Red facing brick has an attractive appearance than and different from the ordinary stone that is used for laying bearing walls. But it can be applied not only for finishing the foundations, but also to build the fence or design of interior.
This material is distributed and used for facial masonry. He is able to make the building stylish and unique. The monophonic color of this material creates a festive and assembled type of structure. Facing brick can be made from several clay species and by different technologies, which affects its color and characteristics. The main difference of this brick from the usual is that it has two working parties.
Composition and manufacture
Among the most popular materials for the construction of buildings can be noted a ceramic brick, which is made from special grades of clay. In production, the mixture passes through the fillers, which allows you to organize a solid stream of raw materials, which then falls into the forms. Pruning is produced in height, which provides the standard dimensions of this material.
Then the workpieces fall into the furnace, where the temperature of 1400 degrees affects them.
Due to this method of processing brick in its composition and properties approaching natural stone.
To reduce brick weight for the house, emptiness makes inside it, also this structure helps to improve the thermal insulation properties of the material.
Advantages and disadvantages
To the advantages can be ranked:
- frost resistance;
- water resistance;
- low thermal conductivity;
He has a cons.
- styling work should be made by experienced bricklayers;
- The material is able to damage when unloading or transporting;
- Laying is carried out using liquid composition, and therefore the time of work is determined depending on the weather;
- After laying on the surface of the brick can appear salt.
It is worth noting that these advantages and cons are characteristic of most types of bricks, and therefore when choosing it is necessary to take into account.
Types of bricks for decoration
Red facing brick is a few species.
- Clinker. This is the same brick as the usual, but the firing is carried out at a temperature of +1600, and the composition is close to the melting stage. As a result, a durable and moisture-resistant material is obtained, which can withstand low temperatures, hips well with a solution and serves a long time.
- Ceramic. An ordinary brick, which is made from clay and goes into the subsequent.
- Hyperpressed. Make from cement with limestone. At the same time, the composition is not burned, and presses under pressure. As a result, it turns out the material is not hollow, which increases its weight. This brick is characterized by high cost, but has a flat geometry and can sometimes imitate the shape of natural stone.
Regardless of the species, the sizes of bricks correspond to GOST:
- double (250x120x138 mm);
- single (250x85x65 mm);
- Overhead (250x120x88 mm).
At the same time, the length and other parameters may vary depending on which brick will be bought, since the most common dimensions are indicated above. It is important to take into account these moments if you need to combine different types of materials.
Figured ceramic products
Since this brick is mainly intended for the decorative finish of structures and buildings, it can be manufactured and not in conventional rectangular geometry, but have original and exclusive parameters. Such a brick is called curly and from it you can upload various patterns. For example, it will help beautifully check out the space near the door or windows, treat corners, eaves or columns. From the standard product, it is characterized by the fact that the front side and sides have sections at a certain angle.
If we talk about europe countries, then there is a red facing brick produced several other sizes and is different from the standard one, which is produced in our country. Also among Americans these products differ in their dimensions. Therefore, when buying and ordering such a material from abroad, these parameters should be taken into account. If the goods are made and bought from us, then it usually has a length of 25 cm, and width and height 12 and 6.5 cm in standard version.
Hollow red brick is designed to build structures and can be used for bearing walls or partitions. And in some cases it is used for cladding. It is worth noting that the price of this material is high enough, and therefore it is rarely used as the main building material, more often used as decorative.
In addition, it can be used for the construction of fences, arbors and other designs where the creation of a decorative part is required. The main purpose of this brick is the creation of an attractive appearance of the house. To additionally distinguish the construction of the mass, you can use with a solution that differs in the color of the brick.
Facing stone – traditional material for external finishing of various buildings. Natural color is provided by manufacturing material. He can give the house stylish look. When applying this building material, the owner of the structure does not need to be care for the facade, since the brick does not require special care, staining or applying additional protective compositions. The choice of such a material makes it possible to provide a durable and high-quality finish.
Read more in the following video.