How many facing bricks in 1 kV. m Masonka?

The need to calculate the number of facing bricks in 1 kV. m masonry arises in cases where the decision is made to finish the facade of the building. Before starting the formation of masonry, it is necessary to calculate the number of pieces or modules in one square meter. It may vary depending on the type of masonry used, wall thickness. Calculating in advance how much facing is on the house, you can prevent possible errors when purchasing materials and ensure the most rational spending during work.

Dimensions and varieties of bricks

There is a certain dimensional brick grid adopted in EU and Russia (GOST). It has differences that are necessarily taken into account when purchasing and calculating materials. In particular, domestic products are more focused on the convenience of masonry with docking along the long sides (spoons) or short sidewalls (ticks). European manufacturers make focus on the decorative component of the masonry. It is the individuality of registration, and the composite parts are not at all necessary to be perfectly driven into each other.

In particular, the Eurostandard admits the following dimensional range (DHSHV):

  • 2DF 240x115x113 mm;
  • DF 240x115x52 mm;
  • WF 210x100x50 mm;
  • WD F210X100X65 mm.

Russian standards also provide opportunities for varying the height of each layer of masonry. So, single options are distinguished with an indicator of 65 mm, double – 138 mm high, one-time – 88 mm. Dimensions of the long and short face for all options Standard: 250×120 mm. When calculating the number of necessary materials, it is worth considering the selected thickness of the masonry seam. For example, in 1 m2 masonry with a solution – 102 pieces of single brick, and without the calculation of the bunch, this indicator will already be 128 units.

Types of masonry

A large impact on the consumption of material is to choose a pattern of masonry. When facing buildings and structures is often used blocks of different colors, a mosaic ornament or a solid coating is formed, which has expressiveness due to the use of an unusual color range of products. Decorative brick cladding options in Europe are especially in demand, where entire collection of solutions for finishing facades are issued in a certain style.

The process of forming a masonry layer always uses two components – a solution and brick. But the sequence and method of mounting a solid wall can differ significantly. Among the most popular options for external ornaments, several types can be distinguished.

  • Block type of masonry. It is characterized by the alternation of the rows with a long and short part of the brick on the front side of the facade. The joints are coincided, providing the opportunity to create a harmonious facade solution. In the Gothic version, the same sequence of using long and short sides, but with displacement of the joints.
  • Track. The masonry is formed with a displacement of half the length of the brick in each row. The coating has an external appeal. On the front side is always the long part of the product.
  • Lipetsk masonry. It is characterized by the preservation of joints throughout the height of the outer wall. Rows are combined in the following order: three long elements for one short. It is possible to use different color modules.
  • Tychkin. On the facade, only a short side is used, shifting as a series of ranks.
  • Spoonful masonry. Forms on the long side (spoon). The offset is 1/4 or 1/2 brick.
  • Brandenburg masonry. It is characterized by a combination of two spoonful and one tile element. At the same time, the short side is always shifted to be located at the junction of long details.
  • Chaotic way. It allows you to form a facade finish with color bricks of different colors. The location of the modules is selected arbitrarily, it does not have a clear ordering.

Other popular and sought-after installation options for the facade decorative coating are used in the construction sector. It is worth paying attention to the fact that when choosing a type of masonry with a clear sequence of elements, it is necessary to carefully withstand the appropriate density and fluidity of the solution in order to avoid possible problems with the distortion of the seam line.

Calculation of the area of ​​the wall

In order to calculate the total area of ​​the walls and get the amount of bricks you need to make some preliminary actions. There are certain standard values ​​that can be considered when making the application.

For example, the number of products in a pack is calculated based on its height (on average it is 1 m) and dimensions. In the square, the number of bricks is calculated based on the use of the solution and without it. For example, thin facade facing in 0.5 bricks in single execution requires purchasing 51/61 pcs. If the supplier proposes to consider the material with pallets, you need to remember that 420 products of standard size is placed in the pallet.

When calculating the walls of the walls, a number of factors should also be taken into account. So, it is necessary to remember the need to accurately measure all the parameters of the facade to be faced. To get them, you will need:

  • multiply the length and height of each wall (performed for objects of any configuration);
  • Get by adding data the total area of ​​the facade design;
  • measure and calculate the area occupied by door and window openings;
  • Folded among themselves the resulting data;
  • From the total area of ​​the facade, subtract similar parameters per doors and windows;
  • The data obtained will be the basis for further counting the number of materials.

The metrah of all surfaces needing in the surfaces will remain only multiplied by the number of elements in 1 m2. But this approach can not be called fully objective. Indeed, in the process of operation, the extending, laying of corners and openings, which also requires the use of additional volume of materials. Must be taken into account and marriage, and battle when processing brick blocks.

Methods for counting products

Calculate the number of facing bricks in 1 kV. m masonry can be in different ways. The number of pieces of construction modules depends on exactly the masonry. Facing is most often produced in the Polkirpich, because it is fixed around the capital wall. But if it is necessary to significantly increase the thermal insulation or sound insulation properties of the structure, you can mount the facade of 1, 1.5 or even 2 bricks.

In this case, if there are seams, the number of elements in 1 m2 will be the following.

Brick type

Number of pieces when laying in 0.5 bricks with mortar

in 1 brick

in 1.5 bricks

in 2 bricks

Single

51

102

153

204

Overhead

39

78

117

156

Double

26

52

78

104

Excluding the seams calculation of the consumption of bricks for 1 m2 of masonry will be the following.

Brick type

Number of pieces when laying in 0.5 bricks without a solution

in 1 brick

in 1.5 bricks

in 2 bricks

Single

61

128

189

256

Overhead

45

95

140

190

Double

thirty

60

90

120

Affects the number of elements in one square meter of decorative lining and the type of modules used. High double and one-hour variants will give a decrease in the flow rate. Single elements in the consumption of bricks themselves will be higher. For calculation, it is also worth considering the number of bricks in the pallet.

When ordering the material, it is important to know other parameters and indicators of purchased products. In particular, when delivering a scatter or in packs in Cuba is 512 bricks. It is worth adding that the averaged values ​​in this case should be applied only when calculating masonry with the same location of the elements (only spoonful or only the tilent face).

In addition, if there is a calculation of pieces in one cubic meter of the wall, it will be necessary to take into account the proportions of the seam. They account for up to 25% of the total. Conducting work with the standard thickness of the seams allows to ensure consumption per 1 m3 394 units of products.

Masonry thickness indicators should be determined individually. In the case of dual or half-and-and-half bricks, all indicators associated with a decrease in the amount of material should be taken into account. In addition, you can conduct calculations based on the indicators of the walls of the walls. This will ensure more reliable results. For external walls, error indicators reach 1.9%, for internal partitions – 3.eight%.

Choosing a method of calculation, you must necessarily take into account all possible aspects associated with the performance of work. Length and width of masonry seams, if it differs from the standard, must be taken into account when calculating. The amount of brick per 1 m2 or 1 m3 in this case will be less than average.

Before starting finishing work, you should take care of the purchase of an appropriate amount of materials for decorating facades. Consumption of facing bricks must take into account the thickness of the seams, the wall area, the masonry formation method. This approach will avoid problems with the lack of materials

      .

      In addition, when calculating it is necessary to take into account brick battle in the process. The stock must be approximately 5%. With the correct calculation of the required volumes of the material, you can provide an uninterrupted course of work in the formation of a decorative facing of the facade of the building.

      An example of the correct calculation of the brick – in the video below.

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