The ceramic brick M150 is widely used in low-rise construction, however, few people understand what is the main difference between this brand from many others. In our article we will tell about the features of this material and the directions of its use.
The brick of the brand with the M-150 index can withstand a pressure of up to 150 kg / cm2 (which means the figure in its designation), so it can be used for a variety of construction types: for the construction of shopping centers, residential buildings and warehouses.
The material is offered in two main versions – hollow and full, well holds heat, has increased strength and has exceptional resistance to reduced temperatures.
Full-time block of type M150 is often used to arrange foundations, basements and basements, the truth is not too hard buildings. This is a rather strong building material that is well withstanding the weight of the plates and massive floors.
In everyday life, this building material is taken to design fireplaces and furnaces of various modifications. The M150 unit is ideal for the construction of a mangala, a word, suitable for absolutely any objects where solid fuel is not required, in this case it is better to give preference to refractory or shamotless brick.
The hollow brick unit M150 is optimal for mounting partitions in houses and cladding of external wall-facades, and due to voids it has a low weight, but at the same time preserves exceptional density and good thermal insulation properties.
Due to operational features, the material can withstand a strong external pressure. As a rule, such blocks are available in a single amount, but may be one and a half, as well as double, which makes it possible to achieve significant savings during construction.
Brick brand M150 is a general construction, facing or special. It is much stronger than the products of the M75, M100 and M125.
It is noteworthy that laying such a brick is easy to exercise with your own hands, which significantly reduces the total costs of building buildings.
You can purchase M150 bricks absolutely anywhere in sales of building and finishing materials, as this is a fairly common building material.
Advantages and disadvantages
The M150 block has excellent physico-technical parameters and exclusively aesthetic design, but this does not end the list of pluses. The laying of this material does not require any additional types of finishing works, so often it looks at all worse than the laying of expensive facing material, so it is often used for external finishing works.
It is very important that such a brick has a property to resist adverse external influences. It stands up withstanding temperature fluctuations, extreme frosts, long-term direct exposure to sunlight, as well as the effect of precipitation and “Neighborhood” with groundwater.
This brick is made from natural raw materials, therefore it has a high degree of environmental safety, it does not contain and does not allocate harmful and toxic substances, including radiation.
By the way, the product of M150 is obliged to one very popular dignity, which distinguishes it from all other types of construction products – its weight varies from 2.5 to 3.5 kg. Thanks to this small mass, brick can be quite easy to move on different floors when conducting all types of construction work.
Of the most important properties of bricks, it is necessary to highlight its high thermal insulation properties, so in winter heat is held inside the building, and in the summer it does not penetrate the outside, providing coolness and a favorable microclimate in the house.
M150 blocks are characterized by good sound absorption, so its use is optimal in those situations where maximum noise insulation should be ensured.
Of the disadvantages of bricks, you can call the likelihood of evillites on the surface, as well as a little higher, in comparison with silicate brick, the cost.
In addition, there are some nuances of using the solution, since the brick will not be able to provide the desired reliability and fortress of the structure, if a solution of improper quality will be used when laying. So, when bricks are used to build outdoor objects, it is better to use cement composition. But for the house there will be more lime. For cladding use special dry mixes that can be purchased at any construction store.
All M150 brand bricks are produced in two main versions: a working brick and facing. The difference lies in the fact that the first refers to the full-scale, and the second contains emptiness, such a unit is due to the structure of the material and its physico-technical characteristics. Full-time blocks do not have any voids, but at the same time have a little coarse appearance, most often they are used for basement and basement, as well as bearing walls and overlaps to which a large load is given.
Hollow bricks have a lighter weight, these blocks are distinguished by increased resistance to reduced temperatures due to the presence of free space filled with air, from such a brick, walls of residential buildings and economic structures are built everywhere.
The facing unit M150 is characterized by an ideal appearance, so it is used everywhere for facing facades, as well as columns and all sorts of decorative fences.
Nowadays, the industry produces M150 products in a variety of dimensions and forms, the most common is equal, and still one-hour and double.
In addition, the product is offered in several shades, due to which it is used in a rather large construction segment. Models with straw, as well as red, brown, brown shades enjoy the greatest demand. Recently, the production of more noble shades is mastered – exquisite ivory, noble terracotta, aristocratic fan and chocolate.
The parameters of the M150 blocks supplied to the market are directly dependent on their modification. The most purchased is the same brick with parameters 250x120x65 mm, used for the construction of capital walls and reference installations.
Difference from other brands
A distinctive feature of brick products is a brand of a product that is determined as a result of several tests for compressive strength and bending, as well as frost resistance. The strength parameter is conventionally denoted by the letter M, as well as figures – decoding, which show which load at the rate of 1cm2 it is able to withstand, respectively, the larger the brand, the more strongest brick.
Installed 8 marks.
It is M with indicators from 75 to 300.
The most popular are the brands of M-75 blocks, as well as M-100, M-125, M-150 and M-200.
The popularity of M75 is explained by exceptional physico-technical features and external design. The material is very economical, which largely reduces the cost of total construction.
- M150 is distinguished by durability, so it is more often used for the construction of partitions, bearing walls, fences and basement floors.
- M100 refers to quite popular varieties of red brick, optimal for mounting bearing and outer walls, but it is not necessary for the facing.
- M125 is also suitable for masonry walls, as well as it is used when mounting columns, interior columns and various low buildings
The products M125 and M150 are the most purchased in the construction of low-rise residential buildings, they are almost identical in their operational features, but the difference is only that the M125 brick can endure a load of 125 kg per square centimeter, and M150 – 150 kg.
Marking of bricks with the designation of Sur, for example, SUR-150/35, means that you are a silicate block made with the addition of plasticizers and artificial additives that improve the technical parameters of raw materials.
Methods of manufacture
The ceramic brick M150 is produced by two main ways: with the help of plastic molding and pressing, which, in turn, differs on dry and semi-dry.
The first method is more common and economically appropriate. In this case, clay is used to the structure of which turns on 30% of the sand – this structure allows you to prevent the probability of shrinkage of the dried finished product. The prepared raw material is processed by steam and is thoroughly mixed in a homogeneous mass, after which the raw bar is molded, usually it is 15% more than the finished product, because in the drying process goes excessive moisture. Technological firing is made in the furnace at a temperature of 1000 degrees Celsius.
When using the pressing method, the brick is obtained more even, but its frost resistance is significantly lagging behind the calcination. The raw materials in this case serves clay with a humidity parameter from 8 to 12%, during processing it is completely crushed to the powdered state and is pressed under high pressure. At the final stage, the furnace is carried out in the furnace.
When planning a construction work, it is quite often a question about which type of bricks M150 to choose. Here everything is simple: the solution is completely dependent on the functional purpose of the future structure. For example, an ordinary hollow block is ideal for interior partitions and walls, it has a small size, so it allows you to save the free space of the room, besides, it is characterized by good sound insulation, and therefore the inhabitants of the rooms will be reliably protected from external noise.
Toned facing brick can be the best option for decoring the facade of a residential building. From these bricks, you can also make fences – they look just luxurious, and thanks to a wide color palette allow you to emphasize the most original design ideas.
The double brick M150 is very durable, in addition, it differs in a reduced thermal conductivity indicator, in connection with this, the need for it often gets up when installing warm walls, it is especially popular in low-rise housing construction. And the product is often used to form internal women in rooms with a spacious square – it is associated with its small width and good sound absorption.
About the types of brick and his testing can be viewed in the video below.