Bed bugs – unpleasant guests, which often can be found in homes or apartments, even with perfect sanitary conditions. About how these malicious insects look like, how to learn about their appearance and what to deal with them, we will tell below.
Bed bugs have several names: linen, book, furniture, mattress and others. All of them are one type of parasites that are frequent guests of many homes and apartments. At the same time live and hide, they can anywhere: small gaps, furniture, folds of clothing and curtains, books – all this will be a good refuge for them.
The appearance of parasites depends on the hungry or full. So, the hungry bug has a flattened calorie and yellowish or brownish color, and the full looks more round, the color of his body can be either saturated red or black. Their size can vary within 3-8 mm, while the females look a few more males.
If we talk about the movement of the insect, then not to fly, nor jump it is not capable. It can only crawl and dive from the ceiling, however, the speed of its movement is quite large, it can be from 25 cm to 1 m per minute – it depends on the age of individual.
As for the eggs, they, in contrast to the eggs of other insects, are quite large, and therefore it will be easy to find them. But the hatching larvae will see much more difficult, since its size does not exceed a millimeter, and its body is transparent. Unlike other malicious insects, bugs closely multiply. Adult female is able to postpone just a few eggs per day.
The main source of impregnation of these insects at all stages of development is human blood. However, they do not bomb and the blood of domestic pets, birds or mice. Subject to regular power supply sucking blood these insects at night. Otherwise, they can attack a person or animal and during the daytime.
The life expectancy of mattress bedbugs can reach 12-14 months in the presence of favorable conditions. With a deficit or complete absence of food, the parasite flows into anabyosis. This condition implies something similar to the hibernation: the processes of life in the body of the CLUP almost stop. In the hibernation, the bug can stay for about 5 months at room temperature and about a year at a temperature of + 10 °.
Low or, on the contrary, too high temperatures for the insect are destructive. So, at -17 °, an adult part can stretch no more than a day, and at + 45 ° can live about 45 minutes.
Ways of penetration into the apartment
Bed bugs appear in the house in different ways. Even frequent cleaning, new things and ideal sanitary conditions cannot interfere with this. Cutles can climb into an apartment through ventilation channels, small cracks, through neighborhood windows, moving along the walls, or from the basement.
Easy to transfer them to a house on clothes from the street. Especially often they come after traveling, the reason for which hostels, motels or trains are becoming the initial housing of parasites. If we talk about the private sector, the malicious insects can be completely moved to the house of their infected chicken coop.
Signs of appearance
You can determine the presence in the house of the bedbugs by the presence of traces on the human body, which indicate that the parasites have already managed to enjoy blood. These traces look like small pinkish or red specks that can be seed and slightly swell. Most often, these specks are a small path of several bites.
At the same time, we note that it is extremely difficult to catch the parasite at the time of nutrition, since the pain at this moment does not feel at all. This is due to a special substance that is contained in the saliva of the insect. The consequence of this kind of bites is most often allergic, and the degree of her gravity can be different. To check exactly, there are bed bodops in your home or not, you need to pay for some factors.
- The remains of the life of the bugs that look like small black dots, in size not exceeding the grain poppy.
- The remains of the chitinous shells that insects are discharged during the molting period.
- Small red blood stains on the mattress. They remain from crushed parasites that have already managed to be saturated with human blood. From hungry bedbugs such a trace does not remain, and there will be somewhat more difficult to crush them.
- If a large number of parasites divorced in the house, then you can see a special smell, similar to the aroma of spoiled brandy.
- Detection of the parasite itself.
Klop can dwell in any part of the apartment, but start it looks best in places such as bed, mattress and mattress cover – it is these places that are most favorable for living, as they allow them to be near the source of their feed.
Measures of struggle
You can fight in different ways.
Since bedbugs try to avoid too high and reduced temperatures, the best way to get rid of them is to create the most unfavorable conditions. In winter, you can easily take advantage of weather conditions and make a mattress in which parasites live, frost. Leave it is necessary there for a couple of days. At a street temperature in -20 ° and below you can easily get rid of parasites that could be lost deep inside.
To fight clusters, you can resort to the help of a steam cleaner or steam generator. It is enough just to carefully treat the problem of the ferry, which will quickly destroy all insects. However, note that the steam is able to penetrate only at a specific depth, and therefore in some cases, for example, with an old mattress, it may not help.
Another way to withdraw malicious insects is a good warm-water heating dry heat. It is necessary to do this about 8 hours, while the temperature must be not lower than + 48 °. This method will help completely get rid of bed bugs in your home.
If your apartment has bugs, then chemicals will be most effective in combating them. However, to destroy them completely, you need to get acquainted with the system to combat them. At the same time, keep in mind that chemicals are pretty toxic, and when they are used, it is necessary to clearly follow the instructions and comply with the safety rules. Chemical preparations are divided into 2 types: ordinary aerosols and concentrates.
The first are accessible and easy to use, they include such funds as “pure house”, “Raptor”, “Raid”, “Combat” and “Dichlofos”. Note that such drugs do not have high efficiency, and they will have to be used at least 2 or 3 times. At the same time, the parasites remaining after processing can be broken, and their offspring will produce addiction to a similar means.
The second drugs have high efficiency, but to use them more difficult. These include the following means: “Delta Zone”, “Palach”, “Fufanon-Super”, “Fors Site” and Get. Note that they have high toxicity, and their use will require protective equipment, including mask and rubber gloves.
The most rational decision will be the challenge of specialists who work in this area, since they have not only special equipment and means, but also experience in combating harmful insects, as well as a working system for their extermination. So you can accurately get rid of all parasites.
If you live in an apartment building, and it is completely infected, then even regular processing with effective means will not give a long-term effect. In this case, it will be better to resort to the services of SanEpidemstation.
Such means of struggle do not differ in high efficiency and completely remove malicious insects will not be able to. However, all those who oppose the use of chemical means will know about them. So, in the fight against bedclosures you can use bundles of such plants:
All these plants must scare insects, which will prevent their appearance in your home. Regular processing of vinegar or acetic essence will also be useful both in the fight against parasites and for prevention. Ammonia, denaturated solutions, benzene, as well as the use of gasoline or turpidar can help you.
It should be noted that by no means that you take advantage of the removal of bed bugs, none of them may insure you from the re-appearance of insects. However, with the first sign of the appearance of these parasites, it is necessary to start with them in order to prevent them.