Any premises in which people will live or for a while there is a person must be suitable for such use. The most important thing is that for a comfortable life – this is fresh air, which will be updated all the time, light and water. There is also such an important indicator as warm. If it is cold in the room, it will be unpleasant in it, and sometimes dangerous, that’s why it is important to warm the walls, making it using suitable materials.
The process of optimizing the microclimate in the residential area involves the use of an internal or external insulation. For housing, in which you constantly live, Ideal will be internal insulation. Such a choice is associated with the fact that the installation process is extremely simple and does not require significant costs, both financial and physical. The insulation for the walls is selected based on the tasks that are facing the construction.
Each option has different dimensions, weight and structures. You can choose exactly the material with which the most convenient will work. Insulation the house inside is important that during the day he did not overheat, and at night I did not heal. It is harmful both for the most buildings, and for those who live in it. There are norms by which the floor temperature should not be understood more than +25 degrees, and the walls should not be colder than +18 degrees. The optimal temperature in which a person can comfortably live is indicator of +22 – +25 degrees.
In the inner warming between the surface of the insulation and the wall itself, condensate is formed, which is associated with the difference in temperatures that face each other. In order for the walls not to mocley, you must install a vapor insulation layer that will adjust this process. After installing all the insulation components, not only the inner part of the house will become more protected, but also external, because when the temperature drops there will be no effect on the same brick that can serve longer.
In order to insulate the walls in the house, you need to properly distribute the preparation process for it, which includes:
- preparation and purchase of materials and tools;
- The process of fixing the vapor barrier layer and the manufacture of the frame;
- The process of laying insulation and finishing walls.
From materials for insulation of walls, glass gamble, slag, stone and basalt cotton wool, polystyrene foam, penurex, polyurethane foam and some other options. Part applies only for internal works, part exclusively for external, but there are also those suitable in both cases. Sometimes for this use sawdust that can be insulated both the walls and the floor, but often prefer not to use this material due to its flammability.
If the insulation of the walls is made outside, then decoration by siding, eurodoska or by any other materials must be completely dismantled, after which the insulation is installed.
Only after the completion of this stage of the work and installation of the vapor barrier film, you can put the panel back to give the house of a beautiful appearance.
Most often, external insulation is used for a capital house where people live constantly. As for country houses or seasonal housing, it is enough to separate the inside. Having installed on the walls of a suitable material, it can close cardboard, fiberboard, plywood or even plasterboard sheets. The choice is carried out taking into account the cost of coverage and funds that are repaired.
To the materials that will be needed for work on thermal insulation include:
- a vapor barrier film that opposes the penetration of moisture from the street and seeks to get inside the room;
- Wooden timber from which a wooden lamp is created;
- fasteners, the best of which will be self-tapping screws;
- Gypsum Carton for Finishing. Better to purchase moisture-proof leaf.
For insulation of the house from the inside, you can use a variety of materials. The most popular is several options.
One of them – mineral wool, which is based on glass gamble and stone wool. It has excellent thermal protection properties. For different works there are products with a density of 50 to 200 kg per cubic meter. Three-thin options are made in rolls, and more dense are pressed into the Ministry of Member. Fastening takes place with a dowel on a wooden frame. In this case, it is better not to use glue, which can lead to stratification.
If we consider the features of the mineral wool, then it is worth saying that she does not like dampness. If the fibers are wrapped, then lose their properties. If you mount such a insulation outside, it is important to make good waterproofing. This material is perfectly coping with its indoor features. A special advantage of the product is its non-causing. When working with this material, it is necessary to use protective materials for the eyes and respiratory organs due to the large amount of dust and small particles.
Enjoy popular I Foamed insulation: polystyrene foam / foam and polyurethane foam. Polystyrene foam is considered a convenient option for insulation of the inside of the room. His dignity is lightness, good strength, simplicity of installation and moderate value. This option is not inferior to the mineral wool, but it is not afraid of moisture, because it can be used both inside and outside the building. Fix the foam is better than self-drawing or dowel-nails, but you can use the glue composition.
Of the minuses, you can note only flavors, because this material can be used in places remote from light sources. Polyurethane foam is applied only with special equipment that allows you to highlight polyurethane foam. This option allows you to apply a one-piece layer, which is very tightly held on the surface. From the disadvantages you can allocate only a high price for this type of insulation.
Among Foil insulators The most popular is Penophol. The basis of the material is foamed polyethylene with metallic foil. Penofol is very thin, so it allows not to take the living space of the room. This material has a low thermal conductivity coefficient, which means it is well kept warm.
Bulk insulation – It is a non-standard version of the heat insulation of the house,. To do this, you can use clayzit, eco-friendly, moss, needles from pine or spruce, hay, sawdust. A positive feature of this option is its environmental friendliness, but it is possible to use it only for the floor and the ceiling. Of the minuses, you can note the high risk of the appearance of rodents in this kind of layers.
From the tools will use:
- Mineral wool cutting knife;
- Roulette and pencil, which will produce all measurements and marking;
- screwdriver for attaching self-tapping screws;
- Stapler construction, which is comfortable in the process of fastening a vapor barrier film;
- protective equipment, such as gloves, glasses, respirator.
The choice of tools and protective equipment directly depends on what exactly what the insulation will be selected.
How to choose?
In order to choose a suitable warming of a country house, which will be located from the inside, it is important to know what to work with. If you need to insulate the second floor or instead of an old cold attic to turn the room into a residential area, it is important to choose the type of insulation correctly. It is important to analyze which material built house. Wooden huts must have air-permeable heat insulator, and brick or foam concrete structures can do without it.
