Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

The attic is rare enough, but the staircase leading to this room must be comfortable, compact and safe. Typically, the owners of the house use the donkey or stationary staircase installed on the street. To save space in the house, comfortable use and safe lifting establish a folding system.

Features and advantages

Folding staircase in the house is designed to use the attic as needed. It is comfortable in use, as you can bring it into working condition without much effort, as well as the need to release a large area. The main feature of this system is that the principle of its use is similar to the principle of exploitation of filter stairs. It is important to take into account not only a large number of advantages, but some features.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Advantages.

  • Safety. Folding staircase stable and strong. Anytime, regardless of weather conditions, there is the possibility of a safe lift in the attic. Some types of folding systems are equipped with steps and railings.
  • Compactity. A small design system allows you to save the useful area in the room and in the attic. The ladder decomposed state requires a small space.
  • The convenience of use. This type of product is folded quickly and without much effort. There are ready-made electric design models.
  • Easy mounting. In the set for installation of the folding staircase there is a simple instruction. Following her, even a person without experience will not be difficult to establish a model. The system does not require additional strengthening of walls, gender and ceiling. Ease of design allows you to easily move and install the product elsewhere.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

  • Economy. Finished system cheaper than stationary staircase. Folding model can be made at home.
  • Aesthetics. The staircase is located on the hatch cap in the ceiling surface, and high-quality finish will support the appearance. The design is completely hidden, so does not spoil the interior.
  • Folding system The attic is cleaned, it is convenient when there are children or a room of a small room in the house. The design is visible only when used, so you do not need to select the design under the interior.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Peculiarities.

  • Some types of models are not always comfortable to use according to the following criteria: steepness of the lifting, size and number of steps. With too cool, the rise is uncomfortable to move with volumetric items in the hands.
  • The presence of a hatch will break the tightness of the room. The attic must be inspired, which leads to additional costs. In some factory models of structures, the hatch is equipped with a seal.
  • The need for accurate calculations and skills for self-making ladder.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Varieties

The principle of operation of the ladder consists of several simple actions: opening the hatch lid, pulling the folded installation on itself. All components will be enshrined and become fixed. If you push the lower part to the bottom, then the staircase itself will be in its original position. In the end, it is necessary to close the hatch.

The easiest way of operation has stairs with an electric drive. To bring them into a working state, you must press the remote control button.

The ladder leading to the attic has a number of benefits: functionality, compactness and simplicity. The range of structures allows you to choose a specific view that is ideal for the settings of the house. Folding installations on the attic happen different types. They differ in their design.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

One of the common varieties – “Harmonica”. This type of product has a small size, the principle of folding works like fur harmonic. The staircase is made of light metal, as its details are movable, so it is important to take into account its maximum load when used. Through time recommend lubricating fasteners. “Harmonica” is universal in that it can be pulled up to a certain size depending on the height of the ceiling.

Retractable staircase unfolded by telescopic principle. This product is characterized by ease of use. In folded form, it is the most miniature in comparison with other systems of folding stairs. The design is assembled from hollow metal (aluminum) tubes that make up sections with steps, when folding in each other and clamping clamps. The model may consist of two, three or more sections.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding sectional staircase. It is popular among designs performed at home. The model is either folded as a book or booklet, or the sections are superimposed on each other. Usually the length of the first section coincides with the size of the hatch lid. The design is more dimensional, but maximum reliable and safe.

There is a staircase consisting of two sections. The first short part is fixed on the hatch, and the second is long – folded to the floor. This type of systems is also called the transformer staircase.

Widder Staircase System The most complicated. Folding staircase on the attic consists of steps fixed to the taper. The staircase is most high on dimensions and reliable. It is most comfortable during operation, as the angle of inclination is no more than 45 degrees. To create it with your own hands, equipment and skills are needed.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

It is important to pay attention to the preparation of the room with a hatch. The area potentially occupied by the staircase is released. For security in the attic, install the fence around the hatch or frame the folded model of the box.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Materials

The choice of material depends on the folding technology. Stairs can be created from metal (aluminum, stainless steel), wood or combination.

Wooden folding attic staircase eco-friendly and has an attractive appearance. She will look good in the house where the interior is performed “under the tree”. Positive installation qualities are good tolerability of temperature changes and moisture impacts. Negative qualities include the fire hazard of the product, also in the wood can be launched insects.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding version of the staircase is made of wood array. Details are connected by special technology. At the edges of the steps are the protrusions that are inserted into the gaps of the guides, the compound is fixed by glue. For the manufacture of departments choose bars from array of coniferous rocks, beech or ash, for steps – from oak. Lifting capacity of the wooden folding unit – about 100 kilograms.

Metal folding staircase on the attic is made of metal, which is not subject to corrosion. For the manufacture of complex design, aluminum or steel are chosen. The main advantage of the aluminum system is the simplicity of the structure, such a light and durable metal will serve for many years. Steel products are offered with coating protected from corrosion. The carrying capacity of the metal design is 200 kilograms, this figure is much more than the wooden staircase.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

The disadvantages of the metal folding staircase include the complexity of manufacturing at home. To create it, you need to have special skills, experience with welding and equipment.

