How to build a house with a comfortable basement and ground floor?

How to build a house with a comfortable basement and ground floor?

The basis of comfort in the room is a favorable microclimate, the main signs of which will heat in winter and cool in the summer. This is achieved through the use of highly efficient thermal insulation, which minimizes heat leakage from the house in the cold season and the influx of heat into the house outside the hot summer.

The most effective of all widespread thermal insulation materials is extrusion polystyrene foam (EPPS). Compared to the presticking polystyrene foam (foam), it has less maximum thermal conductivity (up to 0.034 W / m ° C), higher strength, as well as environmental safety, biostability and long service life – from 50 years without loss of heat protection properties.

But, perhaps, the most important criterion for the selection of thermal insulation for the heat-preserves of underground structures, which are basement walls and the lower part of the basement, is moisture resistance. This property is inherent with EPPS fully, since its water absorption is practically zero. This indicator for Penopelax® plates from extrusion polystyrene foam does not exceed 0.5% by volume, and this is negligible a small value close to zero.

The company “Penopeleks”, known as the first and leading manufacturer of EPPS in Russia, offers a reliable technical solution to arrange the walls of the basement or basement floors with the use of plates Penopelex Fundam®. Products of this brand fully meet the second important criterion for selecting thermal insulation for underground building structures. They have compressive strength at 10% deformation 30 m / m2, that, again, is significantly higher than that of the presticking polystyrene foam.

How to build a house with a comfortable basement and ground floor?

In most cases, the basement is available in houses with a broken belt foundation, which simultaneously serves as the walls of the basement.

This scheme presents the thermal insulation of another brand – Penopelex® WALL – which is used for the insulation of walls under the finishing with the use of plastering and adhesive compositions (plaster, decorative tile, decorative stone).

Installation of such a design is produced in stages. After the construction, fill and hardening of the vertical reinforced concrete structures of the belt foundation and the horizontal plate are made by the following operations:

  1. The waterproofing surface of the foundation walls is carried out.
  2. Polyoplax plates are stacked and fixed® First with the use of glue, which manufacturer of thermal insulation recommends Penoplex glue-foam®FastFix®, Then mechanical. The second method is not used for those heat-insulating plates, which are located below the surface of the soil so as not to disturb the integrity of the waterproofing coating.
  3. The sinuses of the kitty are falling asleep with non-empty ground – coarse sand, a mixture of sand with gravel.
  4. Heat insulationPenoplax Fundam®Mounted for the insulation of the floor of the underground room. Plates are placed free, without glue and mechanical fasteners.
  5. Before on top of the heat-insulating floor layer, equip the cement-sand tie (CPS), the joints between the plates are sampled with a foil adhesive tape in order to avoid the leakage of “cement milk”, and on the perimeter of the wall laid the damper tape in case of temperature expansion of the CPS concrete.
  6. Capture the CPS with a thickness of at least 50 mm – mount the reinforcement grid, poured concrete.
  7. Apply the finish flooring of the underground floor.
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