For each person, the cottage is a place of peace of mind and solitude. It is there that can be plentiful to rest, relax and enjoy life. But, unfortunately, the atmosphere of comfort and comfort can spoil the banal shutdown of electricity. When there is no light, there is no access to most electrical appliances. Of course, in the near future, when a way to generate electricity from wind and heat will be available to an ordinary person, the world will cease to depend on the failures on power plants. But still remains either to endure, or look for ways out of these situations. The ideal solution when the electricity is disconnected in the summer house is a generator.
Device and purpose
The word “generator” came to us from the Latin language, its translation – “manufacturer”. This apparatus can be generated to generate heat, light and other benefits necessary for normal human life. Especially for dachnikov, models of generators were developed, capable of turning fuel to electricity, because of which the name “Electrical generator” appeared. High-quality apparatus is a guarantor of continuous power supply to electricity connection points.
To date, several types of generators have been developed, namely: Household models and industrial devices. Even for a large cottage it is quite enough to put a household generator. Such devices consist of 3 main elements:
- frames responsible for solid fixation of work units;
- Internal combustion engine, converting fuel into mechanical energy;
- Alternator, converting mechanical energy in electricity.
Generators entered human life more than 100 years ago. The very first models were only probes. Subsequent developments led to the best devices. And only thanks to technical progress, with human perseverance, we managed to create modern models of electrical generators that meet the requirements of users.
Today enjoying great popularity Automatic launch device when the electricity is disconnected. The device independently determines the light shutdown and is activated every second. Autonomous power plant generator has been created on the street. This design can be equipped with autorun, but for such conditions it will be inappropriate. It can work on gasoline or diesel. Call electric generators quiet and silent impossible. And here Rechargeable devices – completely different. Their work is practically not heard, if, of course, not approaching the device very close.
In addition to external data, modern models of fuel converters in electricity divided in many other indicators.
Before you go for the purchase of the generator, you need Create a detailed list of household electrical appliances present in the house, Then compose them on the principle of simultaneous work. Next you need fold the power of all devices and to the resulting amount add 30%. This surcharge is auxiliary for instruments, at the start of which high power spent than with standard work.
When choosing an autonomous generator for rarely visited cottages Models with a capacity of 3-5 kW.
By the number of phases
Modern models of generators are single-phase and three-phase. Single-phase designs involve the connection of the device with the same number of phases. For devices requiring 380 W voltage, it is appropriate to consider three-phase generator models.
By type fuel
To equip the house with electricity on a permanent basis, the ideal option is Diesel generators. Distinctive trait Saloral devices lies in the stability of power supply for a long period of time. After heating the engine to the required temperature, the diesel fusion transformation in electricity. According to the average indicators, Diesel generators Can nourish the whole house for 12 hours. Upon expiration of this time, you must do refueling. The main thing is to give an autonomous power plant the opportunity to cool.
For dacha settlements, where electricity shutdown cannot be called a constant phenomenon, it is preferable to choose gasoline generators. With their help, you can restore the flow of electricity for a short time.
Gas generators It is appropriate to install in summer houses where there is a connection to the gas highway. But before purchasing such equipment, it is necessary to coordinate its purchase and installation with the local gas service. Also, the owner of the conversion station must provide an employee of the gas service Documents on the device: Quality Certificate and Technical Passport. The stability of the gas generator is in the pressure of blue fuel. If the model you like should connect to the pipe, it is necessary to make sure that the pressure in the highway corresponds to the limit specified in the documents. Otherwise you will have to look for alternative connection options.
The most interesting for owners of country houses are Combined generators. Their design is designed to use several types of fuel. But most often choose gasoline and gas.
From the volume of fuel placed in the generator tank, the device is depends on the uninterrupted operation of the device until refueling. If the total power is small, it is enough to connect the generator on 5-6 L. The requirement of high power will be able to satisfy the body of the generator volume in 20-30 L.
In terms of noise
Unfortunately, Gasoline or diesel fuel generators will be very noisy. Outgoing from the apparatuses sound prevents the calm of the residential zone. Volume index in the process of work is indicated in the instrument documents. An ideal option is considered to be noise not exceeding 74 dB at 7 m.
In addition, the volume of the operation of the electric generator depends on Case material and from speed. Models for 1500 revolutions per minute less loud, but more expensive at the price. Devices with 3000 revolutions belong to the budget group, but the noise coming from them is very annoying.
According to other parameters
Electrical generators are divided by the type of startup: manual, semi-automatic and automatic options.
- Manual inclusion occurs on the principle of activation chainsaws.
- Semi-automatic inclusion involves pressing the button and turn the key.
- Automatic start Independently activates the generator who received information about the disconnection of electricity.
