Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

To date, aerated concrete is a very popular building material. Hills of various configurations often build from it. Today we will consider in detail why Armopoyas is needed home-based houses and how to make it right.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

What is Aropoyas

Before viewing the features and nuances of the construction of a reinforced belt for a non-heavenly house, it is necessary to answer an important question – what he represents. Aropoyas Otherwise referred to as seismic and monolithic belt.

This component of the dwelling is a special design that is aimed at solving two important tasks:

  • The distribution of the load from the structures under the top to the lower part of the building;
  • binding of the entire plane on which reinforcement is located, in a single whole.

Loads can distribute monolithic, concrete, as well as a brick reinforced belt. Such structures are silent, even with impressive loads, for example, from heavy wall overlaps.

If you build Armopoyas for a ligament of walls to one whole, then a concrete version will be perfect.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Why the aromopoyas is needed?

Many owners of private houses neglect armed belt arrange. However, such structures are very important for any erection, including aerated concrete. Consider in detail why such a detail is required. It is impossible not to take into account the fact that blocks are building materials that are susceptible to cracking. Their fragility determines the need for high-quality reinforcement in accordance with all GOSTs and SNiP. Such attachments of structures are equipped in different areas depending on the specific construction project.

Not the last role in this case also plays the seismic resistance of the region in which construction.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

A reliable reinforcement frame in the form of a belt is set in accordance with the level of overlapping to evenly distribute vertical loads, working on stretching. In the course of the masonry of aerated wall floors, 2 special longitudinally arranged riflers for the diameter of the rod from metal are created. It is in this part that fittings are installed (in two rows). Such a strengthening method is usually applied to all rows. Seismopoyas is also intended to protect fragile aerated concrete blocks from possible cracking.

In addition, such structures give building materials integrity.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

In addition, the reinforced belt is needed to give additional stability to the aerated concrete dwelling under conditions:

  • strong winds;
  • uneven shrinkage of the structure;
  • Temperature surges that cannot be avoided during the change of seasons (this also applies to those drops that occur during the day);
  • Soil drawdowns under the foundation basis.

It is necessary to take into account the fact that when building a rapid construction of the roof, a point excessive voltage of blocks can occur, which often leads to the formation of cracks and chips. Such destruction can end and the process of fastening by anchors / studs of Mauerlat (beams) to carrying overlappings. Aropois allows to avoid such problems, so his organization is required when building houses from a gas block. The reinforced belt is very important and when using suspension systems. In this case, reinforcement acts as a reliable space that distributes loads from the roof design to the entire block house.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Dimensions

The interaction of the monolithic type is filled throughout the perimeter of the house. Its dimensional parameters directly depend on the width of the external and internal wall floors. The recommended height of such a facility is from 200 mm to 300 mm. As a rule, the width of the reinforced belt is a bit thinner than the wall. This parameter is necessary that when the house is erected a small interval for mounting the insulation layer.

According to experienced masters, the extruded polystyrene foam is best for this, since it is perfectly coping with the task of the housing heat insulation.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Options

Currently, there are several variations of the reinforced belt. Classic is a construction with the use of reinforcement, although other materials are used in the construction of such structures.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

With a metal galvanized grid

Such erection is assembled from the welded steel rods located in the same perpendicular position. Metal meshs are rightfully recognized as reliable. However, such details have one serious disadvantage, which must be considered: a special adhesive composition for fastening wall blocks provokes the formation of metal corrosion, which leads to the loss of most advantages of reinforcement of this type. In addition, transverse rods in the winter season play the role of “bridges” for cold.

Due to these shortcomings, experts rarely advise the reinforcement with a metal galvanized grid.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

With basalt net

Similar structures are collected from basaltolocon rods. They are located in parallel with respect to each other. In the nodules on the joints of the rods fixate with wire, homutics or special adhesive. Such bonding options are responsible for the correct and smooth shape of individual cells. The main advantages of the basalt grid is that it is not subjected to the destructive effect of corrosion, and also does not suffer under conditions of permanent and sharp temperature changes. Such elements are distinguished by the minimum thermal conductivity, so do not create cold “bridges” that take place in the case of steel grids. Basalt mesh can also boast that it is capable of carrying a significant impact of discontinuous loads (approximately 50kn / m).

