Features and varieties of decorative bricks

Each building and finishing material has its own specific features. It fully applies to decorative brick. However, many people are not well known to know its features and characteristic moments to make a competent choice.


The brick surface of the wall subconsciously inspires the thought of reliability and disadvantages, about the quality of the construction. From her and buys comfort. But the classic brick is inferior to more modern materials, and in some cases it falls from it to refuse. There is, however, a good way out of the situation. It is to cover the wall made from another material with decorative brick.

Apply such a coating can be from the inside, and outside the room. The choice of a specific variety depends on the place where the finish will be performed. Making decorative bricks for interior walls is performed using plaster and materials based on it. But if finishing materials are selected for decorating external walls, it is desirable to give preference to the compositions of cement mixtures. Most often, the stone is imitated by molding gypsum modification GF10.

Need to admit that this material is quite expensive. However, the fee is justified by the fact that the designs are distinguished by durability and are long exploited. Also, instead of this substance, alabaster can be applied or a gypsum sweeping mixture. In some cases, the decorative brick is made by their own hands to save and get the product perfect for their needs.


Decorative brick exceeds other finishing materials:

  • its strength;
  • stability in various weather conditions;
  • minimal care requirements;
  • lack of need to paint surface;
  • fire and temperature resistance;
  • thermal protection of the construction;
  • Aesthetic characteristics.


But it is important to understand that along with the positive parties, the decorative brick has their weaknesses. It costs quite expensive and does not forgive mistakes when laying. This material, despite all the efforts of engineers, is still characterized by a large specific mass. It is less than the construction brick, but more than a number of other finishing materials. The treatment of decorative brick requires experience, certain skills and caution, so it is sometimes appropriate and beneficial for installation to turn to professionals.


Developed a lot of options to create a chic external and internal appearance of the house. Reduced surface decoration costs helps the use of aged brick. The visual effect created by them, with unique chips and gamut colors, will please almost all. But the problem is that the ceramic aged brick of factory manufacture is worth a lot of money. Therefore, in some cases, it is received independently.

Yes, according to technical specifications, such a product is inferior to branded samples. However, if only the external sensation of similarity is required, you can ignore this deficiency. In skillful hands you can convert into a kind of decorative even the most cheap bricks brands M125, M150 or M200. Bad geometry of lack becomes dignity. At the same time, the mechanical qualities of products, if everything is done correctly, will be at the height.

Sometimes the facial side of the ceramic brick is frown to form an expressive relief. For this work it is recommended to use kirk. Then the dye is applied to the same side (dipping the bricks themselves into a special container). Then they leave to be dried.

The very formation will require apply:

  • set of hammers of different magnitude;
  • Bulgarian;
  • chisel;
  • Sandblasting machine.

There is an alternative solution in which the used brick is used, and the facade is covered with a composition having, along with decorative, also protective functions. Start with the purchase of a full-fledged brick, which is necessary from the front side to clean the grinder from the former solution. Then special chipsets are applied with the help of a queen, the blocks themselves are placed on the lime solution. The same solution is used for shuttering. The prepared wall is covered with facade paints, achieving the original effect due to the variety of colors; Next, it is covered with matte varnish.

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Over time, the surface still will certainly burn out and fading. But this problem is solved simply: at the right moment only use special paint. To remove this moment, it is necessary to immediately cover the surface with hydrophobic compositions. They will help the laying longer to keep the initial appearance. But before choosing a specific option, it is better to consult with experts. It is important to understand that the “real” artificial finishing brick is radically different from the standard wall sample.

For the manufacture of this material use:

  • concrete;
  • water;
  • sand;
  • Painting components;
  • Reinforcing additives.

This mixture is mixed very carefully, also pays great attention to the accuracy of the selected recipe. Manufacturers of colored, dark and light wall bricks are equally trying to preserve the chemical composition of their product. Therefore, consumers can only focus on the appearance of the product. And he can be extremely diverse. Wide distribution received an externally old brick, covered with elegant chips, as if shabby and uneven outside.

But part of people give preference to a smooth decorative block, externally resembling clinker. In any case, if manufacturers put a goal to get a detailed drawing with drawing small traits, they use a more complex shape. Therefore, the elegance of the image and excellent appearance has to pay. It is important to understand that any artificial brick only imitates a “real” brick surface, and in fact, remains tiles, the thickness of which rarely exceeds 1.5 cm. This material is cheaper than clinker, and does not harm when using.

It is necessary to clearly understand another nuance: With all the efficiency of the decorative brick made with their own hands, it is rarely distinguished by special quality. And the main reason is due to the fact that those sold publicly forms and technical documentation on them are carefully protected by large firms. After all, they are not interested in the number of buyers of finished products reduced. But the choice of decorative bricks produced by large plants is large enough to “close” all needs. Especially since the recipe and methods of processing raw materials, of course, are commercial secret.

The decorative brick of industrial manufacture can also be refractory. For domestic purposes, refractory materials based on silica or aluminum mixture with silicates are actively used. When choosing such blocks, you need to pay attention primarily to the level of heat capacity. Shamot and Magnezit are suitable for coating outside stoves, for lining of various heating boilers. The liveshops with experience unequivocally prefer shamotny, and not a dynasy brick, because:

  • The latter is very hard, poorly cuts or splits;
  • Such material is heavy;
  • Despite its hardness, he is also fragile;
  • Manufacturers are often retreating from the requirements of GOST, applying individually designed technical conditions.

But still, a first-class chamot has only a narrow “niche” – cladding of foci and chimney. Alternative materials are required to decorate other parts of the room. Among them it is worth noting a glass brick. This decorative coating is becoming increasingly popular, and experts estimate it as very promising. Glass blocks perfectly help to save on heating, they are immune even to strong moisturizing.

