Wooden log houses a lot of centuries are used in construction. Even now, despite the big competition, many prefer to build houses, baths and household buildings from this material. But in order for such a building for a long time, you need to know how and what to process the tree after construction.
What it is?
Konopka is the processing process of log cabins. It is very important for a wooden house, because the grooves between the logs are compacted in the process. The procedure is needed not only to protect the room from the cold and wind. There are several main reasons to pry.
So you can give a cut more correct form. This concerns the cacopa, which is not immediately carried out, and through the time when shrinkage occurs. In some cases, one part of the construction in this case falls below, and the house seems slightly thinned.
Hovering the walls will help the cacopat, which is held in a year or two after the construction.
- Additional processing can protect wood. It does not matter, a building from a profiled or rounded timber is built, additional protection does not prevent.
- The room will be reliably insulated. To save in the house of heat, it should be caught not only immediately after construction, but in a couple of years, when cracks are formed on the tree.
- This is one of the proven ways to decorate the house. Now enjoy popular buildings, stylized old. Therefore, the building by special decorative ropes the building will not only be a cozy family nest, but also an excellent decoration of the site.
Summing up, we can say that the cacopate of the brusade buildings is very important. Therefore, it is worth understanding that it represents this process in more detail.
When choosing materials for cacopa, you need to take into account that they all should be:
unresponsible to temperature drops;
resistant to winds;
able to protect against small pests;
Safe for the health of all the inhabitants of the house.
Under all these requirements, several materials are suitable at once. Among them there are both proven in centuries and modern.
It is a moss that is used to insulate the chopped from a bar of the house for a long time. He has a large number of advantages:
The material is natural, and therefore completely safe and environmentally friendly;
If it is harvested in advance, no penny will have to spend on the pantry;
Moss perfectly protects against the appearance of fungus and pests;
He is not afraid of temperatures and increased humidity;
This is a durable insulation that does not deteriorate over time.
Collect moss best in the fall. At this time it is cleaner, and it is easy to find. But even in this case, it still requires careful processing. It must be completely cleansed from the ground and small garbage, and then dry.
It is worth remembering that too much to dry moss is not necessary, otherwise it will become dry and brittle. Such a material will not serve.
Crop the building moss must be very neat. Otherwise, this natural insulation can draw birds.
With this material also need to be very neat for the same reason – the passage is easy to pull the birds if it is incorrectly used. This natural insulation is made of fibers of flax. In some cases, jute is used as additional protection and for decorative decorations.
There is a package of two types: ribbon and bale. The second is practically not used for the insulation of houses, because it consists of short fibers and is poorly stacked in the grooves. Ribbon packles cavalo building is much easier, but she has its drawback. It falls over time and the process has to repeat again.
This material, which canopate corners and walls, is produced in Egypt and Asian countries. To create it, plants of the Malvic family are used. This material is absolutely not interested in local birds, so you can not be afraid that it will be cleaned.
The advantages of jute can be called that it is durable, durable and reliable. High temperature harness is now released in the form of ropes, cords and ribbons. It is the last most convenient to use for caulking.
As understandable by name, this material is made of natural flax. It is produced in the form of crafts that can immediately be used to insulate the buildings. He has a lot of advantages, because the material not only keeps heat in the room, but does not rot and does not absorb water.
The only negative is that the material attracts insects. To get rid of them, you need to use additional protective equipment.
For the processing of seams of a chub of wood, you can use not only the grandfathers. There are a large number of modern materials that perfectly cope with this task.
It is convenient to use modern sealants. They frozen for several days. But after the sealant froze, the house is no longer afraid of rain, no snowfall nor pests. The surface treated with this material you only need to additionally clean. If desired, it will also decorate.
In addition to sealants, other insulation are used. The most popular type – mineral wool. This group includes glass gamble and mineral wool. These materials are environmentally friendly, but may cause an allergic reaction at the inhabitants of the house. The plus is that in rooms warmed in this way, rodents do not start.
