The chimney guilt is called the pipe mounting inside the chimney made of brick. This pipe is made from special materials that are resistant to fire. For example, stainless steel. Pipes for the guilizer differ in the type of section, and it depends on the size of the chimney, above all. They are rectangular, square. But this is not all that you need to know those who are going to guilize chimney.
What it is?
As the chimney channels of the brick type are used in them, the soot begins to accumulate, affecting how the thrust in the system behaves. Specifically, brick chimneys are rough, because there, really, soot can accumulate, and quite quickly. And easy destruction of brick systems to eliminate combustion products – not the best in terms of long-term exploitation prospects. They are influenced by thermosmars, and condensate (also appearing due to temperature differences), and that aggressive chemical composition, which is present in soot.
What is happening because of the accumulation of soot: the rod in the system becomes not perfect, the heating structure begins to work worse, the construction does not hear high quality. But it can work and the effect of the reverse thrust, because of which the housing is not excluded. It is already becoming very dangerous. Therefore, the question of the chimney is arisen, or will have to completely dismantle the old channel and establish a new chimney. Obviously, the first option is preferable in most cases.
And here the owner of the house with chimney has a choice.
This process is good because it does not imply labor-proof dismantling work. The sleeve is very simple, that is, even one who does not really understand in all these engineering communications will cope with it. Using steel modules you can reconstruct stoves and fireplaces, the same chimneys, no matter what kind of fuel they work. But there is a method and disadvantage – steel modules cannot cope with chimney communications of the winding type.
Polymeric materials inserts
Inside the brick channel, plastic pipes are mounted. This is usually reinforced with fiberglass pipes that will be plastic precisely when heated. And thanks to these plastic properties, the material will fill all the deformations of the lumen, and after it cools, the inner surface of the chimney will already become an almost ordinary smooth pipe. The wall thickness of such a sleeve is about 2 mm. But this method without disadvantages did not cost. For example, temperature limitations will be very stringent: above 250 degrees do not climb. Therefore, this method is relevant exclusively for those heating units, which operate on gas or liquid fuel.
Gelza from fiberglass grid, begging, works like this: Inside the mine, a holistic hose is introduced, no connecting elements use. But the shaped details can be applied. Maximum length of such sleeves – 60 m, and thickness can reach 50 cm. Used similar system for 30 years. It is also important which boiler is operated, low-temperature or high-temperature – then the components of the sleeves will be different.
The sleeve guilty is good because the solid canal can be obtained without dismantling the brick – it attracts many. The liner is invulnerable to condensate, it is well bent even on serious turns. True, cheap this way you won’t call, and everything will not do everything with your own hands either.
It is worth mentioning still ceramic liners, by strength and durability they are confident in leaders. If there is a stubborn mine, and it should be restored, it is precisely ceramics. Ceramic elements can be round or rectangular. The elements are connected to the socket or the method of “spike + groove”. The sleeves are used with a diameter of 12-45 cm. Ceramics is not afraid of sovereign. But there is a lot of design, and it weighs a lot – and this is the main cons. When installing, inevitably you have to disassemble the mine.
Steel corrugated pipe
A similar tube from a stainless steel is taken only when the heating device does not have a very high fuel combustion temperature. The fact is that stainless steel corrugation has thin walls, and under a huge temperature, they elementary quickly ruin. Helicize this option chimney in the bath and can not be fuel in a bath stove on very large temperatures.
Technology of work
All starts with standard preparatory activities. First you need to stock powerful lantern, which will help in the mine research. It is necessary to accurately determine the size of the destruction, the measure of soot contamination, slices of the sprinkled solution and bricks. There are even the nests of birds (they often “settle” in chimneys). Then the Iron scrapers, rams and other tools that will thread the system. Bricks that protrude from the masonry will not allow to enter the same insert, because all the protruding parts are knocked down. Usually, the mount or a hammer copes with this. Next, it is necessary to measure the length and, of course, the diameter of the chimney, transfer the measured on the scheme with the designation of turns and angular degrees.
It will remain clean the bottom of the mine from the construction and other garbage, and if necessary, and align. Then you can buy materials for the guylosis, and start the main part of the work.
Here’s how to mount the liner in a small mine.
All parts of the sleeve are collected in one system. Joints need to be treated with heat-resistant sealant, overflowing with adhesive aluminum ribbon.
Two belt, cable or just powerful ropes are attached to the bottom of the pipe.
The sleeve on the mine is gently allowed until it will be stored in the bottom zone. With a small chimney length, the lightweight tube of stainless steel is lowered manually, and even the cables will not need.
On the bottom of the liner must be attached to the boiler entrance, after which the condensate collection is set. And from the street part, the sleeve is displayed above the masonry of the brick, the protective headpowder is put on top.
If the chimney is long and coordinated, the installation of the system will be a little different. First, the smoke canal dismantle in the input to the boiler, the same with all areas where the shaped searmen is fixed. Then the bottom of the sleeve is going out of a flat fragment of the pipe, resting in the first shaped connector. Then the liner is lowered at the bottom of the mine, there it connects with a boiler entrance or a stove, and the condensate collection is placed below. On the second – while inactive – the tip of the sleeve is installed in the shaped connector. And now he joins the smooth fragment of the stainless steel, and such a scenario continues to new mining turn. Operation will need to repeat to the output of the sleeve from the mine itself.
That area where the pipes are joined, it is necessary to increase sealant with heat-resistant characteristics, and then correctly wrapped with aluminum scotch. Well, on top it remains to insert the head board.
How to drive a chimney with ceramic liner.
Roller system mounted on the holes of the condensation container. Ceramics is very heavy, and it is necessary to lower it by 30 cm down, because it is safer at this stage to use the winch.
The top end of the condensation room should be treated with a sealant. A smooth fragment of the pipe is fixed on a thorough-groove system (either a slurry).
To connect the boiler, for example, a universal fitting, in a ceramic sleeve will have to do a hole. Winch fragment of the liner and goes to the mine itself. A new element is also attached to the end part of the first pipe. During the descent, it is necessary to control the moment when the sleeve rotated the hole for the fitting to the other direction.
When the condensation collection is stored in the mining bottom, you need to docile it with a boiler entrance. And on top of the ceramic system withdraw above bricks. The protrusion is made equal to the height of the cover plate.
BUT so that during construction, for example, guilize the chimney polymer-sleeve, without any special equipment can no longer do. The insert is something similar to the hose, which is rolled in the bay. And now the sleeve rises to the roof of the structure, the channel is displayed to the mine bottom, it is supplied to the compressor, air flows. Pressure will lead to the fact that the soft walls of the sleeves will become smooth. When the sleeve takes the channel shape, the steam will appear instead of compressed air. And then the polymer will originally soften, then he hardens. And at the bottom there will be a condensate container. On the way from the mine outlet of the excess sleeves, it is necessary to remove, and the headband will rise from above.
Whatever the chimney, it is necessary to ensure that the sites are not affected inside the system. The shaped turn is always put until it stops.
And do not forget if necessary, a bulk insulation is sent to the amusements between the shaft walls and the liner.
At the time of construction, the installation of oval, round or different shape of the sleeve often makes sense: for homeowners it is good, there will be no problems with chimping. Installation of a sleeve for a coaxial chimney – a procedure that is often provided by the standards, and its absence can be fraught with a fine. If necessary, you should contact the company that are engaged in the guilt, provide different options for rehanging the chimneys and give all the necessary guarantees.
On how to gilize chimney, see the following video.