood. To date, wooden substructures are used infrequently, which is associated with their higher cost, as well as their need to handle with antipirens and moisture-repellent compositions.

Depending on the type of assembly, the frame subsystems may be such as:

  • Skoyo-riglel. This is the simplest design, which is a framework throughout the building facade, consisting of thin (up to 5 cm wide) racks and riglels. Such structures are usually used for translucent panels, since this technology allows you to achieve maximum transparency of the facade, airiness. The visually finished facade has a kind of glass surface, divided at equal intervals of lines (vertical and horizontal).

  • Modular. Such frameworks are made in factory conditions and are metal profiles, whose length is 2-4 m. They are sold in collapsible. After transportation to the site of construction, profiles are collected in the frame.

The advantage of this method is the efficiency and simplicity of assembly. In addition, some manufacturers produce a subsystem under certain types of mounted coatings. This provides 100% frame compatibility and finishing material. The user does not need to select and acquire the locking elements – they also include.

Depending on the direction of the framework elements, it may have the following form:

  • Vertical (usually mounted under a professional sheet, porcelain stoneware, siding, facing cassettes);
  • horizontal (also suitable for cladding a profiled sheet or when the walls are designing with linear panels);
  • Cross (applied to further cladding with porcelain stoneware or cassettes).

Brand Tekhnonikol produce the most secure in terms of fire and melting ventilated facades. Structurally they consist of basalt granulate (facial defensive-decorative side), bitumen (provides antiseptic protection and moisture resistance of the system), glass cholester (acts as reinforcement, accumulates infrared heat) and quartz sand (helps to increase the strength of the plates and their fire resistance, adjoins the decorative layer).

The company produces not only facade, but also roofing waterproofing materials. Its assortment has ready-made modular systems that are distinguished by reliability, durability and the presence of a warranty period of operation of up to several decades.

Manufacturers

The range of almost all companies producing mounted facade systems includes several types of frameworks, various finishing materials and fitting system suitable for them.

Regular checks allow you to establish that a sufficiently large number of manufacturers does not have a complete set of technical documentation for implemented products. In this regard, the Buyer should be responsible to choose the choice of the facade system and carefully study the product documentation.

The leading positions occupy companies such as metal profile (Russian brand with production bases in Moscow), Kraspan (Krasnoyarsk), Zias, Nordfox, buyers’ confidence and products of the Domestic Plant Ronson enjoys.

Large selection of subsystems offers the company “Premier”. Here you can find frames for lightweight, heavy and combined finishing materials. Since the manufacture of attached systems is the leading direction of the plant, its products are distinguished by thoughtfulness and reliability.

The advantage of the brand is the price availability of systems. Cheap aluminum structures can be found in the collections of the Sirius brand, galvanized steel coating products – in the brand line “FASST”.

Diverse types of subsystems (5 types) are produced by the “Vector-Facade”, “Kos-Corner” and “Alternative”. In their assortment subsystems mounted both with fastening on the walls and in inter-storey overlaps.

For those who are looking for energy-efficient designs, it is worth paying attention to the two-layer panels “Thermolend”. Their distinctive feature is a high heat efficiency indicator and the absence of through air pockets in the insulation layer due to the manufacturer’s failure to use brackets. Fastening is carried out on an anchor system.

If necessary, the facade glazing is usually chosen by the Bolt Schuco. Facing material is represented by rotable glass, stained steel structures, tinted glasses and analogs with a pattern. Window structures in the system – sliding and swing, while they often do not stand out on a common facade background.

Among European brands, Baumit and Capatect deserve attention, the products of which can boast an accurate computational thickness of each layer of the system, high fireproof and the use of the latest innovative developments in production. The most distribution in the domestic market was obtained heat-insulating plates of these brands.

The leading European manufacturer of facade systems is also the company EUROFOX. Being one of the structural divisions of the fastener of Hilti fasteners, it also develops hinged facades.

The commercial ruler includes 4 types of systems that are designed to fasten the porcelain stoneware, proflists, fibro-cement panels and panels under the wet facade (plaster). The advantage is the ability to choose a suitable solution for different types of buildings, however, the manufacturer does not produce systems under natural stone.

Mounting

Work on the installation of the mounted facade is carried out in several stages:

  • The markup of the walls of the building is made, in which the frame will be mounted in the future.
  • Installation on the subsystem brackets (homemade or assembly of the factory structure). Before installing the bracket, the perforator must be performed under the anchor.

For every 2 m kV there is a certain amount of fasteners that must have anticorrosion properties. This is due to the fact that conditions favorable for the emergence of corrosion on metal are dominated in the ventilation gap.

As a result, fasteners can rust and perform its functions faulty. In the worst case it threatens the facade collapse. Substructure is attached in one direction.

  • Installing the insulation (at the same time, polystyrene plates are unacceptable in attractive structures). Installation of thermal insulation coating (basalt or mineral wool) is underway.
  • Installation of the wind hydrogen-proof membrane to protect the insulation. The use of moisture protection film involves its laying with a small adhesive.
  • Installation of finishing material. The technology depends on its type, for example, the porcelain stoneware is fixed on the clemmer, the facade cassettes are placed on the carriage (special profile), and natural stone is fixed on a pre-installed horizontal bar. Various parts of the facade can have different textures, often the frontone building has the same stylistic solution as the walls.

It will not be superfling that the organization of the hinged facade implies the preparation of project documentation. All stages of installation, starting with the implementation of the markup, are conducted in strict accordance with the drawings.

Beautiful examples

    Hinged facade systems may look completely different, depending on the panels used and their placement.

    Porcelain stonework (artificial stone) are characterized by respectable appearance, even visually they are reliable and durable material. As a rule, it is used to finish large cottages, administrative buildings.

    No less popular for registration of public buildings, as well as factory buildings, there are cassette panels. Recently there has been a tendency for their use in private construction. Thanks to a fairly large dimensions, the cassettes their installation does not take much time, the finished facade looks strictly, concisely, but at the same time exquisite.

    Important point – porcelain stonework, cassette and linear (based – high-tech polyester) panels are fixed only on the factory metal framework.

    Recreate the atmosphere of a rustic coziness, special antiquity, family estate allows the use of a block house by imitating a log surface. Speech can go both about the wooden material (then the drythek combined from wood and metal) and the panels or siding under the block house on the metal crate.

    The simplicity of the installation (due to the low weight of the material) differs vinyl siding, under which the wooden subsystem is suitable. The facade material may have different shades (tender or, on the contrary, bright), various direction of profiles, as well as imitate natural surfaces.

    Features of the mounting of the attached ventilated facade.

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