Arrangement of summer kitchen in a private house or in the country, largely determines its functionality. It is important that the space be aesthetically attractive. Properly decorated room becomes a favorite place for all households and guests. Consider the features of the design of summer kitchen, given the type of construction and different aspects of projects.
Summer kitchen is nothing but a room for cooking and eating. It adds to households a fair share of comfort in the country area, especially if it performs the function of a dining terrace, a gazebo for friendly or family sites, pleasant noisy parties, becoming a place of preparation of dishes on an open fire.
A distinctive feature of such a building is the fact that its design is not dictated by established standards. In this case, its own idea of the design of the Summer Building space and the set of useful functions is.
So that the space is cozy and functional, the design project is originally selected for it. The form of construction may be different. It is often rectangular, although no less interesting solutions in the form of a six and octagon, as well as varieties with asymmetry, which may be due to the presence of different roofing rods. Sometimes the design is altogether looks like a roof held on four columns-supports.
However, no matter how construction, there are always two functional zones in it: preparation and eating.
Types of designs
All existing varieties of summer buildings are divided into two categories: open and closed. Closed varieties are more like an ordinary house, but in most cases they do not have insulation.
The unconditional advantages of such buildings are:
- protection against bad weather (rain, wind, heat);
- Insect protection (especially in the evening).
Open-type designs are distinguished by the lack of walls, although in some varieties in the summer building there may be one or two overlaps, as well as a partition or a common textile shirma. Such buildings look original, they provide greater unity with nature, but this comfort is relevant only in good weather.
Based on practical considerations, such options are often refused: in the conditions of Russian latitudes, the heat, rain and hail are often presented by unpleasant surprises for households and the most buildings. Such a building will quickly require repair, even if it is made from durable materials.
If it is believed that the walls for cooking are not needed, then in the cool, windy weather location at the table will not be comfortable. The construction of an open type will take less building materials, and for the preparation of food you can use a portable brand. The embodiment may be temporary or stationary. However, all household items located in this building (including dishes and food) will be in the domestic access area, as well as insects. This is not like everyone.
As for summer kitchens of a closed type, they are more convenient because they are protected from pets, although the heat from the furnace or manga will create a certain discomfort to the cook. There will be more materials on the construction of such a building, while it will be built it will be thorough (you have to close the gaps, smear the external overlaps). It will look outside it will be easier for open design, but if in addition to the closed space, the kitchen will have an open arbor or terrace, this construction will be special.
Summer kitchen design allows you to calculate a number of criteria. Important approach to location on the site and selection of building materials.
The platform on which it is planned to build construction, must meet certain requirements.
- It should be located near the main premises (private house, cottage) to bring dishes or products did not make much work.
- The place of the future location should have convenient approaches, the obstacles in the message between the house and the summer building are excluded.
- Masching the proximity of the arrangement of summer kitchen to communications (water, electricity and sewage).
After determining the place, measurements are measured under the construction. At this stage, determine the degree of convenience: choose an area under the dining area, space under the oven or brazing, shops and chairs. For greater clarity, the diagram is performed or a schematic drawing. At the same time in the drawing depicts all furnishings.
The form of a future kitchen depends on the convenience of the hostess when cooking and the comfortable location of households during food intake. At the same time, there should be a place for freedom of movement.
The main list of the required details of the kitchen includes:
- Washing for dishes;
- table for cooking;
- dinner table;
- shelves or boxes for dishes;
- Cabinet under the dishes.
In addition, if the space allows, the auxiliary elements can be included in the design. These include a compact sofa, television, rocking chair, woodwood.
Summer kitchen: what better?
If earlier, a separate building was considered an ideal structure, today the focus of attached modular designs. Such an extension will exclude unnecessary vanity and communication, and the floor in the house will be polluted less.
At the same time, today is a lonely standing summer kitchen seems like a harmonious component of a private or country house. Excellent if the extension will be adjusted to the main house of one of the walls.