Many for insulation of their homes also use such material as foamed polyethylene. He warms the room well and does not miss the cold. But at the same time he has significant disadvantages. The main one lies in the fact that this material does not let the air. The use of polyethylene sometimes even leads to wood rotting.
As well as for insulation of space between bars, insulation materials are used with open pores. One of the most popular – foam. But this is not the most reliable way to protect the wooden building.
In general, it is best to use or good natural materials at home; or high-quality sealants.
In this case, the work does not have to redo, and the house will be securely protected from cold.
Description of species
There are two main types of cacopa. In the first case, everything is done for the sake of warming up and protect it from the negative impact of the external environment. In the second version, all efforts go to decorate the house.
Crop the house need in three stages.
First, after the house was completed. Building immediately insulates to survive the winter. After that, the building can be operated for about a year.
A year later, it must be checked for cracks or irregularities. The heat insulation material is added to where it fell. And it is used to solve the shrinkage problem. Corps allows you to align the walls and make the appearance of the house more attractive.
After several years of operation passed, it is also checked and insulated if necessary. This allows you to live in such a house much longer than in where it does not pay attention to such details.
Decorative cauldium is used to decorate already insulated seams. Used in this case flax, decorative ropes or rope from jute. Galvanized nails are most often used to fix decorative material without hats. They are clogged at the same distance. It turns out that the material is well fixed, but at the same time the attachment places are completely invisible.
What instruments are needed?
To insulate the house now you can use different tools. Previously, there was a screwdriver. Wooden house owners used rocks or simple wood fragments in order to fill the slit insulation.
But now the construction of a wooden house costs somehow, and nobody wants to spoil his appearance. In addition, errors at the insulation stage also reduce its service life.
Therefore, tools, like materials, you need to use high-quality.
This tool is most often steel. It is well suited for primary, and for secondary cacopa. They are easy to handle and walls, and room angles. The more modern version of this tested tool time is a machine that is also known called Electride. It is necessary to work very carefully with it, but the process of building insulation is much faster.
This material is suitable for insulation of the construction of jute or flax. Musel gently scores the material in the slot and does not destroy the wooden foundation of the house.
More modern tool for cacopa – perforator. To perform this task, you need a tool with three modes of work. For insulation, the perforator also requires a special nozzle in the form of a blade.
The desired material is initially prepared, and then it is located so that ribbons or ropes are fixed in the slots. Next, the perforator starts in the hammer mode. After 15 minutes of operation in the impact mode, it can be switched to drilling mode. And then give to work a minute or two at idle. The process is repeated until all the walls are insulated.
In order to properly cautate the house with your own hands, you need to know the features of the process and safety requirements.
There are two main ways of caulking.
To warm up the room in this way, the material must be accurately stretched along the log and fix one of its edges. This is done with any of the available tools. The remnants of the material are used to fill the grooves. This method is well suited for small cracks and gaps.
In the set
If the slots are quite large, you have to use more insulating material. For cacopa, a jute, a hemp rope or ordinary package. In the process, a small amount of material used is cooled and folded into neat loops. They are stacked in the seams, completely filling them. Loops are clogged, starting from the top of the seam. Aligns all the roadgrarians. It is when cacapatka in a set most often used a perforator operating at low speed.
In any case, it is worth paying separate attention to the corners. They need to be caught especially qualitatively, because it is through them most often in the room there are drafts. After completing the work, everything must be checked to make sure that the construction is securely protected from the cold.
After the end of the cacopa of the house, the log house inside should be carefully glued. For this, a special nylon brush is used. Outside wood can not touch.
Summing up, we can say that Konopka is a very important procedure that allows you to protect the construction of a log from cold and make it more stable. She can save the wooden house even after his shrinkage on one side. Therefore, you should not neglect this process, considering it too old-fashioned.
How to root the loghouse, look in the following video.