At the same time, it has a very modest weight, which facilitates the construction of this reinforcement.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

With mounting perforated metal ribbon

A similar tape is a galvanized steel strip with holes located along the entire length. To build a similar belt, it is enough to purchase a ribbon with dimensional parameters 16×1 mm. Reinforcement of masonry in this situation costs without an adhesion of aerated concrete blocks by fastener on the self-tapping screw. As for the rest of the work, they are similar to simple reinforcement options. To give the construction additional strength characteristics, you can contact the fastening of metal ribbons in pairs using steel wire. Of course, this option cannot boast bending strength, as in the case of profiled reinforcement.

The advantages of such instances can be attributed:

  • substantial savings in transportation issues, since the tape has very modest dimensions;
  • No need to do the shoes (in a similar way you can save on the glue and the work itself as a whole).

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

With fiberglass reinforcement

In this case, the main raw material of the reinforcement is fiberglass. On it a spiral wounds a thread to guarantee better and strong clutch with concrete.

Constructions with fiberglass fittings are distinguished by such signs:

  • low weight in comparison with other options;
  • The minimum thermal conductivity parameter, due to which the grid does not create cold “bridges”;
  • Convenience of mounting due to the minimum number of joints.

Note that when using a fiberglass option, you will not be able to build a hard frame. For this reason, such reinforcement is not recommended to construct in seismic zones.

Also reinforced belts differ in their types. Get acquainted with them closer.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Grillage

Such a belt is usually underground. He acts as a support for the walls of the foundation of a ribbon type. This type of belt can be directed to the ligament of individual components of the foundation. Due to this, such reinforcement can be considered the basement. Scarlet is a belt that is responsible for strengthening the entire block house. The highest strength requirements are presented to it. Scarlet should be present under all supporting grounds for the construction. This feature is the main difference of this facility from other varieties.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Coffee unloading

Such seismopoyases is constructed after installation on the frame of the walls from the blocks of the foundation of the belt. His arrangement does not apply to the height of finding the foundation design above the Earth. When building such a component, it is necessary to take into account a number of important nuances. Mounting such a belt around the perimeter of external partitions follows only if you use plates from reinforced concrete. The width of the reinforcement will depend on the subsequent stage of the insulation of the block house.

In the first case, this perimeter must correspond to the width of the wall, and in the second – it is necessary to take into account the dimensional parameters of the insulation or arrange the strips from expanded polystyrene under the formwork before entering the fill. Frame for such a structure is not at all required. There is enough and mesh from 12-millimeter fittings. Waterproofing gaskets of the reinforced belt do not replace the work on the waterproofing of the foundation. Nevertheless, these items must be present.

So that dampness and moisture do not pass through concrete, it is necessary to lay the runneroid (waterproofing) in 2 layers.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Inter-storey unloading

Such a design is designed to strengthen the enhancement elements, to level the plane of the crown, and evenly distribute the loads that run from the slab overlap on the block of block house. Moreover, the action of axial loads on the walls of the dwelling leads to the “discrepancy” of overlaps – the inter-storey belt is aimed at solving this problem.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Crying

This construction performs the following functions:

  • distributes loads that go from the roof, on the rafter design and enclosing elements;
  • Allows you to securely secure Maurylat;
  • Lines horizontal box buildings.

If in the rafter system there are inclined elements, then the installation of reinforcement under the roof on the carrier walls is better not to neglected, since this base acts as a support.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

How to do?

Do not think that the construction of reinforcement is the prerogative of only highly qualified and experienced masters. In fact, it is possible to cope with the manufacture of such a design without special knowledge and rich experience. It is only important to adhere to the leadership and not neglected by any of the specified stages of work to strengthen aerated concrete masonry. Consider brief technology for the manufacture of Armopoyas.

