Facade lamps: selection of architectural illumination for building

Modern landscape clearance is impossible without lighting. Facade lamps are the best reception of the architectural lighting of the structure. They are functional and distinguished by a wide range of design. It makes them in demand from buyers and professional designers.


Facade lamps are street devices through which the lighting of the house outside and the local area is performed. Depending on the types, they can be multifunctional and characterized by the principle of work. In the priority of devices that emphasize a certain interior stylist, while highlight the desired zone in the required volume. In addition, they must harmoniously look in landscape design.

These are lamps and devices that are attached to the walls and roof. Such devices include ground and suspended lights. A feature of modern lighting is to use the RGB class highlight. It allows you to make a note of originality and diversity, replacing the traditional glow color.

Looks like this backlight unusual and elegantly. If desired, you can change the shade of the light flux.


All existing varieties of such devices can be divided into filling lights, local and hidden illumination.

  • Spotlights represent halogen or LED models with bright and directed light stream. By type of location, they are panoramic and angular.
  • Embedded varieties include wall mounted lantern.
  • Loose products refer to the class of bilateral lamps. These score are functional and suitable for illumination of entrance groups, receiving areas, as well as signage tablets. They can be used to fill the light of the main space, in the design of the veranda or terrace, the illumination of small areas of the facade.

This type provides for complex installation and maintenance. Using these models, you can effectively emphasize a certain style of landscape design. These include wrought lanterns or analogs with closed plastic and lattices.

In addition to these species, popular variants are linear or tape type products. These are special diode LED lamps in the form of a flexible tape. Illumination of LED ribbon allows you to designate architectural elements, highlight the contours of the roof, create an interesting drawing. It can be hidden behind the cornice, stucco, elements of the input group.

Ground species are fixed near the structure. More often the basis becomes concrete base, tile or asphalt. Such models are protected from moisture from entering and random mechanical damage. During the installation process, you can give them the desired angle of inclination of the light flux. This allows you to create a special light composition. Sources of lighting can have a different form (from retro and classical models of lamps to ultra-modern new products or products in the form of figures, as well as overhead analogs).

Projects for a private house

In addition to the local, hidden and fuel type, the light stream may be contour, artistic and architectural. Stylists can offer a client design in the form of color-dynamics, allowing to beat the effects of light shadows, change strength, temperature and shade of light stream. Someone will like neon or laser backlight. Another one will like the elegant Christmas decoration.

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In any case, it is thoroughly approached by the issue of lighting the structure and purchase territory. The exterior should look bright and modern. To do this, you can use spotlights or point location of lamps on the facade.

In the first case, the project provides forced lighting of the facade. In the second, the backlight is artistic.

With it, you can designate the features of the architectural elements of the building. For example, you can emphasize the outer backlight of the protrusions of the columns, illuminate the space above the windows around the perimeter of the cottage. At the same time, the best project will be the option using the combined backlight. For example, walls can be denoted by down-light type lamps with the possibility of adjusting the angle of inclination. Roof contour can be isolated by a flexible LED ribbon.

LEDs look good with neon devices. The combination of bollards, gate and color illumination will be a good option. For breakfast at home and the porch it is better to choose lamps of distributed light. The main rules of harmony is the combination of all light sources among themselves and the overall concept of the landscape composition.

To the architectural outdoor lighting be relevant, it is worth avoiding the use of long brackets.

Such products spoil the design, so today in projects on the lighting of the facade they are extremely rare. Regardless of the type and quantity of devices used, the project provides for compliance with the energy consumption, efficiency, convenience and safety of the facade lighting used.

How to organize yourself?

In fact, creating facade lighting is not a complex process with proper preparation. After creating a drawing with marking, they buy the necessary lamps and components, they mounted them, according to the project.

Calculation of materials and components

Selection of lighting devices depends on the design features of the facade. Lanterns may have a flat and curvilinear form, inclined glazing and t. D. When combining lamps in groups, repel from the features of their placement. In order for the level of illumination is optimal, preliminary calculations.

If you ignore this aspect, the light can be dim or too bright, annoying eyes. To do this, take into account the power, purpose of equipment, the type of fastening of the lamps and the method of their installation.

If you need to use ribbon lights, the contour length is measured, which is planned to illuminate and add a small allowance. It is necessary for cutting in specially designated places. After the calculations are performed, they choose a tape with the desired density, the number of rows, the power of diodes and buy it with a one-piece cut.

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The number of wall-mounted devices depends on posting and installation capabilities. Usually at the entrance there are double-sided artistically decorated devices.