In addition, modern generators have Differences for many more criteria. For example, in expensive models there is protection against overvoltage, which allows to extend the service life of the generator. There are no such equipment in budget devices. The cooling system depending on the type of generator can be air or liquid. And the liquid version is more efficient.
Rating the best models
To date, many manufacturers from different countries and continents are engaged in the production of generators. Some develop devices for the industrial sphere, others make aggregates for the household area, and the third skillfully combine both directions. In a huge variety of fuel converters to electricity, highlight the best models is very difficult. And only consumer reviews helped to make up A small overview of the top 9 of electric generators.
With power up to 3 kW
Three models were particularly marked in this line.
- FUBAG BS 3300. The device providing the operation of the lamps, refrigerator and several electrical appliances. Works on gasoline fuel. In the design of the unit there is a convenient display that allows you to control the parameters of the work. Outlets have high-quality protection from various types of pollution.
- Honda EU10i. Low Noise Compact Device. Starting manual. In the design there are 1 socket. Air cooling is built-in, there is an overvoltage protection in the form of an indicator.
- DDE GG3300Z. Perfect option for servicing cottage house. The time of uninterrupted operation of the device is 3 hours, then refueling is required. In the design of the generator there are 2 outlets that have protection against dust.
With power up to 5 kW
Here, users also stopped their choice for 3 versions.
- Huter DY6500L. Gasoline power plant with a capacity of 22 liters. The device is designed to connect to a single-phase network. Duration of uninterrupted work is 10 hours.
- Interskol Eb-6500. Gasoline generator preferring fuel brand AI-92. There are 2 outlets in the design, there is an air type cooling system. The device is easily working 9 hours, and after it requires refueling.
- Hyundai DHY8000 LE. Diesel generator with a tank in 14 liters. The volume published during operation is 78 dB. Duration of uninterrupted work is 13 hours.
With a capacity of 10 kW
Our overview is completed by the following several models.
- Honda Et12000. Three-phase generator, providing the entire country house with electricity for 6 hours. During operation, the unit publishes a loud noise. In the design of the apparatus there are 4 outlets that have protection against pollution.
- TCC SGG-10000 EH. Gasoline generator equipped with electronic start. Thanks to wheels and handle, the device has a mobility function. The design of the device is equipped with 2 outlets.
- Champion DG10000E. Three-phase diesel generator. Quite loud during operation, but it easily provides residential zones of the country house with light.
All models of 10 kW generators and above have large sizes. Their minimum weight indicator is 160 kg. These features require a special place in the house where the device will stand.
Criterias of choice
When choosing a suitable generator for giving, it is necessary to consider the conditions for its further operation and the individual requirements of the consumer.
- In the country areas where there is a small number of household appliances, it is preferable to install Gasoline devices, the power of which does not exceed 3 kW. The main thing is to correctly calculate the required power.
- In gasified summer houses, where people live on a permanent basis, and the light shutdown occurs regularly, it is better to install Gas generator Power of 10 kW.
- Saluar generator, economical. Such a device is needed to those who leave for the cottage only in the summer.
- To select the correct device, It is necessary to consider not only its technical characteristics, but also external data. To do this, you need to find a place in advance where the device will stand.
How to connect?
To date, several options for connecting additional power are known:
- Reserve connection for a separate connection scheme;
- use of a flipper;
- Installation according to the scheme with AVR.
The most accurate and trouble-free method of switching electricity is Installation using AVR. In such a connection system is present Electrostarter, which automatically reacts to the disconnection of the central electricity and activates the generator. This process is 10 seconds. And after half a minute, the house will be fully connected to autonomous power supply. After restoring the operation of the external power grid, the backup power transmission is turned off and goes into sleep mode.
Installing the generator according to the AUR scheme is recommended to do after the meter. Thus, it will be possible to save a family budget, without paying your own electricity bills.
The most understandable method of connecting the generator – Rutter use. The ideal option will be the connection of medium contact to the consumer, and the extreme – to the power plant cable and the power grid. With this location, power supplies will never meet.
In the old samples of flipper switches during the operation of the generator, a spark appeared, which the owners of country houses were very afraid. Modern designs were modified and received Protective casing, fully closing movable parts. The switch itself is installed in the control panel. If it is suddenly a power failure, the switch must be translated into neutral position. And only then proceed to the launch of the generator.
Some owners of country houses with the mind approached the generator connection. After buying the device they Recorded home wiring, conducted a duty of the lighting line and made separate outlets to connect the necessary household appliances to the network. Accordingly, when the central electricity is disconnected, it remains only to activate the generator.
Owners of country houses It is important to remember that the generator should not have contact with moisture. If it is installed on the street, you need to make an additional canopy and waterproof floor. But it is best to put the device in a separate room, where there is a possibility of discharge.
If necessary, you can buy a special cabinet or container, the corresponding model of the generator.
In the next video you will learn how to choose the right generator to give.