Strength and ease – the main characteristics of the folding staircase in the attic. The best option remains a combined staircase. This design consists of wooden steps and metal supports. This type of systems is budget and reliable. Some models use rubber overlays on the stages to reduce sliding.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

How to define dimensions?

To use the stairs to be comfortable, it is necessary to determine the main dimensions of the design and produce calculations. It is important to take into account the parameters of the room in which the entrance to the attic will be: the height of the ceilings, the area where the staircase will be ladder. Typically set a model consisting of 3 or 4 sections for ceilings with a height of 3 meters.

The main dimensions that must be defined.

  • The height of the ceiling and the length of the stairs. The greater the height of the ceiling, the more reliable and strong there should be a design. When measuring the height of the ceilings, the length, a variety of folding system and the number of sections is determined. At an altitude of 3.5 meters, it is recommended to establish a stationary staircase option.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

  • Open and width of the stairs. The size of the outlet can be from 0.5-0.6 by 0.7-0.8 meters. Optimal is considered to be 0.8 per 1.20 m. Stage width depends on hatch width. Will be comfortable climbing the stairs of 60-70 cm wide.
  • Bias. A safe and convenient angle of slope is an indicator of 30-55 degrees.
  • Step, quantity and width of steps. The average characteristics of the step and steps that will be safe and user-friendly: 15-17 steps 20 cm wide and 2 cm thick, step 18-23 cm.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

After determining all the listed parameters, you can start the choice of folding staircase. Safety and reliability of the product is characterized not only by material and correctly calculated parameters, but also a competent system setting.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Installation

The following restrictions should be taken into account for safety:

  • Do not use the product for plasterboard overlap;
  • Do not disassemble the components of the design elements during the installation;
  • Do not spin fastenings connecting the staircase and hatch;
  • Do not exploit the folding staircase until the completion of the work.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Installation at home the finished system of the folding staircase begins in the attic room, For this set raise the attic. First, the design is placed with a hatch closed, then the staircase is attached to the hatch open cover in the unfolded state. The system must continue to the floor and is in a fixed state at the time of installation. When the “rough” installation was conducted, it is necessary to check how the system works: to open the hatch cover several times, disassemble and assemble the stairs. If there are no problems with the installation of the installation, the installation continues.

Before starting work, you must carefully read the attached instructions and check the design for health.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

To begin with, it is necessary to place the box on the basis of the loop and attach it to screws, the gap between the box and the discovery is filled with foam. Then the upper section is installed. Spread the staircase and make sure of its stability, it forms a straight line. You can adjust using the bottom of the legs of the last section. Both sides of the design must fit tightly to surfaces.

In the finished set there are a fence for a hatch from the attic. It consists of racks and crossbars. To create a more reliable and rigid construction, racks are fixed with metal pinks. They connect vertical crossbars with floor.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Check the tightness of the hatch. The cover must be tight in the opening. With bad tightness heat will leave the room. Then cosmetic repair of the lower side of the hatch lid is carried out. When the installation is completed, you can lead the control check.

Equipment with modern structures and functions of the folding staircase can be diverse. It includes railing, protective covers, electronic system and remote control. The easiest option is to design a folding wooden system. Wood – the most affordable material that is easy to work.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Before performing the work, a drawing of the designed staircase is created. The height from the floor is measured to the place where the hatch is located, calculations are held. The easiest way to create a sectional staircase, which is revealed as a book.

For the construction of the ladder, the ladder will need thick bars, Boards required thickness for the manufacture of steps and metal fasteners. All elements of the future attic staircase are prepared in advance. Sections from the hatch lid and fasten with metal hinges. All elements of folding design and hatch are strengthened, and a test check is carried out. It should be remembered about the care of moving parts of the stairs, they must be lubricated on time.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Useful advice

If necessary, buying a budget version of the staircase should choose a soil with a thickness of 16 mm. The box of this model is not compacted. This is a great option for country facilities without heating.

The place to create a loan to the attic is better to organize in the corner of the room and as far as possible from the entrance to the room. This location is the most convenient. The area around the descent must be released from small non-standard items (for example, chairs).

Foldable staircase will be safe in operation if it will meet the following primary criteria.

  • Strength and quality of material of all parts and elements. The mechanism must be as reliable as possible.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

  • Despite the fact that the design has rigid elements, she must be like a lot of light. This criterion is due to the convenience of operation. In addition, lightweight material does not create additional load on the hatch.
  • Easy use. Conduct with the design of the design in the working condition and its assembly should any adult. Any variation of the mechanism should be easily laid out and folded manually.
  • All fasteners and details should work without difficulty. The functioning of the elements of the folding system should be smooth. In order to bring the mechanism in motion, efforts and jerks should not be required.
  • If the attic room is constantly used, the staircase will also be used often. In the attic can be organized room for watching movies. In this case, it is better to make a folding design with your own hands or to order from the master. A staircase designed for a specific size ensures reliability, safety and confidence.

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

Folding staircase in the attic: device features

On the features of the device of the folding staircase in the attic, see the following video.

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