Types and number of components (accessories) for assembly depend on the model. These may be chains, cartridges, wires, fasteners, tubes, bowls, cartridge covers, earrings, strips, glasses. They are selected with the main devices. Wire for power supply taken with a reserve.

To accurately find out the right number of lamps and related materials, you can use special designers programs. However, in fact it’s easier to walk around the site, inspect where the lamps will be located.

After determining their number, the measurements of the distance distance are proceeded from each other and the power supply. It will give a more real picture. Luminaires are easier to buy immediately with full complete set.

Schemes and drawings

By constituting the scheme, it is necessary to take into account the size of the illuminated space. At the same time, it should not intersect with architectural elements (canopies, visors). Take into account the design features of the structure, the presence of a power grid and voltage, based on the budget opportunities. The main power source, according to the scheme, is an introductory and distribution device.

Electrical lighting of the facade is carried out by means of a power cable equipped with insulation from PVC plastic. Outdoor lighting cable pave for refractory building structures. Produce earth events and lightning protection.

The most economical outdoor lighting scheme is a project with a time relay. With it, it is possible to save up to 40% of electricity, because at night it turns off.

For its implementation, a two-channel astronomical PCZ-527 relay, a photorele with a sensor, circuit breakers and contactor. The contactor is used to switch the load, it controls the relay and photo. The scheme often includes a timer configured to different operation of the lamps. If desired, the control can be manual.

How to connect?

After the project has been created, lamps and all the equipment are bought, you can start installing the lighting system. To do this, use the finished project scheme. There are lamps on it, attach them in the right places. The location depends on the selected lighting option, as well as the installation method. In the case of background location, it is necessary to withstand the distance from the main structure of at least 30 cm.

If you need to perform filling lights, the lighting devices are installed at the highest point of the house territory. After the lamps are assembled into their places, cable lines in the corrugated or metal tube are added to them. Packaging in corrugated sleeves will ensure reliable and safe electrical wiring operation. The wiring is carried out by a cable in rubber insulation.

If the wire in the special channel is not possible, it is plugged through the air at an altitude of at least 3 m above the garden tracks. The light of the devices should not fall into the neighbors windows. Excludes the intersection of streams with nearby lamps. For this reason, it is necessary to remove them from each other. Switches are placed in places closed from precipitation.

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It is desirable to use copper wires, as they are less susceptible to mechanical effects. Perform grounding of each lamp. For an underground highway, a triple insulation cable is used.

When laying PE pipes protect the wire from damage, performing a substrate under it from small gravel or a sand thick 10 cm. In the trench lay the signal tape. In case of random resistance, it will indicate the location of the wiring.

Tips from professionals

With the arrangement of the lighting of the facade, the recommendations of the experienced masters in the field of construction and repair can be useful. For example, Lighting devices for architectural illumination of the front part of the structure should:

  • be safe to operate;
  • have protection against atmospheric effects;
  • combine decorative and lighting functions;
  • differing energy efficiency;
  • be easy to install and operate.

The location of the facade lamps can be symmetrical. Clear contours give cold tones of light. For the illusion of the close location of the object, it is better to use lamps with a warm light of light. In the design there should be no more than three different color shades of glow.

In addition, you can take into account some more nuances:

  • To illuminate the structure, it is preferable to buy luminaires with an IP65 mark;
  • The body of the device must be aluminum;
  • It is impossible to connect copper and aluminum wires;

  • When choosing a LED lighting, the power is best carried out through a transformer;
  • For a larger light effect, the light should fall up upwards;
  • voids and drops better beat with color backlight using the filling light;
  • If you do not want to buy aluminum lamps, you can look at analogs from polycarbonate or acrylic;
  • A sign with the house number and the name of the street is highlighted separately by means of a lamp in one style with all lighting devices.

Spectacular examples in the exterior

Examples of photo galleries will assume the possibilities of lighting the facade.

  • Architectural backlight of the country house. Selection of the facade and the input group. Using Lanterns and Point Lights.
  • Reception of contour accentuation of the house. The use of flexible LED tape allows you to designate roofs and elements of windows.

  • Applying point backlight around the perimeter under the roof and in places of constructive protrusions.

  • Wall lights with forging elements and closed glass beams make a special flashes in the design of the facade.
  • Decoration of the recreation area of ​​the open veranda by means of a lantern makes the atmosphere of a special. The lamp looks harmonious on the background of masonry and wicker furniture.

In the next video, you will find a presentation of front lamps Novotech.

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