Options for this location today there is a lot. The input can be located from the main or side door. The project must take into account the location of the windows: you can not add kitchen from the wall with windows, the main home will become dark and raw. It is better to build a structure by checking it into a deaf wall with a side output.
An important nuance is a cellar arrangement. It is not always possible, since the pit adjacent to the main dwelling may submit the foundation that in turn will lead to the sediment. Therefore, it is better to refuse.
Between the open platform and the veranda it is worth choosing a second design. The first implies the concreting platform, the installation of support pillars, the performance of the roof flooring, stoves, mangal, organization of the cooking zone and washing dishes. The second is more comfortable and has more partitions. Depending on the type of structure, it may have partitions until the middle of the walls.
Today, combined summer kitchens. They are a combination of a closed area with an open platform. Movie might fit to the terrace, a stove with a brazier and a barbecue is located under a canopy. For more comfort, sliding rolls or glazed frames, which, if necessary, can be shed, like the door-coupe.
Try the hosbler to be protected from bad weather through walls, otherwise the products that will be stored in it can be sent.
If we consider options with different roofs, it is worth considering: Buildings with a single-sided roof are not as comfortable as designs with two slopes. Even if you save space and build a separate stove design in the yard, the slope limits the height of the walls and makes the size of the room less.
If the main room is a two-story, summer extension with a stove and dining area can be located downstairs, connecting with the main premises by means of a stairs. To date, you can pick up a ready-made project with a summer kitchen and a house connected by the wall or the transition in the form of a staircase.
The construction market presents a wide range of materials for construction and decoration of summer kitchen. They are suitable for basic construction and finishing works. The project provides for a different raw material, which depends on the style of the main dwelling (cottage).
Wood is one of the most sought-after types of material for summer buildings. Wooden kitchens – the most popular facilities in the village. Usually, they buy a bar for their construction using it for racks, skeleton. Wood recognized as the best solution for frame kitchens of a closed type. It is easy to work with it, such a material allows you to perform the foundation of a lightweight type.
However, the tree will have to periodically process varnish to maintain a good appearance. In addition to closed structures, overlaps are taken out of wood for open-type buildings.
In addition to wood, a foam block or brick is used for construction. Decorative brick is appropriate in the decoration of walls, to decorate the racks, decorating the space near them by curly plants.
In the design of summer kitchens also apply forging. Worn decor is expensive, but it looks beautiful.
If the project provides windows, in the construction of a closed summer kitchen use enhanced glass. Often it is used in glazing panoramic windows of brick buildings. Such a solution reduces heat loss, without reducing room lighting intensity.
Glazed and insulated summer kitchen can be used all year round, if you bring heating to it. For decoration, you can use OSB slabs, lining.
For the foundation usually use natural or artificial stone. The ovens are constructed from bricks, sometimes a stone is used in the facing. Who tries to do everything on conscience, pays great attention to the root: In some cases, metal is chosen for it, in other metal tile. At the same time, for greater comfort, the roof is cut down with a tree, not forgetting about insulation.
However, a canopy, made of metal, will pass the knock drops of rain, which will start annoying every household over time. Therefore, instead of this material, it is advisable to use slate or bitumen tile, Ondulin.
The material for the floor of summer cuisine makes a lot of requirements. It should be durable, reliable, able to withstand large weight loads and differ resistant to abrasion. In this case, it is inappropriate to use wood and linoleum. The best option will be a tile for streets. To eliminate sliding, it is necessary to acquire dies with relief, anti-slip effect and matte surface texture.
When cladding this material of open kitchens, they can be rinsed with the hose: This finish is not afraid of water. Often for open buildings use paving slabs.
The inner decoration of summer kitchen is different. If it allows the budget, it is trying to arrange in one stylistic design with the design of the house. But even if an extension is limited to a honey, it should be a place for the location and dining room. If there are many places, the means allow, for greater comfort, the an extension of a closed type is insulated and decorated with a fireplace. If desired, such an item may be exclusively decorative load or to give the room, creating a favorable atmosphere.