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A wide range of colors, external textures allows both to pay out existing interiors and create an original composition from scratch. But even the best glass bricks are not sufficient enough. This means that you need to carefully monitor their transportation, storage and stacking. Otherwise the surface is easily damaged. If you observe all the technical requirements, the transparent “brick” will provide:

  • excellent sound insulation;
  • excellent sanitary and environmental characteristics;
  • Resistance to everyday mechanical effects.

Glass brick perfectly suitable for the bathroom. Its properties allow the use of blocks as the main building material. Subsequent care is relatively easy, washing does not cause problems. Most designers recommend applying glass bricks to create chaotic compositions. Such elements fit well into the situation decorated in a modern style.

Glass bricks are used for the design of the premises also because it is convenient to replace. If individual blocks are damaged, then you can only replace them, not the touched the rest. The difference between glass brick modifications is expressed in:

  • relief;
  • mechanical fortress;
  • chemical composition;
  • manufacturing method.

Brick made of glass is much harder than glass blocks. Also this product is more, and the variety of colors is less – but when working can be changed. Without special problems, you can form a suitable pattern. Since the glass brick is heavy, from the very beginning it is worth calculating the generating load. Not in all houses foundation and supporting structures will withstand it, so the calculation will help to avoid an increasing step.

Decorative glass color Manufacturers change, adding special pigments. Developed technologies that allow separately painting as the surface of the material and all its thickness. Color variety of glass bricks can be obtained by heat treatment (with simultaneous exposure to alkali metal oxides, quartz sand). The proportion of the reagents used determines not only the tonality of the finished product. It shows how strong the product is firmly, it will be dense or relatively light.

In addition to glass, concrete decorative brick can be applied. It can be operated for a long time, while keeping the elegant appearance. Imitation of natural material is often achieved with an uneven surface layer. The stone can be used in the design of walls and other surfaces both in a private house and in an urban apartment. Even those who have only elementary brick masonry skills.

Suitable styles

Decorative brick, from what material it was not made, is suitable only for certain design styles. Often it is used to decorate the loft style. It is almost the perfect option in this case: it is difficult to find the best way to simulate an old-fashioned brick wall. If everything is done correctly, it seems that there is no modern housing around, but a building built at least in the first half of the twentieth century (if not earlier). It is important to understand that even the most carefully thoughtful loft visually aggressive and can overcome.

Therefore, the design is definitely diluted:

  • Outdoor rugs of juicy colors;
  • flower compositions;
  • expressive upholstered furniture.

It should not be assumed that the decorative brick is suitable only in the houses decorated in Loft style. Where the owners prefer Country or its various options decorated under the antique, this material can also be used. In this case, use the most bright brick, trying to lay it as beautiful as possible. This is not surprising, because the concept is different – now the room is not drawn up under the “old factory or warehouse”, but under a cozy rural house.

To strengthen this impression, you can apply massive beams from a dark natural tree. But any artificial details of entering the composition is not recommended, they immediately disrupt the integrity of the country’s interior. Such stylistics can also be used for kitchen apron, and for walls in separate rooms. The use of decorative brick is appropriate and in the style of High-tech. But the approach is already, of course, should be different.

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In this case, interiors are created with geometrically verified ratios. It is recommended to use very clean colors, and not mix different colors. The perfect solution becomes rectangles of gray or white coloring. This solution is suitable for rooms performed in business style. Minimalism and laconic forms – this is what you need to strive in this case.

Decorative brick can be applied in English style. There is already rude, the rural material is emphasized not suitable. It is necessary to use neatly performed blocks that will be perfectly combined with natural wood. English room is done in a single color scheme. This circumstance must be taken into account even when choosing decorative elements for framing the fireplace.

How to choose?

Even if the decorative brick corresponds to the main style, it is not worth a hurry to stick it on the wall. We must pay attention to other product characteristics. Thickness and other dimensions are determined individually, but it is necessary to remember that too thick items will be overlooked. Choosing a bedroom decor, you need to give preference to coatings with low-speed appearance. If you break this requirement, you can get faster, too tense emotionally furnishings.

Decorative bricks, designed for kitchen apron, should be most resistant to moisture, fat and heating. Sleet blocks are preferred, the surface of which is resistant to detergents. When it is planned to use a brick to decorate compact sites around the entrance, you need to choose such products that can be applied fragmentary. Otherwise, the design becomes bulky and heavy, looks too uncomfortable. But besides designer characteristics. need to take into account and purely technical moments.

So, the clinker is appropriate to use where the humidity is high. It is used in the bathroom, in the kitchen, as well as when designing facades. Small water absorption with a coating is a very important property, thanks to him, the life of the products is very large.

There are three main surface format:

  • glazed;
  • matte;
  • with severe relief.

Gypsum decorative brick is not recommended to apply in wet rooms. Exception is products with a special protective layer. To separate the corners, use specially prepared curly parts. Regardless of humidity in the room, you can use polyurethane panels that reproduce the relief of the “real” brick. Such products are recommended for a sanitary assembly and kitchen group.

As for preferred colors, designers recommend using:

  • combination of red and brown paints;
  • white and red tone (these are the most massive shades);
  • the combination of brown and sandy colors;
  • White combination with sandy and gray tones.

Gypsum decorative brick can be very large. Sometimes it coincides with double ceramic bricks. The advantage of such a material is the cost available. Ceramic material is often used even on the street. It is sufficiently resistant to frosty weather.

Examples in the interior

Red decorative brick, even if it is not very saturated color, perfectly combined with a “white” room. Especially in the case when the furniture is also painted in the most light tones. Gray decorative brick fits predominantly in more stringent and laconic interiors. Black decorative material is used mainly as a contrast. It is best for a black wall in a bright room.

How to choose a decorative brick, look in the following video.

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