In the course of the reinforcement device of the aerated concrete floors on the block you need to do 2 shoes. From extreme plots they must be at a distance of 60 mm. Shorts can be made by strokes. Before installing metal rods in the accommodated cavities, you need to remove any garbage. This can be done with a special hair dryer or brush. After that, the construction globes are poured, the framework is installed. The adhesive solution will protect the rod from corrosion, and will also provide the best grip of these parts with blocks. If there are thin seams on the walls, you can apply a special metal frame.

For its installation does not need to stick, as it is fixed with the help of glue.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

As for the reinforcement of window and door jumpers, here most builders use U-shaped block. It should be noted that blocks that will be supported by jumpers, also need to be increased by 900 mm on both sides of the openings. In advance, make structures from wood in openings. It is on them that U-blocks will be relying. They must be installed in such a way that the thicker side is outside. The grooves are recommended to insulate the polystyrene foam plate, close the external part of the blocks, and then install the frame. After that, you can move to the pouring of the jumper cement.

If it is planned to reinforce the light roof, it is usually enough to make only inline processing using two tapes. At the same time, the distance is reduced between rafters for better load distribution. Working with a roof of a rather heavy tile, several u-similar blocks will be useful. They are placed on pre-feed and reinforced gas blocks.

Grooves is recommended to pour a thick concrete solution.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Recommendations of specialists

Bearing wall overlaps from aerated concrete is permissible to build with a height of no more than 20 m, which corresponds to five floors. For self-supporting grounds allowed height of 30 m, which corresponds to 9 floors.

Armature at the corners must go continuously – direct rod. Such a detail should be collected in accordance with the strokes. If the reinforcement rod was in the corner, then it must be cut.

If you use to enhance the designs of reinforcement, it is recommended to use steel bars having a diameter of 8 mm and A3 marking.

So that the shifts are smooth, you can nail to the outer row of the block. It will be used during the proceeding of the required cavity.

Note that the most expensive mesh themselves is the basalt mesh. However, its strength characteristics fully justify the high cost.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

If we talk about the mounting perforated ribbon, then you need to consider that in most construction stores there is a product having a thickness of 0.5-0.6 mm. Similar elements for reinforcement cannot be used. Need to find the ribbon that has a thickness of 1 mm. As a rule, similar goods are found in specialized outlets or online stores. On the usual building market, such details are found, unfortunately, extremely rare.

Experts recommend for a one-story building to manufacture the belt in the middle of the wall, and also upstairs – under the roof. As for two-storey block houses, here the belt is built under the overlap between the floors and the roof.

Do not forget that fiberglass fittings are not the most durable and reliable. It does not withstand loads on the break, despite the fact that it is one of the main tasks of the reinforcement of aerated concrete blocks.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Seismopoyas make only ribbed rods. Concrete clings to their embossed ribs, and this has a positive effect on increasing the supporting characteristics of the structure. This type of belt is able to work on stretching.

If you need to strengthen the Armopoyas base type, it is recommended to use thicker reinforcement or mount a smaller number of lived. There is another solution option – laying the grid in two layers.

In the absence of scolding, the base belt makes no sense. Small-extreme masters who wish to save on the construction of paintwork are engaged in the enhancement of only the base belt, applying fittings with a large diameter. Some people believe that this allegedly increases the causability of the dwelling. In fact, these actions are unreasonable.

Reinforcement of openings need to be done in one row to the window. For example, if you are going to open it at a mark in 1 m, then you need to take 25 cm. The result and will be the reinforcement zone.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

For the fill you do not need to add too much water to concrete. This may lead to the fact that the composition will not be very strong.

Many users wonder whether the vertical reinforcement of wall overlaps is needed.

Yes, they are treated, but rarely and only in such cases:

  • If large loads (side) are on the wall;
  • If aerated concrete is used with a small density (blocks not the highest quality);
  • in places of support on the walls of elements with a lot of weight;
  • in the case of an angular bundle of the joints of adjacent overlaps;
  • when strengthening small places, as well as door / window openings;
  • When building columns.

Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete: appointment and installation rules

About how to make Armopoyas in a house of aerated concrete, see the video below.

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