Dining area should not be too narrow. The minimum width should be about 3 m, while the length should be greater. It is desirable to acquire such furniture so that it can be moved if necessary.
However, if the table is part of the designer idea and is made in the form of a post with facing artificial stone, it is worth trying, choosing a simple facing material.
Furniture are selected based on practical considerations. Here are inappropriate white tones and coupling elements of the sofa and chairs. Usually try to fill the space subjects that are easy to leaving and distinguished by the reliability of structures. End of furniture objects with sharp edges.
Well, when all the details of the arrangement are subject to one style concept, emphasizing actual identity.
Consider a few ideas of summer kitchen design.
- Open space with a cooking zone and a hooser located on the same plane is a practical solution. The trimming of the bar and the boarding ceiling creates a special mood and national flavor.
- Stylish solution of an extension with two deaf walls: On one there is a cooking zone that is divided into the dining area by means of a furnace and an exhaust. Linear furniture location saves place to move.
- Open summer kitchen with a bartal roof located on four supports. The design accommodates the cooking zone, combined with bar counter, dining area and fireplace.
- One of the convenient compact options with the roof, decorated with beams. Brick walls, a similar table, which is part of the cooking zone, make up a harmonious ensemble, combined with a metal household zone material and high wooden chairs.
- Part of the kitchen on a closed veranda can be equipped under a cozy living room. The windows located on the adjacent sides fill the space light, while the furniture and curtains contribute to the creation of a having an atmosphere.
By studying the arrangement of summer kitchen, it is important to consider: It must be performed in the same style not only with the inside of the house. It has the value of idyl with the facade of the house and landscape. This will achieve the feeling of ordering.
It is not at all necessary to ensure that the construction coincides on the design in one color and architecture. It is important that there is a crossing of individual elements.
Of course, the stylistics plays not the last role. For example, the direction of loft with its demonstration of brick accents and imitation of industrial facilities here is difficult to support, but it is possible to choose the elements of the style of Provence.
If some element inherent in one of these directions will be present in the finishing inside the main dwelling, the unity of two buildings will be more harmonious.
Beautiful examples of interior
Consider several examples of the interior of summer kitchens: this will allow you to evaluate its design, understand, What priorities of interior compositions are currently in the spotlight.
- An example of using wicker plastic under rattan. This dining room looks appropriate in the kitchen of the combined type.
- The kitchen is made of an array with a fireplace and through the furnace looks interesting. The boardwalk gives it a special color. For cabinets used laconic furniture, table dining room made of wood.
- Open extension to home with textile curtains and mobile portable furniture. Space is a clear organization of each functional zone. Dining room located near the wall with two small windows.
- Great corner under the summer kitchen. In addition to the cooking zone, it is assumed here the presence of chairs and dining table. Located place for storage of firewood and products.
- An example of closed space design. The cooking zone is withstanding in a single style, has a comfortable table, oven and woodwood. The presence of windows lines light.
- An example of a closed space with a fireplace and a TV. Spacious summer kitchen made in shades of the natural gamut, in addition to the dining area and cooking sites, is distinguished by a cozy guest space.
- One of the chic seasonal design techniques with a combined cooking zone and dining area. The p-shaped table allows you to place a lot of guests or a big family.
- The use of glass doors will allow filling the room with light, the compact zone of cooking can be placed in the corner, put a round table for two persons near a round table.
Performing any designer solution, it is important to use the lighting correctly. Especially this applies to the options for the closed type in the lack of light. In this case, it makes sense to separate the backlight of each functional zone: it will give an unobtrusive room organization.
When choosing it is necessary to give preference to lamps on LEDs. For highlighting open-type buildings, it is better to choose moisture-resistant models.
About how to arrange a summer kitchen, look in the following video.