Selecting the material to work with the walls, you need to evaluate its moisture resistance, which will be one of the main criteria. It is also worth considering heating. If the furnace works inside, the difference between the temperature on the street and the house will be very large. Such a process will lead to the fact that the formation of condensate will begin, which will affect the insulation and promote its rejection. In such conditions, the material will last long and will soon begin to deteriorate. To avoid such an outcome, you need to use a vapor barrier film, which will protect the insulation of moisture.
To choose the right insulation, it is worth paying attention to the indicators:
- thermal conductivity that should be low to be able to maintain optimal conditions in the residential room;
- Sustainability to frosts is important for those cottages, which in winter do not heal and the temperature indicator in the house can be zero, which adversely affects some types of thermal insulation;
- The ease of installation work, which is important in the case of the country house, work on which the owner itself is often conducted, therefore, the simplicity of all actions is extremely important in this case;
- pricing policy, which is especially important in the case of the arrangement of the country house, where materials are taken cheaper.
If the ceiling insulation is also needed besides the walls, then it is necessary to take care of the presence of materials for this procedure. If in the house, attic rooms are converted to residential, then without decoration and using the insulation, it is not necessary to do. For ceiling overlapping, it is important to choose materials, resistant to atmospheric precipitation and significant temperature differences. Plate density should be high so that they can delay heat indoors, do not miss the outer cold from under the roof. During the reconstruction, the attic may be needed and insulation of the floor, especially if it is located on a reinforced concrete plate. To do this, you need to make a crate, lay the insulation, on top of which put the underfloor material on the type of plywood, fiberboard and other.
It is especially important to produce work on the insulation of the room if the house is shield.
In this case, almost all surfaces should be supplemented with a layer of heat-insulating material to create inside living spaces suitable for staying condition. Having the necessary materials for this process, you need to know how to use them correctly.
How to install?
If there is a need to carry out the installation of thermal insulation with your own hands, it is important to clearly understand the work algorithm. The first thing to start, is the preparation of walls, for which their surface is aligned and deleted all the problem areas. To properly insulate the inside of the room, you need to take care of the device of the waterproofing layer. If there is no suitable special material at hand, the simple polyethylene is suitable, which is attached using the tape.
Step-by-step instructions in the case when you need to insulate the country house, comes down to such items:
- Choosing a suitable insulation based on the material of the house and the place to be repaired.
- Installation of plates of thermal insulation on the required place. For more reliable fixation you need to wash the surface with glue.
- Plate laying occurs in a chess order, and in the joints of the joint it is important to use a large amount of glue and mounting foam.
- Fixation of plates with plastic dowels.
- Applying the surface layer of glue throughout the perimeter of the insulation.
- Lining the reinforcing mesh on glue and immersion in the adhesive substance roller.
- After drying the glue, the surface is placed and the finish finish is performed.
The most convenient material for the installation is the penplex, even a person without experience can work with it. If there is a desire to make the house so warm to live in it all winter, then the best solution will be mineral wool. Work with her slightly harder. The insulation process consists of such items:
- Preparation of walls, liquidation of any problem places;
- vaporizolation of the surface;
- the manufacture of a wooden crate with a step, the calculation of which should proceed from the size of the mineral wool roll;
- laying the material in the niche;
- The joints of the joints are glued with adhesive tape;
- applying the second layer of vaporizolation, which is fixed to the crate;
- Finishing wall decoration.
Can be used as a heater foil heat insulator. This is a relatively new material, which contains a layer of foil from one or two sides. To use it on the wall, you need:
- prepare the surface;
- make a crate;
- Plant thermal insulation material;
- joints glued with an aluminum ribbon;
- Finish finish.
If there is a desire to use something else, the fibrous plates will be an excellent option.
This is the easiest option of the insulation of the walls that even an amateur can do, because the installation of thermal insulation material can be made on any surface, even with an old finish. The main criterion is the dryness and purity of the walls.
The installation process is performed using special nails that have a drilled head. Once all the materials are placed on the wall, you can use any necessary finish on top of them, stick wallpaper, plastering, painting and t. D. The choice of insulation depends on professional skills, the need to create absolutely comfortable conditions all year round and in the cost of products. Everyone chooses the option that is most convenient for him from all sides.
Tips and recommendations
Planning to insulate the house from the inside, it is important to clearly understand the difference between the main options for materials that may be needed in. In the case when the product is a steamproof, it is enough to simply lay it on the right place, but if it is not so important to use a layer of vaporizolation film. If this is not done, then condensate will begin to form the heat insulation between the insulation and the wall of the house, which will destroy thermal insulation from the inside and all work will be in vain.
Installing the insulation, it is important to make a small gap between it and the future layer of decorative finish so that the evaporations that will appear do not affect the surface on both sides. The use of insulation indoors is appropriate if the house has sufficient dimensions, and if it is very small, it is better to add an extra layer of thermal insulation outside. Picking up the insulation, you need to decide on its thickness, which directly depends on the time of use of the house. If it is only a warm season, then it is not necessary to take thick material, and it is important for year-round stay to choose the most overall products that will ensure the best result.
For those cases when the cottage is used only in the season, you can not spend big funds to ensure that the house is capital. In this case, the materials are worth taking cheaper than in a similar situation when permanent housing is repaired. You can do without insulation without insulation, but then the construction will have much less and will soon have to build a new country house, therefore it is better to protect yourself from this kind of trouble.
How to choose a heater for interior wall decoration, look in the following video.